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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: September 14, 1859

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: The Book Table; Facts and Fancies;

The Slaughter House Nominations
(Column 1)
Summary: A record of complaints against the Slaughter House leaders and the Valley Spirit clique for creating a large part of the ticket against the wishes of the people of the Democrat party.
(Names in announcement: Douglas, Sellers, McALlen, Fisher, Orr, Snider, Welsh, Secrist, Piper)
The War Against Gov. Packer
(Column 2)
Summary: Complaint against abuse of Gov. Packer, for his lack of support for Lecomptonism and his choice to think differently from Buchanan. That Packer is a an admirable example of a Democrat.
Origin of Article: The Lycoming Gazette
Editorial Comment: The Lycoming Gazette--the Old Democratic organ of Lycoming county, exposes the hypocrisy of such papers as the Valley Spirit, whose test of democracy now is oppostiion to Gov. Packer. Here is its language:
Address of the State Committee of the People's Party To The Citizens of Pennsylvania
(Column 5)
Summary: Levi Kline, Chairman, gives a complaint against the wishes and demands of the South--The mistreatment of Kansas and the fraudulent Lecompton Constitution, the South's attempts to reinstate the slavery trade, their disregard for Free Labor, their support for Free Trade that is creating an incredible trade imbalance and their refusal to establish a tariff that would help solve that problem, the excesses, debt, and corruption of Buchanan's administration. Kline urges Republicans to vote this party out of office at the General elections on Oct. 11th.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Continuation of the Address of the State Committee of the People's Party from page one; advertisements.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: advertisements

-Page 04-

As We Predicted
(Column 1)
Summary: The editors note that, as they predicted, the amount of foreign goods purchased has greatly exceeded the previous year's extravagant amount--due to the Free trade laws. The total imported for the last three years is $457,731,273 and the amount exported was only $99,320,187. The administration argues that it is better, economically, to borrow the money to pay the interest of the debt, than to earn it.
Becoming Africanized
(Column 2)
Summary: Note of a census taken in South Carolina, that the white population has decreased by population, and the number of blacks have increased. A warning that the slaveholders are creating a very dangerous situation if the black population should vastly exceed the whites--a very potential retaliation could occur and perhaps enslavement of the whites.
Full Text of Article:

We have often stated that the tendency of extending the area of slavery is to eradicate the white population in the old Southern States. This is fast becoming verified in the very strong-hold of the peculiar institution. The authorities in South Carolina have instituted measures for taking the census of that State, which produces such an abundance of fire-eaters. The returns from seventeen parishes alone, show a decrease of more than 5000 in the white population, in the last four years, (a similar census-taking having occurred in 1855,) whilst the blacks have increased very largely in numbers, in the same time, in those parishes. At this rate the blood-and-thunder State will soon become sufficiently Africanized to suit the tastes of the greatest negro-lovers in the land.

Is it not astonishing that the simpletons who urge so strongly the propriety of repealing the laws of Congress which pronounce the Slave-trade piracy, cannot see that they are preparing for themselves the most horrible doom imaginable? The slave-holders of the South are now almost afraid to go to bed without a revolver under their pillows for fear their darkeys will rise in the night and inflict retaliatory vengence upon their self constituted owners--their unfeeling task-masters. Then why do they insist upon increasing the danger? They had better be upon their guard, and prevent this iniquity, while they have the strength, lest an opening of the Slave trade should result in so completely Africanizing the Southern States as that the tables might be turned--the whites becomes the slaves while the blacks bear rule. The only way slavery is upheld now, or ever was, is by brute force--the law of might. If, therefore, the weak of to-day become the strong of to-morrow, there is nothing in the world which can prevent their enslaving the weaker portion of society--from whom they have learned the inhuman lessons.

