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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: November 9, 1859

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: The Harper's Ferry Trouble--Court sentencings and verdicts; Facts and Fancies.

Titus Oates Redivivus
(Column 2)
Summary: A complaint that Democratic newspapers (the New York Herald, the Missouri Democrat, and the Washington Constitution) are misrepresenting the numbers and the political supporters of the John Brown Raid at Harper's Ferry, with the intent to sow dissension and create distrust of leaders.
The Peril Of The South
(Column 3)
Summary: This article suggests that the Raid at Harper's Ferry "heralds a train of possibilities;" that the slaves or the non-slaveholders could rise and assert their rights; and that prevention will occur only if churches guilty of supporting slavery are disciplined, and if Federal officials are elected who will support anti-slavery sentiment in the South.
[No Title]
(Column 4)
Summary: Mention of potential Federal interference in Maryland, since the Governor does not agree with the Administration's policies; also mention that should the next Presidential election be decided by the people of Maryland by voting against the "sham-democracy," then the party will retain the power by force.
"Honor To Whom Honor"
(Column 5)
Summary: A comparison of the Gov. of Pennsylvania's quick transfer of members of John Brown's company to Virginia, and that Virginia's Gov. Wise had been quite reticent to return fugitives to Pennsylvania.
Origin of Article: The Harrisburg Telegraph

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Serial fiction of a Haunted House; news; advertisements; anecdotes.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Humorous stories; anecdotes; advertisements.

-Page 04-

Douglas In Ohio
(Column 1)
Summary: This article mentions how Hon. S. A. Douglas stumped for fellow Democrats in Ohio, but that the candidates were not fooled by his 'popular sovereignty,' and that the Democrats' failure is an indication of the election to come in 1860.
The End Of Locofocoism
(Column 2)
Summary: This article comments on Buchanan's paper, the Constitution, that admits to the impending downfall of the Democratic party, due to Seward's visit to England and the prediction that the Republicans will use English gold in the 1860 election.
Protection And The Farmers
(Column 3)
Summary: This article argues for the establishment of a home market for farmers' products, which could be brought about by establishing a protective tariff.
Blood! Blood! Blood!
(Column 4)
Summary: This article talks of the slave-ocracy demanding blood when their way of life--slavery--is threatened by the likes of Senator Broderick and John Brown.
Origin of Article: DelawareState Journal
A Significant Fact
(Column 5)
Summary: Mention that no letters belonging to John Brown have incriminated anyone of the Republican party, and that one letter's writer, Gerrit Smith, is a well know opponent of Republicanism and its position of non-interference with slavery where it has legal existence.
Origin of Article: the Pittsburgh Gazette
The Slave Trade Winked At.
(Column 6)
Summary: An article that refers to an incident in Savannah, mentioned by the Savannah News, that indicates that the slave import trade continues with the knowledge of the Customs officials.
Baltimore, November 4th, 1859.
(Column 6)
Summary: This article begins with a letter by a former subscriber (in Baltimore) of the Repository, who criticized the editor, A. N. Rankin, for supposedly favoring the Dred Scott Decision--the Repository responds that Rankin is violently against it.
(Names in announcement: A. N. Rankin)
(No Title)
(Column 6)
Summary: A reader cancels his subscription because of a recent editorial that was too sympathetic to the Dred Scott decision.
(Names in announcement: A.N. Rankin)
Full Text of Article:

Editors of Repository & Transcript, Chambersburg, Pa. Gentlemen:--Please discontinue the paper sent to my address--as the time for which I have paid has expired, and recently I noticed a principle avowed--in an editorial--which I think savours too much of the odious doctrine, of the "Dred Scott" decision. If my old friend A. N. Rankin has any curiosity to know to what I refer particularly, I will, when an opportunity offers, explain more fully, but I suppose my opinion or the loss of a subscriber, is of no importance. Hoping you will make further attainments in the cause of justice and humanity, and soon be willing to advocate the cause and contend for the rights of all without regard to color &c. I remain yours, &c.

The "old friend," whose name is mentioned in the above communication, has great "curiosity to know" to what our correspondent refers. He is the party who has given the offense complained of; for he alone discharges the duties of editing this paper, and he has written every leading editorial that has appeared in our columns for more than two years. He is altogether unable to understand what is meant by the soft impeachment. No Editor in the Union has more plainly denounced the "odious doctrine of the 'Dred Scott' decision." Hoping to get an explanation, in due time, we say to our old friend--with the best of feelings--farewell.

-Page 05-

Description of Page: News; anecdotes; advertisements.

