Franklin Repository: January 30, 1867Go To Page : 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
(Column 1)Summary: Almost two years has passed since the end of the war, relate the editors, yet in that time Congress has failed to lay out a clear reconstruction plan that enjoys broad support among Republicans. The implications of the current state of affairs in Washington are deeply troubling, they warn. With the "breach between the sections still widening," the continued impasse will only make the task of finding an agreeable solution all the more difficult.
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The serious diversity of sentiment prevailing in the councils of the Republican members of Congress, on the question of reconstruction, is justly exciting grave apprehensions in the public mind; and as but thirty days remain for the present Congress to act, the people are compelled most reluctantly to accept the postponement of reconstruction to the 40th Congress. The mere delay is in itself of little moment; but the fact that after two years of earnest effort, no common platform for the restoration of the rebellious States has been harmoniously devised, naturally casts doubt and uncertainty upon the future. Mr. Stevens was compelled to move to table his own bill last week, and as yet there is no substitute that promises to marshal greater strength. If the differences related to mere matters of detail, they could be easily reconciled; but the debate on Mr. Stevens' bill developed the most radical antagonism among the Republican members, which cannot be readily compromised. While one portion of the House resisted it because it was too radical, others opposed it with equal earnestness because it was too liberal, and between the two it could not but fail.
Mr. Stevens' bill having failed, what next? Had the Southern States accepted the constitutional amendments, the solution of the whole problem would be comparatively easy. The faith of the nation was plighted by the ruling power, that compliance with those amendments in good faith and in all respects would entitle the excluded States to admission; but the fact that terms so magnanimous have been rejected with one accord by those who committed the crime of causeless rebellion is a grave admonition to the nation that its peace, safety and even its perpetuity demand some sterner adjustment. What it shall be, is for Congress to determine. The man chosen by a loyal people to the Vice Presidency, and called to the execution of this great task by treason's crowning hate, has proved false to his highest and holiest duties, and upon the Representatives of the people devolves the work of reconstruction.
Considering that outside of Congress there is no trusted aid in the restoration of the rebellious States, in the other branches of the government, does not every dictate of patriotism demand speedy harmony in Congress? The longer this question is delayed, the more difficult will be its solution; and if delayed another year for want of a fixed and just policy, it is within the range of probability that the struggle will be protracted beyond another Presidential election, with treason steadily growing more and more defiant and the breach between the two sections still widening. Such delay would be most perilous alike to the nation and to the great issues decided by the war. The faithless men of the north, who have ever been ready to make common cause with treason, would be strengthened in their efforts, and with them would be strengthened also the deadly foes of free government in the South. From being criminals they would appear as dictators of their own destiny and rulers of the government they sought to destroy, and the great struggles of 1865-6 would have to be fought over again by the people.
We do not pretend to say wherein Congress is in error as to the policy of reconstruction. Of that the members who have to discharge this duty are the best judges; but we cannot too strongly impress upon them the necessity of early and decisive action. First of all they must meet on some common platform of adjustment--one on which all loyal Representatives can stand--so that they can rely upon perfecting their work regardless of perfidy elsewhere. If Mr. Stevens' bill is defective, let some one produce a better one, and let the author of each policy bear in mind that in this wide diversity of sentiment there must be concession--not the compromise of right with wrong, nor the compromise of the loyal power of the nation with unrepentant traitors--but such concessions between faithful men as will preserve the substance of the logical results of the war. To this end we invoke the aid of every Republican Senator and Representative. It is their work to perform, and exclusively their work; and they must do it under all circumstances, with a singleness of purpose looking to impartial Justice and enduring Freedom.
