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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: August 09, 1865

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-Page 01-

Treatment Of Tories In The Revolution
(Column 6)
Summary: A synopsis of the various laws passed by the states at the opening of the War of Independence, which mandated grave penalties, and in some cases death, for anyone who aided or supported the British cause.
Editorial Comment: "The following summary, compiled from the statute of the several States, of penalties inflicted upon persons who had taken up arms on the side of the enemy or in any way rendered aid and comfort to the enemy, is every interesting at this time:"

-Page 02-

Union County Ticket
(Column 1)
Summary: The following men were nominated for the Union ticket: Assembly, Col. F. S. Stumbaugh; Sheriff, Capt. John Doebler; Treasurer, Maj. John Hassler; District Attorney, Col. D. W. Rowe; Surveyor, Emanuel Kuhn; Commissioner, Daniel Skinner; Director of the Poor, Jason H. Clayton; Auditor, Samuel W. Nevin; and Coroner, Dr. Charles T. Maclay.
(Names in announcement: Col. F. S. Stumbaugh, Capt. John Doebler, Maj. John Hassler, Col. D. W. Rowe, Emanuel Kuhn, Daniel Skinner, Jason H. Clayton, Samuel W. Nevin, Dr. Charles T. Maclay)
The Bedford Homicide
(Column 1)
Summary: Although the editors admit that the details surrounding Jacob Crouse's death are still murky, they note that reports from Bedford indicate that "the shooting was deliberately determined upon under the advice of sympathizing friends" and that the John Reed had been practicing "assiduously before the fatal meeting so as to make sure" he killed his victim.
Full Text of Article:

Mr. John P. Reed, Sr., is an intelligent and respected citizen of Bedford. He is, we believe, a member of the bar and has tilled important official trusts. He has two sons--John, P. Jr., and Mengel by name--and it may be others, but these have earned for themselves a place in the records of justice. Not knowing to the contrary, we assume that Mr. Reed taught his sons, among other essential virtues, that all their manifold social, religious, and political rights are the fruits of our most beneficient system of government, and that they owe unfaltering devotion to its cause whenever its permanency or priceless principles of freedom are assailed by either foreign or domestic foes. But however faithfully he may have discharged this sacred parental duty, his sons proved faithless to his precepts, to themselves and to their own great inheritance. So far from following the dictates of patriotism when treason made causeless, wicked war to overthrow the government, and responding to the Nation's call in the hour of its deepest peril, Mengel embraced the first favorable opportunity to enlist in the traitors' ranks in 1863, aiming to add to the full measure of his country's woes, and thus served in perfidious, murderous war upon his own home and people. To this crime he was faithful until he was captured, as a prisoner of war and he was held as such until the bloody work of treason ended in discomfiture, when he proposed formally to resume his fidelity to the government by taking the oath of allegiance. The government in its boundless magnanimity permitted him to do so, and he returned to Bedford to enjoy the blessings of the institutions he had vainly sought to destroy, and to mingle with the people again whose sad bereavements he had aided to his utmost power, to shadow with fresh sorrows. A generous people at his home bore with his malignant perfidy to the free North that gave him birth, and the shameless insolence that made him seek the comforts of a home where he had once sought to mark the desolating track of treason's barbarous war. His brother, John P., inspired with hate for the free government under which he had been reared, fled to a foreign land avowedly to escape service in behalf of his imperiled country and the jurisdiction of its laws. When the National enrolment law passed Congress, or was about to pass, he journeyed to Canada, where he supposed that he could unreservedly fraternize with congenial rebels--plotting treason and death to his brethren. He entered an office for the study of law, and meant, as the sequel proves, to remain only until he could return home without danger of being required to aid in preserving the government under which he hoped to live and to which he nominally confessed allegiance. But, although in a distant land, he had forgotten that he had no abiding place, in the eye of the law of either Canada or the United States, other than in Bedford, and he was properly enrolled and drafted a conscript in the Union army. Of course he did not respond, as he had gone away for the purpose of escaping service in the cause of his country, and he quietly and smugly enjoyed British hospitality until our Congress disfranchised all deserters unless they should report within a given period. However much Mr. Jho. P. Reed, Jr. was willing to be called a Canadian when a draft was to be made, he was quite unwilling to be a Canadian in the sense that would prevent him from voting the Democratic ticket whenever an opportunity should offer, and he had his friends at once proceed to appeal to the Provost Marshal to allow him to put in a substitute. Captain Eyster refused; Gen. Hinks finally assented to it, and before he had furnished his substitute the war was manifestly about to close, and he was allowed to pay commutation. Being thus clear of the draft and the rebellion being so out at all fours that future drafts were altogether improbable, he, too, resumed his residence in Bedford.

