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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: June 03, 1868

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Why did Impeachment Fail?
(Column 01)
Summary: This article asserts that impeachment failed because of corruption and personal and petty feuding within the Republican Party.
Full Text of Article:

Impeachment has failed. On Tuesday of last week the closing act of the imposing drama was performed, and the verdict of the Senate clothes the President with unbridled power to accept or nullify the laws at his pleasure. I do not regret that the motion for further delay was defeated. There was fitness in disposing of the case--to delay still longer would have been to belittle and demoralize the whole proceeding. From the day that the eleventh article was lost, impeachment became a running sore on the body politic, and there was but one remedy for it--the prompt dismissal of the case. That the verdict was honestly obtained I do not believe, but however attained, it has all sanction and ceremony of law, and had to be obeyed. To delay with the hope of intimidating or purchasing back those who had been purchased for acquittal was to sacrifice all the moral effect of conviction upon the altar of corruption and plunder, and it was, therefore, wise to dismiss the case and let the responsibility of the verdict abide with those who have violated their records and teachings to make it.

Why did impeachment fail?

The people of the Union will always obey the laws, and bow to the decision of their properly constituted tribunals; but under out theory of government they have reserved to themselves the final adjudication of all questions of political law. If those who are clothed with the power of decision do violence to the convictions of the people, they bow to the verdict until they can constitutionally reverse their own appointed tribunals. Revolution or rebellion is, therefore, without excuse in our government, for their are peaceful remedies for all public wrongs. There is direct accountability to the supreme power from every department of authority, and Senators, as well as Congressmen and Presidents, must answer before the high court of the people, and abide its solemn verdict.

Seven Senators must answer to the nation and to posterity for the unexpected failure of impeachment. The twelve Democratic Senators were expected to sustain the President in all things; but the forty-two Republican Senators had convulsed the country for three years by a struggle against what they, with one accord, pronounced the flagrant usurpations of the President; and only when the laws they had enacted had been openly defied, in the face of their repeated and most solemn records, did the House resort to impeachment as the last hope of government and law. Had Messrs. Fessenden, Trumbull, Grimes, Henderson, Fowler, Rose and Van Winkle then said, or even intimated, that the case against the President did not warrant this expulsion from office, the nation would have been saved a formal approval of the lawlessness of Andrew Johnson. But they had repeatedly declared by their votes, under oath, that he was a usurper; they had declared his reasons for the suspension of Mr. Stanton as insufficient, and finally declared the attempted removal of the same officer was without authority of law. Upon this record, in obedience to this teaching, the President was impeached, and there was not a particle of evidence expected in the case that was not known to every Senator before the trial began. They were wrong either in enacting, re-enacting and maintaining the civil tenure bill, or they were wrong in acquitting the President. Both records were made under an oath equally solemn. Under which oath are they to be charged as perjured? Under which trial did venality or disappointed ambition compass a victory? This question the people will decide--this problem history will solve and preserve in the list of the trials and triumphs of the Republic.

But two of the seven recreant Republican Senators escaped the imputation of venality. I have not heard any one intimate that Senators Fessenden and Grimes were debauched by money. Grimes is rich and honest; but fretful, morose, and disappointed to despair. He clouded his public career by an insane effort to defeat the re-election of his colleague, Mr. Harlan, and failed. In that failure he was not merely defeated--he was overthrown, and he became an easy prey to faction. He hates Harlan and Wade, and his hate is now his strongest passion, stronger even than himself. Bowed by his physical infirmities and stung to madness by disappointments, he was open in his declarations from the beginning that Mr. Wade should not attain the Presidency. He had no love for Johnson, "D--n Johnson" said he to the writer hereof, when the trial was about to close. "I have not spoken to him for two years, and never will. He deserves every punishment the people can inflict upon him, but impeachment is a folly and a farce." He seemed like a comet that had been flung from its sphere and in pitiable mortification and melancholy he wandered about, shunned by his old associates and heartily despising his new friends, until paralysis wrecked him both mentally and physically. He has cast his last vote in the Senate, and goes home, with bitter maledictions against those who trusted and honored him, to die in the fulness of his infamy.

