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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: April 3, 1861

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: A substantial part of the bottom of the page is cut off. An article on fake gold; Indian Troubles in Texas.

Mohammedan Slavery.
(Column 1)
Summary: A detailed description of the laws and requirements regarding slavery in Islam--including manumission.
(Column 2)
Summary: An article discussing the words of Mr. Stephens; he argues that the Union's constitution is based on the premise that blacks and whites are equal and that slavery is wrong--and that these premises are incorrect, that just the opposite is true. The South's move to secession is simply a re-organization of the country.
What Are The Facts?
(Column 4)
Summary: A discussion of the suggestion that the Secessionists are the minority in the South--that the supposed majority who still favor the Union have not spoken out, and that this acquiesence can be interpreted as approval. This majority's submission to the minority proves that these states cannot govern themselves, and will have correct the problems causing this ability if they are to ever re-join the Union.
The New Pennsylvania Staple--The Oil Trade.
(Column 5)
Summary: A list of the number of barrels of oil transported by the Sunbury and Erie railroad to Erie during 1860 and the month of Jan. 1861. Jan. 1860 had 63 barrels, by July--1,423 barrels, in Dec.--6,431 barrels and in Jan. 186l--14,500 barrels. The total was 31,619 barrels.

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Rule Or Ruin
(Column 1)
Summary: A complaint that Southerners have had the favoritism of the Federal Government since it was established. The Republicans did not threaten secession when the Democrats won the Presidence in 1856 through fraud and corruption, but the South is willing to destroy a country when it doesn't get its way every time.
All For Slavery
(Column 2)
Summary: A reminder that Southerners protested when it was suggested that British ships be allowed to inspect suspicious U. S. vessels for carrying slaves--that it violated the sacredness of the country's flag flown on the American ship. But now these same people are prepared to stomp on the flag and what it represents--they prefer slavery to freedom.
(Column 3)
Summary: Note of many Southern newspapersdemanding that the Confederate constitution be submitted to a vote by the people, whereas the vote for secession was determined by a convention.
Origin of Article: Harrisburg Telegraph
Naval Promotion
(Column 3)
Summary: Mention of Dr. Stewart Kennedy, raised in Chambersburg, being promoted to Passed Assistant Surgeon in the navy of the United States.
(Names in announcement: Dr. Stewart Kennedy)
Post Masters Appointed
(Column 3)
Summary: Fayetteville--Joseph Boggs; Mercersburg--Miss maggie G. Grove; Greencastle--George Eby; Jackson Hall--John McKnight; Upper Strasburg--James S. Slyder; Mt. Alto--Major John Kees.
(Names in announcement: Joseph Boggs, Miss Maggie G. Grove, George Eby, John McKnight, James S. Slyder, Major John Kees)
(Column 3)
Summary: Note of two deaths: John Young of Shady Grove who died on March 24th; John Ebbert, Esq., resident of Antrim Twp. and former resident of Path Valley, who died on March 29th at age 80.
(Names in announcement: Mr. John Young, John EbbertEsq.)
Origin of Article: Greencastle Pilot
From South Carolina
(Column 4)
Summary: The question is being raised as to whether Maj. Anderson will leave for Sumter or not. Mention that the Tariff arangement is clogging trade. Banks are in suspension and there is no money to pay the duties. The Jefferson Davis Tariff does not offer a remedy; the North will end up paying the duty required of the South in the Border States; merchants will see the benefit of avoiding the tariff by doing direct shipping to the Southern states.
Origin of Article: N. Y. Tribune
Editorial Comment: The Rebels getting "Riled."--Scarcity of Specie to pay duties--the Jeff. Davis Tariff--direct trade, & etc.
[No Title]
(Column 5)
Summary: An excerpt from a Mercury article that argues that the South will have an advantage in "direct trade" over the North, since the North has a tariff of 30% and the South only 10%. Mention that Gen. Beauregard and Gov. Pickens would like to force Maj. Anderson out of Fort Sumter, and some people in Washington are encouraging that the Fort be opened.
Origin of Article: The Mercury
Important From Paris
(Column 6)
Summary: The article mentions that the French, the English and the Spanish are sending war steamers and ships to the coasts of the U. S. to take advantage of any situation that offers itself. Also mention of a Confederate representative securing a skeleton treaty with France--the writer of the article reminds the Confederate that the conditions of the Louisiana purchase have been violated with the secession, and according to the terms, the land goes back to France.

