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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: May 2, 1860

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-Page 1-

Description of Page: Report of John Hickman, Chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary.

-Page 2-

Description of Page: Article on Education. Advertisements.

-Page 3-

Description of Page: Article in the New York Christian Advocate and Journal advocates Judge McLean for the Presidency.

-Page 4-

Law and Order
(Column 1)
Summary: Editorial accuses Democratic Party of disobeying law and promoting disorder from Kansas to Baltimore, where the previous week Democrats broke up the Republican's nominating meeting for the Chicago convention.
Strike for Freedom
(Column 3)
Summary: Editorial suggests that the Republican party will win the presidential election and spread into the South.
Full Text of Article:

REPUBLICANS OF FRANKLIN!--You have a part to perform in the grand achievement--the enfranchising of your Southern brethren. Every right which a freeman holds dear, has been there stricken down by the co-horts of Slavery. Liberty of speech is unknown; the Press--which is formidable only to tyrants--is muzzled; and every impulse that ennobles humanity and beautiful freedom, is dwarfed, smothered, crushed out by the reign of terror which has been inaugurated by the Southern leaders of the Locofoco party. It therefore behooves every lover of Freedom to buckle on his armor to do many battle in the great contest for Free Principles that we are now about entering upon. Truth has often been stricken down, but "truth, crushed to earth, shall rise again." Give your best exertions to exalt her, and if victory crown our combined efforts, one very satisfactory reflection will be, not that we have asserted and maintained our own rights as freemen, but that we have assisted in giving others the same boone--clothed others with the same mantle of glorious freedom.

The election of a Republican President would be the signal for the uprising of Republicanism in the South. The masses, who have been so long down-trodden by the Slave Oligarchy, would arise in their might and emancipate themselves from a bondage that is even worse than slavery of the body--the loss of their birth-right as American citizens. As an evidence of this, we ill here quote the language of Mr. JENKINS, of Virginia, who but a few days ago, while addressing Congress, deprecating the success of the Republican party, as a misfortune, said:

"Another misfortune would be the dispensation of patronage throughout the South by a Republican President, in such a way as to build up and strengthen Republicanism." It was a great mistake to suppose that southern men would not be found to take office under a Republican President, and thus the germ of a Republican party would spring up in the very bosom of the South."

This accounts for the violence of the Nigger Democracy against the organization of the White Man's of Republican party in the South--"men would be found to take office under a Republican President, and thus Republicanism would spring up in the very bosom of the South"!--Like Demetrius of old, the leader of the silver smiths who made silver shrines for Diana, apprehending that the Apostle's teachings would interfere with their trade, assembled his co laborers and addressed them thus:--"Sirs, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth," and they were filled with wrath and cried out, "Great is Diana of the Ephesians," and a mob was raised to assault Paul, similar to that raised in Baltimore, and other localities in the South, against peaceable assemblages of Republicans. They fear the organization of a Republican party in the South--not that it would conflict with the development of their resources, mechanical, manufacturing, agricultural, or commercial--but the Government patronage would slip out of their hands, and it is by that "craft they have their wealth." This is the secret of the whole opposition; but you might as well try to dam up a rapidly flowing stream of water with sand as to attempt to prevent the spread of truth, religious or political. Republicanism is political truth, and the fates have decreed its triumph over the combined opposition of ignorance and fanaticism, backed by the corrupt patronage of the General Government and the misrepresentation of the Nigger Democracy.

The Republican Conventions held in Maryland, Missouri, Virginia, Delaware and Kentucky, to send Delegates to the Chicago Convention, are the entering wedges that will eventually split the log that has heretofore interposed as a barrier to the propagation of political truth in the South, and when the triumph is complete, no people will rejoice more than the Southern people themselves, when fully clothed in the glorious habiliments of political freedom.

(Column 3)
Summary: Editorial praises the efforts of Republicans in Maryland in the face of violence and intimidation to form their party.
The Census
(Column 4)
Summary: Editors ask citizens to cooperate in the census and advertise the wealth of the nation.
Full Text of Article:

"The decennial census of the United States will be taken in the present year. Agents will be appointed for every district in the States and Territories, and every farm house and cabin within their limits will be visited. The census-taker will have many questions to ask. Every farmer will be expected to give a concise and accurate statement of the number of acres occupied by him, and each crop raised during the year ending June, 1859. These reports will be called for in June, and it would be well for every farmer to write down, in advance, the number of acres under cultivation, including the wheat, etc., gathered. The number of acres of each kind, the amount per acre, and the gross amount will be required. The milk products also, and the amount of poor, beef, etc., will all be asked for."