Wm. Pitt Fessenden is the ablest of the Republican Senators, and I believe the oldest in service in the body. He is esteemed a pure and most sensitive gentleman--sensitive to a degree approaching a disease. With this element of his organization, his birth has had much to do. He is the natural son of his father, who is still a prominent citizen of Maine. His mother was an accomplished member of the Greene family of New Hampshire--a sister of the able editor of the Boston Post. Both his parents subsequently married different parties, and the father recognized and raised the son with a family of ten children, all of whom have attained a high measure of usefulness and popular respect in their different spheres. Ever since the organization of the Republican party, Mr. Fessenden has hoped to become President. He was recognized as the Republican leader in the Senate, as its ablest and most honored champion, and why should he not be President? While hope of advancement inspired him, he was ever true, but when Wade was made President of the Senate, he felt most keenly the mark of distrust thereby put upon him. From that hour dates his decline and fall. Too sensitive to confide his mortification to the most trusted friends, he brooded over his crushed hopes until "the last infirmity of noble minds" added another of its many sad triumphs. It is the old story. Like thousands of others, he tried to master fate, and he fell as had all such before him. Where Lucifer had failed, Wm. Pitt Fessenden hoped to triumph, and he is but "one more unfortunate" to mark the desolation of ambitious tread. Trumbull is a compound of cupidity and ambition--an able disputant, a subtle lawyer, an unscrupulous politician, and the victim of inordinate selfishness and greed. Why he fell amidst the plaudits of the whiskey ring, with his ever-burning words against Johnson's usurpations still ringing in the public ear, the public can judge.

Of Henderson, Ross, Fowler and Van Winkle, one brief story tells all. They were all corrupted--some by contracts in the Indian department--more by money. They had their price and they were paid it. Henderson was one of the most earnest in resisting the encroachments of the President, the most bitter accuser he had before the people. Fowler declared, but few months ago, that "if we refuse to depose Andrew Johnson, the blood of the loyal men in the South will rest upon our souls." Van Winkle wrote an opinion in favor of conviction to be filed in case after the testimony had been concluded, and Ross voluntarily assured the Governor of his State, who had given him his place in the Senate, on Friday before the first vote was had, that he would vote to convict. There can be but one explanation of such changes, and the public will adjudge, and history will record, that they imitated Judas in all but the single virtue that made him hang himself. A. K. M.

Democratic Morals and Religion
(Column 02)
Summary: The paper accuses the Democratic Party of buying Johnson's acquittal with bribes, and denounces a recent attack on the Methodist Church. The editors conclude with a plea to defeat the party of the rebellion.
Full Text of Article:

We had occasion in a former issue to say that the Democratic party and a general intelligence were antagonistic to each other, and that the Democracy of Ohio recognized the fact by disfranchising her students. We now assert with due regard for the gravity of the charge, that it is likewise opposed to the christian religion, and true morality. Here are the proofs: During the progress of the impeachment trial, and shortly before the vote was taken, the New York World urged in its columns the importance of buying enough Republican Senators to secure Johnson's acquittal. "If," said the World, "ten millions be needed to buy a verdict of acquittal let it be raised." The humiliating spectacle of debauched Senators when a week later a vote was taken upon the eleventh article, left no doubt that the suggestion had been heeded, that the tempting bride had been offered, that cupidity was stronger than integrity, and love of greed had mastered love of country. The World is the acknowledged leading Democratic journal in the East. It is believed to speak with authority and to reflect truly the feeling and sentiments of the party. Did any Democratic newspapers repudiate this invitation of its leading organ to commit the party to the doctrine of buying fraudulent verdicts, even in the Senate of the United States? Did any, aroused to honest indignation, deny its right to do so? Has there been a Democratic organization of any kind or name to raise its voice in protest against this unparalleled outrage upon a free people? If so we have not heard of it, nor have we seen it, but on the contrary have observed a wonderful acquiescence that even in the corrupt Democracy was unexpected.

But we do not rest here. The LaCrosse Democrat, the most prominent journal of the party in the West, and more widely read than the New York World, scorning the indifferent success of its party journals at sinning, mocks the Deity and shocks mankind with its blasphemy.

The following appeared in this journal a few weeks ago, on the assembling of the Quadrennial Conference of the Methodist Church at Chicago:

"There is now in session in the city of Chicago a nondescript, black-and-tan, rump Radical, politico-religious mob, known as the Quadrennial Conference of the Methodist Church. It is convened nominally in the interests of the Methodist denomination, but really in the interest of the mongrel party, and with an eye to the interest of Grant, who is a candidate of the Methodists. It will remain in session until after the Chicago Convention, and will add its nasal whine to the chorus of damnable discords that will hail the nomination of the azure-backed butcher. It is engineered by the infamous Simpson, Methodist Bishop of Philadelphia, who in collusion with Gen. Howard, the other reverend ruffian of the Freedmen's Bureau, took possession of twelve hundred churches belonging to the Methodist Church South, and turned them over to the niggers and convict preachers of the North.

* * * * * * * * * *

Roost high, oh ye feathered beasts, for the chicken eaters are coming up to that great city.

Guard well your back doors to your gin mills oh ye dispensers of benzine, for the throats that are enveloped in white chokers are oft athirst.

Look well to your four-footed beasts, ye that keep livery stables, for horse flesh hath ever a powerful attraction for the Methodist deacon.