It may be, as alleged, that both these young men behaved on all occasions with becoming reserve and propriety; but while perhaps ninety-nine hundredths of the citizens were disposed simply to treat their perfidy to the government with forbearance or silent contempt, there were a few whose ardor for the cause made them call things by their right names, even at the cost of disturbing the public peace. Among these was Mr. Jacob Crouse, who had acted as an Assistant Provost Marshal in that county, and had doubtless learned in the discharge of his official duties how mean a traitorous sympathizer may be. It is said that he would at times address Mr. Mengel Reed, the ex-rebel hero, as "Johnny Reb," and thus salute him on the street in presence of his companions. Had Mr. Reed retorted on Mr. Crouse by calling him a "Yank," it would have been equally just, but perhaps materially less offensive; and because Mr. Crouse would at times remind him of the companionship he had deliberately chosen and publicly persisted in for more than a year, he deemed it cause for offence. To be reminded of the truth, and of what he would doubtless boast in congenial circles, he felt to be a humiliation in Bedford, and altercation succeeded altercation between Crouse and the brothers Reed until finally the parties met on the street on Tuesday of last week, and Mr. Jho. P. Reed, Jr. shot Mr. Crouse dead.

We have not, at the time of this writing, any details of the fatal affray. It may be, as alleged by the Bedford Gazette, that the immediate provocation was all on the side of Crouse; that he was a quarrelsome bully who persistently provoked Mr. Reed without retaliation until words ended in blows and blows in the deadly bullet. Or it may be, as we have heard, that the conduct of the young Reeds was such as justified any loyal man in publicly resenting their traitorous sentiments and actions; that the shooting was deliberately determined upon under the advice of sympathizing friends, and that Mr. Reed practiced with his pistol assiduously before the fatal meeting so as to make sure of his victim. Of these allegations we have no opinion to express. All that we know is that they met; that the skulking conscript was armed while the loyal citizen was not, and the result was the death of the latter on the public street without a moment's warning. The Reed brothers are in custody and we leave them to the verdict of the jury of their country who shall be called to determine the measure of their guilt.

Whatever may be the determination of the law as to this fearful homicide, can any dispassionate and conscientious citizen doubt where rests the moral responsibility for the murder of Mr. Crouse? If men are educated to espouse the cause of their country's foes; to join their battalions; to wage war against their own homes, kinsmen and neighbors, and to flee the jurisdiction of the law to defy the Nation's call in its day of peril, and do these things with impunity, can it be wondered that it should engender the deepest depth of loathing and contempt to every loyal breast, and that it should even outstrip the bounds of prudence at times as unpunished traitors and sneaking, defaulting conscripts are met on the street-corners pluming themselves as men and citizens! Of such creatures some men will speak what all honest men think, and if breaches of the peace and homicides result there from, who must answer the bar of an enlightened and loyal people, and who at the bar of Him who shall judge all the living. Let each man see well for himself and his household that the blood of Jacob Crouse be not at his door, to cry for vengeance.

