Franklin Repository: September 16, 1863Go To Page : 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 |
WASHINGTON. Murders in Washington--Death of Lieut. Brannin--The Drafted Men--Military Orders--Gov. Curtin--Military Orders--Military Dignitaries Displaced--Distinguished Visitors in Washington.
(Column 1)Summary: Details events in Washington including the examination of the drafted men. The correspondent suggests that Gov. Curtin appoint an agent to look after the wants and needs of every soldier in Washington.
Trailer: "Norval"Hon. Daniel Agnew
(Column 2)Summary: Provides a biography of the Union party of Pennsylvania candidate for Judge of Supreme Court.Letter From President Lincoln
(Column 4)Summary: Prints a letter written by Abraham Lincoln to a meeting of Union men. In his response to complaints about the war and fighting for the freedom of blacks, Lincoln states that those unwilling to fight for the freedom of should fight for the Union.
Editorial Comment: "The following dispassionate and patriotic letter was written by President Lincoln to a meeting of the Union men at Springfield, Ill. It effectually silences all the copperhead clamor for peace on the ground that the rebels are ready to negotiate, and is followed by the assurance to the people, given with characteristic sincerity and frankness, that 'if any such proposition shall hereafter come it shall not be rejected and kept secret from you.' We subjoin the letter."
Trailer: "A. Lincoln"
Description of Page: The page includes the proclamation of election and advertisements.
Address Of The Union State Central Committee
(Column 1)Summary: Praises the President, his policies and support of the war, and the platform of the Union party.
Trailer: Wayne McVeaghSword Presentation To Gen. Meade
(Column 4)Summary: Reports the presentation by the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps of a sword to Maj. Gen. Geo. G. Meade, initially the Brigadier for that corps, and now the commander of the Army of the Potomac. The present Brigadier (of the Pa. Res. Corps) Gen. S. W. Crawford and Gov. Curtin gave speeches praising Meade's leadership, and he, in turn, spoke of the outstanding efforts of the Corps.
Description of Page: The page includes articles urging Union voters to support their ticket.
(Column 1)Summary: Reports that Rosecrans and Burnside possession of Tennessee for the Union and reports Lee's movement to Richmond or to the Shenandoah Valley.What Of The State?
(Column 2)Summary: Estimates the Democrats' political power and predicts the voting in the various counties. The Repository predicts that Curtin will be victorious.Rebel Aid To The Democrat
(Column 4)Summary: Links Confederate military campaigns and Northern Democrats. The author argues that a rebel victory encourages wavering Democrat supporters.[No Title]
(Column 5)Summary: Thanks McPherson for the Report of the Committee on the Conduct of the War.How to Prevent Raids
(Names in announcement: Hon. E. McPherson)
(Column 5)Summary: Suggests the formation of local military companies to prevent raids on Franklin County.
Full Text of Article:An Invasion
It is not to be disguised that the people of Franklin county have been much exercised during the last few weeks, because of the general apprehension that cavalry raids may be made upon us, plundering our people of horses, cattle and provender. We consider the apprehension well grounded, and unless the people themselves shall take prompt and effective steps to guard against such incursions, there can be no doubt about the result. We have had frequent complaints from different sections of the county against the government because it has not placed a large force upon our border. Such complaints are unreasonable and unjust. What force Gen. Couch has about him and at his disposal, it would not be best to state; but if he had 50,000 men he could not protect the border of the States from rebel raids. It must be remembered that there are hundreds of miles of border exposed, all opening into rich valleys, and it is an utter impossibility to guard the entire line against well drilled and mounted men with daring and skil[l]ful leaders. They might be caught as was Morgan in Ohio and Streight in Mississippi; but they have every advantage in such an enterprise, and usually pay no respect to armies. Thus Stuart spent three days in Pennsylvania, plundering indiscriminately, during which he ran the arc of the circle around a Union army of 100,000 men; and although he was never over twenty miles from it, he escaped with his booty. So Stoneman made his grand raid around Lee, with rebel soldiers on every side; penetrated into the fortifications of Richmond, and returned in safety with his command. So Carter did in Tennessee, Grierson in Alabama, and Averill in Western Virginia, and so it will be until the end of the war.
It is time our people understood that armies are no serious obstacle to cavalry raids. They may protect certain points, and by chance capture the raiders, but as a rule, when it is important to make a raid, the existence of an army is not deemed an insuperable obstacle. If the country be clear of armed citizens, raids can be made almost anywhere, and in spite of almost any numbers or the most skil[l]ful generalship. This has been the safety of our cavalry when penetrating into the enemy's country. The able bodied men are all in the rebel army, and if they only avoid the rebel armies, they have no resistance. So in the North, although abounding with able bodied men, they have been unorganized and unarmed, and could offer no obstacles.