Look well to your wallets, oh ye who travel in the street cars, lest you lose the lovely patches of ragged paper that have symbolized money ever since the time these nice shepherds have furnished the inspiration for the political machine.

Look well to your mustard cups and spoons of shoddy silver, oh ye maidens who doth dispense the juice of the hop, for the bible banger doth delight to labor with the nymphs, who are profanely called beer-jerkers, and the pockets of the brethren are capacious.

Mount a two-barrel gun within range of your clothes line, oh ye who have much raiment, for the colporteurs have a weakness for square tailed shirts and embroidered under clothes.

Place none but tried men on guard to-night, oh ye who set up free lunches for your patrons, for the hymn squawkers do go for all things which are free.

Guard well your watch tower, oh ye publicans of high and low degree, for in beating landlords a Methodist circuit-rider can double discount the 'eldest inhabitants.'

And, oh ye unsuspecting Methodist brethren of Chicago, hearken to our warning, and go mighty slow on your itinerant brethren from the country, for they will renege on the first deal.

Brethren, let us pray.


Comment upon this is unnecessary. It speaks for itself. The sheet is weekly read by hundreds of thousands of persons. Many copies are regularly received and read in this town, where we are free to admit that the Democracy are now no worse than in other places. Nor is the extract above an isolated case. There is not a single number issued by this blasphemer that does not contain articles equally unholy. There is no family relation too sacred for its polluting touch. The very pillars of society, the institution of marriage and the church are made the themes of its lewd, profane and disgusting comments. And yet this is one of the first, if not the first Democratic journal in the land, and gives tone and sentiment to the party. It is not discountenanced by those organs of the party that profess decency. Its claim to authority as a leading and controlling Democratic sheet is not denied, and the conclusion is irresistible that its mockery of God and His holy religion, and its libels upon His servants, the ministers of the gospel, are sanctioned by the high authority of the Democratic party. It is the logical result of the facts we have stated, and of their truthfulness there cannot be a doubt.

To the people of Pennsylvania we present these facts, and ask for them a mature and calm consideration. The Democratic party is making another effort for supremacy and power. To secure them at any sacrifice to the country, no matter how great, has been fully resolved. Shall they have the aid and assistance of christian churches, whom they mock and defame, to put the control of the government in their hands? Shall Young Men's Christian Associations, which they despise, assist and encourage them? Shall the institutions of learning, which they fear, vote to give them a lease of power? Shall the people whom they openly and shamefully seek to prostitute and debauch by the unlawful use of money, tamely allow themselves to be deceived and sold? It may be so that they will, but we have too much faith in their intelligence and integrity to fear such a result. A bloody rebellion lasting four years, the sacrifice of countless treasure and hecatombs of precious lives, are the heritage of this party to the people; but out of all was evolved freedom from the course of human bondage and an acknowledgement of the equal rights of all men under the law. These the people will never deliver into the hands of their old enemies.

[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: The editors gloat that the outcome of the war demolished the Democrat's pet "theory" that Grant was a bungler and Lee was a genius. The paper warns that the Democrats will again try to tarnish Grant's military skill in the upcoming campaign.
Full Text of Article:

The nomination of Gen. Grant for the Presidency must fill the hearts of the Democracy with unalloyed satisfaction, since it enables their allies to fight their battles over again. When the war closed, chiefly as believed, because the rebels had no more armies which had not been throughly thrashed and well nigh annihilated, and no more material from which to organize others, and no more provisions to feed them, nor clothes to put upon their naked bodies, certainly from no willingness of the leaders to concede the point in dispute, their sympathizers in the North could see to their entire satisfaction that Grant was a miserable bungler, a mere empiric in war, whose soldiers were defeated on every occasion, and that Lee was the complete incarnation of Napoleonic strategy and skill and his soldiers perfect centaurs in battle. It was a little difficult to square this theory with the facts, and the obstinate facts were ready to pop in the mind if every man to whom it was addressed, but with that sublime indifference to facts peculiar to great and chivalric souls, these heroes who had snuffed the battle afar off stuck to their theory and left the facts to take care of themselves. It was true Grant captured Fort Donalson, including Buckner and his greasy and animated brigades; Vicksburg with Pemberton and his large army were forced to succumb to his matchless skill and the wonderful bravery of his troops, and when called to the chief command of our armies victory perched on our banners everywhere, and even Lee, the Ajax of the Confederacy, laid down his arms a conquered and captured foe. Briefly stated, that is about the way the thing looks to those who in sympathy or in arms were fighting the rebellion. Now that Grant is a candidate for the Presidency, his successes in the field must necessarily give him vantage ground to his campaign. To prove that these were only apparent, and that Lee, and Johnson, and Beuregard, and Hood, and Early, and such were the real victors, would pluck all the feathers from his cap, and take all the strength of his great name from the cause he has espoused and perhaps secure his defeat.