[No Title]
(Column 3)
Summary: The editors cast doubt upon the Valley Spirit's claim that Philip (Micawber) Johnson met with President Johnson and sarcastically ask "what he brought away with him?--what office he bagged by the operation."
[No Title]
(Column 3)
Summary: At the Union State Convention next week, John A. Hiestand is expected to win the nomination for Auditor-General. The nomination for Surveyor-General, the article intimates, "will doubtless be conceded" to a candidate from the "West or North-west" section of the state.
(Column 5)
Summary: According to the Repository's Washington correspondent, the Pension Bureau has received applications for pensions from 104,000 widows and 76,000 invalids. The number of invalid claims is expected to double over the next year.
[No Title]
(Column 6)
Summary: The article estimates that there are between 320,000 and 350,000 Indians living within the territory of the U. S., 14,000 or 15,000 of whom are located east of Mississippi River.
Union County Convention
(Column 7)
Summary: A summary of the events at the Union County Convention, at which the party's nominees for the upcoming election were selected.
(Names in announcement: D. O. Gehr, R. P. McFarland, C. T. Maclay, J. H. Clayton, Jacob Pensinger, John Ruthrauff, John Osbaugh, William H. Davison, Jacob Whitmore, Jacob Shook, Frederick Snively, A. Imbrie, John Wilhelm, William H. McDowell, M. A. Foltz, John Fisher, H. B. Davison, John Forbes, C. H. Gordon, John Stewart, John Rhodes, A. B. Seibert, David Noel, W. G. Seibert, Daniel Skinner, W. A. Mackey, David Beat, A. B. Wingert, C. A. Funk, John E. Crawford, Nathan Johnston, John M. F. Snider, Dr. C. T. Maclay, John Thompson, Jacob Glass, George W. Immell, William Vanderow, William Ferguson, A. Lehman, J. C. Palmer, Jacob Crider, Benjamin Huber, James S. Slyder, Cyrus Keefer, S. K. Lehman, William Burgess, David Vance, William Newman, John Saltzman, M. R. Skinner, Charles E. Maclay, Dr. R. S. Brownson, John McClellan, James Witherspoon, Christopher Metcalf, W. S. Harris, Jacob Flickinger, John W. Skinner, Francis Maclay, David Spencer, J. W. Montgomery, Robert McKinney, R. P. McFarland, James Patton, H. M. Jones, Col. J. G. Weistling, Henry Good, H. E. Wertz, Jacob B. Cook, W. M. Maine, Michael Cressler, Thomas E. Fuller, B. Fohl, P. S. Hassler, Charles Gillan, J. E. Fagan, William A. Shields, Benjamin Culbertson, William S. Amberson, J. F. Kurtz, E. W. Washabaugh, John Gehr, J. H. Clayton, Daniel Potter, Jacob Carbaugh, D. B. Martin, Capt. Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Joseph H. Thomas, Joseph Fritz, Hezekiah Thomas, Dr. R. S. Browman, Capt. John Doebler, Javcob Kendig, Frederick Dosh, Thomas McAfee, Capt. John Hassler, William Fleagle, Samuel Greenawalt, A. M. Criswell, William H. Brotherton, W. S. Everett, Col. D. Watson Rowe, Snively Strickler, Daniel Skinner, David Hays, George Cook, Martin Heintzelman, Samuel Gsell, Jacob Crider, W. S. Keefer, John Rhodes, Samuel W. Nevin, F. S. Stumbaugh, J. A. Hyssong, John Downey, T. J. Nill, Gen. J. F. Hartfrant, Emanuel Kuhn)
Full Text of Article:

The Delegates elected in the several districts of Franklin County, to represent them in the Union County Convention, met in the Public School Building, King Street, Chambersburg, on Tuesday, August 8th, at 11 o'clock. The Convention was permanently organized by the election of the following officers:

President--D. O. Gehr, Chambersburg

Vice Presidents--R. P. McFarland, Mercersburg; C. T. Maclay, Green.

Secretaries--J. H. Clayton, Waynesboro; Jacob Pensinger, Antrim.