The Pittsburgh Gazette
(Column 1)
Summary: Gov. Packer's State organ, the Sentinel, has been abusing the Republican party since the recent elections. The Gazette warns that Packer is not popular enough to alienate potential support from the growing Republican party.
Election in Maryland
(Column 1)
Summary: Mention of election results in Maryland, which include the election of Peter B. Small, Esq., formerly of Mercersburg, as Judge of the Orphans' Court in Hagerstown.
(Names in announcement: Peter B. SmallEsq.)
Court Proceedings
(Column 2)
Summary: A list of recent Court Proceedings. Commonwealth vs. William Rupert--Fornication and Bastardy on oath of Mary Dysart. Defendant submitted, and pays $15, lying in expenses, and 75 cts. per week for seven years in support of child. Com. vs. David Montgomery--Surety of the Peace. Court demanded bail for the good behavior of Montgomery, and several members of the Bar went into recognizance for the good behavior of the defendant. Com. vs. Addison Lucas--Fornication and Bastardy--the defendant submitted and received the usual punishment. Com. vs. William Aston--Larceny--not a true bill, and defendant discharged from jail. Com. vs. Joseph Harper (colored)--Assault and Battery with intent to kill. Assault and Battery and Assault on David Hutchison. Guilty on the second and third counts; one year's imprisonment in the County jail and payment of prosecution costs. Com. vs John Smith--Burglary (breaking into a house and stealing clothing and other articles); Guilty; must restore stolen property and undergo imprisonment of two years and six months in the Eastern Penitentiary . Com. vs. Peter Schuman--Arson; not guilty due to evidence not implicating the accused; jury gave verdict without leaving the box. COMMON PLEAS: John Snyder vs. William Christ--Action in trespass, on appeal from Justice's Docket, for selling personal property of Plaintiff. Defendants amend their pleadings, by leave of Court case continued at their costs. William Christ vs. John Snyder & Elizabeth Snyder--Action of Trespass in Ejectment; the Court expressed an unwillingness to instruct on several points of law, without time to examine further; case held over till next term. Alex. K. McClure, administrator of the estate of George Aston, deceased, vs. William Seibert and David Oaks--Action of debt founded on articles of agreement. Judgement for the plaintiff for $600 and costs of suit. Charles Stine vs. John Reilly--Summons case in Assumpsit. Judgement for plaintiff for $1,600. Michael Cook vs. Jushua Philips--Summons Trespass; Quare Clausum pegit; Def. pleads not guilty, due to the land being his, not the plaintiff's; Judgement for the plaintiff in the amount of$234.
(Names in announcement: William Rupert, Mary Dysart, David Montgomery, Addison Lucas, William Aston, Joseph Harper, David Hutchison, John Smith, Peter Schuman, John Snyder, William Christ, Elizabeth Snyder, Alex. K. McClure, George Aston, William Seibert, David Oaks, Charles Stine, John Reilly, Michael Cook, Joshua Philips)
Scraps Of News
(Column 3)
Summary: Frederick Douglass denies to have consented to partake in Harper's Ferry.
Southern Views
(Column 3)
Summary: An article that includes Southern newspapers' articles (the Baltimore American and the St. Louis Evening News) that point out that only a few fanatical abolitionist Northerners would condone John Brown's raid.
President Pierce In The Field
(Column 3)
Summary: An article that mentions some democratic politicians are considering Franklin Pierce as a possible Presidential candidate in 1860.
Origin of Article: Pittsburgh Gazette

-Page 06-

Description of Page: Religious story; general news from around the country; advertisements.

John B. Floyd
(Column 2)
Summary: Apparently John B. Floyd admitted that the Presidential administration had had warning of the attack at Harper's Ferry two months prior. The Journal suggests that Buchanan kept it a secret and allowed the insurrection to occur in order to use it for political capital.
Origin of Article: Albany Evening Journal
Full Text of Article:

--According to its own showing the Administration certainly had ample warning of the outbreak at Harper's Ferry, two months beforehand. Even had the authenticity of the warning been doubted, it would have cost but little trouble to have quietly given notice to those in charge of the Armory at Harper's Ferry. Had such notice been given, who can believe that twenty-two men could have succeeded in taking a town of 3000 people, and Government work-shops containing 200 men with arms by their sides? That the Administration deliberately withheld this notice from the threatened community, looks very much as if it wanted the outbreak to occur, in order to manufacture political capital out of it. If it can be explained in a more creditable way, we trust the explanation will be forthcoming.

Leading Republicans are freely accused by the Democratic press, although without a particle of truth or a particle of evidence of having known of Brown's secret preparation.--But here we have the confession of the Democratic official, whose especial business it was to guard against them, that he knew of them two months beforehand. And yet he did nothing himself, and gave no warning to others, to enable them to do anything to prevent them!

-Page 07-

Description of Page: Stories; advertisements.

-Page 08-

Description of Page: Advertisements; real estate sales.

