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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: April 18, 1866

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-Page 01-

Gen. Geary in California
(Column 7)
Summary: An account of Gen. Geary's years in California, where he served as a "sort of sub-Postmaster General for the Pacific colonies" following his return to the U. S. in the wake of the war with Mexico. While in the "El Dorado State," the piece relates, Geary played a integral role in the transformation of San Francisco from the frontier , a task made difficult by the fact that the city's only "system of law was Spanish and colonial, and whose population, gathered as by a whirlwind from all the ends of the earth, comprised as much of the very dregs of society."
Letter From Gen. Geary
(Column 8)
Summary: A letter from Gen. Geary, the Union Party's gubernatorial nominee, in which he responds to a series of queries regarding his position on the state's role in the regulation of railroads.
Full Text of Article:

New Cumberland, PA., April 4, 1866.

GENTLEMEN:--Your communication, bearing date March 20th, only reached me on the 30th ult., and in compliance with your request, I proceed to answer it with as little delay as possible:

You propound to me three questions, to which you request an answer, viz:--

"1. Will you, if elected chief magistrate of Pennsylvania, faithfully exert the power of your administration, so as to defeat any and every attempt, made by legislation, or otherwise, for the monopoly and control by any one corporation of the railroad policy of the State?"

"2. Will you oppose and withhold your sanction from any legislation conferring upon the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, or any company it may control, the authority to build branches, unless the said grant should be under provisions of general law regulating the construction of railroads?"

"3. Will you favor, and use the influence of your administration to secure the enactment of a general law authorizing the construction and regulation of railroads within this Commonwealth?"

My views and opinions upon these measures I am free to give you, and quite willing to indicate what my official action would be, so far as it is at all proper to do so.

Pennsylvania possesses immense treasures of mineral wealth, and most extensive manufactories. To develop these, to foster everything which tends to their development, and to cherish and to promote equally the rights and interests of all her citizens, I firmly believe to be the highest duty of her statesmen. I regard every kind of public improvement as conducive to this end; and I am, therefore, in favor of the most complete and elaborate system of Internal Works, together with a proper system of Protection to Home Industry, as a means of converting our vast mineral resources, agricultural products and manufactured articles into values. Whatever shall so improve our commercial intercourse, enable our manufactures to send the proceeds of their industry to market, and so place our State at the head of the manufacturing and producing States of the Union, shall have my cordial assistance and cheerful approbation.

I regard our railroad system as the best mode of commercial and social intercommunication. In addition to the great main lines, the State is enveloped in a network of minor railroads, which pour an increasing stream of coal, iron, ore, lumber, live stock, agricultural products, and the handiwork of skilled labor, to the distributing points within, and beyond, our borders.

While these corporations continue to act their part as public servants, they should be carefully protected. They should not be permitted to overstep their legitimate functions. As creature of the law, they should obey, and be, in every respect, subservient to the law.

I answer the first interrogatory, that while I believe it to be improper to bring the influence of the Executive Department to bear upon the Legislature, in anticipation of its action, except in the way of recommendation; I am heartily opposed to the creation of any monopoly in the railroad system of the State, or giving any artificial body created by the law, powers which would place it above and beyond the reach of the Legislature.

To the second interrogatory, I say, that while a general railroad system would best comport with a sound public policy, it must originate with the legislature, and until it shall be established by law, grants of power may be properly made to railroads to construct branches when they are desired by the people who are immediately interested in the matter, and would promote the development of their property, and afford them avenues to market. Such grants being so restricted as not to violate individual rights or public interest.

In reply to your third question, which to my mind includes both the others, I say, again, that I believe a general law regulating the construction of railroads and grants of power for that purpose to be most consistent with public policy and the interests of the Commonwealth; and entertaining these views, I would certainly use the legitimate and constitutional power of the Executive to secure so desirable a result.

The spirit of monopoly in this and other matters, should be discouraged in a Republican Government, and I have no sympathy with any policy which may be designed for its encouragement.

