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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: December 12, 1860

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-Page 01-

The President's Message
(Column 1)
Summary: President Buchanan discusses the various reasons that, combined together, are the impetus for secession. He blames the North for its continuous aggressions against the South's right to slavery, he denies that the recent Presidential election is a valid excuse (though perhaps Lincoln's history of anti-slavery actions does), and he points out that while the Constitution has no provision for Secession, it also has no provision for the President or Congress to coerce a state into submission. He discusses the status of Foreign relations, the peaceful 'resolutions' of problems in Kansas and Utah, and he justifies the expenditures of his administration. He also asks, due to the present state of the Treasury, that Congress to rework the Tariff.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Continuation of the President's Message from page 1.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Continuation of the President's message from page 1; note of a shooting; anecdotes; advertisements.

South Carolina And The Union
(Column 2)
Summary: The question is raised as to the history of South Carolina's loyalty to the Union, and several examples of royalists actions are noted from the American Revolution (and after).

-Page 04-

Description of Page: Telegraphed description of the Congressional proceedings, the Louisiana Legislature's move to join South Carolina, and the resignation of Secretary Cobb.

The Message
(Column 1)
Summary: A list of complaints and criticisms of President Buchanan's speech to Congress: that although he deprecates secession he won't try to stop it, that he reprimands Northerners for their aggressions against the South, when they are the cruel owners of humans, and an expression of astonishment that he would mention Kansas after all his decisions and actions that furthered slave interests in that Territory.
Hon. A. K. McClure
(Column 2)
Summary: The editors give more praise for McClure's efforts during the campaign, and in addition to the dinner given in his name, they also note that on Dec. 3rd he was given a very large gold watch and chain, inscribed "'Freedom and Protection.' to Co. Alexander A. McClure, from his personal and political friends of Philadelphia, for his energy, ability and fidelity as Chairman of the People's State Committee. 1860."
(Names in announcement: Hon. A. K. McClure)
Found Dead
(Column 4)
Summary: The body of Leonard Auxt, age 67, was found Dec. 11 on the Franklin Railroad, two miles from Greencastle. P. Hamman Esq. summoned a coroner's jury and the body was examined by Dr. James Hamilton.
(Names in announcement: Leonard Auxt, P. HammanEsq., Dr. James Hamilton, C. M. DuncanEsq., John S. Ludwig, W. Blair Gilmore, John Fisher, A. H. Newman, James M. Brown, John R. OrrEsq., Jacob S. Brown, A. J. Brand, D. K. Wunderlick, R. P. Hazlet, George Jarret)
Revival Of Religion
(Column 4)
Summary: Mention of a revival of religion held at the Presbyterian church in Chambersburg, whose pastor is Rev. S. J. Niccolls.
(Names in announcement: Rev. S. J. Niccolls)
Return Of The Hunters
(Column 4)
Summary: Note of three hunters, Messrs. McDowell, Fletcher and Hershberger, who returned Dec. 10th from hunting in the mountain, where they killed three deer and several wild turkeys.
(Names in announcement: Mr. McDowell, Mr. Fletcher, Mr. Hershberger)
F. F. C.
(Column 5)
Summary: Elections for the Friendship Fire Comapny were held on Monday, last. President--B. Latrobe Maurer; Vice President--Jacob L. Dechert; Secretary--Jacob Jarret; Treasurer---Solomon Huber; Directors--D. H. Seibert, George W. Fisher, John A. Seiders; Chief Engineer--George Ludwick; Assistant Engineers--George W. Fisher, R. H. Perry; Hose Attachees--R. H. Perry, George Ludwick, Peter A. Snider, Thomas W. Merklein, Leonard Falkinstein; Auditors--David H. Seibert, D. B. Kirby, J. L. Dechert; Hose Guards--George Heide, Christian Kunce, John Michaels, William Smith, Christian Henneberger; Axe Men--J. Warren Seibert, J. L. Dechert, D. H. Seibert; Standing Committee--B. L. Maurer, D. B. Kirby, J. L. Dechert, Samuel F. Greenawalt, George W. Fisher; Collector-- Jacob Jarrett; Superintendent--Christian Henneberger.
(Names in announcement: B. Latrobe Maurer, Jacob L. Dechert, Jacob Jarrett, Solomon Huber, David H. Seibert, George W. Fisher, John A. Seiders, George Ludwick, R. H. Perry, Peter A. Snider, Thomas W. Merklein, Leonard Falkinstein, D. B. Kirby, George Heide, Christian Kunce, John Michaels, William Smith, Christian Henneberger, J. Warren Seibert, Samuel F. Greenawalt)
Is It Safe?
(Column 5)
Summary: The editors ask the question of whether the speeds of the Franklin Railroad cars as they pass the crossings on Market and Queen streets are safe, and they requests that the trains use the whistle more often to notify people in that area of the train's approach.
Enion Elliot, Esq.
(Column 5)
Summary: The old ex-Sheriff of Franklin co., was in Chambersburg recently, and was asked how he has voted for President during his life.
(Names in announcement: Enion ElliotEsq.)
[No Title]
(Column 5)
Summary: A mention that Hugh Maxwell, the former owner and editor of the Lancaster Journal (after John Reynolds), recently died at the home of his son, Dr. Maxwell, of Marion, Franklin co.
(Names in announcement: Hugh Maxwell, Dr. Maxwell, John Reynolds)
Very Prolific
(Column 5)
Summary: William McCauslafd has a cow that gave birth to twins back in Jan. 1860 and to twin calves again this month.
(Names in announcement: William McCauslafdEsq.)
Large Turnip
(Column 5)
Summary: Mrs. Jacob Stinger, near Loudon, sent, by way of Sheriff McGrath, to the editors an eight lb. turnip.
(Names in announcement: Mrs. Jacob Stinger, Sheriff McGrath)