Let them try their hands at it, and an excellent idea, if we be allowed to suggest, would be to begin with the soldiers.

[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: The paper pays tribute to Edwin M. Stanton who has resigned from the War Department. "Few nations have ever had, our own has never before had, a chief of the War Department who possessed such wonderful fitness for its responsibilities and intricate duties. During the rebellion his great genius in marshaling troops and organizing victory was only equalled by his sublime patriotism and his unyielding integrity."
[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: The paper warns Republicans to be prepared to endure negative campaigning and personal attacks from the Democrats during the upcoming campaign.
Full Text of Article:

No efforts will be spared by the Northern Copperheads--the last and only hope of the conquered traitors and treason--to make this the fiercest and most bitter political campaign that was ever carried on in this country. It had almost become a mutual arrangement among politicians that the private character of our Presidential candidates should be passed over in silence, and their official acts alone be discussed; but as the foes of free government and the friends of slavery have no argument to make, they must appeal to the prejudices of the ignorant. We must expect to have Grant and Colfax abused as men never were before, but the base fabrications of their vile traducers will be harmless and do no injury. Loyal men should be thoroughly organized and be prepared for the bushwhacking warfare of their political foes. We have the power in our hands, and posterity will hold us accountable for the proper use of it.

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The 30th of May
(Column 01)
Summary: The paper prints an account of Memorial Day observances in Chambersburg.
(Names in announcement: Lt. Josiah W. Fletcher, Sgt. John A. Seiders, Col. F. S. Stumbaugh, Col. J. G. Elder, Capt. John Doebler, Sgt. H. Strickler, Sgt. David Hyssong, Col. Peter B. Housom, Capt. William Stouffer, Rev. William H. Maxwell, Jacob Lortz, Thomas J. Richter, D. Augustus Houser, Lt. William L. Martin, Robert S. Martin, Jacob Householder, James U. Palmer, Jacob B. Shaffer, William H. Seiders, T. J. C. M'Grath, William B. Leisher, Andrew M'Kean , William M'Kean, Benjamin F. Suter, James M. M'Geehen, John Liggett, Charles W. Kline, Dewitt C. Piper, John Caseman, David W. Hummelsine, Jacob H. Butler, John K. Simmers, George Nolan, Thomas M. Dunkinson, Capt. Samuel R. M'Kesson, George S. Shinefield, James S. Shuman, William E. Shuman, John N. Heckerman, Lt. Thomas L. Fletcher, John S. Oaks, Emanuel Dietrich, Martin Huber, Casper Hug, Robert Cunningham, C. Allen, Calvin Johnston, S. H. Ellis, Henry M'Cloud, Dr. John R. Clippinger, Hugh Brotherton, Samuel Armbuster, Jeremiah Burfort, Carr, George W. Crivinger, Jeremiah Dakens, Charles A. Frank, George W. Gale, Andrew Hoffman, Christian Helfrich, William M. James , Jonas Nixon, Peter Obhoff, George W. Robertson, Adam Weir, C. H. Wellington, Dr. Stewart Kennedy, George W. Wallace, Samuel D. C. Reed, Patrick Curran, Joseph Yeager, Thomas Curran, Henry M. Fennel, Charles E. Rapp, Jacob M'Gowan, Lt. J. Wesley Jones, Lt. Robert Earley, Lt. Matthew Gillan, R. Bard Fisher)
Full Text of Article:

Gen. Logan's order, requesting the decorating of the "passionless mounds" of our dead heroes was complied with by all good citizens of Chambersburg. On Thursday evening, previous, a meeting of our war worn veterans was held in the Register's office, at which Leiut. Josiah W. Fletcher, Deputy-Sheriff, presided and Sergt. John A. Seiders acted as Secretary. A committee of arrangements was appointed, who were authorized to transact all business, as well as solicit boquets and floral wreaths from our patriotic ladies. The following circular was issued:

Chambersburg, May 28, 1868.

To the Ladies of Chambersburg:--At a meeting of the Soldiers of the Borough of Chambersburg, held at the Court House, on Wednesday evening, May 27, to make arrangements for decorating the graves of our fallen comrades with flowers, the Ladies were invited to furnish Boquets, Wreaths, &c., for that purpose. Feeling that their co-operation is necessary to make it a success, they are earnestly invited to give it their attention.

The ceremonies will take place on Saturday morning, May 30, at 7 o'clock.

All contributions should be sent to Repository Hall, on Friday evening, between the hours of 6 and 8 P.M.
John A. Seiders, Secretary.