Antrim--John Ruthrsuff, Jacob Pensinger, John Osbaugh, Wm. H. Davison, Jacob Whitemore, Frederick Suivety, A. Imbrie, John Wilhelm, Jacob Shook.

Chambersburg, North Ward--D. O. Gehr, Wm. H. McDowell, M. A. Faltz, John Fisher.

South Ward--H. B. Davison, John Forbes, C. H. Gordon, John Stewart, John Rhodes.

Concord--A. B. Seibert, David Noel, W. G. Seibert.

Dry Run--Daniel Skinner, W. A. Mackey, David Beat.

Fayetteville--A. B. Wingert, C. A. Funk, John E. Crawford, Nathan Johnston, John M. P. Saider.

Greenvillage--Dr. C. T. Mackay, John Thompson, Jacob Glass.

Guilford--Geo. W. Immell, Wm. Vanderaw, William Ferguson, Abrm. Lehman.

Hamilton--J. C. Palmer, Jacob Crider, Benj. Huber.

Letterkenny--Jataes S. Slyder, Cyrus Keefer, S. K. Ladiman.

Loudon--Wm. Burgess, David Vanne, Wm. Newman.

Lurgan--John Saltzman, M. R. Skinner, Charles E. Maclay.

Mercersburg--Dr. R. S. Brownson, John McClellan, James Witherspoon, Christopher Metcalf.

Metal--W. S. Harris, Jacob Flickinger, John W. Skinner.

Orrstown--Francis Maclay, David Spencer, J. W. Montgomery.

Peters--Robert McKinney, R. P. M'Farland, James Patton.

Quincy--H. M. Jones, Col. J. G. Weistling, Henry Good, H. E. Wertz, Jacob B. Cook.

Southampton--W. M. Maine, Michael Crespler, Thos. E. Fuller.

St. Thomas--B. Fohl, P. S. Hansler, Charles Gillan.

Sulpher Spring--J. E. Fagan, Wm. A. Shields, Benjamin Culbertson.

Washington--Wni. S. Amberson, J. F. Kurtz, E. W. Washabaugh, John Gehr, J. H. Clayton, Daniel Potter, Jacob Carbaugh.

Welsh Run--D. H. Martin, Capt. Robert Boyd, Sam'l Bowles.

Warren--Jon. H. Thomas, Joseph Fritz, Hezekiah Thomas.

On motion of Dr. R. S. Brownson the President appointed the following gentlemen as a committee to revise the mode of making nominations: Dr. R. S. Brownson, Wm. H. McDowell, Robert Boyd, Henry Good, Thomas E. Fuller.

The President announced the following gentlemen as a committee on resolutions: John E. Crawford, John Stewart, Wm. S. Amberson, David Spencer, John Ruthrauff.

On motion the Convention adjourned till one o'clock.

-Page 03-

Taxable Income
(Column 2)
Editorial Comment: "The Revenue Department at Washington has recognized the propriety of publishing the list of incomes returned for taxation, so that each man may judge of the integrity of his neighbor in assuming his just share of the exactions necessary to sustain our National credit. Believing that it can do no harm--that it can offend no just man and that it may prevent dishonest returns to avoid taxation, we herewith publish the entire list of taxable incomes in Chambersburg, Guilford, Green, Southampton, and Lurgan, and in a future issue we shall give the incomes of the remaining districts. All whose names do not appear on the list have made return[s] that their income does not exceed six hundred dollars:"
Full Text of Article:


