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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: September 5, 1860

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: Numerous articles of fact, national and international news, and political reports of candidacy support

What Popular Sovereignty Has Done.
(Column 2)
Summary: An extract of Douglas' last speech in the Senate on the successes of Popular Sovereignty for the benefit of slavery.
Stephen And His Anxious Mother
(Column 2)
Summary: A humorous poke at Douglas' explanation for his travels (canvassing tour)--that he is just going to visit his mother in western New York, but people all over New England keep sidetracking him and tricking him into giving speeches.
Douglas Dumb
(Column 3)
Summary: A complaint that while in Augusta, Maine, Douglas avoided answering the question as to whether, if he is elected president, he would support the doctrine that territories have the Constitutional right to prohibit or exclude Slavery, before coming a state.
Origin of Article: N. Y. Tribune
The Excitement In Texas
(Column 4)
Summary: Descriptions of people in Texas who are persecuted either for being a negro or for being sympathetic and/or a friend to negroes; also instances of crimes being blamed on negroes.
A Georgia Douglasite
(Column 4)
Summary: A reminder that although Douglas disclaims any connection to ultra pro-slaveryists and would like to drop discussion of the negro question, he still has supporters like the Hon. W. B. Galtdon, of Georgia, who declare that Douglas is a slave trade man.
Eloquent Extract
(Column 5)
Summary: In response to a composition done by Joe Lane, an opponent of Lincoln, the editors publish an embarassing piece (originally published in Eatonton, Georgia) on Johnson, Douglas' running mate, who apparently attacked a fellow citizen at a local meeting.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Publication of the Fire Department Ordinance--see entry 8/29/60; advice on cleanliness; advertisements.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Proclamation of the General Election in October--see entry 8/29; Advertisements.

-Page 04-

The Presidency
(Column 1)
Summary: An estimation, should the election go to Congress, of which states would support which candidates. The editors predict Lincoln would have 15, Breckinridge get 12, Douglas and Bell, each 1 state, and so the vote would go to the senate, and Joe. Lane would probably win.
What A Pity
(Column 2)
Summary: A criticism of Buchanan's reply to an invitation from Pittsburgh, in which he complains of rampant bribery and corruption in the country--without any reference to his own notorious administration.
Strange Harmony
(Column 3)
Summary: The Repository's humorous response to the Spirit's attempt to 'harmonize' the two Democratic factions.
Full Text of Article:

A person should scarcely be astonished at anything to be met with in the world of politics; yet there are occurrences which, notwithstanding our constant expectations for something calculated to startle the staid, fill us with surprise.

The Spirit of last week contains some beautiful specimens of ground and lofty tumbling. The burthen of its song seems to be a desire to harmonize the two wings of its party, and, in the same article, uses the most insulting language toward some of the best men, in its party, to be found in this community. It has a strange notion of harmony.

The editorials in the last Spirit remind us very much of a story we once heard, and which, for its special benefit, we will relate:

Two old neighbors, deacons in the same church, once had a difference of opinion about the color of a chameleon, which one of them had seen upon a piece of board painted red, and the other had seen upon a block of wood painted green. The little animal, as every person knows, or should know, has the power of changing its color to suit circumstances--very much like the political chameleon, STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS, about whom the two wings of the Nigger Democracy are now disputing--and each one of the deacons contended that it was the color it had assumed when he saw it. From words they came to blows; but, some of their friends being at hand, they were parted before either had seriously injured the other. The difficulty, however did not end there.

About midnight, soon after the fight, Deacon A. awoke from an uneasy sleep and, after pondering the matter for some time, came to the conclusion that the only thing which could disturb his slumbers was his quarrel with Deacon B; consequently he resolved upon having a reconciliation with his adversary--late his warmest personal friend. No sooner had he formed his resolve that he set about putting its accomplishments into execution. He rose from his bed, put on his clothes and went the house of Deacon B. After some little time he succeeded in arousing his neighbor. Deacon B. put his head out of the window when Deacon A. said to him: "My dear old friend why should we be at enmity; I cannot rest till all is as it used to be." This appeal at once softened the heart of Deacon B., who hastened to dress himself and admit his brother in the church into his house.

No sooner had the old men met and shaken hands than Deacon A. commenced relating all about his own uneasiness of mind while tossing about upon a sleepless couch, and determination to be good friends with his life-long neighbor at all risks and at all hazards ending by saying: "Dear brother B. do not be so obstinate, only say the chameleon was red, as you know it was, and the trouble will all be over."