"Cap'n, Which Am De Right Left Foot?"
(Column 3)
Summary: A story of a company of black soldiers who don't know their right from their left foot; it turns into a metaphor for the inconsistency of the Spirit's political stances--giving the example of the debate as to whether a naturalized citizen can be reclaimed by his former country (if he returns to his former country) for military duty. The Spirit argues both ways on two different occasions.
A Great Law
(Column 4)
Summary: The editors refer to an Austrian law that requires any one about to marry to prove he can read and write. The editors argue that if the U. S. had such a law, the number of ignorant Democrats would be greatly reduced.
The Senatorial Contest
(Column 5)
Summary: The editors urge that J. Wyeth Douglas take the stump, so that citizens will learn of his anti-Free Labor and pro-slavery opinions. The editors wonder whether the Spirit will urge McClure to take the stump.
[No Title]
(Column 5)
Summary: A comment of how the Locofoco County Convention ignored Gov. Packer's achievements to sell the Public works, kick out the corrupt Canal board, and reduce the State debt and taxes, but they praised Buchanan's administration that has greatly increased the country's debt, and is in favor of Free Trade.
[No Title]
(Column 6)
Summary: A humorous note of the Valley Spirit's attempt to save face by (after its editor, Dr. Boyle, lost the nomination at the convention) asking the convention to pass a resolution that praised the Spirit for its efforts.
(Names in announcement: Reilly, Sharpe, Brewer, Dr. Boyle, Small)
[No Title]
(Column 6)
Summary: An article of the Valley Spirt urges support for Gen. McAllen and James Kelly for the legislature so as to redeem it from McClure--but the Repository editors point out that McAllen had voted for McClure in '53, '57 and '58.
[No Title]
(Column 6)
Summary: A complaint by the editors that the Spirit is stirring up an old lie (proven to be a lie) that McClure voted to increase the rate of interest. The editors suggest that the spirit get more creative.
(Names in announcement: McClure)
A Card
(Column 6)
Summary: Jeremiah Burke writes a letter to correct rumors that he intended to run for Sheriff as an independent, because he thought the Republican party had treated him unjustly. He has no such intention, and plans to vote for the Republican candidates, including "Honest Billy McGrath," who won the nomination over Burke.
(Names in announcement: Jeremiah Burke, Billy McGrath)
Full Text of Article:

To The Public:--Whereas, a few hasty and inconsiderate expressions to which I gave utterance, immediately after my defeat before the People's Party Convention, as their candidate for Sheriff--whilst I was laboring under the erronious [sic] conviction, that I had been unjustly treated--have given rise to a general impression among my friends )or more properly speaking, expectation on the part of our political opponents,) throughout the County that I am or intend to be in the field as an Independent Candidate, against the regular nominee for the office of Sheriff, at the ensuing election, I therefore deem it due, not only to my numerous personal friends and the party of which I am an humble member, but also to myself, thus publicly to announce, that I entertain no such design, and that I will not only cordially vote for all the candidates placed in nomination on the People's Ticket, including my successful competitor, "Honest Billy McGrath," but use all the influence I possess or can command to secure their triumphant success.

To my many friends throughout the County who advocated my nomination, during the exciting Canvass, and to the Delegates one and all, who honored me with their confidence and unfaltering, though unsuccessful support, throughout all the ballotings of the Convention, I now take this occasion of returning my warmest and most sincere thanks, with the assurance, that I shall everhold them in kind and grateful remembrance.


Greencastle, Sept. 12th, 1859.

-Page 05-

Description of Page: news of general interest from around the country; advertisements; market news.

[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: Samuel S. Shryock, Librarian, writes to note the donations made by Hon. George Chambers (volumes of numerous works and publications) and by Hon. Wilson Reilly (many volumes of several different works).
(Names in announcement: Hon. George Chambers, Hon. Wilson Reilly, Samuel S. Shryock)
Office of the Fire and Marine Insurance Co., Harrisburg, August 30, 1859.
(Column 2)
Summary: The editors have published a letter written by a sequestrator appointed to collect assets of the failed Fire and Marine Insurance Co.; the letter requests the balance of a payment, but the editors argue that an assessment of losses by the company due to fire must be made first, and so they urge citizens to not pay yet.
Full Text of Article:

Office of the Fire and Marine Insurance Co.,

Harrisburg, August 30, 1859.

Sir:--The business of the above named Insurance Company having passed into my hands by a writ of sequestration, it has become my duty to collect the assets of the said Company for distribution among its creditors.

Among its assets I find your note for $84.00 given in part payment of the premium of insurance under policy No. 578 on which, as appears by the books of the Company, there has been paid $---, leaving a balance of $84.00 yet due; which balance you will please remit by draft or check, payable to my order, at your earliest convenience. If not paid before the 1st day of October, the necessary steps will be taken to recover it by law. It is hoped this may not be rendered necessary, inasmuch as it will only delay the settlement of the Company's affairs and impose additional costs upon yourself. Very Respectfully Yours, &c.,



As appears by the above notice the "State Mutual" has gone into liquidation, and Mr. Lawrence has been appointed Sequestrator.

We cannot see how these collections are to be made. Every policy issued provides that the premium notes can only be collected, or parts thereof, after regular assessments have been made, to meet losses actually sustained by the Company from fire. No exhibit is made by this notice of any such assessment, or any such losses, and we advise every person in the County, to whom such a notice was sent, to resist the payment of the demand made upon them. We will have more to say hereafter, about this association and its management.

