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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: July 01, 1868

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-Page 01-

Wearing of the Blue
(Column 06)
Summary: A poem lauding Union soldiers, denouncing rebels, and endorsing Grant.
Full Text of Article:

Hurrah! for Appomattox! Hurrah for General Grant!
With him we whipped the rebels, and a song for him we chant.
We'll rally round his battle-flag, the flag of Union true,
And drive the Rebel Gray again before the Loyal Blue;
O! he knows the Boys in Blue! Yes! he knows the Boys in Blue.
And with ballots as with bullets he will find them ever true;
And the Graybacks as the Copperheads will learn the truth anew,
That our Yankee lads will never forget the wearing of the Blue.

They may weep for Stonewall Jackson, and Lee they still may vaunt.
While we shout for Appomattox, and vote for General Grant:
They may sympathize with Davis, and uphold his beaten crew,
But no Rebel Gray shall ever stay the loyal Boys in Blue.
And they'll never flinch, or give an inch, while work they have to do;
So, bring on your Rebel Gray again, and give us but a view,
And we'll show you that we don't forget the wearing of the Blue.

Grant for President
(Column 06)
Summary: A poem that urges all Union soldiers to support Grant in the name of their dead comrades and the cause of the Union.
Full Text of Article:

By the radiant stars above us,
Where the spirits live that love us,
By the green graves at our feet,
By the shout and song and chorus,
By the battle banner o'er us,
We pledge the traitors sure defeat.

By the red-stained soil we tred on,
By the sacred soil we bled on
By the blood we freely shed,
By the valor of our brothers,
By the love we bear our mothers,
We follow where our fathers led.

By the dear ones at our alters,
By the faith that never falters,
By the hopes beyond the sky,
By the heaven that's bending o'er us,
By the martyrs gone before us,

By the battles, long and gory,
By the victory and glory
Which our hero brothers won,
By the souls that we inherit,
We will win and wear with merit
Mantles dropped at Lexington.

By the truth of song and sermon,
By the march we made with Sherman
By the bullets Siegel sent,
By the fight and route and rally
Of Sheridan along the Valley,

SO, boys! a final bumper,
While we all in chorus chant--
For next President we nominate
Our own Ulysses Grant!"
And if asked what State he hails from,
This our sole reply shall be,
"From near Appomattox Court House,
With its famous apple tree!"
For 'twas there with our Ulysses
That Lee gave up the fight--
Now boys, "To Grant for President
And God defend the right!"

Eloquent Extract
(Column 06)
Summary: Veteran Lemuel Todd addresses the Pennsylvania Reserve Association and explains why the recent war was worth all the death and destruction. Above all, the nation eliminated divisive issues like slavery and secession and could now turn its attention to producing wealth and prosperity for the entire country. Todd ends with a poem.
Full Text of Article:

The following eloquent extract is from the oration declared by Gen. Lemuel Todd, before the Pennsylvania Reserve Association, which met recently in Pittsburg. It is well worth a perusal:

If one were to inquire what good results the country has gathered from three years of war and expenditure of treasure and life, the answer is easy and satisfactory. Questions, vital to the existence and stability of the Government, have been definitely and permanently settled, and principles and institutions have been eliminated from our system, which were constant sources of irritation and discord, hindrance to national homogeneity, and a humiliating reproach to our professed Republicanism. The problem of the durability and self-sustaining power of free, popular government has been solved, and the truth demonstrated that they are stronger, more flexible, and vital than any other, and better adapted to meet and overcome internal troubles and convulsions. At the same time our national strength and resources have been so wonderously developed as to amaze the world by their magnitude, and create in the nations a profound respect for our power and genius, and a wholesome dread of our hostility. Serious and economical barriers, which, before separated and alienated one section of the country from the other, and engendered rival animosities, fierce and turbulent in their manifestations, have been swept away by the flood of progress, and no longer hinder free and unrestrained intercommunication. Sectional pride and local prejudices are irretrievably broken and displaced by a national, cosmopolitan spirit, that joyfully secures and carries, throughout the entire area of our country, whatever tends to consolidate national unity, diversify and distribute industrial pursuits, promote harmony, and blend into happy and fraternal life the citizens of our now regenerated land. There is no longer a North and a South in the old bitter signification of the words. Emigration and capital are pouring vitalizing currents of trade and activity into long neglected channels of enterprise, fusing and regenerating populations, whose voices will soon blend in harmony with other voices, all over our expanded territory, as they shout aloud a glad recognition of the sublime axiom, "All men are created equal, and are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, among which are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." The people, having but one object of national effection, will irresistably consolidate into harmonious thought and action and find under the gorgeous ensigns of the Republic,' whatever is 'of vital and most essential importance to public happiness.' Then man will find perfect freedom and full opportunity for self development, and unlimited exercise for the employment, of his noblest powers and faculties, in the pursuit and acquisition of knowledge, virtue and happiness. Here, the principle of freedom will permanently abide and continue to grow in strength and beauty, until the whole earth is ravished with the sight of its loveliness, until all people are imbued with its spirit, and indoctrinated with its teachings, and wooed into the adoption of Republican institutions.

