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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: November 14, 1860

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: Letter From Kansas; stories from around the country.

The Secession Movement
(Column 2)
Summary: Actions of rebellion and expressions of desire for secession from several states--South Carolina, Louisiana, Washington D.C., and Georgia: resignation of Senators and Federal officers, calls to establish minute men companies, arson,the flying of the state flags, and organized meetings.
Important News From Georgia
(Column 4)
Summary: Since Gov. Brown expects few Southern states to actually organize a secession movement, he suggests passing laws that will hurt the Northern states (who have been most active in passing laws that oppress the South), ie. taxes on their goods, seizing their property, repeal of penal and civil codes that protect their safety. He also wants money for a military fund. The Repository editors comment that "These Southern People are a terrible set--on paper."
Origin of Article: Milledgeville, Ga.
Editorial Comment: Special Message of Gov. Brown--He does not Recommend the appointment of Delegates to the Secession Convention, but Advises Laws for the State Protection.
The Exodus Of Negroes From South Carolina
(Column 4)
Summary: In reaction to disunion of the Democratic party, and the Chicago nominations, among other things, South Carolina passed laws against free negroes that oredered them to wear identification badges and put them under the supervision of a white man, who could re-enslave them at a whim. Any free negroes that could, left the state in a mass exodus.
Origin of Article: The Philadelphia Press
A Woman's Right Practically Carried Out.
(Column 6)
Summary: Story of a woman, Dr. Lydia Sayer Hasbrouck, of New York, who insists that a woman should not be taxed if she cannot vote.
Full Text of Article:

Mrs. Dr. Lydia Sayer Hasbrouck, of Orange county, New-York, who insists that a woman should not be taxed unless she is allowed to vote, has thought to shame the collector out of his demand by offering to work out her road tax. The doctress, having somewhat passed the bloom of youth, made no impression upon the stony official, and therefore, instead of paying under pretest [sic], as some of her sisters do, she went upon the road and drove a cart.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: stories and articles of general interest; advertisements.

Peter's Pence
(Column 4)
Summary: The question is raised as to whether American Roman Catholics will pay a tax required by the Pope.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Stories and articles of general interest; advertisements.

-Page 04-

Description of Page: Articles on the election around the country; secession notes;

Value Of The Union
(Column 1)
Summary: An argument that the Union was established to protect the liberty of the people--not the institution of slavery--, and a secession (of even only one or two states left) would seriously damage that liberty and happiness that has come from the Union.
A Prophecy Fulfilled
(Column 2)
Summary: This article argues that the Southerners have worked themselves up to be terrified of Lincoln et al. Republicans--that they are friends of John Brown. The editors argue that after a year or two under Lincoln's fair administration, the South will calm down.
Origin of Article: Albany Journal
The Victory
(Column 3)
Summary: A cry of victory--that an new, honest administration will take control, and the poor man will get a job due to the protection Tariff, and the Free Homestead bill will provide opportunities for Western livelihoods free of slavery.
Full Text of Article:

The battle has been fought and the victory won! The spirit of the people rose with the fierceness of the contest!--The loud, wild, angry war-whoop of disunion did not frighten the brave sons of liberty! The more terrible appeared the foe, the more valliant [sic] became the army of the free! No struggle, since the formation of our Government, was fraught with such important principles! A long list of abuses, frauds, peculations and crimes filled up the measure of the party in power. Bankruptcy, as a necessary consequence of the ruinous policy of the dominant party, covered the land with its sable pall since the inauguration of the existing Dynasty. Idleness, want and starvation, the necessary adjuncts of a depression of the industrial interests of any nation, were obtruding their unwelcome form into the dwellings of our working people. Endurance ceased to be a virtue, and resistance became an absolute duty. The times required decisive action; the people rose in their might and applied the proper remedy.

After the 4th of March, 1861, another administration, another class of men will take hold of the helm of the old ship of state. They will begin with a clean sheet; no foul blots mar the pages of their record. No party ever was more loyal to the whole country--more devoted to the best interests of all classes of society, than is the Republican party. The poor man, desirous of employment, has the prospect of work in the Tariff policy of our party--which seeks to foster every branch of American industry against ruinous foreign competition. He who wants a home for himself and little ones, who has no means to procure one, is cheered with the expectation of the speedy passage of a Free Homestead bill--knowing that "honest old Abe" will never veto such a measure. All who desire the beautiful prairies of the far West preserved sacred from the polluting foot-prints of a slave, will feel their hearts bounding with joy as they read, not only in the public prints of the day, but in the sparkling eyes of Freedom's honest devotees, the glad news of the Victory of liberty over oppression; of truth and justice over falsehood and cruelty.