Worthy Of Note
(Column 2)
Summary: Praise for the efforts of D. M. Leisher, Esq., who is on the Board of County Commissioners, and his sons who are running his blacksmithing this summer.
(Names in announcement: D. M. LeisherEsq.)
Very Gratifying
(Column 2)
Summary: Praise for Col. Jeremiah Burke, of antrim, who refuses to run for Sheriff as an independent, after he lost the run for the Republican candidacy.
(Names in announcement: Col. Jeremiah Burke)
(Column 2)
Summary: John McLellan, a wealthy farmer in Letterkenny twp., near Upper Strasburg, hung himself on Sept. 12th. The editors speculate that he was mentally deranged, since he disappeared for a few days a couple weeks ago.
(Names in announcement: John McLellan)
Full Text of Article:

A well-to-do farmer in Letterkenny township, near Upper Strasburg, in this County, named John McLellan, committed suicide, on Monday morning of this week, by hanging himself with a rope to a walnut tree in the meadow upon his own farm. It was doubtless caused by mental derangement. A few weeks since, he wandered from home and was not heard from for several days, when he came back as suddenly as he had disappeared.

(Column 2)
Summary: The Chambers Artillery, commanded by Col. F. S. Stumbaugh, went to greet Sergt. G. T. A. Nixon, a hero in the Mexican War, on his return home to Chambersburg from , but he was not on the train.
(Names in announcement: Col. F. S. Stumbaugh, Sergt. G. T. A. Nixon)
Attend The Sale
(Column 2)
Summary: The law library of D. F. Robison, dec'd, will be sold by T. M. Carlisle, Esq. on Sept. 16th, in Chambersburg..
(Names in announcement: D. F. Robison, T. M. CarlisleEsq.)
Barn Burnt
(Column 2)
Summary: Last week, the barn of Peter Bert burned--caused by arson, with all his crop and many farm implements.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Peter Bert)
(No Title)
(Column 3)
Summary: This article mentions the resettling of colored people to Liberia, and one man's high praise for his new country.
Full Text of Article:

The bark James W. Page has arrived at New York, bringing advices from Monrovia to July 29th. The vessels sent from Baltimore and New York by the African Colonization Society had arrived safely at Liberia, and the cargoes were sold at good profit.--The liberated Africans from the slaver Echo. are doing well in Monrovia. Many are distributed among private families, and learn fast the habits and customs of civilized life. The intelligent colored people that have emigrated from the United States to Liberia speak in the highest terms of the latter country. Mr. John W. Hohn, a colored New Yorker, writes to the agent of the Colonization Society in that city:

"When I left New York for Liberia it was under the impression that I would not find the place suited to my desire, which impression arose from a misrepresentation of Liberia to me by a few acquaintances in New York.--But having been privileged to see and tread upon the delightful shores of Liberia, I am prepared to affirm, without any fear of contradiction, that no place under the sun is better adapted to the colored man than Liberia."

[No Title]
(Column 3)
Summary: Note of information written by Horace Greeley in Oregon, that men are able to purchase Indian women from their fathers, at the same price as an Indian horse. Some men have two or three squaws.

-Page 06-

Description of Page: A revival in Ireland; the Proclamation of the General Election--see entry 9/7/59; advertisements.

-Page 07-

Description of Page: Advertisements.

-Page 08-

Description of Page: advertisements; land and house sales.

(Column 2)
Summary: On Sept. 7th, Rev. W. B. Raber married John Muttersbaugh to Elizabeth Keiser, both of Franklin co. On Sept. 7th, Rev. W. B. Raber married George McCleary to Nancy Gordon, both of Chambersburg. On Sept. 6th, Rev. William A. West married Rev. John H. Clark, of Landisburg, Perry County Pa., to Nannie C. Elder, daughter of William Elder, of Path Valley, Franklin co. On Sept. 6th, Rev. S. McHenry married Jacob I Gniver to Anna Mary Wirich, all of Franklin county. On Sept. 8th, in Orrstown, Rev. J. Dickson married Samuel Kendig to Elizabeth Enterline, both of Franklin county.
(Names in announcement: Rev. W. B. Raber, Mr. John Muttersbaugh, Miss Elizabeth Keiser, Mr. George McCleary, Miss Nancy Gordon, Rev. William A. West, Mr. John H. Clark, Miss Nannie C. Elder, Mr. William Elder, Rev. S. McHenry, Mr. Jacob I. Gniver, Miss Anna Mary Wirich, Rev. J. Dickson, Mr. Samuel Kendig, Miss Elizabeth Enterline)
(Column 3)
Summary: On Sept. 9th, in Chambersburg, Ann Jemima, eldest daughter of James R. and Rebecca Kirby, died at 30 years and 4 days.
(Names in announcement: Ann Jemima Kirby, Mr. James R. Kirby, Mrs. Rebecca Kirby)