Chambersburg Arhold, J. H. $290 Linn, Samuel N. 178 Armstrong, John 200 Little, D. B. 341 Adams, James 155 Link, John 600 Austin, J. C. 160 Lewis, Reuben 300 Bender, Wm. 87 Lull, O. N. 1,700 Bishop, Henry 1,800 M'Culloh, A. H. 350 Burnet, Chas. 640 Metcalf, Thos. 23 Brough, Peter 2000 M'Dowell, Jno. 120 Brandt, Samuel 1000 Messersmith, G. R. 1,307 Brown, Jacob S. 900 Mull, John 469 Culbertson, S. D. 1,935 Miller, Jno (Inn-keeper) 300 Chambers, Wm. L. 657 Matthews, A. A. 180 Chambers, Geo. 2,038 Miller, C. F. 200 Cook, Thomas 250 M'Dowell, W. H. 98 Cook, S. A. 250 M'Lellan, Wm. 4,300 Culbertson, Edmund 319 Newman, A. H. 400 Croft, David 293 Nead, B. F. 900 Chambers, Benj. 197 Nill, T. J. 200 Culbertson, J. P. 230 Orr, John R. 401 Conrad, F. W. 506 Oaks, David 350 Duncan, Ang. 233 Platt, Geo F. 650 Duncan, C. M. 400 Paxton, W. W. 250 Davis, P. S. 370 Reid, E. D. 250 Deal, J. W. 300 Radebaugh, Caroline 750 Eyster, George 20 Reges, John 196 Earley, T. J. 229 Rhodarmer, Jere 106 Everett, W. S. 175 Reineman, Aug. 112 Earley, Barnet 40 Reside, J. A. 232 Eyster, Mrs. Geo. S. 100 Reed, Wm G. 400 Ebert, Leonard Jr. 200 Stambaugh, F. S. 838 Eyster, C. S. 300 Stenger, W. S. 100 Fuller, Christian 325 Stewart, John 530 Fuller, Jacob 200 Stoner, H. S. 200 Feltman, Henry 100 Schneck, B. S. 38 Forbes, John 140 Stenger, Geo W. 40 Grier, J. D. 170 Shepler, Henry 300 Gehr, Hastings 59 Smith, S. H. C. 97 Greenawalt, Moses 200 Suessesott, J. L. 1,500 Gelwicke, John 409 Strickler, Henry 935 Gilmore, W. B. 725 Seibert, P. W. 425 Guthrie, Wm D. 200 Sharpe, J. M. D. 1,726 Hiteshew, Wm H. 113 Seibert, Samuel 600 Henninger, Jacob 160 Senseny, Dr. A. H. 1,755 Hoke, Jacob 2,800 Taylor, Chas H. 700 Hoke, H. E. 1,300 Taylor, D. S. 400 Kennedy, Thos. 5,000 Wolff, Adam 400 Kimmell, F. M. 2,800 Wentz, George 150 Kennedy, Rev. J. 150 Wertz, David 100 Kuha, Emanuel 20 Wool, T. B. 4,500 Kriechlaum, Peter 900 Wampler, Lewis 450 Lane, Samuel G. 227 Wunderlien, D. K. 1,400 37 Carriages 37 Pianos 157 Gold Watches 210 oz Silver Plate Guilford Township Burns, Samuel R. $371 Miller, Jno of J. 1,049 Byers, Fred'k S. 54 Miller, Christian 378 Baldwin, David 105 Maxwell, W. J. 266 Barbour, James M. 327 Miller, Samuel 33 Bitner, Christian 1,200 Myers, Jacob 28 Crawford, Joseph 396 M'Knight, John 319 Crawford, James 576 Myers, Mieba 423 Coover, Jere 161 Myers, Noah B. 482 Crawford, John 342 M'Knight, C. H. 1,331 Deardorff, Jacob 169 Metz, John S. 71 Duffield, Pharez 1,119 McFerran, Peter 62 Downey, John 316 M'Grath, Wm. 200 Deitz, George A. 374 Miller, Catharine 266 Dull, Abraham 1,414 M'Clure, A. K. 6,027 Eberty, Job R. 293 Overcash, Geo Sr. 176 Eberty, Jacob 318 Palmer, Daniel 223 Etter, Jacob 110 Relehard, Jacob 214 Ebersole, Daniel 442 Reed, Wm S. 69 Ebersole, Michael 2,304 Ryder, Henry 51 Ebersole, Jacob 809 Ross, Geo. 1,031 Fry, John 230 Small, L. B. 661 Frederick, Samuel 266 Shetter, Solomon 217 Frederick, Rebecca 266 Shetter, Chrisitian 102 Frederick, Elizabeth 266 Sowers, Hiram 115 Grossman, Samuel 172 Small, David W. 119 Galbreath, John 150 Saider, Jao of J. 111 George, Jere W. 192 Stouffer, Christian 903 Gipe, Andrew 55 Saider, Jacob of J. 213 Gelwicks, Fred'k 1,129 Sollenberger, Sol W. 500 Hege, Michael 155 Stoner, Martha Mrs. 530 Herman, Jere Y. 226 Steiner, Samuel 28 Hege, Henry B. 9 Strickler, Jacob 2,538 Hege, Henry 811 Saider, Jacob C. 220 Herman, Jeremiah 1,166 Skinner, Wm. 625 Harehelrode, Christian 113 Stouffer, Daniel 25 Heintzelman, Martin 639 Saider, Henry of J. 413 Heyser, Jacob 322 Stouffer, Jno of J. 1,696 Hepfer, Daniel 63 Stouffer, Abraham 229 Horst, Abraham 39 Solenberger, Noah W. 900 Immell, Geo W. 1,200 Stouffer, Jacob 472 Kaufman, Samuel 876 Vink, Peter 86 Lesher, Michael 620 Wingert, Abraham M. 464 Lehman, Christian 199 Wingert, Joseph 912 Lesher, Christian 306 Witherspoon, W. N. 34 Lehman, John 505 Witherspoon, David 240 Leidig, Jacob 100 Wingert, Geo S. 223 Lehman, Jacob 749 Yockey, Daniel 182 Lesher, Daniel S. 299 Yockey, Jno R. 400 141 Carriages 2 Pianos 35 Gold Watches 200 oz Silver Ware 16th COLLECTION DISTRICT--DIVISION No. 13, Green, Southhampton, and Lurgan Green Township Breckenridge, Sam'l $871 Garver, Samuel 46 Brodie, George 696 Garver, Jacob 1,745 Bishop, Rev. James M. 296 Harchelrode, Jacob 6,490 Brockhill, Abraham 102 Hambright, Isram 102 Besore, Franklin 613 Hambright, Cyrus 564 Barr, John W. 89 Harbison, Samuel 797 Bixler, Jacob 98 Horst, Levi 1,037 Bittinger, Jacob F. 205 Harchelrode, John 370 Black, Robert 53 Hughes, David 310 Carbaugh, Abraham 207 Holland, A. W. 147 Cligston, J. C. 