I am, gentlemen, with high respect, you obedient servant,
JNO. W. Geary,

To Messrs. Lyon, Shorb & Co., Spang, Chalfant & Co., and others.

One of Clymer's Supporters
(Column 8)
Summary: Highlighting the Democrats' antipathy toward Congress and its attempts to aid the freedmen, the article reports that J. C. Vandyke, one of Clymer's supporters, refused to pay the tax on his gas bill on the grounds that it represented "'an Abolition imposition upon white labor, levied by a Congress of traitors upon the labor of White men, to support a corrupt negro war against the sovereign rights of the States and people thereof.'"

-Page 02-

A Just Tribute
(Column 1)
Summary: The editorial commends the state legislature for issuing a tribute to Gov. Curtin for his "fidelity" and "devotion to his country" during the tumultuous years he served as the state's executive.
Full Text of Article:

Never before, we believe, in the history of our political struggles, has a State administration been accorded the high tribute paid to Gov. Curtin by the popular branch of the legislature on the day of adjournment. Mr. Ruddiman, of Philadelphia, offered the following resolutions, which were adopted without a dissenting voice:

Resolved, That in the name of the Commonwealth we tender to Governor Curtin our thanks for the fidelity with which, during four years of war, by which our country was ravaged, and its free institutions threatened, he stood by the National Government, and cast into the scale of loyalty and the Union the honor, the wealth and the strength of the State.

Resolved, First by his devotion to his country from the dark hour in which he pledged to the late lamented President of the United States the faith and steadfast support of our people, he has gained for his name an historical place and character, and while rendering himself deserving of the nation's gratitude, has added lustre to the fame and glory to the name of the Commonwealth over which he has presided for two terms of office with so much ability, and in which he has tempered dignity with kindness, and won the high respect and confidence of the people.

Such a tribute coming from a House one-third of whose members are not in sympathy with the Executive, and at a time when the great political parties are preparing to marshal their forces for a desperate conflict, tells no formal story of unmeaning compliment; but it declares to the people of the State that in the terrible trials through which we have just passed, there was one man in Pennsylvania who has been so clear in his great office that political prejudice and hostility bow before the lustre of his achievements, and record their willing testimony to his enlightened patriotism and fidelity.

Many men have been complimented by an election to the Chief Magistracy of this State. Some have retired with honor and others with varied degrees of administrative success; but it has been reserved for Gov. Curtin alone to win the place in two desperate political conflicts, and to fill the measure of administrative fame as a generous, wise and beneficent ruler, as testified by the mingled voices of political friend and foe. It must be a grateful reflection to him, who has been of all others the most vindictively traduced, that as the bloody throes of civil strife have died away, with one accord the people of his State turn to him as the one who, most of all, has merited their confidence and affection, and as he is drawing to the close of his exhausting official duties, the voice of calumny and the natural dictates of party discipline, pale before the spontaneous approval of a just people for a just and faithful Executive.

Public Laws
(Column 1)
Summary: At one of the legislature's "most laborious sessions" in several years, a number of public laws were passed whose impact will affect every community in the state. Among the laws enacted are a measure exempting widows and orphans of soldiers slain in the late war from bounty taxes on property or per capita and legislation authorizing each township to pay $300 to veteran volunteers who re-enlisted in the service without receiving local bounties. In addition, the legislature mandated that "keepers of Restaurants, Eating and Ale Houses" must be licensed by the Quarter Sessions and applications must be filed with the Clerk and advertised in the same manner as tavern licenses."
[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: The article gives a caustic assessment of the Democratic meeting held at the Court House last Tuesday, which, it relates, drew only a small crowd. Without a "monkey-show, negro minstrels, learned pigs or fat women" to induce people to attend, local party officials were unable to draw even a "moderate audience."
[No Title]
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports that the Appraisers sent to Chambersburg to distribute the $500,000 appropriated for the relief of the town's victims of the 1864 raid finished their initial assessment. Their awards will be filed with the Auditor General and should be dispensed by May 1st.
Full Text of Article:

MESSRS. M'Allister, Briggs and Jordan, the Appraisers appointed by the court of Dauphin county to make distribution of the five hundred thousand dollars appropriated for the relief of Chambersburg, closed their labors on Thursday last, and their awards will be made out in due form and filed with the Auditor General during the present week, so that the money can certainly be realized by our citizens by the 1st of May. The people of Chambersburg owe a debt of gratitude to the Appraisers for the ability, impartiality and promptness with which they have discharged the delicate and responsible trust imposed upon them. They leave us with the entire community satisfied with the high integrity and discriminating justice which characterizes their official acts; and considering the nature of their duties, there can be no more substantial compliment to those gentlemen. Hard, thankless and unremunerative as was the task, it will, we doubt not, ever be a grateful reflection with them, that they rendered an essential service to the only people of Pennsylvania who were crushed to the earth by rebel vandalism, and that they have commanded the unbounded confidence of the people in the fulfillment of their trust, is a tribute to which they may ever recur with pleasure.

[No Title]
(Column 2)
Summary: Gov. Curtin has succeeded in his attempts to have Congress "indemnify Pennsylvania for the expenses in raising men to resist the rebel invasion." In contrast to other states that were paid promptly by the federal government, Pennsylvania languished as the "jealous influence of members from other States" derailed efforts to reimburse the state for its expenditures. Consequently, asserts the piece, it was only through "the determined perseverance of the Governor and his personal presence at Washington" that the money was finally allocated by Congress.
The Normal School
(Column 4)
Summary: The letter calls on local residents to convene so that they can determine a course of action to secure the establishment of the Normal School in their community.
An Important Bounty Bill
(Column 7)
Summary: A copy of the bounty bill that successfully passed both branches of the legislature. This "act of justice" requires localities to provide the actual sum to volunteers that they were promised before signing up for service.
Full Text of Article:

The following bounty bill has passed both branches of the legislature. This is no more than an act of justice. A number of volunteers re-enlisted in the field and accredited themselves to localities which were reported to be paying large bounties. These localities received the advantage of the credits, but on the return of the volunteers they refused to pay the sum which was honestly due them. There are several instances of the kind in this county:

WHEREAS, At the beginning of the late Rebellion, certain volunteers entered the military service of the United States without receiving local bounty;

And Whereas, Many of said volunteers, while yet in said service, re-enlisted for three years more, under General Orders No. 191, current series, War Department, Washington, D. C., dated June 25, 1863, and its supplements;

And Whereas, Many of said veteran volunteers, through a misunderstanding of an Act of the Legislature entitled "An Act relating to the payment of the bounties to volunteers," approved the 25th day of March, 1864, have not been able to secure local bounties from the proper authorities of the places to which they have given their credit; therefore,

SECTION 1. Be it enacted, &c., That all veteran volunteers belonging to organizations of this State, who have been regularly re-enlisted and re-mustered under General Orders No. 191 from the War Department, dated June 25, 1863, and extending to April 1, 1864, and who have not received any local bounty, nor given their credit to localities outside of the State, shall be paid a local bounty of three hundred dollars, which shall be paid by the proper authorities of such Counties, Cities, Wards, Boroughs and townships as received the credit of such veteran volunteers, Provided, That in case such credit be given to localities or places included in the limits of any Township, such Township, or the proper authorities thereof, shall pay said bounty.

SECTION 2. Transcripts from the records in the Adjutant General's office of this State, certified by the Adjutant General, as well as General Orders from the War Department shall be received in evidence, and the place of residence named in the re-inlistment and muster-in rolls shall, in the absence of other evidence, be considered the place of credit.