(Column 1)Summary: Gov. Swann has been elected the U. S. Senate by Maryland's Legislature last Thursday. It is alleged that Swann, who caused a stir several months earlier when he "violated both his oath and the laws of the State to restore disfranchised rebels to the right of suffrage," secured the seat by manipulating the electoral process.[No Title]
(Column 1)Summary: The article applauds the actions of the Senate, which rejected a number of President Johnson's recent political appointments.Life in Virginia
(Column 2)Summary: An "old and ever loyal citizen" of Virginia, formerly of Franklin county, provides a portrait of life in the Old Dominion since the end of the war. The writer of the piece places the blame for the South's desultory condition on President Johnson.
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An old and ever loyal citizen of Virginia, who once resided in this place, gives the following portrait of affairs in Virginia:
The South is not only broken down and destitute, but apart from the deleterious effects of Johnson's policy, its incorrigible perversity of spirit, retarded a tendency towards healthy, recuperative reconstruction; but since Johnson's apostasy from, and direct antagonism to, Republican principles, that perversity among rebels, because encouraged by the omnipotence of Presidential influence, has grown into such fixed and determined, implacable hatred of radicalism, that, instead of promoting harmonizing results, its developments indicate a purpose, on the part of rebels, to encourage disaffection, foment the elements of discord, and thus, if possible, make more insuperable the barriers to a national compromise.
Our national representatives alone are worthy of the confidence of the nation. To their vigilance, wisdom and energy, under God, do we owe the glorious ameliorative and reformatory results of the war. And now after their sublime achievements, that an apostate President should basely interpose his executive authority, to overthrow the structure of national glory they reared, is not only intolerable, but a crying insult to the national honor and a wanton outrage of the national confidence. Southern loyalists have been sadly dishearted by the vast multitudes in the North who, by their votes, gave utterances of opposition to the wise and just measures of our national councils. Ah! thought we, the wisest of men will err, if deficient in the advantages of an experimental education. Had they had my advantages of observation for the last forty-four years, how differently would they have thought, felt and acted. How indignantly would they have spurned favoritism or political affiliation with the rebels. But ignorant of the real character of Southern oligarchists they, in their blindness, have been "led like sheep to the slaughter," yet, we fear, not as innocently. We can make no other inference from their conduct, than that their preferment of Southern rebels and their domestic institutions, was so strong as to make them willing to sacrifice Southern loyalists and the great interests of the Union in its maintenance. I mourn over and am ashamed to contemplate, that character of that portion of the North that has contributed its political influence to sanction the apostasy of the Executive, and to commend his betrayal of the sincere confidence and buoyant hopes of the national party which, by their votes, honored him with his position. Was ever treason as black as his? Neither Judas, nor Arnold, was characterized by the infamy of betraying their cause after the consummation of its utmost triumphs. Nay, both these acted under the mitigating doubt of its final success. But Johnson, after he held the scepter of acknowledged conquest in his grasp, and was looked up to by his exultant votaries, with the hope that he would crown their loyal wishes by his sincere adherence to the policy of the Union party, as indicated by its loyal representatives, in a manner that puts the claims of the rivals at defiance, renounces his devoted friends, and recreantly assumes the advocacy of the rebel miscreants who, at the close of the war, he had with so much embittered vehemence denounced.