Prompted by the same spirit that sustained the army of the Union whilst struggling for liberty and a free government, with an increased love for our dear old "Stars and Stripes," and many a hallowed recollection of those who offered up their lives for their country, our ladies heartily responded to the request of the surviving soldiers. Repository Hall was opened on Friday evening, and the contributions were generous, and continued until a late hour of the night. One little girl remarked "here is a boquet for brother's grave." Another one, "father, who was a soldier, always told me to love my country, and I'm still going to do it." A little boy of twelve years said, just wait till I become a man, and I'll fight for Liberty, too." Many interesting incidents occurred that we have not the space to relate. The Executive Committee visited the Cemetery and different grave yards on Friday, and placed small flags over the grave of each soldier.

On Saturday a large crowd of our most respectable citizens assembled in front of the Court House. Our business houses were not opened until ten o'clock. At eight, A.M., the soldiers were formed in line, and in the rear of them "home guards" and citizens. Without regard to party or politics, all were assembled. This was one of the most pleasing features of the day. It showed that all, equally well, loved the memories of those who had stood between them and danger, who had offered their lives upon the altar of their country, as a sacrifice for Humanity and Freedom, who had died in defence of the principles of our fathers. Everybody rejoiced that the arrangements had been so successful, for it established the fact, that not only that day but on other days to come, when many a soldier who was present would be lying with his departed comrades, the 30th of May would still be observed, and the graves of the conquerors in the war against treason, would still receive that homage due them. This day will go down to posterity, and will be classed with the 4th of July, 22d of February, and other patriotic occasions that are now in existence, and may hereafter be created. The procession marched to the Cemetery under the command of Col. F. S. Stumbaugh who had as aids Col. J. G. Elder, Capt. John Doebler, Segt. H. Strickler and Sergt. David Hyssong. The pavements were covered with out patriotic citizens, and the number that accompanied the soldiers, in addition to those who had previously gone to the Cemetery, must have numbered several thousand. On the arrival at the Cemetery, one soldier was placed at each grave. A prayer was offered to the God of battles, who had given us the victory; whilst a dirge was played by the band, the boquets and flowers were strewn over the mounds of our heroes. Col. F. S. Stumbaugh, repeated the soldiers vow, and was joined by the vast multitude in the solemn utterance. "In this solemn presence, I renew my pledge, to aid and assist those whom that, (pointing to Col. Peter B. Housum's grave), and the other heroic dead left among us, a sacred charge upon a Nation gratitude, the widows and orphans. A blessing was then pronounced and the vast multitude departed for the Presbyterian grave yard. The following soldiers are buried in


Col. Peter B. Housum, 77th Reg. Penna. Vols.
Capt. William Stouffer, Co. C, 92d Reg. Ill. Vols.
Rev. Wm. H. Maxwell, Chaplain
Jacob Lortz, Co. A, 77th Reg. Penna. Vols.
Thomas J. Richter, 100th Reg. Penna. Vols.
D. Augustus Houser, Co. A, 126th Penna. Vols.
Lieut. Wm. L. Martin, 55th Reg. Penna. Vols.
Robert S. Martin, 111th Reg. Penna. Vols.
Jacob Householder, 210th Penna. Vols.
James U. Palmer, Co. L, 21st Penna. Cav.
Jacob B. Shaffer, Co. A, 126th Penna. Vols.
William H. Seiders, Co. D, 11th Penna. Cav.
T. J. C. M'Grath, Co. A, 126th Penna. Vols.
William B. Leisher, Co. D, 210th Reg. Penna. Vols.
Andrew M'Kean, Co. D, 21st Penna. Cav.
William M'Kean, 2d Penna. Art.
Benjamin F. Suter, Co. D, 210th Reg. Penna. Vols.
James M'Geehen, Co. K, 107th Reg. Penna Vols.
John Liggett, Co. K, 107th Penna. Vols.
Charles W. Kline, Co. K, 107th Penna. Vols.
Dewitt C. Piper, 18th Reg. U.S. Infantry
John Caseman, Co. K, 107th Reg. Penna. Vols.
David W. Hummelslue, Co. D, 11th Penna. Cav.
Jacob H. Butler, Co. D, 11th Penna. Cav.
John K. Simmers, Co. D, 210th Reg. Penna. Vols.
George Nolan, 2d Penna. Art.
Thomas M. Dunkinson, Co. K, 107th Reg. Penna. Vols.
Capt. Samuel R. M'Kesson, Co. A, 77th Penna. Vols.
George S. Shinefield, Co. D, 126th Reg. Penna. Vols.
James S. Shuman, Co. D, 11th Penna. Cav.
William E. Shuman, Co. K, 107th Reg. Penna. Vols.
John N. Heckerman, 13th Penna. Cav.
Lieut. Thos. L. Fletcher, Co. K, 12th Penna. Reserves
John S. Oaks, Co. A, 126th Reg. Penna. Vols.
Emanuel Dietrich, Co. H, 213th Reg. Penna. Vols.
Martin Huber, Co. C, 149th Reg. Penna. Vols.
Casper Hug, Co. E, 21st Penna. Cav.
Robert Cunningham, Penna. Reserves
C. Allen, 1st Michigan Cav.
Calvin Johnston
S. H. Ellis, Co. H, 137th Reg. Penna. Vols.
Henry M'Cloud, New York Vols.
Dr. John R. Clippinger, Co. D, 126th Penna. Vols.
Hugh Brotherton, Co. D, 11th Penna. Cav.
Samuel Armbuster, Penna. Infantry.
Jeremiah Bufort, 14th Penna. Cav.
-- Carr, 30th Reg. Penna. Vols.
George W. Crivinger, Penna. Vols.
Jeremiah Dakens, 10th Reg. Penna. Infantry
Charles A. Frank
George W. Gale
Andrew Hoffman, 20th Penna. Cav.
Christian Helfrich, 5th U. S. Artillery
William W. James
Jonas Nixon
Peter Obhoff, 1st New York Cav.
George W. Robertson
Adam Weir
C. H. Wellington

