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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: September 12, 1860

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: Facts and Fancies; a poem

Speech Of Hon. A. K. McClure
(Column 1)
Summary: A speech arguing for support of Col. Curtin, and dissuading support of Henry D. Foster in the election for Pa. Governor. McClure argues that Foster, though he claims to support the doctrine of a tariff, in reality, is a free trade man, and a pawn in the battle between Democratic contenders for the Presidency.
(Names in announcement: Hon. A. K. McClure)
Editorial Comment: In the Republican Wigwam, Philadelphia, September 5, 1860

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Advertisements

A Just View Of The Case
(Column 1)
Summary: In his speech, the Hon. R. W. Thompson explains that he will continue his support of Bell only if Bell does not sell his supporters to the highest Democrat bidder. He would prefer Lincoln to win, than either Democrat candidate.
Origin of Article: The Philadelphia North American
Editorial Comment: Speech of Hon. R. W. Thompson, of Indiana, at Terre Haute, August 4th, 1860.
Mr. Lincoln's Eulogy on Henry Clay
(Column 3)
Summary: In an excerpt of Lincoln's eulogy on Henry Clay, given at the time of his death, Lincoln praises Clay and states that the country would not be the same powerful, prosperous place without Clay.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: various articles: Toleration of Medicine; Occupations of Emigrants; Cure For Hydrophobia; advertisements.

Republicanism In Kentucky
(Column 1)
Summary: A description of a speech by an avid Lincoln supporter at a County Court Day in Kentucky--the most interesting note is that the man owned 40 or 50 slaves.
Origin of Article: Correspondent of the N. Y. Tribune

-Page 04-

Description of Page: Humorous and Romantic stories; political articles.

The Campaign Opened
(Column 1)
Summary: A description of the Republican campaign's commencement in Chambersburg with the arrival of Morton McMichael, Esq., of Philadelphia, who came to speak, and who was greeted and escorted by a committee partially consisting of Wide Awakes.
(Names in announcement: Capt. James M. Brown, Capt. P. B. Housum, Capt. George Jarrett, Sheriff William McGrath, Ex-Sheriff Jacob S. Brown, Mr. N. P. Pearse, Mr. A. D. Caufman, Mr. D. S. Fahnestock, Mr. A. R. Hurst, Mr. J. W. Fletcher, A. N. Rankin, Col. McClure, Hon. George Chambers, Dr. S. E. Duffield, Hon. E. McPherson, Bradley)
Full Text of Article:

The political campaign, the bloodless war, has fairly commenced in this County. On Monday last a committee, consisting of Capt. James M. Brown, Capt. P. B. Housum, Capt. George Jarrett, Sheriff William McGrath, Ex-Sheriff Jacob S. Brown, Mr. N. P. Pearse, Mr. A. D. Caufman, Mr. D. S. Fahnestock, Mr. A. R. Hurst, Mr. J. W. Fletcher and A. N. Rankin, left this place in the afternoon Train of cars and went as far as Shippensburg, where they remained till the evening Train from Harrisburg arrived, which they entered and found therein MORTON McMICHAEL, Esq., of Philadelphia, whom they took in charge and escorted to Chambersburg. Upon the invitation of Col. McClure, Mr. McMichael was taken to the residence of the former and became his guest. In the evening the Fayetteville Band, followed by a number of Carriages, filled with voters, came to town and added very much to the pleasures of the evening's entertainment by their enlivening music.

During the afternoon of Monday, according to previous arrangement, the "Wide Awakes" of Chambersburg erected a nice pole, over an hundred feet high, in front of our office--the old temple of Liberty, a name bestowed upon the REPOSITORY building by the lamented Pritts. From the top of the pole floats a small streamed composed of red, white and blue ribbons. About twelve feet from the top there is a pretty blue Streamer with the names of our candidates--LINCOLN, HAMLIN, CURTIN,--thereon, in white letters. Some twelve feet lower down is suspended a handsome national flag. The pole was raised at the first effort, and without any accident.

After dark the "Wide Awakes," one hundred rank and file in uniform, commanded by their captain, P. B. Housum, formed a procession and, preceded by the Fayetteville Brass Band, and the Chambersburg Brass Band, proceeded to the residence of Col. McClure and escorted Morton McMichael, Esq., to Franklin Hall, where there was a great throng of people. The meeting was organized by calling Col. McClure to the Chair. The Col. read a letter from the Hon George Chambers, whom a large portion of our citizens desired should preside. The letter is elsewhere in this paper. Mr. M. entertained a large audience for two hours with a style of speech rarely to be met with. When Mr. McMichael finished the chairman of the meeting, Col. McClure, stated that Doc. S. E. Duffield, of Fulton County, was in the Hall, and that, as soon as the Band would play a piece of music, he would all upon the Doctor for a speech. The audience, as soon as they learned that the Doctor was present, began to call loudly for him. While the Bands were playing he made his appearance upon the stage. As soon as the music was finished he was introduced by Col. McClure, and proceeded to deliver an eloquent speech of about thirty minutes in length. The lateness of the hour prevented him speaking longer.