Civilization And Slavery
(Column 1)
Summary: This article mentions a new and popular theory on the progression of civilization, and argues that the termination of slavery is inevitable in the United States.
Origin of Article: Philadelphia Evening Bulletin
Latest From The Seat Of War
(Column 2)
Summary: Reprint of several incendiary and questionable (as to their validity) letters which incriminate their authors--Greeley, Seward and Wilson--as conspirators to the Harper's Ferry Incident. Also printed is a resolution from a Democratic caucus "accidentally 'laid on the table' that mocks most members of its own party, and resolves to use respectable Democrats to investigate Harper's Ferry events.
Origin of Article: Harrisburg Telegraph
Full Text of Article:

The Wheeling Daily Intelligencer, published in the Dominion of Gov. Wise, contains the following rich correspondence on the late Harper's Ferry War. We hope, says the Harrisburg Telegraph, our friend of the Patriot and Union will not fail to apprise his readers of the damnable plot existing between Giddings, Greely, &c. That paper says:--"one of the reporters in New York says that he has now in his possession the following letters, which he regards as much more unequivocal proof of the complicity of Seward, Giddings, and other Republicans, in the Brown riot, than anything which has yet appeared. These letters were so deep down in one of the captured carpet bags, that it took some time before they could be reached. It will be seen that they are very incendiary in their nature:

Egypt, 1859

Dear Brown: I will try and be home in time for our little affair in Virginia. I propose bringing a company of Zouaves to assist us. Go on in you glorious work. I sent $2.

Yours, W. H. Seward.

Cleveland, 1859.

Dear sir:--I will be at Harper's Ferry with 20,000 Republicans in time to carry out our plan. Senator Wade will shoot the President, and Grow will blow up the Capitol. It's all right. Mum's the word. Yours. J. R. G.

Dear Brown: I will be on hand with Gov. Banks and the Massachusetts militia. Don't be frightened. I enclose $3. Horace G. says he won't fight, but sends a copy of the "Tribune" gratis. On to victory!

Yours, Wilson.

The same reporter says that after the adjournment of a Democratic caucus at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, he happened in and found the following resolution which had been accidentally "laid on the table."

Resolved, That, inasmuch as the great majority of the Democratic party are unable to read the newspapers, and utterly destitute of intellect sufficient to enable them to form an opinion on subjects of vital moment; and inasmuch as the late terrible insurrection at Harper's Ferry affords the most delightful stock of political capital, to which the Democratic party has fallen heir for many years past, it is deemed advisable to appoint a committee of highly respectable democrats to collect the facts (or all such as can, by any possibility, be made to redound to the glory of our beloved but decaying organization) in relation to the late dreadful revolution in Virginia, and to lay the same before the public at the earliest possible moment.

The Case of Cook
(Column 2)
Summary: Note that Gov. Willard (brother-in-law of Cook) succeeded in getting Cook, Brown's lieutenant at Harper's Ferry, to be tried by the U. S. District Court, instead of in Virginia (where he would surely be condemned to death).
(Column 3)
Summary: On Oct. 13th, at Harrisburg, Rev. Mr. Robinson married Samuel Baughman to Catharine Zentman, both of Lurgan Twp. On Oct. 27th, Rev. S. McHenry married S. E. Smith, of McConnellsburg, to Miss S. A. Crawford, of Loudon. On Oct. 31st, in Greencastle, Rev. Edwin Emerson married A. Davison Gorden to Sue A. Stoner, second daughter of Abram Stoner, Esq., of Franklin co. On Nov. 1st, Rev. James Kelly, pastor of the Catholic Church, married Peter P. Fuchs to Mary A. Martin, both of Chambersburg. On Nov. 1st, at Trostle's Hotel, Rev. S. McHenry married John Wyncoop, of Roxbury, to Nancy Jane Creamer, of Pleasant Hall, all of Franklin co. On Nov. 3rd, Rev. S. McHenry married George Etter to Mary Ann Clapsaddle, all of Franklin co. On Nov. 3rd, Rev. S. McHenry married John Wilkeson to Susan Grossman, all of Franklin co.
(Names in announcement: Rev.Mr. Robinson, Mr. Samuel Baughman, Miss Catharine Zentman, Rev. S. McHenry, Mr. S. E. Smith, Miss S. A. Crawford, Rev. Edwin Emerson, Mr. A. Davison Gorden, Miss Sue A. Stoner, Mr. Abram Stoner, Rev. James Kelly, Mr. Peter P. Fuchs, Miss Mary A. Martin, Mr. John Wyncoop, Miss Nancy Jane Creamer, Mr. George Etter, Miss Mary Ann Clapsaddle, Mr. John Wilkeson, Miss Susan Grossman)
(Column 3)
Summary: On Oct. 29th, Jennie Thompson died at 5 months and 13 days, infant daughter of Rev. William McElwee, pastor of the Associate Reformed Church, of Chambersburg. On Oct. 29th, in Hamilton Twp., James Simpson died of Consumption at age 45.
(Names in announcement: Jennie Thompson McElwee, Rev. William McElwee, Mr. James Simpson)