The same services were held in the various Grave Yards, as at the Cemetery. We give below the names of the soldiers interred in grounds attached to the Churches.


Dr. Stewart Kennedy, Surgeon U. S. Navy
George W. Wallace, Anderson Body Guard
Samuel D. C. Reed, Co. A, 126th Reg. Penna. Vols.


Patrick Curran, Co. H, 69th New York Vols.
Joseph Yeager, Independent Penna. Battery
Thos. Curran, Co. H, 69th New York Vols


Henry M. Fennel, Co. M, 21st Penna. Cav.


Chas. E. Rapp, Co. C, 2d Penna. Artillery
Jacob M'Gowan, Co. A, 126th Reg. Penna. Vols.
Lieut. J. Wesley Jones, 58th Penna. Infantry


Lieut. Robert Earley, Quarter Master Indiana Vols.
Lieut. Matthew Gillan, 2d Penna. Infantry
R. Bard Fisher, Co. A, 126th Penna. Vols.

After the services in the German Reformed Cemetery, the procession marched to the Court House pavement, where they were dismissed by Col. F. S. Stumbaugh.

[No Title]
(Column 01)
Summary: Mr. Shoemaker will soon be opening the Chambersburg Academy in his position as principal. The paper endorses the school and the teacher.
(Names in announcement: Shoemaker)
DeMott and Ward's United Menagerie and Circus
(Column 02)
Summary: DeMott and Ward's circus will perform in Chambersburg on June 12th. They are famous for their equestrian acts and wide variety of animals.
An Act of True Heroism
(Column 02)
Summary: Account of the heroism of a Franklin County native at the battle of Fredericksburg.
Full Text of Article:

Major Henry T. Lee, of the 4th New York Artillery, in an address commemorative of the services of the alumni and former students of Lafayette College, in the war for the Union, relates the following interesting account of the noble and truly christian conduct of one of Franklin county's sons:

"At the battle of Fredericksburg, the fortunes of the day left a large number of wounded men belonging to the Pennsylvania Reserves between the contending lines of skirmishers. They lay there, poor fellows, from the afternoon of Saturday, and all through the long December night their agonizing cries were heard as in hunger and thirst and cold, in darkness and alone they bled their lives away. All attempts to aid them seemed unavailing, for the rebel skirmishers remorselessly picked off all who went to their aid.

"On Monday night, strict orders were issued against the lighting of fires along the line, and the officer detailed to enforce obedience, as he rode along, came upon a fire kindled in the rear of the line, in a little hollow hidden by trees, and there he found a chaplain with his contraband servant, playing the good Samaritan to a group of poor wounded men, whom they had dragged from between the contending skirmish lines at the imminent risk of their lives. This practical application of gospel principles the men most thoroughly appreciated, and the result was that on the return of the division to camp, they built a huge log church for their plucky Chaplain, who had stuck to them through the brunt of the fight, and had perilled his life for them; and, what was better, every man in the regiment made it a point of honor to attend service once on Sunday. As the officers told me, no one in the regiment had more influence with the men than their Chaplain, for they honored and loved him as a man, as well as respected him as their superior officer.

"That man was John M. Pomeroy, Chaplain of the 3d Pennsylvania Reserves, and after its disbanding, by a unanimous call, Chaplain also of the 198th Pennsylvania, recruited by the officers of his first charge."