The meeting in the Hall having adjourned, "Wide Awakes" re-formed, and, accompanied by both Bands, marched through the principal streets of the town, presenting a beautiful spectacle. A procession of over one hundred persons with caps and capes alike, and each with a torch in his hand, affords a sight which must be seen to be fully realized. The "Wide Awakes" escorted Mr. McMichael to the residence of Col. McClure, where, in response to calls from the "Wide Awakes," short addresses were delivered by Messrs. McMichael and McClure.

On next Monday evening the 17th, the Hon. E. McPHERSON, and others, will speak at Quincy, on Tuesday evening, the 18th at Fayetteville, on Wednesday evening the 19th, at Waynesboro' on Friday evening the 21st, at Greencastle, on Saturday afternoon the 22nd, at precisely 3 o'clock, at the Welsh Run, and in the evening of the same day at Mercersburg-- Bradley's Brass Band will be at both the latter-named meetings.

On Saturday the 22nd, there will be a Mass Meeting at Chambersburg, which will, without fail, be addressed by the great Wisconsin Orator CARL SCHURZ, Esq., who is said to be the equal of the renowned Hungarian Kossuth. This will be a rare treat. Only once in a life-time, to many of us, will this grand opportunity be presented. No person will fail to attend who can by any possibility be present. In the evening Mr. SCHURZ, will speak in german, his native language, to the citizens of Chambersburg who can understand him. The german portion of our population, who do not fully comprehend the objects of Republicanism, are particularly invited to listen to this great expounder of our political faith; himself a german by birth.

Col. A. G. Curtin, our candidate for Governor, has also been announced to speak on that occasion, and we confidently expect him to come; but, owing to the fact that his opponent Henry D. Foster, has mounted the stump, and has signified his willingness to meet Col. Curtin, which the gallant Col. is very anxious should take place, the arrangements for the joint discussion may interfere with his former plan of meeting with the People of Franklin County on that occassion [sic]. He will, however, be in Chambersburg to speak during the campaign; and may be here on the 22nd.

Morton McMichael's Speech
(Column 2)
Summary: A description of McMichael's speech given Sept. 10th at Franklin Hall--that McMichael mentioned the topic of slavery only once (when criticizing Douglas) since he feels the topic of industry is more of a concern to the people of Pennsylvania.
Waynesboro Meeting
(Column 3)
Summary: Mention of a meeting of the friends of Lincoln, Hamlin and Curtin, on Sept. 8th in Waynesboro, where E. J. Bonebrake and P. Hamman, Esq. spoke
(Names in announcement: E. J. Bonebrake, P. HammanEsq.)
Culbertson's Row Meeting
(Column 3)
Summary: Mention of two meetings: one at Culbertson's Row on Sept. 10th, where "Live Yankee" L. S. Clarke, Esq., Col. F. S. Stumbaugh, and William G. Mitchell spoke. The other took place in Guilford on Sept. 11th, where two young men, Masters Rush Senseny and William Etter, spoke.
(Names in announcement: L. S. ClarkeEsq., Col. F. S. Stumbaugh, William G. Mitchell, Master Rush Senseny, Master William Etter)
[No Title]
(Column 3)
Summary: A letter from Hon. George Chambers declining to appear at the Sept. 10th meeting at Franklin Hall, but that, since he cannot support Bell (because of the improbability of his election), he throws his support to Lincoln.
(Names in announcement: Hon. George Chambers, A. K. McClure, William McClellan, William H. McDowell)
Curtin And The Germans: A Base Slander Publicly Refuted.
(Column 4)
Summary: The Telegraph published the retraction of the German newspaper, Berichter, that had printed accusations that Curtin had spoken with disrespect against the Germans.
Origin of Article: Harrisburg Telegraph
What The Republicans Intend To Do
(Column 4)
Summary: A Bell supporter lists the six main objectives of the Republicans--protection of Industry, construction of railroads, aid to naval commerce, end the slavery discussion, pass the Homestead Act, and purify the administration.
Origin of Article: New Brunswick (N.J.) Fredonian
Full Text of Article:

Hon. J. M. Harris, at the Bell meeting held in this city last week, asked the following pertinent questions:

"What are the Republicans to do when they get into power?"

