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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: April 18, 1860

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-Page 1-

Description of Page: Articles detail confrontation in Congress over the admission of Kansas as a state and the possible duel that might result from the dispute over honor.

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Description of Page: Fiction article.

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A Fighting Country
(Column 1)
Summary: Article relates story of violence in Arkansas as an everyday, almost casual affair.

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A Picture For Naturalized Voters
(Column 1)
Summary: Editorial views Democratic support of Know Nothing candidate in Rhode Island as evidence that the party's leadership and direction is firmly in Southern hands. The editorial suggests to immigrants that the Democratic Party is no longer representative of their concerns and by extension that the Republican Party is more responsive to them.
Full Text of Article:

The adopted citizens have heretofore been led to believe that their only friends, the people who were willing to grant them the largest privileges, were to be found in the ranks of the so- called democratic party. The naturalized voters have been persuaded into the belief that no other than the Locofoco party could save them from being deprived of their acquired rights. They have been told, and they have believed the story, that the American party was based upon principles so hostile to all foreigners--meaning, thereby, all adopted citizens--that if that party were to be successful at any election, every right, civil, religious and political, would be taken from their naturalized voters--their disfranchisement would most certainly follow the consummation of so dire an event

From the amount of holy horror which the locofoco party has been in the habit of manifesting at the thought of the success of a pure, unadulterated Know Nothing candidate for a high office, we have been justified in supposing that no locofoco would ever vote for a "Nix Wisser" for any post of honor, profit or trust--who was regularly nominated as such. Yet when these false-hearted sycophants are put to the test, we find all their professions of friendship for the adopted citizens as hollow and insincere as are the professions of that mongrel party with regard to a Tariff, and every other important measure presented to the people.

On Wednesday last, the bill for the admission of Kansas into the Union, as a State, passed the lower House of Congress by an overwhelming vote. It then went to the Senate--a locofoco body--where it is likely to receive its death-blow, because the Southern Locofocos (who now constitute the chief power of that party,) object to the clause allowing FOREIGNERS TO VOTE.

In the recent contest in Rhode Island, the Know Nothing party nominated a ticket, from Governor down, and the Locofocos met in State Convention, a short time thereafter, and adopted the Know Nothing ticket. They then dispersed and their whole party went to work for the "Nix Wisser" ticket with as much zeal as they could have exhibited toward one of their own forming. The consequence was that the Know Nothing candidate, (MR. SPRAGUE,) was elected, and all the Locofoco papers in the land--including the Valley Spirit, of Chambersburg--are loud in their exultations at the result. The Spirit is so much rejoiced at the success of Know Nothings that they have a large picture in their paper at the end of the article announcing the victory of the American ticket. We want the adopted citizens to look at that picture and remember the cause which prompts the Spirit to hoist it over the Rhode Island election returns--the triumph of the "Nix Wissers."

Washington Letter
(Column 4)
Summary: Correspondent details the threatened duel between Congressmen Potter of Wisconsin and Pryor of Virginia and the bristling of Jefferson Davis in the Senate over remarks by Senator Wilson of Massachusetts.
Trailer: Nerva
The Homestead Bill
(Column 4)
Summary: Editorial skeptical of success for the Homestead Bill, suggesting that President Buchanan will veto the measure. Condemns the Democratic Party's "veto whenever a popular right is to be vindicated."
Full Text of Article:

There is no prospect that the Homestead Bill of the House, which gives 160 acres to every settler, can be carried. That of the Senate, which confines the grants of 160 acres to heads of families and citizens, will pass the Senate mainly by Northern votes, the two Senators from Tennessee being the only democrats south of the line who will venture to approve what has been deprecated as a "Republican scheme."--An intimation has been given from the White House that a veto is ready to be applied to this measure upon the ground that it will affect the revenues from the public lands. That reason has about as much force and propriety as Mr. Polk's veto of the French Spoilation bill, when Mr. Buchanan was his Secretary of State. There is some consolation in knowing that in ten months more the country will be relieved of a despotic rule, which threatens the veto whenever a popular right is to be vindicated, as in the case of Kansas during the last Congress, or a measure is proposed which most directly addresses the popular sympathies. This Homestead bill has every principle of sound public policy to recommend it, but it has fallen under the ban of democratic nullifiers and disunionists, and that is sufficient to condemn it unheard in court circles.

Court Proceedings
(Column 5)
Summary: Commonwealth v. Joseph Rosenthall--False pretenses, acquitted. Commonwealth v. David Tolheim--False pretenses, case settled. Commonwealth v. Jacob Tolheim--Forgery, case continued next term. John Reasner v. C. C. Foltz--Seduction, verdict for plaintiff $500. John R. Clippinger v Dr. J. L. Suesserott--Summons case in assumpsit, verdict for plaintiff, $300. Jacob Rinehart & Wife v. Jacob S. Brown et. al.--plaintiff takes a non-suit. Shryock, Taylore & Smith v. W. W. Sellars--Appeal, Action in assumpsit, verdict for plaintiffs $8. Henry F. Davis v. Henry G. Funk--Summons case in assumpsit.
(Names in announcement: Joseph Rosenthall, David Tolhelm, Jacob Tolhelm, John Reasner, C. C. Foltz, John Ebey, Solomon Ebey, J. Senseny, A. S. Senseny, John R. Clippinger, Dr. J. L. Suesserott, Jacob Rinehart, Jacob S. Brown, W. W. Sellars, Henry F. Davis, Henry G. Funk, )
Distinguished Visitor.
(Column 5)
Summary: Captain Walker, Sheriff of Douglas Co., Kansas, visited Greencastle. Walker was born and raised in Peters and was visiting his mother in Mercersburg. Editors praise him as hero on the front lines of the free soil fight.
(Names in announcement: Capt. Samuel Walker)
(Column 5)
Summary: Notice of admittance to bar in Franklin County.
(Names in announcement: Hastings Gehr, Lemuel Pettings, Benjamin Goodyear)
A Fine Improvement
(Column 6)
Summary: Eysters' store added on and remodeled for more room and easier access.
(Names in announcement: Eyster)
Men of Energy
(Column 6)
Summary: Editors suggest Dechert's hats as superior products.
(Names in announcement: Dechert)

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Description of Page: Articles on the American West, including letters from a correspondent.

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Description of Page: Anecdotes and advertisements

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Description of Page: Advertisements.

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(Column 3)
Summary: Mr. Samuel Mowery married Achsah B. Hazlett, both of Shippensburg on April 12.
(Names in announcement: Rev. F. Dyson, Samuel Mowery, Achsah B. Hazlett)
(Column 3)
Summary: At the residence of Mr. Philip Peiffer, Mr. Conrad Miller married Anna Catharine Nolte on April 15.
(Names in announcement: Philip Peiffer, Rev. B. S. Schneck, Conrad Miller, Anna Catherine Nolte)
(Column 3)
Summary: Mr. A. Hay married Miss R. S. Hilands, both of St. Thomas, on April 12.
(Names in announcement: Rev. A. K. Nelson, A. Hay, R. S. Hilands)
(Column 3)
Summary: Mr. Benjamin Cook married Miss Anna Zettell on April 11.
(Names in announcement: Rev. Kelly, Benjamin Cook, Anna Zettell)
(Column 3)
Summary: William Hambright, Esq., died at his residence in Green at the age of about 85 on April 13.
(Names in announcement: William HambrightEsq.)