Our Hopes
(Column 4)
Summary: A reminder that, although the Republican candidates have been elected, both houses of Congress have a Democratic opposition and will make things difficult for the new administration.
Full Text of Article:

Great as has been the triumph of Republicanism, much as is the good that will result therefrom, we must not permit our hope of reform to blind our reason to the true state of the facts. We have, it is true, elected our candidate to the Presidency; but he will go into power under somewhat adverse circumstances. Both branches of Congress contain a majority arrayed in open hostility to his administration. No matter how wise, how patriotic, how necessary the measures he may recommend, they have the power to thwart him at every point. If they undertake to act the part of the dog in the manger, the people will see and know with whom rests the responsibility of nonaction.

As matters stand, we must not expect too much--we must not look for as great results as if we had a working majority in each house of Congress. Honest Old Abe will do all that his friends expect, all that they promised, to bring the country back to the beaten path of rectitude and honor--as travelled by the earlier administrations. His warning voice will be plainly heard, from the helm, above the fierce raging of sectional storms and partisan strifes, commanding the old vessel, in calm tones, giving a word of encouragement to the wary, and inspiring new confidence into all around by the dignity of his bearing. If we do not accomplish all that we could desire-- pass a fair, equitable Tariff; carry the Free Homestead bill, and build a railroad to the Pacific--we can at least rejoice to know that none of these great measures will receive injury at the hands of Mr. Lincoln; for such bills he has no vetoes in reserve. Holding the country in peace, preventing any further injury to the people, is cause for bright hopes for us in the near future. The day of bribery and corruption; of buying unrighteous congressional enactments is gone. The future, therefore, looks bright and cheerful. Lincoln's administration will prove the harbinger of better things to come.

Messrs. Editors:
(Column 6)
Summary: A letter from 'Patrick Henry' that argues that there are probably very few men who actually favor secession, and he suggests that they should be allowed to leave, rather than starting a war.
War Vessels To Be Altered Into Steamers
(Column 6)
Summary: The Board appointed to examine what ships of the navy could be converted to steamers have decided that a line of battle ships could be altered for over three million dollars.
Resignation of Southern Senators.--A South Carolina Convention Called.
(Column 6)
Summary: Senators from South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama have resigned from Congress. A Southern convention will meet on Jan. 15th (and the delegates elected on the 8th).

-Page 05-

Description of Page: Election Results from all the states; market reports; advertisements.

Staging On The Sabbath
(Column 1)
Summary: Expression of astonishment that J. A. Reside, the mail carrier between Chambersburg and Bedford, is required to work on Sunday--the Sabbath.
(Names in announcement: Mr. J. A. Reside)
[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: At a recent Sheriff's sale, John F. Croft, of Chambersburg, bought the Tavern Stand in Greencastle, formerly owned by F. Northcraft. C. C. Foltz , of Chambersburg, has leased it.
(Names in announcement: Mr. John F. Croft, Mr. F. Northcraft, Mr. C. C. Foltz)
[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: R. P. Hazelet, auctioneer, sold for Speakman Hicks (present occupant) the residence on East Market St. (formerly owned by G. K Harper, Esq., dec'd), and a lot on Second St. to J. Allison Eyster, Esq. The Eysters plan to build a two story brick building on the lot.
(Names in announcement: R. P. Hazelet, Mr. Speakman Hicks, G. K. HarperEsq., J. Allison EysterEsq., Mr. Eyster)
Mr. S. Everett, Esq.
(Column 1)
Summary: S. Everett, Esq., asked the editors to remind a few people to return twenty or more volumes loaned out from Mr. Everett's library.
(Names in announcement: Mr. S. EverettEsq.)
The General Result
(Column 1)
Summary: A list of the states and how their electoral votes went: 169 votes for Lincoln; 74 for Bredkinridge; 35 for Bell; 3 for Douglas; 44 doubtful or not heard from. (Pennsylvania gave its 27 to Lincoln.)
The "Irrepressible Conflict." An Avalance of Victory! The Country Has Spoken! There Is A North! Freedin Batuibak! Slavery Sectional! Douglas Played Out! The Agitators Rebuked! The Keystone. . .
(Column 2)
Summary: The editors proudly print the voting results (for Governor and President) of the counties of Pennsylvania-- Franklin County's votes: Curtin (R) 4,053 Foster (D) 3,379 Lincoln (R) 1,666 Reading Ticket (D) 0.
Presidential Election. November 6, 1860. Official Vote Of Franklin County
(Column 4)
Summary: The list of the votes for the four candidates in the districts of Franklin County. The totals for each candidate: Lincoln--4151, Breckinridge Straight--2485, Douglas Straight--625, and Bell--76.

