Franklin Repository: 10 31, 1866Go To Page : 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
(Column 1)Summary: West Virginia, "the child of war, born and baptized in her noblest blood," has joined the "great wave of Union triumph." In the most recent election held there, Republicans in the state returned the Republican incumbent governor to office and "elected a solid delegation" to Congress.[No Title]
(Column 1)Summary: The piece praises Gov. Curtin for his success in the struggle to reign in the state debt incurred during the late war.[No Title]
(Column 1)Summary: Just as President Johnson supported the rebels of New Orleans when they "conspired to murder the Union men of the city," the editors maintain that the President intends to aid Gov. Swann in his efforts "to nullify the constitution and laws of Maryland to enable rebels to vote."
Full Text of Article:Who Shall Dictate Terms?
WHEN the rebels of New Orleans conspired to murder the Union men of that city, as was conclusively shown to the President by official testimony, he disregarded the authority to Gov. Wells, and transferred the authority of the rebel Attorney General, so that the butchery should not be interrupted.
When the rebels of Maryland want to nullify the constitution and the laws of Maryland to enable rebels to vote, and Gov. Swann sustains them, the President announces that hereafter he will respond to any call of a Governor for assistance to enforce the laws in his own way. As no loyal Governors are likely to need the President's assistance, he feels safe in adopting a general principle to aid Gov. Swann and the rebels in Maryland.
If such is sincerely the policy of Andrew Johnson, he must bring the murderers of Memphis and New Orleans to justice. The loyal Governors of both those States require it. Will Andrew Johnson for just once be consistent and remember the claims of justice?
(Column 2)Summary: Although it is clear from the results of the latest elections that northerners "will consent to no policy of reconstruction that falls short of the acceptance of the proposed constitutional amendments," the editors explain, white southerners refuse to acquiesce to such demands. Rather than accept the "magnanimous terms of reconstruction" offered by the North, they "have again listened to the promises of succor from a faithless President and the broken and demoralized Democracy, only to find both overthrown by the people."
Full Text of Article:The Union County Convention
Enough is now known of the sentiment of the North to convince the most obdurate, that the people will consent to no policy of reconstruction that falls short of the acceptance of the proposed constitutional amendments. The issue was fairly made in the great States, and they have with one voice demanded the adoption of the proposed change in our organic law.
Had the elections been but half as decisive in favor of the Democracy, the verdict would have been pronounced a condemnation of the amendments, and they would have fallen. But, since the people have decided for the amendments and against the policy of Andrew Johnson, the President and the leading journals and managers of the Democracy, persist in advising the South not to accept the amendments. The President, in his singular blindness, advises against the adoption of the amendments even in the face of the palpable fact that during his entire term he will be as powerless as he is now, to bring about any more favorable adjustment to the rebels.
The Democrats of the North misled the South into war, and then were compelled to desert and betray their friends they had pledged to defend. But for the assurance from the North that war could not be urged against the South without plunging the North into anarchy, the rebellion would never have been inaugurated. Betrayed thus once by perfidious counselors, it would seem reasonable to suppose that the South would not again be misled and betrayed by the same power. But it is even so. Instead of accepting magnanimous terms of reconstruction, the rebels have again listened to the promises of succor from a faithless President and the broken and demoralized Democracy, only to find both overthrown by the people.
The last hope of aid from the President and the Democracy is gone. Not a single Northern State will vote Democratic this year, and the next Senate and House will be more strongly Republican than the present Congress. It is with this power that the Southern States must deal. It is the power of the people, endorsed and strengthened by their direct and solemn verdict. The President cannot, dare not, attempt to disregard it. He can do it only by revolution, and in that role he could not exercise his office in a single day.