We propose to reply briefly as to a few things which will be accomplished by the Republicans when they get into power:

1. The first work of the Republicans will be to put an end to the disturbed state of the public mind arising from the discussion of the slavery question, by showing that they have no desire to interfere with the institution of slavery where it now exists, and only want to prevent its spread into territories now and always free, and that only by means recognized and provided for in the Constitution of the United States. Then the "bugbear" created by the anti- Republicans will explode, the era of good will and confidence between the North and South will be restored, and peace concord and union prevail.

2. The territories being guaranteed to Freedom and Industry, and made fit for the free habitation of free, white laboring men, the Republicans will then "make the land free to all actual settlers," in quantities sufficient to enable a workingman to get a good living from, and raise up and educate his family in a respectable manner. This will be done in preference to the present system of giving them away to schemers of all kinds, or selling them in large quantities to speculators who can afford to keep them without improvement for a long time, and eventually selling them to the hard-working settlers for a large advance upon the original cost.

3. Protection to American Industry is one of the cardinal doctrines in the Republican Platform. The Republicans intend to pass a Tariff law sufficient to protect the labor of our free white mechanics and factory operatives against the ruinous competition of the pauper labor of Europe--a tariff which will not only protect the interests of the mechanic, but also create home markets for the products of our soil, and place the whole community beyond the accidents of trade and commercial panics. When such a law is fairly in force in this country, there will be no good reason why every mechanic and laborer cannot earn a good and comfortable living for himself and family, and, if prudent, lay up something for a "rainy day."

4. The Republicans intend to afford adequate aid to commerce and navigation on the lakes, rivers, and harbors, by constructing necessary light-houses and break-waters, and removing shoals, snags, and other obstructions to the safe navigation of our public waters.-- The protection to the lives and property of its citizens is an obligation imposed upon all good governments.

5. The building of a railroad to the Pacific is one of the "necessities" of this country, and when the Republicans get into power, they will secure its construction at an early period. The great traffic that now and always will be carried on between the Eastern and Western shores of our country demands greater safety and expedition than is now afforded by the tedious and dangerous marches through dreary deserts or long voyages at sea equally hazardous to life and property.

6. The Republicans mean to bring back the administration to its original purity and economy, by placing good men into offices of trust, and frown down and punish all attempts at corruption and peculation by any of its agents. The Republicans will act fairly towards the interests of Freedom and Slavery, and will not occupy itself in encouraging fillibusterism, hatching schemes for stealing the possessions of our weak and peaceful neighbors, encouraging the revival of the African Slave Trade, and creating dissensions and ill-feeling between the different sections of our country, as has been done by the present and former administrations. They will not abstract the public money under the guise of "contracts" for the purpose of bribing Congressmen to vote for some administration iniquity, or sustaining a pet organ of the President, or to carry some local election, or supporting and encouraging "third parties" among their political opponents. They will not in a time of profound peace with all the world, run the country into debt at the rate of $20,000,000 annually, as has been done by the present Democratic administration. Finally, they will not make the "Nigger" the only object of worship and consideration, but will endeavor to look after and enhance the interests of the WHITE MAN. These are some of the things the Republicans will do when they get into power.

A Hint To Future Biographers
(Column 5)
Summary: Fanny Fern writes to complain about the title of "The Life of Mr. Jones"and remind that there was a Mrs. Jones who supported her husband--and that there usually is a hidden, supportive wife, without whom the great men would not have been great.
(Names in announcement: Fanny Fern)
Diseases Of Douglas
(Column 6)
Summary: A list of diseases--gout, pleurisy, dysentary, bowel complaint, sore throat--used as excuses by Douglas to miss discussion or voting of important bills in the House.
[No Title]
(Column 6)
Summary: A recount that displays the growing animosity between the Republican Wide Awakes and Democrats; at a funeral for a Wide Awake in Indiana, Democrats inconvenienced the funeral service with a mob and jeering outside the Wide Awakes' Hall from which the funeral procession started.