-Page 05-

Description of Page: Page bottom has been cut away. Advertisements.

Milnwood Academy At Shade Gap
(Column 1)
Summary: Description of the Milnwood Academy at Shade Gap's exams and Public exhibition held last week, with W. H. Woods, Principal.
(Names in announcement: Principal W. H. Woods)
Secession From Secession
(Column 2)
Summary: Mention of movement within the Southern states of people who support the Union, and especially of a meeting in Alabama that passed resolves against their state's secession. The article expresses the belief that these loyal Unionists are the majority in the Southern states, and that they will eventually win out over the secessionists.

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Description of Page: Part of page bottom has been cut away. Advertisements; news of fire on a train;

From Georgia
(Column 1)
Summary: Report of recruits all over the South joining companies and drilling for war, that a sloop from New Orleans delivering provisions for the Union gov't fleet was captured--and that this is equivalent to a declaration of war. The fear is that the Southerners will start the war while they are more prepared than the Union.
Origin of Article: N. Y. Tribune
From South Carolina. Disaffection . . .
(Column 1)
Summary: The writer of this article notes that the many German companies stationed on the islands-off of South Carolina?--will remain loyal to the Union, and the first shot at Fort Sumter will signal their revolt from obeying the Governor. That most of the Irish troops will remain loyal to the Union. A mention of Captain Berry, of the Columbia, a Confederate supporter, who has offered to transport Maj. Anderson and his regiment to New York.
Origin of Article: N. Y. Tribune

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Description of Page: Paper torn and missing at bottom; advertisements

The President's Policy
(Column 1)
Summary: A note that President Lincoln has not given any indication he will concede to the Secessionists' demands, but that he is considering the views of all parties, from all sections.
(Column 1)
Summary: Republicans, with three senators names, are extremely opposed to conciliation, and would rather have the government enforce the laws with the traitor Secessionists.
Small Notes
(Column 1)
Summary: A bill will be put forward in the Pennsylvania Legislature that will authorize banks to issue notes of a less denomination than five dollars.
Origin of Article: Harrisburg Telegraph
A List Of Grand And Traverse Jurors
(Column 2)
Summary: The list of jurors drawn for a Court of Oyer and Terminer. Court of Quarter Session of the Peace, and a Court of Common Pleas, to be held at Chambersburg on Monday April 8th, 1861. Gand Jurors: J. W Craig, Montgomery; Jacob Alleman, Peters; J. Anderson, Washington; W. B. Brown, St. Thomas; George Benedict, Guilford; Christian Cashman, Green; Jacob Carbaugh, Washington; C. W. Eyster, Chambersburg; Samuel Etter, Chambersburg; Thomas Fitzgerald, Mercersburg; W. L. Hinkle, Montgomery; George Jarrett, Chambersburg; Le0nard Kindline, Chambersburg; George Mitchell, Antrim; William McClintock, Chambersburg; James C. McLanahan, Greencaastle; Henry Oaks, Washington; Samuel Phillipy, Antrim; James H. Riley, Greencastle; William Reed, Guilford; Christian Shocky, Washington; David Thompson, Guilford; John Wilhelm, Metal; William Weagly, Waynesboro. Traverse Jurors--First Week: John Ashway, Green; John Bryan, St. Thomas; Joseph Bosserman, Montgomery; Emanuel Burkholder, Letterkenny; Samuel A. Bradley, Mercersburg; Jesse Bear, Quincy; Abraham Cauffman, Antrim; David H. Coler, Antrim; Adam Cook, Green; Jacob Cauffman, Hamilton; John Coons, Fannet; Henry Deardorf, Guilford; Michael L. Diehl, Hamilton; Henry Gilbert, Washington; Samuel Gilmore, Letterkenny; John Greenawalt, Quincy; Daniel Grove, Guilford; D. B. Harper, Quincy; Jacob Hershey, Antrim; Michael Hanstine, Waynesboro; Lewis F. Heck, Chambersburg; John M. Kuhn, Waynesboro; Peter Kunkleman, Peters; Samuel Knisely, Southampton; Levi Kindig, Southampton; Samuel Lechrone, Washington; Isaac Loose, Greencastle; Simon Lechron, Washington; W. B. Moore, Waynesboro; David Miller, Montgomery; William H. McDowell, Chambersburg; James McCoy, Quincy; Jeremiah Potter, Washington; James A. Patterson, Montgomery; Samuel Rank, Green; Joh Ritchey, Sr., Mercersburg; Daniel W. Royer, Quincy; J. G. Sheibly, Chambersburg; William Slaughenhaup, Quincy; Jacob Summers, Peters; Mathew Smith, Mercersburg; Harrison Stump, St. Thomas; David Sullenberger; Letterkenny; Christian Shank, Antrim; Philip Summers, Quincy, J. R. Tankerlsy, St. Thomas; John Wolf, Montgomery; David Unger, Peters.
(Names in announcement: J. W. Craig, Jacob Alleman, J. Anderson, W. B. Brown, George Benedict, Christian Cashman, Jacob Carbaugh, C. W. Eyster, Samuel Etter, Thomas Fitzgerald, W. L. Hinkle, George Jarrett, Leonard Kindline, George Mitchell, William McClintock, James C. McLanahan, Henry Oaks, Samuel Phillipy, James H. Riley, William Reed, Christian Shocky, David Thompson, John Wilhelm, William Weagly, John Ashway, John Bryan, Joseph Bosserman, Emanuel Burkholder, Samuel A. Bradley, Jesse Bear, Abraham Cauffman, David H. Coler, Adam Cook, John Coons, Henry Deardorf, Michael L. Diehl, Henry Gilbert, Samuel Gilmore, John Greenawalt, Daniel Grove, D. B. Harper, Jacob Hershey, Michael Hanstine, Lewis F. Heck, John M. Kuhn, Peter Kunkleman, Samuel Knisely, Levi Kindig, Samuel Lechrone, Isaac Loose, Simon Lechron, W. B. Moore, David Miller, William H. McDowell, James McCoy, Jeremiah Potter, James A. Patterson, Samuel Rank, John RitcheySr., Daniel W. Royer, J. G. Sheibly, William Slaughenhaup, Jacob Summers, Matthew Smith, Harrison Stump, David Sullenberger, Christian Shank, Philip Summers, J. R. Tankersly, John Wolf, David Unger)