SECTION 3. That the School Directors of each and every Township, Ward, or Borough in which such credits for veteran volunteers was received and counted in filling the quotas under the several calls of the President of the United States for troops, are hereby authorized to levy and collect a sufficient tax to pay said veteran volunteers, or their heirs or legal representatives; Provided, That said tax shall not be collected from officers and soldiers now in the service of the United States, or who have been in such service and have been honorably discharged therefrom, or widows and orphans or widowed mothers of such officers and soldiers who may have died from wounds received or disease contracted while in said service.

The "Conservative" Party
(Column 7)
Summary: The article calls attention to the political machinations taking place in the South where "every returned rebel soldier, every draft dodger, every ex-Camp Chasette and every sympathizer is identified with the so-called Conservative party." Admittedly, the piece professes, "some of the measures of the Union party may be objectionable," yet, "can they possibly be as objectionable as the infernal schemes concocted by the rebels and their sympathizing friends?"
Origin of Article: Clarksville (W. Va.) Telegraph
Full Text of Article:

THE "CONSERVATIVE" PARTY.--We desire to call particular attention to the fact that every returned rebel soldier, every draft dodger, every ex-Camp Chasette and every rebel sympathizer is identified with the so-called Conservative party. We further wish loyal men to remember that aside from such as we have mentioned above, there are but few that belong to the organization.

They also remember that it is such men as we have described that are now denouncing the acts of our loyal Legislature as unconstitutional. Men who used every exertion in their power to overthrow the Constitution and laws. All the bushwhackers and raiders that during the war waylaid and murdered their fellow-citizens and stole their property, are now identified with this party.

We ask loyal men if they can affiliate and cooperate with such men? Notwithstanding some of the measures of the Union party may be objectionable, for all things human are attended with some degree of imperfection, yet can they possibly be as objectionable as the infernal schemes concocted by the rebels and their sympathizing friends? We ask Union men to ponder these matters seriously. They now have to cast their lot with the men who stood side by side with them in sustaining the Government during the war, or with the rebels. The alternative is presented to them, and we are happy to believe from the indications we have seen, that the honorable discharged soldiers and Union citizens almost to a man will co-operate with the Union party, and will aid and sustain our loyal Legislature in carrying out its measures.

They fought the rebellion during the war, and they cannot sympathize with those who murdered their sons and other relatives, and who destroyed their property and did all in their power to destroy the Constitution and overthrow the Government.--Clarksville (W. Va.) Telegraph.

-Page 03-

Local Items--Resume of the Local Legislation Affecting Franklin County
(Column 1)
Summary: A summary of new laws passed during the most recent session of the legislature that will be enforced in Franklin county.
(Names in announcement: J. B. Danner, Charles Horner, Samuel Small, D. B. McConaughy, D. O. Gehr, George Arnold, Henry Kauffelt, E. Cooper Sharpless, Jacob Mickley, A. K. McClure, William Riddell, F. S. Stumbaugh, John A. Fowler, R.D. Barclay, Edward McPherson, George B. Wiestling, Joseph Mowers, John E. Maclay, David Hays, Adam Shoemaker, Daniel Snoke, Henry Clippinger, John Hensel, Christian Snoke, Jacob Fogelsenger)
Full Text of Article:

RESUME OF THE LOCAL LEGISLATION AFFECTING FRANKLIN COUNTY.--Our readers have already been informed of the provisions of many of the local bills which passed the Legislature during the last session. We now propose to give the substance of all the bills of this character, whether previously noted or not, so they may have them in the space of a single article: GETTYSBURG AND CHAMBERSBURG RAILROAD.

Messrs. J. B. Danner, Charles Horner, Sam'l Small, D. M'Conaughy, D. O. Gehr, George Arnold, Henry Kauffelt, E. Cooper Sharpless, Jacob Mickley, A. K. M'Clure, William Riddell, F. S. Stumbaugh, John A. Fowler, R. D. Barclay, Ed M'Pherson and Geo. B. Wiestling, or any five of them, are appointed to open books and receive subscriptions under the "Act regulating railroads." The capital stock is to consist of ten thousand shares of fifty dollars each, with the right to increase it if necessary to complete and equip the road. The road is to run from Gettysburg to Chambersburg, with the right to build lateral roads to mines, quarries and manufactures.


