Franklin Repository: February 1, 1860Go To Page : | | | | | | | |
The Real Danger of the Union
(Column 1)Summary: Article describes the expulsion of a Northern man from Alabama and speculates on the Northern response to continued violations against citizens in the South.
Origin of Article: Evening PostSlavery in Nebraska
(Column 3)Summary: Article points to the Buchanan appointed governor of Nebraska's veto of the bill to abolish slavery in the territory as further proof of Democratic party determination to hold and expand slavery at any cost.
Origin of Article: New York TribuneFull Text of Article:
It turns out in regard to Slavery in Nebraska, says the New York Tribune, as we had supposed. Governor Black, Mr. Buchanan's appointee in that Territory, has coolly vetoed the bill passed by the Legislature to abolish Slavery. In this veto we have fresh proof of all the Republicans have alleged in regard to the determination of the Democratic party not to allow the formation of Free States where they can possibly prevent it, even though the settlers may ever so strongly desire to prohibit Slavery. It was said by the Republicans repeatedly, in the last Presidential campaign, that if Mr. Buchanan was elected, Kansas would be made a Slave State if the Administration could make it so. The assertion was always repelled as a slander on the fairness and impartiality of Mr. Buchanan, who, it was declared, could never be guilty of such an outrage. We all know how completely the Republican prediction was verified. Mr. Buchanan and the Administration sought by the most outrages measures, to establish Slavery in Kansas in the face of a popular majority of 10,000 against it. He stood by the Lecompton Constitution to the last, and stands by it now. Meantime Slavery exists in Kansas, and is only kept in order there by the determined hostility of the Free-State men, and their unyielding purpose to grind its head wherever it can be reached. In Nebraska, though so far North as to make Slavery utterly unprofitable, and thence to render the effort to exclude it comparatively easy, the same determined purpose is manifested by the Administration and its friends. It even seems as if the Democratic party were animated by an undying spite against Freedom. Otherwise, why should they persist in trying to force Slavery upon communities situated in high latitudes like Nebraska, where they know the sentiment of the people is against it, and where they cannot hope to secure this permanent establishment? It is only on this hypothesis that we can account for this abortive veto of Governor Black and Mr. Buchanan. That veto cannot keep Slavery in Nebraska for any length of time, and it is merely to insult and incense the people of the Territory. Its only tendency is to aggravate and embitter the controversy on that phase of the Slavery question opened by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, and further inflamed by the proceedings of the Administration on the Lecompton Constitution. It is another evidence that the Democratic party does not seek peace or harmony, but for some purpose is determined to aggravate our political disorders to the utmost. The Administration backs the Slave Power not only in those of its aggressions which promise favorable results, but yields to its malignant dictates where apparently it only seeks to humiliate those who oppose its universal sway.
Description of Page: Political speeches in Congress by Congressmen Scranton and Campbell.
Description of Page: Ads and Internatinal news.
The Triple Scourge
(Column 1)Summary: Editorial condemns whipping on Southern plantations and the call for disunion in the South.The Equal Share
(Column 2)Summary: Editorial scoffs at Southern claims of unequal representation, instead asserts that the South holds disproportionate political power in the Union.
Full Text of Article:
The general complaint, everywhere in the South, and with the advocates of equal rights for Slaveholders with Freemen; the lick spittle paltroons; the weak-kneed locofocos at the North, is, that the Northern people -which means the Republican party; are unwilling to give to Slaveholders an equal share of the National Territories; the common property of all the States. What do these croakers mean by an equal share?
While the Missouri line was in existence -which the South, aided by their whipt-spaniel, dough-face, locofoco allies from the North, abrogated- there were added to the Union four Slave States, viz: Missouri, with an area of 65,037 square miles, Arkansas, with an area of 52,198 square miles, Florida, with an area of 59,268 square miles, and Texas, with an area of 325, 520 square miles. Our Southern brethren getting, thereby, the enormous amount of Territory comprising 502,023 square miles.
Under the operation of the Missouri compromise there were admitted into the family of States four devoted to freedom, viz: Michigan, with an area of 56,243 square miles, Iowa, with an area of 50,914 square miles, Wisconsin, with an area of 53,924 square miles, and California with an area of 188,982 square miles. Thus giving to Freedom, to Free White men and their families; from every section of the Union, and from every land on earth; but 350,063 square miles of Territory -one hundred and fifty one thousand, nine hundred and sixty square miles less than was devoted to the blight of Slavery in the same period.