Under its new and more vigorous life, our country will start on a renewed career of usefulness and greatness, and furnish a boundless field for the expansion and regeneration of all true social economical and governmental problems.

Here all labor will be honored, softened and ameliorated. Inventive genius will conquer matter and harness its lines to the chariot of industry and enterprise, and by subtle and sagacious contrivances exercise the spirit of the primeval curse. Agriculture will revel in the richest and most varied products. Manufactures will make all our hills and valleys musical with the voices of happy and contented work, and commerce will crowd in our ports and inland rivers and lakes with richer cargoes than the far famed argosies of Venice ever brought home to its merchant princes. Here all arts, all sciences, all literature, and all culture will combine their manifold agencies in their widest scope and power to make this, our country, the Canaan of the human race, and to introduce into it the reign of millennial perfection. Land of our birth and love, who is able to conceive of the vastness of thy future greatness and glory, or even faintly to picture the boundless results that must flow from thy example and influence!

Oh, fair young mother,
There's freedom at thy gates, and rest
For earth's down-trodden and oppressed;
Power at thy bounds
Stops, and calls back his baffled hounds.
On thy brow
Shall sit a nobler grace than now,
Thine eye with every coming hour
Shall brighten, and thy form shall tower
Deepen the brightness of thy skies,
The thronging years of glory rise,
And as they fleet
Drop strength and riches at thy feet.

Grant and the Jews
(Column 08)
Summary: Letter asserting that the majority of Jewish voters will support Grant and the Republican Party, despite the controversy during the war in which he expelled Jewish citizens from his lines.

-Page 02-

The New York Convention
(Column 01)
Summary: The paper prints a report on the upcoming Democratic National Convention. The author asserts that the Democrats will not self-destruct this time. They have placed the desire for success above all other criteria.
The Great Gathering
(Column 02)
Summary: The paper criticizes the upcoming Democratic convention. The editors highlight divisions within the party, denounce them for including ex-Confederates, and condemn their policies that promote a "white man's government." The paper asserts that the disloyal and foreign-born residents of New York are the perfect hosts for the Democrats.
Full Text of Article:

On Saturday next, a day both memorable and sacred throughout the United States, there will be gathered together in the City of New York, an immense concourse, whose lives, characters, acts, and declarations, and whose time of meeting will present the most contradictory episode in the history of the country. It will be made up of representatives from the North and the South, the East and the West, who will assemble together to nominate a candidate to represent the disloyal party in the coming election. Representing as many diverse interests as there are points of the compass, they have yet one and but one bond of union, the success of the Democratic party, and through success secure the spoils after which they have for years yearned more than ever did the Israelites after the fleshpots of Egypt.

If all their diverse interests and wishes are malleable enough to be wrought into an engine that can be wielded for this end alone, they may succeed in nominating some one as the candidate of this mongrel party for the Presidency. But if they break in pieces in the process of manipulating, they may, as in 1860, find themselves with several parties and several candidates on their hands. If the white man's government of one section, and the negro-voting interest of another, the repudiators of one, and the bondholders of another; the original war party of one, and the peace party of another, can be melted together and moulded into a non-descript beast which they would entitle Availability, they may present something and ask the people to vote for it against Gen. Grant; but whether it be fish, flesh or fowl, a greater than Agassiz could not tell.