Heretofore, many have refrained from giving correct answers to the persons appointed to take the Census, supposing that, if they did so, it would lead to an increase of taxation. This is not so; and persons who are better informed, should take occasion to disabuse the minds of all on this matter. Correct answers to all questions in the matter of taking the Census is very desirable, as showing by comparison, the progress our country is making not only in population, but in every department of her Industrial Pursuits--Agriculture, Manufacturers, Commerce, &c., the increase of the field, the mine the shop, and of every other branch of industry that tends to develope our untold national wealth and resources. If all could be made to understand the importance, in this respect, of correct answers in this matter, the aggregated wealth of our young nation when summed up, would astonish the world.

-Page 5-

Unexpected, but Welcome Visitor
(Column 1)
Summary: Accident victim, Edmund Tyler, run over by train recovers.
(Names in announcement: Edmund Tyler, Col. O. N. Lull, Dr. James Carpenter)
(Column 1)
Summary: Cumberland Valley Railroad machine shop in Chambersburg will construct a locomotive engine.
(Names in announcement: Jacob Fuller, Julius F. Gibbs, Abraham Hull)
Full Text of Article:

Not long since we gave an account of the manufacturing of a locomotive at the work- shops of the Cumberland Valley Rail Road, in this place. It is now our duty to record the fact that another one is being built in the same establishment.

We claim for the Chambersburg works a high place in the role of machine shops. No engine of its size--and it was made for certain work--can surpass the "Enterprise," the engine which was turned out by this concern last Fall.

We had the pleasure of inspecting some of the beautiful specimens of workmanship intended for the new engine, and say, without hesitation, that we never saw anything more perfect--the product of man's skill.

These beautiful samples of handicraft, which we examined were made by MR. JULIUS F. GIBBS, and MR. JACOB FULLER, under the supervision of MR. ABRAHAM HULL, the Master Mechanic of the establishment, with whom both these young gentlemen learned their trade. Any young man who can secure a situation under so faithful an instructor as MR. HULL, cannot fail to make a first-class workman, if he has brains enough to retain the necessary instructions he will receive.

(Column 1)
Summary: Article complements the "manly independence" of Wilson Reilly who is working to become a mechanic on the Cumberland Valley Railroad.
(Names in announcement: O. N. Lull, Abraham Hull, Wilson ReillyJr.)
Wicked Robbery
(Column 1)
Summary: Article laments the robbery of the Presbyterian Church of $80.00.
Full Text of Article:

Certain heartless villains, who had not the fear of an all-seeing, vengeance-taking God before their eyes, broke into the Sabbath School Room connected with the Presbyterian Church, of this place on Monday night last, and stole therefrom all the money--amounting to nearly, if not quite, eighty dollars--which the children have been contributing for the past year.

The hardened scamps--there were three of them--will have a thorny bed to lie upon when they come down to the end of their brief existence. "Thou shalt not steal," will ring through their terrified souls as the death-knell of their guilty spirits.

Bring back the money and cheat the devil out of victims whom he now feels sure of receiving into his gloomy regions of eternal woe. You will have no peace in this life if you keep this ill-gotten treasure; and your misery hereafter will be everlasting.

Barn Burned
(Column 1)
Summary: Daniel Baker's log barn burned--cause was "a very young lad, with a match, who was not conscious of the destruction that would follow the act."
(Names in announcement: Daniel Baker)

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Description of Page: Advertisements.

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Description of Page: Advertisements.

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(Column 4)
Summary: Rev. James D. Fitzgerald of Martinsville, Ohio, married Miss M. Lucy Witherspoon, daughter of David Witherspoon, on May 26.
(Names in announcement: Rev. Andrew G. Carothers, Rev. James D. Fitzgerald, M. Lucy Witherspoon, David WitherspoonEsq.)
(Column 4)
Summary: Robert McLean married Miss Mary McNeil, of Cedarville, Greene County, Ohio, on May 5.
(Names in announcement: Rev. H. H. George, Robert McLean, Mary McNeil)
(Column 4)
Summary: Rev. J. Philip Bishop of Penn. Conference married Miss Ellie E. Snively on May 1.
(Names in announcement: Rev. Jas. M. Bishop, Rev. J. Philip Bishop, Ellie E. Snively)
(Column 4)
Summary: Mr. John Witherspoon, a Ruling Elder in the Presbyterian Church of Mercersburg, died age 79 on May 26.
(Names in announcement: John Witherspoon)
(Column 4)
Summary: Mrs. Bridget C. Brown died of paralisis at the home of Mr. Leonard Sellers on May 24.
(Names in announcement: Cornelius Brown, Bridget C. Brown, Leonard Sellers)
(Column 4)
Summary: Mrs. Mary Mills, relict of the late William Mills, died after a protracted illness, age about 74 on May 1.
(Names in announcement: Mary Mills, William Mills)