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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: June 8, 1864

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: In the June 1st issue, the Repository printed the list of the men drafted in Franklin County, and this page lists the rest of the men drafted in the 16th District--Adams, Bedford, Fulton, and Somerset counties. There is also the latest army news, including accounts of Cold Harbor.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: This page includes a poem, entitled, "A Mother's Love," as well as various anecdotes, statistics about Union Generals, and resolutions of the Lutheran Synod, recently adopted in New York. There are also advertisements, with the following headings: Dry and Fancy Goods; Educational; Watches and Jewelry; Medical.

A Day's March
(Column 1)
Summary: A sentimental tale of a small shy soldier named Joe who gives his last water to his friend Tom and then, asking for a kiss, dies of thirst. Tom takes a chain from his neck as a memento and discovers that "Joe" was really "Josephene."
[No Title]
(Column 3)
Summary: "Uneducated persons and even the rudest often succeed in illustration, where the thoughtful and cultivated fail. A striking instance is given us in the case of a negro, whose head was examined by a phrenologist. Said he: 'It am hard to tell what meat is in de smoke-house by puttin' de hand on de roof!'"

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Entirely advertisements, with the following headings: Gutta-Percha Roofing; Medical; Groceries, &c; Tobacco and Segars; Physicians; Hardware, Cutlery, &c; Forwarding Houses; Attorneys at Law; Pension and Bounty Agencies.

-Page 04-

Description of Page: This page includes a couple flaming editorials about Loyalty and "treacherous partizans," as well as a review of Union Party doctrine and the summary of war news and "Political Intelligence" columns.

The Union Party--Its Issues
(Column 2)
Full Text of Article:

It is interesting to observe how most of the leading politicians of our country have failed in their prophecies relative to the position and principles of the Union party during the terrible ordeal now pending. That many prophesies should have been made is not at all singular. In the midst of the life and death struggles, by which, during the last three years densely populated States have confronted each other in bloody battle, and the most peaceful of our citizens have been distracted, it would indeed have been remarkable, if the spirit of prophecy had not become general, and if the signs of the times had not prompted a general prediction of unexampled confusion in our national politics.

The leading statesmen of the old Whig and Democratic parties despaired of the perman[en]cy of the Union, and feared the collision of arms between the North and South. In order to avert so sad a calamity, they were on several occasions induced to yield to compromise when the measures then agitating the public mind should have been fearlessly met and settled according to the spirit, if not the letter of the constitution. These acts of timidity instead of settling dangerous questions, produced political disorder in all parties, from which we believe have grown up the different factions of fanatics, whose extreme views have hurried on the fearful bloody conflict that has deluged our land. When the gates of Janus were unlocked and thrown open, and three years of fratricidal war like a besom of destruction, have swept their way across the South, desolating the whole land, he was a bold man who ventured to predict a harmonious order of things to be restored from this tempestuous confusion.

How often have our ears been greeted with the intelligence that party lines have been broken up, and that no party organizations were in existence, save and alone for the purpose of vindicating the integrity of the Government and restoring the Union. How often have we been told that the Democratic party was national in its doctrines, conservative in its tendencies, and loyal in its principles, and that whilst the dark cloud of war hung over our national horizon, its power should be exercised for the preservation of National life; and yet in the face of all this, influential journals, the oracles of this party, have been found advocating a disruption of the Union, as the only practicable method of extricating ourselves from the political entanglements by which we have been overcome.

In the midst of our troubles the ultra organs of all parties have been busily engaged in exerting their influences and disseminating their pernicious doctrines. It was an easy matter for them to assert their claims to attention and to wield an influence in public opinion for a time. this we have all seen, and all are equally glad that their existence was brief, and their death as sudden as their birth. The decay of factions is the greatest proof of the stability of our government and its institutions. And now since the rebellion has been stripped of its terrors, and the supremacy of the government has been fully vindicated, the landmarks of duty and principle have become more distinct to the minds of all, except those who are constitutionally incapable of seeing.