-Page 05-

Description of Page: Advertisements

[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: An Announcement of a meeting on Sept. 19th in Scotland at Mr. Dice's store, where C. Long of Shippensburg, P. Hamman and A. McElwain, both of Chambersburg, D. F. Etter, and J. Ditzler will speak.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Dice, C. Long, P. Hamman, A. M'Elwain, D. F. Etter, J. Ditzler)
"Our Flag Is There"
(Column 1)
Summary: Description of the construction and mention of the craftsmen of the Republicans' liberty pole in Chambersburg.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Isaac Keefer, Mr. M. A. Keefer, Dewalt KeeferEsq., Mr. George Pew, Mr. James Williams, Mr. Hutz, Mr. Keefer, Mr. Samuel Etter, Mr. Elias Hoke, Miss Callie Maurer, Mr. James King)
[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: A list of contributions in July and August in Franklin County, to the Ladies' Mount Vernon Association. Chambersburg-$5.50, Loudon-$3.00, Roxbury-$1.25, Strasburg-$1.00.
Lurgan In Motion
(Column 2)
Summary: A Lincoln and Hamlin club was formed in Roxbury on Sept. 6th. The elected officers include: Morrow R. Skinner, President; Thomas Pomeroy Jr., Secretary; William Deardorff, Assistant Secretary; John M. Saltsman, Corresponding Secretary; Cyrus Hazlett, Treasurer.
(Names in announcement: Morrow R. Skinner, Thomas PomeroyJr., William Deardorff, John M. Saltsman, Cyrus Hazlett)
Barn Burned
(Column 2)
Summary: The barn of George Mourer of Antrim township burned down Sept. 8th; caused by lightning, the fire destroyed his wheat, hay, and oat crops.
(Names in announcement: Mr. George Mourer)
Whose Fault Is It?
(Column 2)
Summary: The editors complain of a hog wallow that occurs in the public square whenever it rains, and requests that the citizen who allows his animals to do this to please stop this.
[No Title]
(Column 2)
Summary: Description of a crane--five feet tall and a wingspan of six feet--shot by Abraham S. Oyer, near Monn's mill, north of Chambersburg.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Abraham S. Oyer)
[No Title]
(Column 3)
Summary: A letter and excerpt from "An Injurious Fertilizer" (in the Philadelphia Century) arguing against the use of fecal matter treated with poudrette as a fertilizer--that vegetables grown in it cause nausea, and possibly consumption.
The Rush At New York
(Column 3)
Summary: The Tribune notes that New York could be the deciding state in the election and urges Republicans to rally and help bring about a Republican victory.
Origin of Article: N. Y. Tribune
(Column 6)
Summary: Sheriff McGrath posts the notice of Mary Mentzer's application, done by Jacob Good, for divorce from Samuel Mentzer--to be settled Oct. 29th.
(Names in announcement: Mary Mentzer, Jacob Good, Samuel Mentzer, Sheriff William McGrath)

-Page 06-

Description of Page: Articles of politics, crime, and interest from other states; advertisements.

-Page 07-

Description of Page: Various articles: politics in Tennessee; little boy's death; news from Europe.

A Familiar Voice To Old-Line Whigs
(Column 1)
Summary: The Tribune asks the friends of Henry Clay which candidate they will support, and then provides a letter written by Henry Clay that promotes the same objectives as the Republican party.
Origin of Article: N. Y. Tribune
Winan's Steamer
(Column 2)
Summary: A witness' description of Winan's steamer boat as it passed by him--that it is an impressive technological feat.
Origin of Article: Baltimore Patriot

-Page 08-

(Column 2)
Summary: On Sept. 6th, at the bride's mother's home at Philips' Mill, Path Valley, the Rev. William A. West married Michael R. Kegerreis, of Fannettesburg, to Kate Sharp. On Sept. 7th, Rev. T. G. Apple married Philip Low to Sarah Byers, both of Antrim township. On Sept. 4th, Rev. E. Bridenbaugh married Michael Kreps to Miss Nettie Barr, adopted daughter of Mathias and Mary Nead, all of Greencastle.
(Names in announcement: Rev. William A. West, Mr. Michael R. Kegerreis, Miss Kate Sharp, Mrs. Sharp, Rev. T. G. Apple, Mr. Philip Low, Miss Sarah Byers, Rev. E. Bridenbaugh, Mr. Michael Kreps, Miss Nettie Barr, Mathias Nead, Mary Nead)
(Column 2)
Summary: On Sept. 3rd, in Huntingdon, Elizabeth L. Dorris, a native of Greencastle, wife of William Dorris and youngest daughter of Elias Davidson, Esq. (who died thirty years ago) died of apoplexy at age 42. On Sept. 6th, in Quincy township, Mrs. Elizabeth Frederick died at age 84. On Sept. 5th, in Fayetteville, Clara Belle Etter died at 8 months. On Aug. 30th, in Montgomery township, David Sites died at age 52.
(Names in announcement: Elizabeth L. Dorris, William Dorris, Elias DavidsonEsq., Mrs. Elizabeth Frederick, Clara Belle Etter, Mr. David Sites)