-Page 05-

Description of Page: advertisements.

-Page 06-

Description of Page: humorous anecdotes; advertisements

Results Of The Revolution--Five New Republics
(Column 1)
Summary: The Cleveland Plaindealer notes that if South Carolina can secede for any reason, then so can any other state. The paper sets up five different republics, seceding by regions--South, Western, Central, New England and Pacific.
Origin of Article: The Cleveland Plaindealer
[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: This article lists and compares post collected ($81,600) vs. actual cost ($192,210) in South Carlina, and post collected ($532,184) vs. actual cost ($153,000) in Massachusetts. South Carolina creates a debt for the U. S. Post, whereas Massachusetts makes a profit.
[No Title]
(Column 2)
Summary: The capture of a fugitive slave negress from the Nebraska territory raises the issue that,while the Constitution does have a provision for fugitive slaves from slave states, it does not have one that applies to the Territories.
Origin of Article: Louisville Journal

-Page 07-

Description of Page: national stories; advertisements.

-Page 08-

Description of Page: anecdotes; Rural matters: barn yards, care of stock, and curing meat; advertisements; house and land sales.

Speech Of Hon. A. G. Curtin
(Column 1)
Summary: Curtin praises the efforts of A. K. McClure, and then proceeds to remind the audience that the Southerners should be considered as brethren (in respect to the country's history), not enemies. He points out that Pennsylvania has worked only to better the state and the lives of its citizens, and it has not tried to obstruct any act of the Federal Government.
Editorial Comment: Delivered at the Banquet at the Continental Hotel, Philadelphia, December 1, 1860.
(Column 5)
Summary: On Nov. 29th, at the White Swan Hotel, Rev. William Harden married William Cowan to Rebecca McKelvy, both of Metal Twp., Franklin co. On Dec. 6th, at the German Reformed Parsonage, Greencastle, Rev. T. G. Apple married George Hoover, of the vicinity of Waynesboro, to Susan Beyers, of Ridgeville, Washington co., Md. On Nov. 19th, Rev. F. E. Crever married Levi Krapp, of Hoguestown, Cumbersland co., Pa., to Elenor Finley, of Concord, Franklin co., Pa.
(Names in announcement: Rev. William Harden, Mr. William Cowan, Miss Rebecca McKelvy, Rev. T. G. Apple, Mr. George Hoover, Miss Susan Beyers, Rev. F. E. Crever, Mr. Levi Kapp, Miss Elenor Finley)
(Column 5)
Summary: On Dec. 7th, in Chambersburg, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of James and Anna Mary McKesson, died at age 3. On Nov. 29th, at her daughter's home, Mrs. John Grier, in Southampton Twp., Nancy McLean died at age 79. On Nov. 17th, in Antrim Twp., Eliza D. Miller, wife of Henry Miller and mother of four children, died at age 53.
(Names in announcement: Mary Elizabeth McKesson, James McKesson, Anna Mary McKesson, Mrs. John Grier, Mrs. Nancy McLean, Mrs. Eliza D. Miller, Mr. Henry Miller)