The section of the Union which claims an equal share of the Territories -The South- received, from the passage of the Missouri act till its repeal, under the provisions of that law, more Territory by 47,679 square miles (more than enough to form two states as large as New York and Rhode Island) than is contained within the whole of the Free States, named, as follows: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Iowa, and Wisconsin, fifteen Free States -and yet the Slavery extentionists are not satisfied.
During that same period the "equal share" which fell to the lot of the North, comprised within the limits of the four States already mentioned, is actually less than the area of Eight Slave States viz: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Tennessee, and Kentucky. These eight Slave States contain more Territory than the North received while the Missouri restriction was upon our statute books by a considerably greater amount than would make two states as large as Rhode Island -and still their cry is, "give us more."
What is to be the basis of an "equal share?" if the share is to be apportioned to the relative numbers of those who are, and those who are not, directly interested in slavery, then the owners of human chattels should have received only about the one fortieth of the Territory admitted into the confederacy of States during the existence of the Missouri line. They (the slaveholders) constitute about one in forty of the white population of the country; and should have received only one square mile to thirty nine given to freedom, to do what they clamor so loudly for -deal out equal justice.
What arithmetic is used by the greedy hotspurs of Slavery, and their moon-eyed Northern followers, which enables them, the one fortieth of the population, to take 502,023 square miles of Territory, as their equal share; and give to the non-slaveholding whites, the thirty nine fortieths of the people, but 350,063 square miles, as their equal share?
The whole Territory, embraced within the eight States already alluded to, which was taken into the Union, and dignified with State privileges, during the existence of the time-honored Missouri compromise, amounts to the very large quantity of 852,086 square miles. the proportion of this property, according to equality of sharing, which should have fallen to Slavery would be 21,302 square miles; and all the rest -830,784 square miles- justly belongs to the non-Slaveholding whites of the land.--Instead of that disposition, however, the numerically insignificant number of Slaveholders took the largest share as their equal right.
The slave power -the one fortieth of the whites of the United States- have also usurped about the seven eights of all the important offices under the National Government since the formation of the Republic. Notwithstanding, therefore, that they have thus been encroaching upon the rights of others -taking almost all of the controlling offices and the largest share of the National domain- the North never breathed a whisper against the Union; never uttered a threat about destroying the fair fabric of American Nationality. All the foul, seething sentences of disloyalty proceed from the ever grasping, never-satisfied handful of tyrants who estimate the Union of the States at an infinitely less value than their own hold upon power.
An equal share of the offices, and the Territories, would take from the minority a large amount of the places and lands to which they now unrighteously lay claim. This is not the design of the Republicans however. They simply say to these horseleaches give us an interest in the common inheritance; the yet undivided, uninhabited Territories, and the offices under Government; for the future, in proportion to our numbers, and you can, without molestation, keep what lands you have, and hold all the offices to which you are entitled. This is equal. This is fair. No person who desires exact justice to all sections can possibly object to the position occupied by the majority of the people who have been for so great a length of time, kept out of their equal share of rights, privileges, franchises and immunities under the Constitution.
(Column 1)Summary: Notice that G. H. Mengel, junior partner of the Valley Spirit, was engaged recently.
(Names in announcement: G.H. MengelEsq.)Full Text of Article:The Pennsylvania Annual Conference of the United Brethren in Christ
--The sly little archer aimed one of his barbed arrows at the bosom of our young friend, G.H. Mengel., Esq., the junior partner in the office of the Valley Spirit, and mercilessly pierced him through the heart. Singular to relate, although he is wounded for life, altogether disabled as a bachelor, he is or was yesterday morning, when last we saw him, as brisk as a bee and as sprightly as a lark. He was able to lead one of Chambersburg's fairest, best young ladies up to the alter of old Hymen; where two willing hearts became one. They are off now upon their bridal tour. Success to them. They have the prayers and good wishes of this entire community for their future prosperity and happy realization of all their fond anticipations.