The issue is therefore plainly presented to the rebellious States. They have made causeless, wanton, bloody war. Their own arbiter has given its fearful judgement against them, and from it there is no appeal. They have, by the constitution and the laws, forfeited citizenship, property and even life, and their rights are only the rights of disfranchisement, confiscation, or the right to die as the law demands. They have not, either by moral or legal rules, any voice in the government they spurned and sought to dismember by the sword. They have no claim other than that which appeals to the magnanimity of the victors, and reminds us that we are all of one nation and should be again one brotherhood.
But the North desires to welcome the rebellious States again into the folds of the Union, and while it would be boundless in its generosity, it dare not be entirely forgetful of justice. It seeks no wanton humiliation, no measure of vengeance; but it must make treason and rebellion odious, and must protect the living and those who are to live hereafter from a repetition of the bloody drama that has just shadowed the land. It asks the adoption of the constitutional amendments and the modification of local laws in conformity therewith, as South Carolina has already done, and the work of reconstruction will be finished.
The persistent objection that the North would follow the acceptance of the amendments with new exactions, is doubtless used by the same men who have ever misled the South, to defeat reconstruction. The North would gladly meet the South on the platform of the amendments, and if they should once agree upon that basis of restoration, the time would be passed for any men or combination of men to delay the admission of the rebellious States. On the contrary, the sentiment of the people, which is the great power that directs the action of Congress, would demand the most generous terms on all collateral questions. The men who would move first to bring about the adjustment would be the first to be restored to the full rights of citizenship, and thenceforth the whole policy of the people would be toward the removal of all elements of discord between the two sections.
The North is firm to the point of its demand--beyond that it would allow no mere sectional feeling to retard the complete restoration of the rebel States. It demands the amendments. It demands universal justice--equality for all before the law and submission to the paramount authority of the general government. It wants no more--it will take no less; and that once given it will seek to heal our common wounds, and invite all sections, in interest and affection, to our free institutions.
The South cannot dictate other terms of reconstruction, even though they come from the very throne of prostituted power itself. If it will not assent to the propositions made in generous and patriotic purpose by the North, it will only arouse and make more exacting the supreme power of the government--the twenty millions of people who have preserved their government by countless sacrifice. They will enforce what the South fails to concede, and they will enforce it with penalties. They will bring the South into loyal harmony with the logical teachings of the war--kindly if they can, but otherwise if they must. They have now submitted to all the people engaged in rebellion the determination of this question--disfranchising the only class South that was true to the Union. If the vanquished white man will not accept the proffer of the North, he will thenceforth be voiceless in the reconstruction of the rebellious States, and the measure of the penalties will be the measure essential to the prompt and enduring solution of the problems left as the legacies of the war.
We entreat the South not to be willfully blinded to their best interests, and to the interests of all. They can restore these States any day on better terms than delay and agitation can possible give them. Have they not been deceived and betrayed enough by the defeated and powerless Democracy? Have they not seen enough of the invincible determination of the North to counsel a prompt and cordial assent? If they have not, then are they strangers to wisdom, and their own worst foes. Let reason resume its sway and we shall soon have enduring Peace and universal Justice.
(Column 3)Summary: The piece urges local Union men to vote in the November 10th primary to select delegates to the upcoming convention on the Senatorial question. "Let each man feel that he owes it to his party, to himself and to his country, to give expression to his preference" for Senator, then there will "be no fears as to the result."[No Title]
(Column 3)Summary: The piece notes that a difference of 35 votes separated the lowest tally of Republican votes cast (for governor) from the highest (for Auditor), and blames the discrepancy on the new election rules that require separate tickets for the county and district contests as well as the gubernatorial race.[No Title]
(Column 3)Summary: The editors concur with the sentiments--that the people of the state "favor a Free Railroad law"--expressed in the Gazette excerpt.
Origin of Article: Pittsburg Gazette[No Title]
(Column 3)Summary: It is reported that there is "a growing sentiment among the leaders of the South to accept" the terms laid out by "the great North" regarding the necessity of approving the constitutional amendments before the former rebel states can be re-admitted.[No Title]
(Column 4)Summary: Relates that the Canadian authorities have convicted and sentenced to death two of the Fenian leaders for their role in the clandestine organization's military operations.Harrisburg
(Column 4)Summary: Horace, the Repository's correspondent, discloses that the movement begun by Franklin county Republicans to make the process of choosing the next Senator more transparent, is gaining momentum and spreading throughout the state.