Hon. Thomas Pomeroy, of Roxbury, is the father of this patriotic minister, who now has a charge in Chester county, Pa.

[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: Account of Memorial Day observances in Shippensburg.
(Names in announcement: Capt. Alex Stewart, Capt. William Baughman, Capt. A. C. Landis, Lt. John Snow, Richard Moore, Samuel Golden, William Culp, George Breniser, George McLean, Henry Miller, Joseph Matthews, Lt. William Harper, Capt. David Harper, Joseph Gambel, William Grabill, Capt. Samuel Speese, W. S. Severs, Abner Trone, George Koser, George Frey, Jacob Coover, William Duncan, Nicholas Lenhar, David Shugars, Lt. Samuel Patchel, William Mortner)
Full Text of Article:

The 30th of May was observed in our neighboring town of Shippensburg. There was a large procession, under the charge of Capt. Alex Stewart, who had as aids Capt. Wm. Baughman, Capt. A. C. Landis, and Lieut. John Snow. We have been furnished with a list of the deceased soldiers buried in that vicinity, which we give below:

Richard Moore, Co. K, 201st Regt. Penna. Vols.
Samuel Golden
Wm. Culp, 7th Penna. Reserves
Geo. Breniser, Co. D, 130th Regt. Penna. Vols.
Geo. McLean, Co. D, 130th Regt. Penna. Vols.
Henry Miller, Co. D, 130th Regt. Penna. Vols.
Jos. Matthews, Co. D, 130th Regt. Penna. Vols.
Lieut. Wm. Harper, 7th Penna. Reserves
Capt. David Harper, 4th Iowa
Jos. Gambel, Co. H, 3d Penna. Cav.
William Grabill, Co. D, 130th Regt. Penna. Vols.
Capt. Samuel Speese, 13th Penna. Cav.
Capt. Samuel Speese, Jr., 21st Penna. Cav.
W. S. Severs, Co. F, 17th Penna. Cav.
Abner Trone, Co. H, 3d Penna. Cav.
Geo. Koser, Co. B, 107th Regt. Penna. Vols.
Geo. Frey, Co. B, 107th Regt. Penna. Vols.
Jacob Coover, Co. D, 130th Regt. Penna. Vols.
Wm. Duncan, 13th Penna. Cav.
Nicholas Lenhar, Co. D, 130th Regt. Penna. Vols.
David Shugars, Co. D, 107th Regt. Penna. Vols.
Lieut. Samuel Patchel, Co. D, 130th Penna. Vols.
Wm. Mortner, 71st Regt. Penna. Vols.

[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: Account of Memorial Day observances in Greencastle.
(Names in announcement: Col. D. Watson Rowe, B. F. Winger, George H. Miller, Lt. J. G. Rowe, Sgt. Frank Wunderlich, Sgt. John R. Allison, Cpl. Isaiah Illginfritz, Cpl. George L. Benner, Capt. W. H. Davison)
Full Text of Article:

The ceremony of decorating the graves of the Union Soldiers of Greencastle, who fell in defence of their country, was duly observed on the afternoon of the 30th ult. Business places were generally closed. There was a large turn out of soldiers. The procession was formed in Centre Square, where the boquets were distributed by the patriot ladies of that town; after which the procession, composed of soldiers and citizens, moved of to the different burying places, proceeded by the Antrim Silver Cornet Band. Appropriate eulogies were delivered by Cols. D. Watson Rowe and B. F. Winger. The church bells were tolled during the exercises, and altogether the scene was solemn and imposing. Capt. George H. Miller acted as marshal, and had as aids Lieut. J. G. Rowe, Sergt. Frank Wunderlich, Sergt. John R. Allison, Corporal Isaiah Illginfritz and Corporal Geo. L. Benner. Capt. W. H. Davison was master of ceremonies.

Sad Death
(Column 03)
Summary: Edward Speck, son of Frederick Speck, died at Mt. Hope on May 22nd from the effects of lock jaw contracted from a wound received from a cog wheel in his father's mill. The best efforts of Drs. Burkholder, Frantz, and Snively could not save him. He was 17 years old.
(Names in announcement: Edward Speck, Frederick Speck, Dr. Burkholder, Dr. Frantz, Dr. Snively)
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: The soldiers of Chambersburg issue resolutions of thanks in honor of the various groups that participated in Memorial Day observances.
Full Text of Article:

At a meeting of the soldiers of the borough of Chambersburg and vicinity, held on the 30th of May last, for the purpose of decorating the graves of their lost comrades, who fell in the late war in defence of their country, the following resolutions were passed by unanimous vote:

Resolved, That we tender our thanks to the clergy for their presence and services at the decoration.

Resolved, That we tender out thanks to the members of the Silver Cornet Band for their kindness in furnishing us with their excellent music during the exercises.