(Column 1)Summary: List of Church of Christ elders and preachers for the Chambersburg District, includes a list for York as well.Court Proceedings
(Names in announcement: J. M. Bishop, Z.A. Colestock, J.P. Bishop, A. Tripner, G. W. Showman, H. Slichter, J.A. Clem, A. Bickley, H.Y. Hummelbaugh, J.G. Shoaff, W. Humberger, J.M. Smiley)
(Column 1)Summary: List of cases tried and verdicts. Michael Strock v. Samuel Seachrist and David Carbaugh--Replevin for one sorrel mare, valued at $1.00, jury could not agree and were discharged. Jacob Foreman, for the use of Gred'k Foreman, v. Henry G. Funk--Action in assumpsit, verdict judgment for plff. for $50.50. John S. Skinnner, Jr. v. John S. Nimmons--Action in assumpsit, verdict for plff. for $80.20. Michael Strickler and Polly his wife v. John Strine--Action in ejectment to recover tract of land in Antrim, case held over for next term. Greencastle and Maryland Line Turnpike Co. v. Geo. H. Davidson--Verdict judgment for deft. Wm. Stevenson, et. al. v. Johnd D. Grier and Frances Lindsay--Action in ejectment, plaintiff's counsel move for a non suit, motion overruled by Court and exceptions sealed, case sumitted to the jury and verdict for deft. Wm. Shrader v. John Shirtz--Action in debt, verdict judgment for deft. Solomon Huber v. J. J. Kennedy--Action on the case, plaintiff compleains of defendant in raising his mill-dam to his injury; plaintiff moves to amend his declaration; defendant pleads surprise and case toes over till next term.Cartwright's Lecture
(Names in announcement: Michael Strock, Samuel Seachrist, David Carbaugh, Jacob Foreman, Frederick Foreman, Henry G. Funk, John S. SkinnerJr., John S. Nimmons, Micael Stickler, Polly Srickler, John Strine, George H. Davidson, William Stevenson, John D. Grier, Francis Lindsay, William Shrader, John Shirtz, Solomon Huber, J.J. Kennedy)
(Column 2)Summary: Details of the popular lecture by Rev. Peter Cartwright at the Methodist Episcopal Church.Our young friend
(Column 2)Summary: Notice of purchase of Eyster's store by George Heck.Our Book Table
(Names in announcement: George S. Heck, L. B. Eyster, Hon. George Chambers)
(Column 2)Summary: Notice recommending The Mercersburg Review, a quarterly publishing religious papers.
(Names in announcement: Rev. P. SchaffD.D., Rev. E.V. GerhartD.D.)
Description of Page: All Ads.
Description of Page: All Ads.
An Appeal to Christians Throughout the World
(Column 2)Summary: Appeal from free blacks in Arkansas for relief from new legislation that forces free blacks to leave the state or risk enslavement.
Origin of Article: Cincinnati GazetteMarried
(Column 5)Summary: Mr. George H. Mengel, one of the proprietors of the Valley Spirit, married Miss Mollie Denig on January 31.Married
(Names in announcement: Rev. Samuel Philips, George H. Mengel, Mollie Denig)
(Column 5)Summary: Rev. Frank Paxton married Miss Nannie K. Deinhart, both of Cedar Falls, Iowa, on January 23 at the Methodist Parsonage, Waterloo, Iowa.Married
(Names in announcement: Rev. Frank Paxton, Nannie K. Deinhart)
(Column 5)Summary: Mr. William Buckley of Fulton Co. married Miss Nancy A. Campbell on January 25.Married
(Names in announcement: Rev. F.F. Crever, William Buckley, Nancy Campbell)
(Column 5)Summary: Mr. Jacob H. Landis married Miss Susan C. Stover, of Washington Co., Md., on January 18.Married
(Names in announcement: Rev. Dr. Schenck, Jacob H. Landis, Susan C. Stover)
(Column 5)Summary: Mr. George H. Myers married Miss Harriet J. McPherson on January 19.Married
(Names in announcement: Rev. John Ault, George Myers, Harriet J. McPherson)
(Column 5)Summary: Mr. Jacob Heckman married Miss Catharine Kriner on Janaury 24.Died
(Names in announcement: Jacob Heckman, Catherine Kriner)
(Column 5)Summary: Mr. George Ncholas, about 40 years old, died on January 29.Died
(Names in announcement: George Nicholas)
(Column 5)Summary: Robert McGuire died in Loudon age 33 years, 4 months, and 28 days, on January 12.Died
(Names in announcement: Robert McGuire)
(Column 5)Summary: Miss Susan Stover, age 25 years 1 month and 28 days, died after an affliction of nearly 15 years at the home of her father, Jacob P. Stover, Esq., near Greencastle on January 17.Died
(Names in announcement: Jacob P. StoverEsq., Susan Stover)
(Column 5)Summary: Mrs. Fanny Krider, aged 88, relict. of the late Henry Krider, died after a brief illness on January 25.Died
(Names in announcement: Fanny Krider, Henry Krider)
(Column 5)Summary: Mr. H. Franklin Mish died suddenly at 11:30 on Wednesday night, January 25, in Pittsburg at the age of 26.Died
(Names in announcement: Franklin H. Mish)
(Column 5)Summary: Mr. Joseph Unger, age about 50, died very suddenly on January 28.
(Names in announcement: Joseph Unger)