This act confers on the stockholders one vote on each share of stock held by them in all elections for President, Managers and Treasurer, and in deciding all questions at meetings of the stockholders of the company.


This is a supplement extending for one year the act increasing the fees of county officers twenty per cent.


This act increases the pay of jurors to two dollars per day, and of witnesses to one dollar and fifty cents, except such as live in or within one mile of Chambersburg, who are entitled to seventy-five cents per diem.


In adjusting and settling the account of the Bank of Chambersburg, at the office of the Auditor General, the Bank had overpaid sixty-four dollars and twenty cents on her tax on capital stock, and two hundred and eighteen dollars and thirty cents on her tax on dividends, which the State Treasurer is authorized to refund.


This act authorizes the trustees of this congregation, generally known as the White Church, in Peters township, to sell their real estate and to invest two hundred dollars of the proceeds for keeping the burial ground in continual repair.


This act legalizes the bounties paid and bonds issued therefore in Green, Antrim, Guilford, Southampton and Peters townships, and authorizes the levying and collection of a tax for the payment of bonds etc.


This act appropriates the surplus bounty fund in Letterkenny township to the school fund.


This act repeals the former acts passed in 1863 and 1864, respectively, regulating the publication of legal advertisements in this county, so that now the law stands as before the passage of the acts, except as to the county printing, which shall be published in two newspapers having the largest circulation.


This act authorizes and requires the Auditor General and State Treasurer, to resettle the accounts for State taxes with this county, for the years 1864 and 1865. By this act about fifteen hundred dollars State tax released by a former act to the people of Chambersburg, but paid into the State Treasury will be refunded to the county.


This act makes it unlawful for any Mayor, Alderman or Justice of the Peace in Chambersburg to commit any person to the common jail for vagrancy, except upon the oath or affirmation of one or more creditable citizen or citizens; makes the fees of the justice for commitment twenty-five cents and allows the Constable by whom the arrest is made, the customary mileage where the distance traveled exceeds one mile, besides twenty-five cents for the arrest.


This act incorporates the above named Insurance Company, naming Joseph Mowers, John E. Maclay, David Hays, Adam Shoemaker, Daniel Snoke, and Jacob Fogelsenger as the incorporators and conferring on them and such as may be associated with them the usual privileges of Fire Insurance companies.


This act confers upon the Court of Quarter Sessions the authority to grant licenses to restaurants, instead of the County Treasurers and the same notice is required as is now required for application to keep an inn or tavern except that they may be granted at any term of the Court.


This act provides that it shall be unlawful for any person to huckster, buy or barter for any butter, eggs, dried fruit, veal, chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks or other poultry in this county, with intent to sell again outside of the county, without first taking out a license in the office of the County Treasurer, which will be granted to all persons desiring to huckster with one horse and wagon on payment of the sum of one hundred dollars, and with two or more horses and wagons one hundred and fifty dollars. The Treasurer shall be entitled to three dollars for granting the license. This act does not prevent merchants or storekeepers from sending to market any produce or marketing mentioned in the act, which has been taken in at their stores, but merchants or storekeepers who keep a horse and wagon to gather up such produce or marketing will be required to pay fifty per centum of the amount fixed for hucksters in addition to then licenses as merchants.


This act incorporates the Repository Association of the purposes of which our readers are already aware.


This is supplementary to an act appropriating certain fines to use of a Law Library, making all forfeited recognizances to come within the meaning of fines.


This is a supplement extending for one year an act increasing the fees of Constables and Justices of the Peace in this county.


This act authorizes the Court of Quarter Sessions to fix the rate of what the Sheriff of this county shall be paid for boarding prisoners, provided that rate does not exceed fifty cents per diem.


An act incorporating the Manufacturers and Builders Association of Chambersburg, in which Henry Shepler and others are named as incorporators the purposes of which are apparent from the title.