There is but one way to prevent raids, and in that one way they can be most effectually prevented. Cavalry detachments cannot penetrate a densely populated country like ours if the citizens are organized and armed. If we had 2,500 men organized in Franklin county, with experienced leaders such as we have in abundance in every district, and with their muskets and well filled cartridge-boxes at home, ready to fill up their company ranks as soon as a rebel should cross the Potomac, and to offer resistance in every locality where marauding parties should appear, there would be no raids attempted upon us. No raid could be made with such organizations assailing it at every step, for the contest would be too unequal and deadly. Every thicket, every hollow, every pass, would be fruitful of death, and the assailants could protect themselves almost entirely in such warfare. No rebel cavalry officer would dare to enter Franklin county if he knew that in every district there were experienced officers with well armed bands ready to cut him off and assail him from every shelter; but if Gen. Couch had 50,000 men in his Department, and the citizens unorganized and unarmed, Gen. Stuart would not hesitate an hour to traverse portions of our county, and he would have every advantage in the way of escape.
Copperheads are ever ready to whisper in the ears of our people that the government is neglecting us; that without troops we are at the mercy of rebel plunderers; and loyal men are appealed to in every way to desert the government and throw themselves into the arms of traitors. We ask our people to look at the history of this war, and a little reflection will satisfy any honest, unprejudiced mind, that unless troops should be encamped immediately about him, they can afford no protection against raids. If we would not be plundered this fall, we must put every able-bodied man in a military company under tried soldiers--have them well armed and supplied with ammunition, and ready to fly to arms the moment a foe enters the county. If this be done promptly no rebel raids will be attempted--if it be not done, the whole Army of the Potomac could not cover our entire border nor protect all our people from rebel plunderers. Our militia laws furnish ample means to meet this emergency. Every company duly organized can have regularly commissioned officers, and be well armed at once and kept well supplied with ammunition; and we appeal to our people to show that they mean to do their whole duty in the matter of their own protection. It need cost no money, and very little time; and let it but be known that in every district of Franklin county there will be well armed companies to repel raids, and there can be no doubt but that raiders will give us a wide berth. When malignant copperheads complain of the government, propose to join them in taking a musket for home defence, remind them that it is our first duty to show our willingness to join in the defence of our homes and property, and they may be shamed into doing one good at in spite of themselves.
We earnestly urge the immediate and thorough organization of companies in every district for this purpose. Chambersburg should have not less than five companies--let us not be behind in the work. Certainly 2,500 can be thus enrolled and armed, and if so, we may rest easy about raids. If we neglect it, the rebels must become duller than usual if they don't divide our stock and crops with us this fall, in spite of any army we could possibly have here. This is a clear duty; let it not be delayed. What district will be foremost in the good work?
(Column 6)Summary: Notes the caterpillar infestations in the trees of the area and a request to burn the nests.
Description of Page: The page includes advertisements and market reports.
(Column 1)Summary: Reports Gen. Couch's order to settle accounts between locals and the army.A Scare
(Column 1)Summary: Describes the mistake of an escaped "lunatic" for a rebel prisoner.Farmers' Association
(Column 1)Summary: Reports that Washington Township farmers organized an association to protect against horse thieves, with W. W. Walker as President and Samuel B. Rinehart as Secretary.Telegraphic
(Names in announcement: W. W. Walker, Samuel B. Rinehart)
(Column 1)Summary: Mentions the completion of a new telegraphic line that connects Chambersburg with Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Pittsburgh.Franklin Railroad
(Column 1)Summary: Reports that the Franklin railroad was re-laid to Greencastle last week and that the trains run regularly to Hagerstown.PHILADELPHIA. No Copperhead Triumph in 1863--Democrats Deserting the Party--The City Nominations--Gen. Butler to Canvass Pennsylvania--Postal Affairs--Judge Cadwallader Decides the Draft Constitutional--Union Meetings
(Column 1)Summary: Reports the upcoming speech of Gen. Butler in Chambersburg to canvass for the election.Victories for the Old Flag! Cheering From Charleston! Forts Wagner and Gregg Occupied by Union Troops! Morris Island Evacuated by the Rebels! The Siege Progressing Gloriously! East Tennessee Redeemed! Chattanooga And Knoxville Captured! Cumberland Gap Captured with its Garrison of 2,000 Rebels!. A Victory In Arkansas! The Capitol Captured! Fort Smith Occupied!