200 Lehman, John 776 Cook, Upton 151 Lesher, Daniel 782 Detwiler, John L. 210 Landis, Christian 413 Dice, George 353 Lehman, Peter 2,816 Etter, John W. 721 Lehman, Samuel D. 754 Etter, William 845 Lehman, Jacob H. 1,955 Etter, Wm H. 901 Lehman, Daniel 264 Etter, John 63 Lehman, John D. 253 Ebersole, John T. 265 Lehman, Daniel 364 Ebersole, Jacob R. 533 Lesher, John F. 72 Fry, Christian 1,150 Lutz, Henry 700 Fry, Jacob 250 M'Elroy, Robert 381 Fry, Samuel 151 Martin, Joseph R. 149 Greenawalt, Harry 1,154 Oyler, Andrew P. 52 Grove, Benjamin 532 Overholtzer, Christian 381 Gettle, Miley 200 Rohrer, John 234 Glass, Jacob 136 Renfrew, Robert A. 460 Shively, Jacob 170 Wingert, Michael R. 430 Sollenberger, A. W. 151 White, S. E. 302 Sollenberger, Daniel 243 Wallace, John P. 206 Sollenberger, Israel 678 Wingert, Henry R. 406 Socrist, Jacob 41 Youst, John 130 Stouffer, Henry 332 Zook, Jacob 134 Witwer, Joseph 260 SOUTHAMPTON TOWNSHIP. Bomberger, Reuben 179 Mateer, John 205 Bomberger, Christian 449 Myers, Daniel 101 Breckenridge, C. A. 35 Mains, Marshall 347 Cline, Wm. 133 Myers, Jacob 1,004 Cressler, Frederick 321 Mains, Wm. 73 Cressler, John 765 Nevin, Samuel W. 197 Cressler, Joseph 1,953 Newcomer, John 1,490 Engle, A. M. 319 Overholtzer, Christian 619 Eberly, Jacob 41 Orr, John (Judge) 200 Fogelsonger, Wendel 241 Plasterer, Conrad 293 Fogelsonger, John R. 1,063 Plasterer, John 34 Fogelsonger, David M. 988 Spencer, David 508 Grier, John 151 Staver, Emanuel 250 Gabel, Michael 97 Sollenberger, Jacob S. 100 Horst, Peter 202 Smith, Wm L. 505 Hays, David 456 Shoap, Jno. 74 Johnston, R. C. 6 Shoemaker, Adam 254 Karper, Jno. 394 Smith, Joseph 239 Koontz, Joseph 26 Wingert, Abraham 609 Keefer, Daniel 137 Zook, Samuel 790 Landis, Christian 319 Zerfoss, Samuel 55 LURGAN TOWNSHIP. Clippinger, Elias 127 Hock, Abm. 153 Clippinger, Henry 148 Humsher, Adam 94 Fickes, Josiah 179 Lindsay, Thos. 94 Hoover, Henry O. 353 Miller, Jacob P. 88 Hoover, Abraham 30 Morrow, Jno B. 68 Hoover, John 18 Skinner, Morrow R. 438 Hoover, Martin W. 111 Sentman, Samuel S. 65
Local Items--Excursion To Brown's Mill
(Column 3)
Summary: Relates that on August 16th the Chambersburg Coronet Band will give a pic-nic at Brown's Mill, located on the Franklin Railroad line.
Local Items--Democratic Candidates
(Column 3)
Summary: The following candidates will vie for the Democratic nomination for Sheriff: William Ruber, William Forbes, S. P. Harbaugh, George W. Wolfe, William McClure, Samuel R. Boyd, Matthew Wineman. Joseph Doyle and Hugh Auld will run for the Treasurer and Surveyor respectively. Although no candidates have been announced, it is widely believed that C. M. Duncan will run as the party's nominee for state senate and that Mr. Sharpe will decline a re-nomination for Assembly. The article surmises that McClure will get the nod for Sheriff and Doyle for Treasurer. Harbaugh would have won the nomination for Sheriff but both he and Doyle are Catholic and the "Democracy will not award two nominations to men of that faith."
(Names in announcement: William Ruber, William Forbes, S. P. Harbaugh, George W. Wolfe, William McClure, Samuel R. Boyd, Matthew Wineman, Joseph Doyle, Hugh Auld, C. M. Duncan, Sharpe)
Local Items--Struck By Lightning
(Column 3)
Summary: Last Friday, Miss Beatty's farm was struck by lightning, which ignited a fire that burned down the structure. The barn contained the family's entire crop which had just been harvested. The loss is expected to be $2,500. Jacob Wolfe was in the barn when it was hit but did not sustain any serious injuries.
(Names in announcement: Jacob Wolfe, Miss Beatty)
Local Items
(Column 3)
Summary: George H. Mengel, former owner of the Valley Spirit, has purchased the Bedford Gazette.
(Names in announcement: George H. Mengel)
Local Items--Franklin County Soldiers
(Column 3)
Summary: Col. D. B. McKibbin, 214th is now commanding the military sub-district of the Black Water; Lieut. Col. B. F. Winger is commandant of the post of Petersburg; and Capt. B. F. Everett is Provost Marshall.
(Names in announcement: Col. B. F. Winger, Col. D. B. McKibbin, Capt. B. F. Everett)
Finance and Trade
(Column 3)
Summary: The article focuses on a host of issues pertaining to Franklin county, including the state of the local oil industry, the resumption of business at the Carlisle Deposit Bank following the suicide of its Cashier, and the appearance of a new one-dollar counterfeit note that is reportedly close to a perfect match with the genuine issue.
(Names in announcement: J. P. Hassler)
Full Text of Article:

The Press of the 2d inst. says that from present indications there is no good reason to doubt that the oil business will speedily recover its wonted prosperity. Every one interested in the oil trade will readily recall the vicissitudes through which the trade has passed since its inception in 1859. In 1860 there were great flowing wells in Venango county--such as the Sherman and Noble Wells--which yielded from two to three thousand barrels per day. The oil became a drug in the market, and sold as low as twenty-five cents per barrel at the wells. As the uses of petroleum were rapidly discovered the article increased in demand and value, and speculation in lands became extensive, until in 1863 and 1864, it became almost a mania. Early in the spring of this year, disastrous freshets overflowed a greater part of the most valuable oil territory along the Allegheny river, which caused a great reduction in the yield by the filling of the wells with water. This put an end for the time to speculation, but the owners of the oil lands have not been idle. New wells have been struck almost daily on the various tributaries of the Allegheny, in Venango county, and the yield is now almost equal to the demand. Boring for oil and the transportation of the same has been a great expense to operators, from the scarcity of labor and high prices of everything. This will in some degree be remedied in a brief time, from the increase of labor now being furnished from the army. The cost of sinking wells will not be so great, and small capitalists will soon be enabled to enter the field. In fact, the indications are strong that we will have this summer and fall such an activity in the oil trade as we have never had before.