Local Items--Court Proceedings
(Column 2)
Summary: A list of the cases tried in the Quarter Session as well as those bills that were ignored and nolle prosequi. Quarter Sessions: Com. vs. William French and William Mort. --False Pretense. William Mort not arrested--French, the other defendant, who was a man of over sixty years of age, was arraigned and pleaded not guilty. Verdict, not guilty but that the defendant pay the costs of prosecution. Benjamin Culbertson, the prosecutor, was defrauded by Mort out of a horse by means of a forged note signed "William Martin" and payable at the banking house of Kerr, Dunlap, & Co., in Carlisle, which Mort represented as a check--French was with Mort at the time and joined in representing the check as good. The defence was that he was an ignorant man, unable to write his name and unacquainted with business, and that he was imposed on by Mort, who gained the old man's confidence by representing himself as a soldier who had served with French's division in the army. Com. vs. Samuel Roland, Joseph Roland, Sr., and Joseph Roland, Jr. Assault and Battery. Defendants pleaded not guilty. Verdict, that defendants, Samuel Roland and Joseph Roland, Sr., are guilty and that defendant Joseph Roland, Jr., is not guilty. Sentenced to pay a fine of one dollar and costs of prosecution. Com. vs. Charles Miller--Assault and Battery. A true bill. Defendant pleaded not guilty. Verdict, guilty. Sentenced to pay a fine of $10 and the costs. The defendant, who is a colored man of this place, was charged with cutting the fingers of the prosecutor, William Cunningham, with a knife in a fight, and biting his thumb very severely. Com. vs. Jacob Kelly, Monk Purvard and others--Riot and Assault. A true bill. The defendant, Monk Purvard, was arraigned in court and pleaded not guilty. Verdict not guilty, but that he pay the costs of the prosecution. Com. vs. Jane Filkill--Assault and Battery. A true bill. Defendant pleaded not guilty. Verdict, not guilty, but that defendant pay one-half the costs and Elizabeth William, the prosecutrix, the other half. Com. vs. Charles Skelly--Arson. A true bill. Defendant arraigned and pleaded not guilty--Verdict, not guilty. Sentenced to pay fine of one dollar and the costs, and undergo imprisonment by separate and solitary confinement at labor in the penitentiary for the period of four years. This is the young man who was arrested last week by police officer Gelwicks for setting fire to Radebaugh's barn. The barn was fired on Thursday night, the 5th, and in one week the incendiary had received his trial and was sentenced to the penitentiary for a period which should make every other barn-burner shudder. He is a very young man and hitherto borne a good character. Common Pleas: Emanuel Secrist vs.Jacob Zimmerman's Executor. Ejectment for a tract of land in Warren township. A jury was called and by consent of counsel a verdict rendered for defendant, subject, however, to the opinion of the court upon reserved points. The case will come up for argument at the next term. Thomas Mason vs. Caroline Morgan and others. Trespass quare clausum fregit. By agreement of counsel, verdict for plaintiff for one dollar and costs. Roads and Bridges: Viewers were appointed to view and lay out a road in Montgomery township, from the Mercersburg and Williamsport road to the Hagerstown and Mercersburg road. A petition was presented to vacate and supply part of the public road in Guilford township, leading from Fayetteville to Shady Grove and viewers appointed. Viewers were also appointed to view and lay out a road from Henry Besore's mill to the Waynesboro and Greencastle turnpike. A petition was presented for two small bridges over Barns' Valley Creek, in Fannett township, there being two branches of the creek where the public road crosses. Tavern Licenses: The following licenses were granted, the application of James Coffee, of Dry Run, being refused, and that of Adaline Ramsay, laid over for further consideration. No licenses