(Column 2)Summary: Reports military news from Charleston.Married
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept. 8th, at the M. E. Parsonage, in Chambersburg, the Rev. Thos. Barnhart married Lieut. Geo. W. Haynes, of Philadelphia to Anna Cordelia Holman, of St. Thomas.Married
(Names in announcement: Rev. Thos. Barnhart, Lieut. Geo. W. Haynes, Miss Anna Cordelia Holman)
(Column 3)Summary: On Aug. 25th, Rev. E. Breidenbaugh married J. Boggs Byers, of Greencastle, to Sarah A. Balsley, of Shady Grove.Married
(Names in announcement: Rev. E. Breidenbaugh, Mr. J. Boggs Byers, Miss Sarah A. Balsley)
(Column 3)Summary: On June 9th, at the house of John Kennedy, Rev. T. G. Apple married Melchi Snively, of Shady Grove, to Catharine Boyd.Married
(Names in announcement: Mr. John Kennedy, Rev. T. G Apple, Mr. Melchi Snively, Mrs. Catharine Boyd)
(Column 3)Summary: On June 10th, Rev. Apple married Joseph Stoner to Miss Sydney M. Bush.Married
(Names in announcement: Rev. T. G. Apple, Mr. Joseph Stoner, Miss Sydney M. Bush)
(Column 3)Summary: On June 12th, Rev. Apple married John W. Strine to Doratha W. Tabler, both of Martinsburg, Virginia.Died
(Names in announcement: Rev. T. G. Apple, Mr. John W. Strine, Miss Dorotha W. Tabler)
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept. 5th, in Guilford Township, Mary Ann, wife of Wm. N. Witherspoon, died at the age of 46 years, 7 months, and 5 days.Died
(Names in announcement: Mrs. Mary Ann Witherspoon, Mr. Wm. N. Witherspoon)
(Column 3)Summary: On Aug. 25th, Anna Emilie Carl died at 16 days old, daughter of Henry and Catharine Carl.Died
(Names in announcement: Anna Emilie Carl, Mr. Henry Carl, Mrs. Catharine Carl)
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept 8th, Catharine Glans died at the age of14 years, 8 months and 21 days.Died
(Names in announcement: Catharine Glans)
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept. 8th, John Schmidt died at the age of 32 years, 7 months and 27 days.Died
(Names in announcement: Mr. John Schmidt)
(Column 3)Summary: On Aug. 28th, in Stoufferstown, Ella May, infant daughter of Peter and Matilda Baker, died at the age of 1 year and 6 days.Died
(Names in announcement: Ella May Baker, Peter Baker, Matilda Baker)
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept. 5th, in Mercersburg, Thomas Reynolds died at age 79.Died
(Names in announcement: Mr. Thomas Reynolds)
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept. 5th, in Mercersburg, Nancy Ring died at 89 years.Died
(Names in announcement: Mrs. Nancy Ring)
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept. 7th, in Mercersburg, Marshall Wilkins died at age 69.Died
(Names in announcement: Marshall Wilkins)
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept. 9th, in Chambersburg, Samuel, infant son of Lemuel King, died at 7 months and 4 days.Died
(Names in announcement: Samuel King, Lemuel King)
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept. 6th, John Renfrew, Sr., died in his 73rd year.Died
(Names in announcement: Mr. John RenfrewSr.)
(Column 3)Summary: On Aug. 31st, near Greencastle, Delila, daughter of Jacob Welsh, died at the age of 3 years and 10 months.Died
(Names in announcement: Delila Welsh, Jacob Welsh)
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept. 2nd, near Greencastle, Susan, daughter of Samuel Garner, died at the age of 5 years, 7 months, and 16 days.Died
(Names in announcement: Susan Garner, Samuel Garner)
(Column 3)Summary: On Aug. 25th, near Greencastle, Abraham Carbaugh died in his 73rd year.Died
(Names in announcement: Abraham Carbaugh)
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept. 2nd, near Greencastle, Mary E. Smith, daughter of the late Samuel Smith, Jr., died at age 17 years and 4 months.Died
(Names in announcement: Miss Mary E. Smith, Samuel SmithJr.)
(Column 3)Summary: On Sept. 8th, near Greencastle, Henry Foster died at the age of 63 years, 1 month and 4 days.Latest News! From the Army of the Potomac---A Recconnaisances in Force--Heavy Skirmishing as Culpepper--General Pleasanton Captures Guns and Prisoners
(Names in announcement: Henry Foster)
(Column 4)Summary: Describes skirmishes in Virginia.General Burnside's Resignation
(Column 4)Summary: Notes that the President received but refuses to accept Burnside's resignation.
Description of Page: The page includes advertisements.
Description of Page: The page includes advertisements and train schedules.
Description of Page: The page includes advertisements, political items from around the state, and legal notices.