Thus it is with the Spirit; it counsels harmony and peace--only it undertakes to dictate terms. It says to the Douglasites we ought to be friends, and if you go for the Cresson ticket (which is an anti-Douglas arrangement,) all will be well, and we will be good friends again. But at the same time it lets loose its billingsgate upon the best men in the ranks of Locofocoism in this place. This is, really a strange style of harmony.

(Column 3)
Summary: Criticism for Locofoco Senators of Southern states that are quoted as belittling, criminalizing poor white people; the Repository editors also defend the publishment of a Republican paper.
Full Text of Article:

It seems natural for aristocratic Locofocos to hate poor white men; their love for "Sambo" being so great that it overrides all their sympathies for the poor and unfortunate of their own race, causing them to look down upon honest industry, if white men are engaged therein, and are benefitted thereby.

A Locofoco United States Senator--WIGFALL, of Texas--impudently, and without rebuke from his brother Locofoco Senators, dared to call poor white men "criminals," for being poor.

Another of the same stripe of Politicians--Senator HAMMOND, of South Carolina,--called Northern working men "mud sills," and no Northern Locofoco Senator called him to order; nor does any one of their papers rebuke him.

Senator GREEN, of Missouri, another leader of that party, says of a poor white man that he is nothing but one of the "lazaroni."

One of the Locofoco candidates for Vice President, HERSHEL V. JOHNSON, said that the "normal condition of poor men without regard to color, is Slavery." "That capital should own, rather than hire, its labor."

DELUSION SMITH, late Locofoco Senator from Oregon, a colleague of the other Locofoco candidate for Vice President, in a recent speech in Oregon City, said:


And, last and least, we have the Editor of the Douglas Journal of this place, The Times, (The Spirit calls it by the significant name of "The Shetter Weed") calling the occupation of publishing a Republican newspaper "disreputable:" and, doubtless, it expects a large portion of its patronage to come from Republicans.

What is it that makes the publishing of a Republican paper "disreputable?" Is it because white men are engaged in all such enterprises? It is a part of the general system of denouncing labor, and those whose hands are accustomed to toil, which Locofoco orators so glibly sneer at, which causes these kid-glove gentlemen to turn up their noses at honest mechanical industry? or, is it because Republican newspapers, which, after all, seems to be the "disreputable" business, urged the passage of a Homestead Bill, which provides Free Homes for poor white men; that they advocate the passage of a Tariff, that protects the labor of free whites in America against ruinous competition in other lands; that they are in favor of keeping negroes out of our smiling Territories, and filing them up with industrious, poor whites; that they are doing all in their power to carry out the objects of the framers of our Government, that these haters of Republicanism, (which, in plain English, means haters of a Republican form of government) and advocates of aristocracy all agree in decrying every kind of labor but that done by slaves?

The "Spirit's" War
(Column 4)
Summary: The editors make fun of the Spirit's attempt to lampoon the Republican candidate for Congress, the Hon. Edward McPherson.
How Is His Throat?
(Column 4)
Summary: A reminder that during the congressional discussions of the Tariff, the Homestead Act, and the admission of Kansas, Douglas was noticeably silent (but his supporters explained he had a sore throat), but that his voice seems to be just fine now.
(Column 5)
Summary: A letter sent by the appointed committee, including John H. Criswell, to notify the Hon. Edward McPherson of his nomination for Congress in the XVIIth District, and his reply of thanks and acceptance of the nomination.
(Names in announcement: John H. Criswell)
The Engineer's Report
(Column 5)
Summary: The engineer's letter describing his survey of the proposed route, and the favorable reception of this survey by parties in New York.
(Names in announcement: J. B. McElroy)
Editorial Comment: To the people living along the proposed Railroad Route that lies directly between Burnt Cabins in Fulton Co., and Landisburg in Perry county.
The Franklin Railroad
(Column 6)
Summary: A letter to the editors from Antrim urging a station on the Franklin Railroad at Kaufman's, near Greencastle.
[No Title]
(Column 6)
Summary: An article spoofing Douglas as the lost boy wandering all over New England on his way to mother's house.
Origin of Article: The Minnesotian
Editorial Comment: The following advertisement appears in The Minnesotian. We hope it may lead to the recovery of the lost boy, and to the restoration of peace to a bereaved family:

-Page 05-

Description of Page: Our Book Table; advertisements

Meetings Of The People
(Column 1)
Summary: J. Allison Eyster writes an announcement of a number of meetings (one meeting at Jacob Elliot's Public House) of the People in Franklin Co.; Hon. A. K. M'Clure, Hon. E. McPherson, Dr. S. E. Duffield (of M'Connellsburg), and L. S. Clarke will be speaking at some of the meetings.
(Names in announcement: Jacob Elliot, Hon. E. M'Pherson, Hon. A. K. M'Clure, Dr. S. E. Duffield, L. S. ClarkeEsq., J. Allison Eyster)
Lincoln Meeting
(Column 1)
Summary: An announcement of a meeting of the People of Washington, held at Waynesboro' on Sept. 8th, with P. Hamman and E. J. Bonebrake, of Chambersburg speaking.
(Names in announcement: Mr. P. Hamman, Mr. E. J. Bonebrake)
(Column 1)
Summary: Mention of building and improvements in Chambersburg, with special recognition to James King, and the various workers.
(Names in announcement: D. K. Wunderlich, James King, J. Hoke, Atherton, Boreland, Lippy, Worley, Gillespie, Henninger, Steward, Duncan, Banker, Gillan, Hutz, I. H. M'CauleyEsq.)
Pole Raising
(Column 1)
Summary: The Wide Awakes of Chamberburg will raise a pole on Sept. 10th, with the committee of James King, N. P. Pearse, and G. H. Merklein supervising the raising.
(Names in announcement: James King, N. P. Pearse, G. H. Merklein)
Franklin County Teachers Association
(Column 2)
Summary: A mention of the Franklin County Teachers Association planned Meeting to start on Nov. 21st; a list of discussion subjects and speakers is given.
(Names in announcement: T. Enterline, J. C. Atherton, W. H. Kendig, C. G. Glenn, J. W. Coble, J. F. Boult, T. M. Richards, Fahrney, W. H. H. Newman, Samuel Gelwicks, George Eby, H. S. Shade, G. W. Betz, Joseph Eckert, Deatrich, John R. Croft, Peter Swisher, Isaac Miller, J. B. Eckerman, R. A. Moore, D. S. McFadden, H. Omwake, A. B. Wingert, Henry Atherton, W. H. Hockenberry, J. S. Smith, J. W. Hays, L. J. Wolfe, I. N. Snively, Samuel H. Eby, J. W. P. Reed, M. D. Reymer, P. M. Shoemaker, A. B. Stoler, J. S. McElwain, B. F. Fry, A. McElwain, W. H. Blair, W. B. McClure, J. W. Kuhn, A. H. Witherspoon, J. R. Gaff, Jacob Cook, H. B. Kendig, J. M. Bonebrake, J. H. Montgomery, Dr. S. G. Lane, S. H. Eby, Miss K. A. Wilson, Miss E. Dison, Miss M. J. Miller, Miss Jane H. Walk, Miss S. F. Reynolds, Miss M. E. Parker, J. G. Youst, Miss Elizabeth Witherspoon, Miss Hannah E. Royer, Miss M. K. Hays)
Caledonia Sabbath School
(Column 2)
Summary: A recount of the Methodist Sabbath School (at Caledonia Iron Works) celebration that took place in Kauble's woods. J. B. McElroy and Rev. Mr. Howe spoke, and the Fayetteville Band also attended the party.
(Names in announcement: Kauble, J. B. McElroy, Rev. Mr. Howe)
Pole Raising
(Column 2)
Summary: Mention of Republican voters of Hamilton township raising a Pole on Sept. 1st, where Isaac Miller spoke.
(Names in announcement: Isaac MillerEsq.)
Wide Awakes
(Column 3)
Summary: A meeting of the Wide Awakes met at P. Harlacher's Hotel, on Sept. 1st; they elected Capt. P. B. Housum as Captain, H. C. Fortescue as 1st Lieutenant, G. H. Merklein as 2nd Lieutenant, K. Shannon Taylor as 3rd Lieutenant and Jacob S. H. R. Maurer as 4th Leiutenant. They received their cap and cape uniform, with torch. They also met Sept. 3rd, to replace Jacob N. Snider, who resigned as V. Pres. to join the Exec. Com., with newly elected John G. A. Dennerline.
(Names in announcement: P. Harlacher, Capt. P. B. Housum, H. C. Fortescue, G. H. Merklein, K. Shannon Taylor, Jacob S. H. R. Maurer, John Riley, Jacob N. Snider, John G. A. Dennerline)
Full Text of Article:

On Saturday last a portion of this spirited company of Republicans received their uniforms, consisting of a black glazed cap and cape, and a neat, convenient torch--a swinging lamp, on a pole about six feet long.

The Association met at the Hotel of Mr. P. Harlacher, on West Market street, and held an election for officers to fill the unfilled offices, which resulted in the election of Capt. P. B. Housum, as Captain; H. C. Fortescue as First Lieutenant, G. H. Merklein as Second Lieutenant, K. Shannon Taylor as Third Lieutenant, and Dr. Jacob S. H. R. Maurer as Fourth Lieutenant.