To show you the baseness of his character, I will give you a short chapter of his dealing against me as Postmaster. Soon after the surrender a floating rumor proclaimed me Postmaster. The rebels anticipating this, as they knew me to be the only eligible loyalist in town, and alarmed at the probability of its truth, immediately formed a league against me to prevent, if possible, the certainty of my getting the office, and to secure it for a drunken rebel. To effect this they got up a secret petition, and even had the address through flatteries and festive entertainments, to secure the signatures of the Union officers quartered here, to aid their treacherous designs against me. But firmly apprised of their movements, I gave immediate information of them to the Postmaster General, whereupon Gen. Curtin was dispatched to investigate their conduct, who arrested and took them to headquarters, where they were adequately punished. Thus, in this instance, did I see my enemies signally overthrown. The February following, a young Confederate Colonel, yet wearing his faded military laurels, undertook, by a violent assault upon my aged person, while at my post of duty in my office and without any provocation, to revenge himself and party upon me for my success in getting the office. But he "caught a Tartar," for I overthrew the proud champion in less time than David achieved his feat over the Philistine, and that to his own satisfaction and the dismay of his supporters, some fifteen or twenty of whom were present. This, however, made them only more determined in their future opposition, for nothing short of my ruin was their aim. Hence, having heard me express some sentiments of opposition to the policy of Johnson, they, to gratify their malignant revenge, availed themselves of this and reported me to the Postmaster General, as an ultra radical, and, favored by Johnson's recreancy, they thus, by a secret petition, secured my removal. The persons concerned in this plot claim to be Christians, yet the deed, because based in pure rebel malice against me as a loyalist, was an instance of villainous robbery. Yet all this was done to me and mine by these monsters, aided by the omnipotent influence of Johnson, the prince of traitors, without whose traitorous complicity they could not have accomplished their purposes, and who, by loyal men in the South, is the most detested of all creatures. He is a reproachful caricature to the name of man, and his traitorous recreancy will make the blackest stain on the pages of our country's history. Arnold's and Burr's will acquire light from the contrast with his. I wrote to the President, to the Postmaster General, the Auditor, and to members of Congress on the subject, and it is the general belief that I will again get the office. Since I lost the office the salary has been considerably increased.
(Column 2)Summary: It is reported that Gen. Ashley "is busily engaged in accumulating and arranging the evidence" to proceed with the impeachment resolution against President Johnson on charges of high crimes and misdemeanors.Harrisburg
(Column 3)Summary: Horace, the Repository's Harrisburg correspondent, discloses that there is a push in the state capital to call for a Constitutional Convention to examine the question of impartial suffrage. The proposed amendment would strike the word "white" from the constitution, which would allow "all persons, without regard to race, color or education" to vote. It is commonly believed that the reform will easily prevail.
Trailer: HoraceAdvantages of Life Insurance
(Column 3)Summary: In this the latest in the series of exchanges over the merits of life insurance, "Bobtail" criticizes those who have maligned his opinions on the subject and re-affirms his belief that the industry is less than an ideal investment.
Origin of Article: BobtailThe Press on the Senatorship
(Column 4)Summary: Employing extracts from various journals to support their position, the editors contend that the result in the recent Senatorial election has been widely condemned "in the strongest terms."
Origin of Article: Delaware County Republican; Tidioute Journal; Greene County Republican; Butler Citizen; Mercer Herald; Titusville Daily Herald; Pittsburg Commercial; Harrisburg Correspondent; Mercer Dispatch; Montrose Republican;One Million Lives Lost
(Column 8)Summary: It is reported that the famine in India is far worse than it was imagined. Details have surfaced approximating the toll of deaths to "surpass anything previously recorded."
Origin of Article: Friend Of India
Local Items--Court Proceedings
(Column 1)Summary: The article provides a summary of the various cases disposed of during the January term of the Court for Franklin county, which commenced on the 21st.Local Items--Railroad Accidents
(Column 2)Summary: Placing blame on the extreme weather of late, the article reports that three railroad accidents occurred last week on the Cumberland Valley line. Several men were injured and one died in the last accident, which occurred on Monday near Oakville, when an engine tried to navigate a large snowdrift.Local Items--Auditing Bounty Accounts
(Names in announcement: Daniel Hull, Stephen Lightcap, Charles Rapp, Conrad Smith, Frederick)
(Column 2)Summary: Informs readers that none of the districts in the county have complied with the provisions contained within the law that calls for bounty accounts to be audited by the township auditors.Local Items--Temperance Convention
(Column 2)Summary: Delegates met in Chambersburg last week to attend a convention held by the Sons of Temperance and Good Templars. At the meeting, delegates deliberated "upon the best methods of lessening the curse of intemperance" and passed a resolution detailing their intent to pursue legal means to close saloons and ale houses.Local Items--Snow Balling
(Names in announcement: Rev. W. F. Eyster, W. D. Guthrie, J. H. McKinn, J. Coble, S. O. McCurdy, C. V. Wilson, W. S. Roney)
(Column 3)Summary: The piece vilifies those youth who engage in the "popular sport" of throwing snowballs, which has "become a popular nuisance owing to the freedom, carelessness, or malice with which the youngsters let fly their missiles." Those who partake in this activity "pay no respect to age, sex, or condition, but all who walk the streets, run the gauntlet."Local Items--A Dangerous Counterfeit
(Column 3)Summary: Reports that a "new and dangerous imitation of the five dollar National Bank note" has recently appeared.Local Items--Dwelling House Burned
(Column 3)Summary: Jacob Middour's house, located near Waynesboro, was completely destroyed, with almost all its contents, in a fire last Thursday. It is believed that the blaze "originated from a spark from the chimney." The total loss is expected to amount to more than $3,000, though Middour's insurance covers only $800 worth of damage.