There is a fitness in the selection of New York as the place for the cooking up of this little job that should not be overlooked. Though the most populous city in the United States, it is the least American in its population and sentiments, and has a larger proportion of its residents made up of foreigners than any other. It has a larger relative disloyal vote today, not even excluding the cities of the South, than any other city in the Union, and did more to aid and encourage the Rebellion. Beside this, on the 4th of July, 1863, there was a convention in New York similar to that which will meet there on Saturday next. It took possession of streets and rum holes just as this one will do, and in every respect was as purely Democratic and as thoroughly loyal. If a nomination had been made on that occasion by that murdering mob, they would with one accord have pronounced Jef Davis the "purest and most incorruptable patriot," and the fitting representative of the Democratic party for the Presidency, as we have no doubt that the coming one would if there was the slightest hope of his election.

As the first National Democratic Convention since the "recent unpleasantness," it has the distinguished honor of receiving and entertaining delegates from the Sunny South. Some of the refined and intelligent gentlemen--we remember them well--who started to go to New York by way of the Cumberland Valley in 1863, to attend the meeting of their friends on that occasion, and to replenish their wardrobes, which had got a little low, will be of the number. They met with a trifling obstacle at Gettysburg then, which impeded their progress so much that they concluded to return without accomplishing the object of their visit. That has since been removed, and as Chatham street is well stocked with cheap clothing, which doubtless suit their meagre purses better than costly ones, they will certainly attend. They will of course ask that the Democratic party re-affirm the doctrine for which they fought and failed to win, namely: that this is a white man's government, and that negroes have no rights which white men are bound to respect. But if this plank is to be shifted from the platform, and one inserted upon which Chase can be mounted, perhaps the seductive eloquence of Fernando Wood and Gov. Seymour can prevail on them to allow the negro to vote, with this trifling modification of his views, that he vote with the party who enslaved him and inaugurated a rebellion to retain him in a state of slavery. Some of them, we fear, may be unwilling even under the circumstances, to yield the point. For example, it would be asking very much of the rebel General Forrest, one of the honorable delegates, whose early education consisted chiefly in shooting at "niggers," to forgo his favorite amusement, as he must do if it should so happen that every time he "pulls" on a son of Ham he wipes out a Democratic voter. Forrest made the crack shots of his life at Port Hudson, and will represent his division of the Confederate army in the Convention, and will it be so cruel as to interfere with his and their harmless sport? Put a Democratic ballot in the hands of a "nigger," and it makes him altogether too valuable to be used as a mark for Southern shooting-matches, and thereby discourages one of the most manly and chivalrous games of the "Sunny South."

Doubtless the most melting scene will be the meeting of conservative soldiers with their Southern brethren, those unhappy commissioned officers who during the whole war never failed to draw their pay and rations with the most commendable punctuality, and only after there were no more greenbacks and rations to draw, awoke to the troublesome consciousness that they had been oppressing their brothers. They are "not," as the World says, "the prosperous sutlers and schemers of the National army, but the battle scarred, war worn veterans of the East and West." Not the men of doubtful military fame like Sherman, Thomas, Sheridan, Schofield, Howard, Meade, Canby, Hooker, Burnside, Logan, Palmer, Cox, Geary, Terry, Ord, Rawlings, Wilson, Fairchild, and Sickles; these are friends of Grant; but such well known officers whose fame fills the whole land, as Donahue, M'Quade, Maulsby, Packhurst, Gorman, Bragg, Lawrence, Zatick, Allback, Dickey and M'Farland. These war-scarred veterans will join hands with those of the South, and, with melting hearts and weeping eyes, again deluge the Constitution, so often soaked with Democratic briny, while they confess their sins and entreat the forgiveness of the Democratic Church. And well they might; for if they fought at all in the Union Armies, which in case of some is very doubtful, they fought against those who were striving for the supremacy of Democratic doctrines.

[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: The paper congratulates Congress for finishing its work in readmitting most of the southern states with new constitutions. The editors blame the Democrats and President Johnson for delaying readmission, linking them with the former slave power. They assert that the South is now ready to join the North on an equal footing.
Full Text of Article:

The beginning of the end has come. Arkansas is a State in full fellowship, and ere our readers view these lines, the "omnibus bill," passed over Johnson's head, contemptuously, will have reinstated both Carolinas, Georgia, Florida, Alabama and Louisiana. Virginia, Mississippi and Texas, alone, will remain to be dealt with. The absurdity of Locofoco blather about the suspension of these States from right and privilege is strikingly made manifest by the recent course taken by the factious minority in Congress who call themselves Democrats, and by the miserable partisan who occupies, without filling, the presidential chair. For two years they have been alleging in every paper they control, and have been bellowing with leathern lungs on the hustings, that the Radical party was bent on subjecting the late rebel Slave States to tyranny. The falsity of such assertions is now plain. Against Democratic votes these States have been admitted. By admission, the Congress ends this chapter of our history, and given to its own labors the unity of completion. It is now apparent that not out of hate or malice--in no party spirit--have these States been compelled to purge themselves of treason and injustice. The interests of mankind are too high and sacred, as they depend upon the well being of this republic, to permit even the risk of jeopardy by a willing alliance for the second time with the slave code and secession. Who that has marked the influence of institutions upon thought in this world of ruts and grooves--of teaching upon a people more at the mercy of self-constituted leaders than any other under the sun--can doubt, for a moment, that if the rebel States had been restored, as Johnson desired, in 1865, with their iniquitous constitutions and with their old-time party leaders, that the era of dissension would now be only fairly beginning instead of closing? The latter state of the republic would to-day be worse than the first, for more than seven devils would tear and vex us. This danger the Democratic party was, as it is still, willing to incur--these evils they would hail with cheerfulness, if they were only accompanied by their return to power. Tis true they would promise peace, but it must be the peace of re-action, of stagnation, of civil death; for, the evils, as we deem them, they call good; the dangers, they esteem safety; and for equality substituting caste; for uniformity of productions and identity of interests, conserving diversity; for the aggressive spirit of freedom, enforcing the quietude of unreasoning, unmurmuring obedience to dictation they would attain, at last, through the medium of their supremacy to the dead level of changeless, unending conformity to an idea. And what an idea! Remembering Democratic love for slavery, these forty years and more; the countenance, for its sake, which the party gave to traitors when plotting their treason; the diligence they showed, in laboring to prevent the nation from offering resistance at the outset; the insane eagerness with which the party hoped for the success of treason and the overthrow of the Union, by means of, and during the time of, the war; the infatuation with which they clung to the remains of what the war had left to survive the frame work of slave institutions, and their mad appeals to the people to preserve and restore them after the old model; it would be folly to doubt that their cherished design, fostered into morbidity by disappointment, was, as it still is, to reconstruct as the Chinese copy, with literal exactness, and to make the new a counterfeit of the old.

From Democratic rule and its senseless rhapsodies, the necks and the minds of the people are wholly freed. The war was a rude, but an effectual emancipation; the discipline of the years since the war has printed the lessons of the time indelibly on the popular mind. As for success in the field, the people may thank themselves because they fought the battles and won them, so for the mastery of the war's lessons, they may thank themselves in the persons of their Congress, whose firmness has outlasted the stubbornness of Johnson and borne down the phrensy of Democratic zeal and despair. The Congress has saved us from the impracticable attempt to go back to ten years ago, has delivered us from the conflict which the restiveness of free ideas would have brought about had we gone back, or from the peace, which, under such rule, could be derived alone from the repression of every attempt at progress, aye, more, it has made possible by immediate approach, the attaining of a higher plane of national greatness.--The chief drawback to our progress, hitherto, has been divided counsels, and consequent paralysis of energy. Free and slave labor never could and never did desire the same things or at the same times. These purified states of the South are now ready and more than willing to unite with the Nation in its efforts for intellectual and industrial achievements. Common Schools and Pacific railroads find advocates and patrons in communities which once banished the spelling book and shuddered at the sound of the steam-whistle. Congress has altered these things, and, as the servant of the American people, eminently deserves the thanks of all good men for doing it. Let them be paid in common justice, if but as an offset to their receipt of courses from the journals and the mouths of the disappointed and embittered Democracy.

[No Title]
(Column 05)
Summary: The paper denounces white southerners from planning to "swindle the colored people out of their natural rights." The editors assert that white southerners are plotting to use the black vote to get "unreconstructed" politicians elected to office who will then proscribe African American rights. Vigilant black southerners and Republicans in Congress will not let this happen, however. "Reconstruction is a fact. The slaves are forever free, and the right to vote in the South is as sure as their existence. The wheels of progress and enlightenment move forward, never backward, and those who arrest their advance will be ground to pieces for their pains."
The Congressional Nomination
(Column 06)
Summary: An anonymous author endorses John Cessna for the Republican nomination for Congress. He admits that other candidates were also worthy, especially Mr. Koontz, but insists Cessna was the best man. "Franklin" lists the great things Cessna did in the past few years, such as keeping Franklin county in Republican hands and supporting the Republicans even though he used to be a Democrat.
Full Text of Article:

To the Editors of the Franklin Repository

The Republicans of this county must soon address themselves to the selection of a candidate for Congress. In all probability the determination of the nominee of the party in the district, rests with the members of the party here. It is said that Somerset and Adams will vote for Mr. Koontz, and Bedford and Fulton for Mr. Cessna, and that neither of the four will concede the nomination to Franklin. The probable nomination of a citizen of this county for the office of additional Law Judge, and the fact that the Republican candidate for Senator is claimed and seems to be due here, are mentioned as reasons why the Congressional nomination should go elsewhere.