-Page 08-

Description of Page: Rural Matters--what fruit to cultivate, the garden; advertisements; land and house sales.

(Column 3)
Summary: On March 21st, at the bride's father's home, Rev. M. Snyder married John D. Snyder to Elamina Dice, both of Franklin co. On March 25th, Rev. Thomas Creigh married Samuel M. Werderbaugh to Mary Ellen Hege, both of Franklin co.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Dice, Rev. M. Snyder, Mr. John D. Snyder, Miss Elamina Dice, Rev. Thomas Creigh, Mr. Samuel M. Werderbaugh, Miss Mary Ellen Hege)
(Column 3)
Summary: On March 27th, Martha, widow of David Kenavel, died at age 45. On Jan. 19th, at Snowhill, Elizabeth, widow of David Mentzer, of Quincy Twp., died at age 83. On Feb. 13th, Emma, daughter of George and Margaret Brickman, died at 8 days. On Aug. 6th, 1860, near Scotland, Henry, youngest son of Jacob and Mary Hege, died at 8 years, 6 months and 17 days. On March 21st, near Hagerstown, Md., Eliza, wife of Israel Reiff, and eldest daughter of Jacob and Mary Hege, died at 25 years, 11 months and 2 days. On March 26th, at her son's residence in Warren Twp., Mrs. Elizabeth Heildbrand died at 83 years, 8 months, and 29 days. On March 25th, at the home of Jacob Reichard, Esq., in Guilford Twp. July Ann McConnell, of Antrim Twp., died at 26 years and 8 months. On March 27th, in Fayetteville, Henry Edward, son of George and Ann Culby died at 2 years, 7 months and 1 day.
(Names in announcement: Mrs. Martha Kenavel, Mr. David Kenavel, Mrs. Elizabeth Mentzer, Mr. David Mentzer, Emma Brickman, Mr. George Brickman, Mrs. Margaret Brickman, Henry Hege, Mr. Jacob Hege, Mrs. Mary Hege, Mrs. Eliza Reiff, Mr. Israel Reiff, Mr. Hildebrand, Mrs. Elizabeth Hildebrand, Jacob ReichardEsq., Miss July Ann McConnell, Henry Edward Culby, Mr. George Culby, Mrs. Ann Culby)