will now be granted until January Term, 1867, January and April terms being the only ones when applications can be entertained:--John Fisher, William McGrath, Jacob Sellars, Margaret Montgomery, and Daniel Trostle from Chambersburg; John Gordon and Susan Elliott from Hamilton; J. R. Tankersley and William Bratton, Jr., from St. Thomas; William F. Reamer and Charles Gillan from St. Thomas township; James Mullen and John Treber from Loudon; Thomas McAfee and Charles Lowe from Mercersburg; Jacob Elliott from Montgomery township; John Adams and John Wallack from Greencastle; Francis Bowden, Y. B. Gilbert, and John Mullen from Waynesboro; Henry Yingling from Monterey Springs; H. M. Jones from Quincy; Ephraim Shank and Jeremiah Small from Funkstown; S. R. Boyd from Green township; John S. Brown and Margaret Holland from Fayetteville; Elizabeth Filson from Marion; David Heidler from Greenvillage; John Kyner from Orrstown; Jeremiah Zullinger from Strasburg.
(Names in announcement: William French, William Mort, Benjamin Culbertson, William Martin, Samuel Roland, Joseph RolandJr., Joseph RolandSr., Charles Miller, William Cunningham, Jacob Kelley, Monk Purvard, Jane Filkill, Elizabeth Williams, Charles Skelly, Officer Gelwicks, Emanuel Scrist, Jacob Zimmerman, Thomas Mason, Caroline Morgan, Henry Besore, James Coffee, Adaline Ramsay, John Fisher, William McGrath, Jacob Sellars, Margaret Montgomery, Daniel Trostle, John Gordon, Susan Elliott, J. R. Tankersley, William Bratton, William F. Reamer, Charles Gillan, James Mullen, John Treher, Thomas McAfee, Charles Lowe, Jacob Elliott, John Adams, John Wallack, Francis Bowden, V. B. Gilbert, John Mullen, Henry Yingling, H. M. Jones, Ephraim Shank, Jeremiah Small, S. R. Boyd, John S. Brown, Margaret Holland, Elizabeth Filson, David Heidler, John Kyner, Jeremiah Zullinger)
Local Items--Resumed Practice
(Column 3)
Summary: Announcement that Dr. Samuel G. Lane, of Chambersburg, has resigned his position as the Assistant Surgeon General of Pennsylvania at Washington so that he may resume his local practice. Dr. Lane began his time in the service with the 6th Penn. Reserves, and later accepted a position as Surgeon of the Board of Enrollment of the 16th District.
(Names in announcement: Dr. Samuel Lane)
Local Items--Last of the Old Stock
(Column 3)
Summary: Reports that Polly Leonard died on the April 10th in her home in Smoketown, Green township. Leonard was over 100 years old at the time of her death, having outlived four husbands.
(Names in announcement: Polly Leonard)
Local Items--Sanitary Regulations
(Column 3)
Summary: News is circulating that the Town Council has "resolved to enforce strict sanitary regulations in the Borough," a decision commended by the editors. The Council's concern with cleanliness stems from the fear that the present cholera outbreak ravaging Europe and parts of the northern U. S. might spread to the region.
Local Items
(Column 3)
Summary: J. R. Gaff has refused to allow his name to be considered for County Superintendent, despite his nomination.
(Names in announcement: J. R. Gaff)
Local Items
(Column 4)
Summary: At a meeting of the Presbytery of Carlisle held in Newville last week, delegates were appointed to the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church to be held next month in St. Louis. Among those selected to attend was W. G. Reed of Chambersburg.
(Names in announcement: W. G. Reed)
Local Items--Gone to Baltimore
(Column 4)
Summary: Notes that Dr. George W. Burk, recent graduate of Jefferson Medical College and local resident, is moving to Baltimore to establish a practice.
(Names in announcement: George W. Burk)
(Column 4)
Summary: On April 2nd, James B. Welker, of Philadelphia, and Sue C. Roads were married by Rev. W. Sterrett.
(Names in announcement: James B. Welker, Sue C. Roads, Rev. W. Sterrett)
(Column 4)
Summary: On April 5th, John R. Clippinger, 26, died.
(Names in announcement: John R. Clippinger)

-Page 04-

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