Universal freedom, the light of the Constitution, that beacon of all true American Statesmen, is now more than ever recognized as the guide through our great national difficulties. The eye of the nation is directed to it, and with one voice does the Union party, the party in power, proclaim its advent. It should be a source of gratification to every Republican, every well wisher of the nation, that the doctrines of our party have triumphed through this terrible struggle; that factions have ceased their blatant uproar, and that the Union party has again the opportunity, during the approaching Presidential struggle, of confronting the disloyal elements of the nation, upon the issues of social, political and national aggrandizement. In the merits of our political creed we have full confidence, relying as we do on the amount of truth we can bring to sustain our cause.

Let no Union man be persuaded that the principles for which he has all along contended are about to be abandoned by the party during the coming campaign. The destiny of these principles has not yet been completed and to sacrifice any of them at this time, would but be a step backwards and against the interests of our country. The doctrines of the Union party are those of equitable and peaceful progress. Neither by violence nor by stagnation will they ever propose to succeed; but by a firm decided and steady course, amid every variety of political and social circumstances. The institution of slavery must be abolished, and the States in rebellion subdued and brought back to their allegiance, upon the basis of the free States of the North. A good and substantial circulating paper medium must be established. A tariff sufficient to encourage and protect the free labor of the country must be enacted. These are the doctrines of our party, and when we are found untrue to these, untrue to American interests, we shall admit the claims of others to the possession of a purer patriotism. Until then we shall not cease, with all honesty of purpose, to propose for popular acceptance those great measures in defense of which we are now arrayed, and with reference to which we are not divided.

From the Anderson Cavalry
(Column 4)
Summary: A cheery letter from the front, assuring the reader that "no fears need be entertained for the final triumph of the ever victorious Army of the Cumberland."
(Names in announcement: W. H. H. Newman)
Editorial Comment: "From a private letter addressed to this office, from W. H. H. Newman, of this county, a member of the Anderson Cavalry, at present detailed in the Provost Marshall's Office at Chattanooga, we take the following:"

-Page 05-

Description of Page: This page includes another appeal for donations to the upcoming Ladies Aid Society Fair, the Report of the Markets and New Advertisements.