After the election, the Association formed in procession, under the command of the newly elected officers, and preceded by the Band, marched through the principal streets of the town--those in uniform making quite an attractive display. We expect to be able to turn out about an hundred in uniform on Monday evening next, on the occasion of the meeting to listen to the speech of Morton M'Michael, Esq., of Philadelphia.

The Association met again, at the Hotel of Mr. John Riley, also on West Market street, on Monday evening of this week. One of the Vice Presidents, Mr. Jacob N. Snider, having been elected, at a former meeting, one of the Executive Committee, resigned his post of Vice President. An election was immediately entered into, which resulted in the unanimous election of Mr. John G. A. Dennerline as a Vice President of the Association. The Association then adjourned to meet at the call of the Executive Committee.

Committee Of Reception>
(Column 3)
Summary: The Wide Awakes appointed a reception committee--A. D. Caufman, P. B. Housum, Jacob S. Brown, George Jarrett and A. N. Rankin--, as did the People's Central Club--J. W. Fletcher, James M. Brown, William M'Lellan, D. O. Gehr and D. A. Wertz--to escort Morton McMichael, Esq. (of Philadelphia) to a meeting of the People on Sept. 10th.
(Names in announcement: A. D. Caufman, P. B. Housum, Jacob S. Brown, George Jarrett, A. N. Rankin, J. W. Fletcher, James M. Brown, William M'Lellan, D. O. Gehr, Wertz D. A.)
York Encampment
(Column 3)
Summary: The Chambers Artillery, commanded by Capt. P. B. Housum, joined a military encampment in York Co. on Sept. 4th.
(Names in announcement: Capt. P. B. Housum)
Great Yield
(Column 3)
Summary: Description of a large yield of wheat--87 bushels and 48 pounds--from the farm of Dewalt Keefer, Esq.
(Names in announcement: Dewalt KeeferEsq.)
Fine Stock
(Column 3)
Summary: C. W. Eyter, of Chambersburg, sold a Bull calf, 26 days old and weighing 225 lb., to J. Watson Craig, of Welch Run.
(Names in announcement: Mr. C. W. Eyter, Mr. J. Watson Craig)
[No Title]
(Column 4)
Summary: A note of the end of the Internation Horse Fair at Watertown, and a description of a trotting race, with the horse Ethan Allen winning

-Page 06-

Description of Page: The List of Premiums for the Fair of the Farmers and Mechanics Industrial Association; advertisements

-Page 07-

Description of Page: The Republican Platform; advertisements

-Page 08-

Description of Page: Advertisements; land and estate sales

(Column 1)
Summary: On Aug. 26th, Rev. B. F. Beck married Benjamin Cornelius to Ann Eliza Grove, both of Fulton County. On Aug. 30th, in Lurgan township, Rev. M. Snyder married W. F. Dehaven to Martha E. Reed. On Aug. 30th, Rev. Z. A. Colestock married Isaac White, of Perry Co., to Nancy Killinger, of Franklin Co. On Aug. 30th, Rev. S. McHenry married William Monn, of Guilford township, to Mary Helm, of Antrim township. On Aug.30th, Rev. McHenry also married Jacob S. Stull, of Guilford, to Susan Speelman, of Quincy township.
(Names in announcement: Rev. B. F. Beck, Mr. Benjamin Cornelius, Miss Ann Eliza Grove, Rev. M. Snyder, Mr. W. F. Dehaven, Miss Martha A. Reed, Rev. Z. A. Colestock, Mr. Isaac White, Miss Nancy Killinger, Rev. S. McHenry, Mr. William Monn, Miss Mary Helm, Mr. Jacob S. Stull, Miss Susan Speelman)
(Column 1)
Summary: On Aug. 18th, near St. Thomas, Calvin John Reamer, son of William F. and Sarah A. Reamer, died at age 1. On Aug. 20th, at Dry Run, Henrietta, daughter of Samuel and Martha Elder, died at age 10 months. On Aug. 20th, Sarah Ann, wife of Jacob L. Seibert, died at age 20. On Aug. 26th, near Spring Run, James Dougal died at age 85. On Aug. 31st, in St. Thomas township, Barbara Christman, widow of Henry Christman, died at age 80.
(Names in announcement: Calvin John Reamer, William F. Reamer, Sarah A. Reamer, Henrietta Elder, Samuel Elder, Martha Elder, Mrs. Sarah Ann Seibert, Mr. Jacob L. Seibert, Mr. James Dougal, Mrs. Barbara Christman, Henry Christman)