Trailer: HoraceWater For Chambersburg
(Column 4)Summary: According to the author of the letter, Chambersburg requires an "abundant supply of pure, soft water if it is to continue growing." The column also includes a report from Mr. Birkbine, an engineer from Philadlephia who was brought in to complete a study on the feasibility of constructing a Water Works.
(Names in announcement: I. H. McCauley)Trailer: I. H. McCauleySpeech of Mr. Beecher
(Column 6)Summary: In the address Rev. Beecher expresses his views on the Democratic party and the proper course of action to re-admit the southern states to the Union.
Editorial Comment: "The Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, delivered a telling speech at Brooklyn recently. As there are some points in his remarks which would be well to remember, we give it a place in the Repository, to the exclusion of our usual miscelaneous [sic] reading, to which this page of our paper is usually devoted.""Christian Duty to the South"
(Column 8)Summary: Contains a brief summary of the lecture delivered by Gen. O. O. Howard at the Central Presbyterian Church. In the address, which was part of a series presented by the Young Men's Christian Association, Howard argued that the North's crusade against the South and slavery was religiously justified.
Origin of Article: Newark Advertiser
Local Items--Basis of Representation
(Column 1)Summary: The editors offer a method to apportion delegates to the County Convention that takes into consideration the limitations of the system currently in use. They call for the use of the tally from the most recent gubernatorial election to serve as the basis for representation rather than the Presidential Election of 1864, which is less precise because of "the difficulty of apportioning the army vote."Local Items--Illumination
(Column 1)Summary: The article provides an account of a torch-lit procession through Greencastle to celebrate the Republicans' electoral triumphs.
Editorial Comment: "The Republicans of Greencastle had an illumination in honor of the Republican victories,on Thursday evening a week. The Pilot of last week says of it:"Local Items--Arrest of a Horse Thief
(Column 2)Summary: Daniel Scully hired a horse and buggy from S. F. Greenawalt two weeks ago but did not return at the appointed time, explains the article. D. L. Taylor was sent in pursuit of Scully, and tracked him to Buckstown, Ohio where "all trace of the thief was lost." In a subsequent attempt to capture the horse thief, Greenawalt himself went in pursuit of the man, and found him at his home near Columbus, Ohio, "with the horse and buggy in his possession." Scully was brought back to Franklin and now rests in jail awaiting the start of his trial.Local Items--Our National Game
(Names in announcement: S. F. Greenawalt, D. L. Taylor)
(Column 2)Summary: The first nine of the Conococheague Club, of Loudun, was defeated by the second nine of the Franklin Club in a baseball match played last Saturday. The score was 66 to 19.Local Items--New Firm
(Column 2)Summary: Announces that dissolution of the firms of Coover & Eiker and Frey & Mong, undertakers, and the establishment of a new firm, Coover & Mong.Local Items--Real Estate Sales
(Names in announcement: Eiker, Coover, Frey, Mong)
(Column 2)Summary: Relates that the market for local real estate has heated up in recent months, though the increase in value is not as extreme as in the Eastern counties where farms are fetching upwards of thirty to fifty percent more than land in Franklin county.Local Items--Death of a Soldier
(Column 2)Summary: Two local soldiers died in the past couple weeks. Samuel C. Alleman, of Co. C. 126th Regiment died on Oct. 18th at the residence of his father, near Mercersburg. The deceased joined the army in the "dark days of '62" and fought at the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. Robert McClelland, a member of the same company and regiment, died near Church Hill, on Oct. 5th.Local Items--The Axe Still at Work