The receipts from Internal Revenue for July foot up $20,000,000. Estimated receipts for the next two months, $60,000,000.

After a few days' suspension of business consequent upon the death of the late Cahier of the Carlisle Deposit Bank it has again opened its doors, and is despatching business as formerly. Mr. J.P. Hassler, the former Assistant Cashier has been elected Cashier. This is a wise and just selection and one that will give universal satisfaction to the stock holders and patrons of the Bank.

The total amount of the acknowledged and registered public indebtedness on the 31st of May was $2,635,205,753, and it is now represented to be $2,757,253,275, or an increase of $122,047,522 during the last sixty-one days. The annual interest on the public debt, as it stood on the 31st ult., was $139,262,468, of which $64,521,837 is payable in coin, and $74,740,630 is payable in lawful money. The debt bearing no interest is $357,906,969. Balance in the Treasury, July 31, $116,739,932.56.

A dangerous counterfeit of the one-dollar treasury notes issued by the General Government has made its appearance. Excepting a few minor discrepancies, the spurious note is an exact fac similie of the bill. The general appearance of the bill is also very good. The green ink is of a somewhat lighter shade than that used on the genuine, and some parts of the note look scratched and blurred. The figures "1" on the scrollwork on the lower right corner of the note are printed in green; in the genuine they are white. The face of Chase, in the counterfeit, is badly executed, but otherwise the work is well done, and the note well calculated to deceive.

Counterfeit fives of the national banks, well executed, are in circulation. The color of the paper is a little paler than the genuine. They are, however, easily detected by observing the position of the letter "I" in the word "This" in the latter, reading "This note is secured by bonds of." The "T" in the genuine is over the left portion of the letter "i" in "United," while in the counterfeit it is farther to the left, over the middle of the "n" of the same word.

(Column 4)
Summary: On July 26th, Samuel Carlisle, formerly of Franklin county, died at Three Springs, Huntington county. Carlisle was 27 years old.
(Names in announcement: Samuel Carlisle)
(Column 4)
Summary: On August 4th, George Briggs, 66, died in Peters township.
(Names in announcement: George Briggs)
(Column 4)
Summary: On August 1st, Henry Blenthinger, 80, died near Fayetteville.
(Names in announcement: Henry Blenthinger)

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