-Page 06-

Description of Page: World and National news stories; Advertisements.

-Page 07-

Description of Page: National news of interest; advertisements.

-Page 08-

Description of Page: advertisements; land and house sales.

[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: A note that, although South Carolina is calling for a convention and Secession, the majority of people in the other Southern states are opposed to disunion.
Cabinet Meeting
(Column 3)
Summary: A note of the present Administrations consternation at the resignation of several Southern Senators, including Jefferson Davis. Gen. Cass expects the Gov't will not last beyond March 4th, 1861. But the editors are pleased that these senators, who would have caused problems for Lincoln, are and will be gone (and can be replaced by Republicans).
Origin of Article: The Philadelphia Press
The Union Men Of The South
(Column 3)
Summary: Note of various men in Southern states (all Douglas Democrats) who would want to replace the resigned senators' seats.
(Column 4)
Summary: On Nov. 6th, at the German Reformed Parsonage, in Chambersburg, Rev. Samuel Philips married Moses A. Foltz to Charlotte S. Etter, both of Chambersburg. On Nov. 8th, at the German Reformed Parsonage, in Chambersburg, Rev. Samuel Philips married James O. Alexander to Mary Elightfoot, both of Scotland. On Nov. 8th, at the bride's parents' home, in Guilford Twp., Rev. Samuel Philips married George Dittman, of Chambersburg, to Sarah J. Vaneraw. On Nov. 1st, Rev. G. Roths married John Kriner, of Peters Twp., to Catharine R. Haulman, daughter of Jacob Haulman, near Bridgeport, Franklin Co. On Nov. 8th, in Greencastle, Rev. J. Rebaugh married Martin Hurst, of Welsh Run, to Mary E. Angle, of Washington Co. Md. On Nov. 11th, Rev. William Harden married David Miller to Susan Curtis, all of Chambersburg. On Nov. 8th, at the home of the bride's mother, in Green Twp., Rev. S. McHenry married Adam Diehl, of Hamilton Twp., to Leah Zook, all of Franklin Co. On Nov. 8th, at the home of the bride's father, Rev. J. Philip Bishop married Martin Van Buren Hoover to Mary Jane Paxton, both of Lurgan Twp.
(Names in announcement: Rev. Samuel Philips, Mr. Moses A. Foltz, Miss Charlotte S. Etter, Mr. James O. Alexander, Miss Mary Elightfoot, Mr. Vanderaw, Mrs. Vanderaw, Mr. George Dittman, Miss Sarah J. Vanderaw, Rev. G. Roths, Mr. John Kriner, Miss Catharine R. Haulman, Mr. Jacob Haulman, Rev. J. Rebaugh, Mr. Martin Hurst, Miss Mary E. Angle, Rev. William Harden, Mr. David Miller, Miss Susan Curtis, Mrs. Zook, Rev. S. McHenry, Mr. Adam Diehl, Miss Leah Zook, Mr. Paxton, Rev. J. Philip Bishop, Mr. Martin Van Buren Hoover, Miss Mary Jane Paxton)
(Column 4)
Summary: On Nov. 7th, in Chambersburg, David Edger McCurdy, son of R. C. and Mattie A. McCurdy, died at 6 months.
(Names in announcement: David Edger McCurdy, Mr. R. C. McCurdy, Mrs. Mattie A. McCurdy)