[No Title]
(Column 3)
Summary: A list of the members of the committees in charge of each department of the upcoming fair to benefit the Christian Commission. Fancy Tables--Misses Marian Seiders, Sade Reynolds, Maggie M'Culloh, Kate Miller, Mary Black, Mrs. William Stenger, Mrs. V. M'Coy, Mrs. Emma Carlisle. Toys and Books--Mrs. J. K. Shyrock, Mrs. J. Foster. Ice Cream--Mrs. D. K. Wunderlich, Miss Maggie Stevenson. Cake--Mrs. William G. Mitchell, Mrs. B. T. Fellows. Candy--Mrs. S. G. Lane, Mrs. George Platt, Miss Sarah Wright, Maj. Bert. Restaurant: Mrs. O. N. Null, Mrs. T. J. Earley, L. S. Clark. Coffee--Mrs. S. Huber, Mrs. J. D. Grier. Strawberry--Mrs. William H. McDowell, Mrs. J. S. Nixon. Floral--Misses M. and L. Chambers, Capt. Sweringen. Silver--Miss Julia Wampler, Mrs. M. J. Stoner. Lemonade--Mr. and Mrs. Kinney, Mrs. C. M. Duncan.
(Names in announcement: Miss Marian Seiders, Miss Sade Reynolds, Miss Maggie M'Culloh, Miss Kate Miller, Miss Mary Black, Mrs. William Stenger, Mrs. V. M'Coy, Mrs. Emma Carlisle, Mrs. J. K. Shyrock, Mrs. J. Foster, Mrs. D. K. Wunderlich, Miss Maggie Stevenson, Mrs. William G. Mitchell, Mrs. B. T. Fellows, Mrs. S. G. Lane, Mrs. George Platt, Miss Sarah Wright, Maj. Bert, Mrs. O. N. Lull, Mrs. T. J. Earley, L. S. Clark, Mrs. S. Huber, Mrs. J. D. Grier, Mrs. William H. McDowell, Mrs. J. S. Nixon, Miss M. Chambers, Miss L. Chambers, Capt. Sweringen, Miss Julia Wampler, Mrs. M. J. Stoner, Mr. Kinney, Mrs. Kinney, Mrs. C. M. Duncan)
Distressing Intelligence
(Column 3)
Summary: "Mrs. Colonel Boyd received a telegram from her husband, Col. W. H. Boyd, commanding 21st Pa. Cavalry, dated at Yorktown, announcing that he had been wounded. In what engagement this occurred we are at present unable to say, as we have no intelligence of the whereabouts of the Regiment for some time past. Mrs. Boyd proceeded to Washington on Monday. We have also intelligence of the death of Captain John H. Harmony, of the same Regiment. It is stated that he was killed on Tuesday of last week. His wife received a telegram conveying this statement, yesterday. A telegram from Col. Boyd yesterday, states that he is doing well, and that about forty of the 21st were killed and wounded."
(Names in announcement: Col. W. H. Boyd, Mrs. Boyd, Capt. John H. Harmony)
(Column 4)
Summary: "Our friend Lieut. John S. Nimmons, of Fannettsburg, and a veteran of three years' service, has been appointed Quarter Master of the 11th Penna. Cavalry. A faithful, modest soldier is Lieut. Nimmons. He fully deserves the honor of which he has been made the recipient."
(Names in announcement: Lieut. John S. Nimmons)
Mr. John Buxton
(Column 4)
Summary: "Mr. John Buxton, of the 7th Maryland Regiment, Infantry, was among the killed in the eight days' fight in the Wilderness. He was from Hagerstown. For many years he resided in this place, and for a long time was a Baggage Master on the Cumberland Valley Railroad."
(Names in announcement: John Buxton)
[No Title]
(Column 4)
Summary: "One hundred and fifty-six dollars have been forwarded to the Sanitary Commission in Philadelphia, the proceeds of a musical entertainment given in Shippensburg, on Saturday evening of last week."
(Column 4)
Summary: Miss Elizabeth Stoner, of Waynesboro, married Jacob Richard, of Washington County, Maryland, on May 24, 1864. The Rev. Joseph F. Rohrer performed the ceremony.
(Names in announcement: Jacob Richard, Miss Elizabeth Stoner, Rev. Joseph F. Rohrer)
(Column 4)
Summary: On May 29, 1864, in St. Thomas, William Bratten married Mrs. Sarah Rorabaugh. P. M'Garvey, also of St. Thomas, performed the ceremony.
(Names in announcement: William Bratten, Mrs. Sarah Rorabaugh, P. M'GarveyEsq.)
(Column 4)
Summary: William Null died near Quincy on May 22, 1864, aged 21 years, 4 months, and 14 days.
(Names in announcement: William Null)
(Column 4)
Summary: Ida Bell Kohn, youngest daughter of Benjamin and Milvinia Kohn, died on May 31, 1864, aged 3 years, 6 months, and 18 days.
(Names in announcement: Ida Bell Kohn, Benjamin Kohn, Milvinia Kohn)
(Column 4)
Summary: Elizabeth Bender died near Welsh Run on May 23, 1864, aged 35 years, 4 months, and 20 days.
(Names in announcement: Elizabeth Bender)
(Column 4)
Summary: John S. Ludwig died in Chambersburg on June 3, 1864, aged 29 years, 6 months, and 23 days.
(Names in announcement: John S. Ludwig)
(Column 4)
Summary: Annie E. Chariton, daughter of James and Catharine Chariton, formerly of Chambersburg, died at Columbus, Ohio, on May 11, 1864. She was 21 years, 3 months, and 11 days old.
(Names in announcement: Annie E. Chariton, James Chariton, Catharine Chariton)

-Page 06-

Description of Page: Entirely advertisements, with the following headings: Lines of Travel; Musical; Dye-Colors; Stoves and Tinware; Confectionery, &c; Drugs, Medicines, &c; Boots and Shoes; Dry and Fancy Goods; Medical; Books and Stationery.

-Page 07-

Description of Page: Entirely advertisements, with the following headings: Clothing; Insurance; Coal, Lumber, &c; Liquors; Dentistry; Agricultural; Trees, Plants and Vines; Saddlery, Harness, &c; Medical.

-Page 08-

Description of Page: Continuation of war news from page one, and advertisements, with the following headings: Hats, Caps and Straw Goods; Military Notices; Justices of the Peace; Real Estate Sales; Financial; Co-Partnership Notices; Legal Notices; Hotels; Seeds.