Resolved, That we tender our thanks to the ladies for furnishing us with flowers, and for the interest they manifested in the cause of doing honor to our fallen comrades.

Resolved, That we tender our thanks to Messrs. Cook & Hays, for the use of the Repository Hall.

Resolved, That we tender our thanks to the editors of the REPOSITORY and Valley Spirit, for their kindness in helping us to do honor to our sacred dead, through their respective journals.

Resolved, That we tender our thanks to the citizens in general, for the interest they manifested in the holy work, and for a due observance of the day.

Two Hours with the Poets
(Column 03)
Summary: Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Tannehill, the two well-known poets from the Cumberland Valley, will give a performance in Repository Hall on June 5th consisting of dramatic readings, recitations, songs, and dances. They have not appeared in Chambersburg for some time, and all citizens are encouraged to attend.
I. O. G. T.
(Column 03)
Summary: William Noble installed a number of officers at Fannettsburg Lodge No. 226, I. O. G. T. The paper reports that the lodge is in a "flourishing condition," and boasts 81 members.
(Names in announcement: William Noble, J. McWilhelm, J. Campbell Miller, Espy S. Miller, Henry X. Kuhn, Emma V. Kell, John W. Montgomery, John F. Heeter, Rebecca E. Kegerreis, Maggie L. Swank, Cynthia A. Reeder, John M. Miller)
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: The congregation of Rev. William A. West's Spring Run Presbyterian Church, including many of the ladies, decorated the graves of the soldiers buried in their church yard on the 30th. "The monument erected by this church, to the memory of her sons who had fallen fighting for their God, their Country, and Humanity, was decked and covered with boquets and floral wreaths."
(Names in announcement: Rev. William A. West)
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: An African American man named Nip Scott was recently arrested for drunkenness and "corner lounging." The paper pleads that "no distinction of race or color should be made in this matter. There are a number of white persons who crowd up our pavements, not only on Saturday, but on all other evenings and often prevent ladies from promenading. Let the borough ordinances be enforced by our police and our streets cleared of loungers."
(Names in announcement: Nip Scott)
Strawberry and Floral Festival
(Column 04)
Summary: The ladies of Chambersburg will meet in the Lutheran Lecture Room on Thursday to make plans to hold a Strawberry and Floral Festival to raise money to erect a Soldiers' Monument.
[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: A Union meeting for the benefit of the Young Men's Christian Association will be held in the Lutheran Church on Sunday.
[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: The citizens of Waynesboro have plans to raise a cavalry company.
(Column 04)
Summary: Thomas B. Wigfall of Philadelphia and Mary A. Chambers of Chambersburg were married in Chambersburg's Presbyterian Church on June 2nd by the Rev. Philip Mowery.
(Names in announcement: Thomas B. Wigfall, Mary A. Chambers, Rev. Philip Mowery)
(Column 04)
Summary: D. D. Fikes of Orrstown and Miss Carrie F. Robinson, daughter of C. H. Robinson of West Virginia, were married in Martinsburg, West Virginia, on May 21st by the Rev. E. S. Lacy.
(Names in announcement: D. D. Fikes, Carrie F. Robinson, C. H. Robinson, Rev. E. S. Lacy)
(Column 04)
Summary: James Ferguson and Miss Maria Elder, daughter of William Elder, both of Dry Run, were married on May 20th by the Rev. William A. West.
(Names in announcement: James Ferguson, Maria Elder, William Elder, Rev. William A. West)
(Column 04)
Summary: Benjamin Kyle and Miss Louisa Dinning, both of Chambersburg, were married at the U. B. Parsonage on May 14th by the Rev. H. Y. Hummelbaugh.
(Names in announcement: Benjamin Kyle, Louisa Dinning, Rev. H. Y. Hummelbaugh)
(Column 04)
Summary: Charles H. Danforth of Vermont and Miss Ellie M. Greenawalt of Chambersburg were married in Chambersburg at the residence of the bride's mother on April 19th by the Rev. G. Roth.
(Names in announcement: Charles H. Danforth, Ellie M. Greenawalt, Rev. G. Roth)
(Column 04)
Summary: G. Herring and Miss K. Wilson, both of Chambersburg, were married on May 7th by the Rev. G. Roth.
(Names in announcement: G. Herring, K. Wilson, Rev. G. Roth)
(Column 04)
Summary: Philip Yost and Miss Anna Burket, both of Chambersburg, were married on May 18th by the Rev. G. Roth.
(Names in announcement: Philip Yost, Anna Burket, Rev. G. Roth)
(Column 04)
Summary: Miss Hetty S. Flickinger died at Fannettsburg on May 22nd. She was 51 years old.
(Names in announcement: Hetty S. Flickinger)

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