(Names in announcement: Jacob Middour)Origin of Article: Village RecordLocal Items--Fire in Carlisle
(Column 3)Summary: In Carlisle, states the article, a "set of daring incendiaries" have torched a number of buildings as of late. The most recent incident occurred last Sunday when a large barn in the eastern section of the town was set ablaze. Had there not been snow on the roof of the barn, it relates, the whole eastern portion of Carlisle would have burned down.Local Items--Missionary Anniversary
(Column 3)Summary: Announces that the annual missionary anniversary of the Methodist Episcopal Church will take place on February 2nd.Local Items
(Column 3)Summary: Col. Robert W. Allen, late Lieutenant Colonel of the 107th Penna Regiment died at his residence in Fannettsburg on Feb. 23rd.Married
(Names in announcement: Col. Robert Allen)
(Column 4)Summary: On Jan. 22nd, John H. Horner, of Newville, Cumberland county, and Mattie A., daughter of P. Stenger, were married by Rev. J. Hassler, assisted by Rev. F. A. Gast.Married
(Names in announcement: John H. Horner, Mattie A. Stenger, P. Stenger, Rev. J. Hassler, Rev. F. A. Gast)
(Column 4)Summary: On Jan. 22nd, D. A. Fohl and Kate Little were married by Rev. L. G. Brown.Married
(Names in announcement: D. A. Fohl, Kate Little, Rev. L. G. Brown)
(Column 4)Summary: On Jan. 22nd, William A. Allen and Rebecca B. Leisher were married by Rev. J. A. Kunkelman.Married
(Names in announcement: William Allen, Rebecca B. Leisher, Rev. J. A. Kunkelman)
(Column 4)Summary: On Jan. 22nd, William H. Baker and Susan Miley were married by Rev. J. A. Kunkelman.Married
(Names in announcement: William H. Baker, Susan Miley, Rev. J. A. Kunkelman)
(Column 4)Summary: On Jan. 24th, John Rhodes and Martha Kuhn were married by Rev. P. S. Davis.Died
(Names in announcement: John Rhodes, Martha Kuhn, Rev. P. S. Davis)
(Column 4)Summary: On Jan. 21st, Mary Duffield, 57, died in Chambersburg.Died
(Names in announcement: Mary Duffield)
(Column 4)Summary: On Jan. 24th, Elizabeth Werner, wife of Francis Werner, died near Marion. She was 50 years old.Died
(Names in announcement: Elizabeth Werner, Francis Werner)
(Column 4)Summary: On Jan. 23rd, Col. Robert McAllen, 41, died at his residence in Fannettsburg.Died
(Names in announcement: Col. Robert McAllen)
(Column 4)Summary: On Jan. 19th, Jacob Garver, of Scotland, Franklin county, died. He was 52 years old.
(Names in announcement: Jacob Garver)
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