(Names in announcement: Samuel C. Alleman, Robert McClelland)
(Column 2)Summary: Nathan Pearse, Assessor of the Internal Revenue of this sub-district, and Augustus Bickley, Collector of the Internal Revenue, were removed from posts last Saturday to make room for individuals who support "My Policy." The men were replaced by J. L. P. Detrich, who took over for Pearse, and J. Newton Shillito, who succeeded Bickley.Local Items--Suit for Damages
(Names in announcement: Nathan Pearse, Augustus Bickley, J. L. P. Detrich, J. Newton Shillito)
(Column 2)Summary: Reports that Dr. J. S. Trent and William Stoner, the Judge and Inspector of the election board of McConnellsburg, are being sued by John Bender, a deserter whose vote was refused. Bender is seeking $10,000 in damages.Local Items--Valuable Property
(Names in announcement: John Bender, Dr. J. S. Trent, William Stoner)
(Column 2)Summary: Announces that the property belonging to A. K. McClure will be offered for public sale in front of the Court House next Saturday.Local Items--Dedication
(Names in announcement: A. K. McClure)
(Column 2)Summary: The Soldiers' Monument erected in Spring Run will be dedicated next Wednesday. Rev. West and Rev. Ferguson will be on hand for the ceremony. A. K. McClure is also expected to attend.The Riot At Hagerstown
(Names in announcement: Rev. West, Rev. Ferguson, A. K. McClure)
(Column 2)Summary: Gives an account of the political rally in Washington county, Maryland, and the subsequent melee between Unionists and Democrats.
Origin of Article: Hagerstown HeraldEditorial Comment: "We take from the Hagerstown Herald, the following account of the difficulty there on the 20th inst. It speaks of the Union Demonstration of the loyal men of Washington county as follows:"The Result in Pennsylvania
(Column 3)Summary: Jordan praises Pennsylvania Republicans for their help in leading the party to a decisive victory in the last election.
Editorial Comment: "Mr. F. Jordan, the Chairman of the Republican State Central Committee of Pennsylvania, has issued an address to the people of the State, congratulating them upon the success of the campaign.--The address says:"Married
(Column 4)Summary: On Oct. 21st, James King, Jr., and Libbie Pague, of Gallon, Ohio, were married by Rev. W. W. Winter.Married
(Names in announcement: James KingJr.)
(Column 4)Summary: On Oct. 18th, Jacob Jones and Sarah Martin were married by Rev. James M. Bishop.Married
(Names in announcement: Jacob Jones, Sarah Martin, Rev. James M. Bishop)
(Column 4)Summary: On Oct. 11th, Emanuel Fry and Magdalena Lehman were married by Rev. J. Keller Miller.Married
(Names in announcement: Emanuel Fry, Magdalena Lena, Rev. J. Keller Miller)
(Column 4)Summary: On Oct. 25th, A. N. Long and Maggie E. Erhart were married by Rev. J. Keller Miller.Married
(Names in announcement: A. N. Long, Maggie E. Erhart, Rev. J. Keller Miller)
(Column 4)Summary: On Oct. 23rd, John Henninger and Eliza J. Werdebaugh were married by Rev. F. Dyson.Married
(Names in announcement: John Henninger, Eliza J. Werdebaugh, Rev. F. Dyson)
(Column 4)Summary: On Oct. 27th, Jacob C. Wingert and Sarah J. Kell were married by Rev. F. Dyson.Married
(Names in announcement: Jacob C. Wingert, Sarah J. Kell, Rev. F. Dyson)
(Column 4)Summary: On Oct. 25th, Samuel Brandt and Mary A. Strouse, of Cumberland county, Pa., were married by Rev. H. Y. Hummelbaugh.Died
(Names in announcement: Samuel Brandt, Mary A. Strouse, Rev. H. Y. Hummelbaugh)
(Column 4)Summary: On Oct. 5th, Robert McClelland, a member of Company C, 126th Penna Vols, died near Church Hill. He was 24 years old.
(Names in announcement: Robert McClelland)
Description of Page: This page contains advertisements.