Some admirers here have named Col. Wiestling for the latter distinction. This gentleman has certainly qualifications for the place. He was a gallant soldier in the war for the Union. He is a consistent Republican and a good worker in the cause. It will not be gainsayed, however, that the Colonel is a comparative stranger in the county and district, and whilst there is a strong disposition to concede to him everything that is his due, it is earnestly urged that the barren compliment that is intended, ought rather to be given by Adjutant Stewart, Col. Dixon, Major Richey, Capt. Walker, Lieut. Burgess or some other gallant soldier from our midst. The writer hereof does not know that Col. Wiestling, nor either of the other worthy military gentlemen named, is solicitous of the compliment suggested. This fall's campaign means work, and in this close district, Republicans have no time for minor matters. Compliments have their uses and do well enough sometimes; but just now, when the rebel Democracy are about to make one last hurculean effort to recover possession of the government, the only question to be asked and answered is where and who is our best and most available man?

Mr. Koontz is presented by his county for renomination, upon the ground, as alleged by a writer in the Somerset Herald, of special availability in that section, and for the further reason that the nomination seems to have gone a beging. This writer, it is presumed, was unaware of the fact that Bedford county had already indicated a choice.

Mr. Koontz has certainly made a creditable representative and will go into retirement with the respect and good wishes of the thousands who twice voted for him, and many of his political opponents. The usage of the Republican party in the district is against what Mr. Koontz's friends claim for him. A third nomination to an office of so great dignity and profit, has not been known for a generation, except in 1862, in the case of Mr. M'Pherson, and his success was due to the irreconcilable differences between the friends of Mr. King and Mr. M'Lellan. The intimation in the Somerset paper that Mr. Koontz must be again a candidate to bring out a full vote in that heavy Republican locality, is a libel (thoughtlessly perpetrated no doubt) upon the sturdy yeomanry of that mountain region. The candid editor of the Herald would surely have required his correspondent to modify his communication, had that portion of it not escaped his notice. The star of Republican ascendency in Somerset county has known no wane. With each recurring frost, her voice is heard, audibly as the thunder among her own mountains, in favor of Republican principles. Thus was it before the present generation participated in politics; thus will it be in the future, so long as the Almighty to accomplish his own purposes needs a Republican party. It is modestly suggested that the name of General Grant ought and will accomplish as much in Somerset county as that of General Koontz. In this no disparagement or disrespect to the latter is intended.

As has been intimated, Bedford county has presented one of her citizens for Congress. His name is John Cessna. At the opening of the war a Democrat, like thousands of honest and true men in that party, he turned his back on it so soon as it became apparent that the organization was thoroughly committed to the cause of the rebellion. In 1865, when the Republican party was dispirited, and neither its friends nor its foes believed its success possible, Mr. Cessna, as Chairman of the Republican State Committee, by his untiring energy, admirable management and unfaltering courage, achieved a signal triumph for the cause of loyalty and truth, snatching victory from the very jaws of defeat. Soon after he surprised the Supreme Court by his cogent argument in favor of the act of Congress disfranchising deserters. About the same time, we find him in the halls of Congress at the side of Mr. Koontz in his contest with Mr. Coffroth for the seat from this district. Here, aided by Mr. Koontz, he again achieved success, and vindicated the rights of the loyal voters of his own and the other counties concerned. During the late winter he was busily employed before the Senate at Harrisburg, unearthing the fearful frauds of the Democracy, by which they caused to vote, in certain localities of the State, over three thousand unnaturalized foreigners, upon forged, coffee-dyed naturalization papers. Here he again succeeded, and had the satisfaction of placing the rightful Senator in his seat.

Will any man say that services such as these do not deserve recognition? Will any man deny that John Cessna is the ablest member of the Republican party in the district? Will any man allege that he will not make a splendid campaign, meeting any champion or all the champions of our opponents and worsting them in public discussions of the questions involved in the canvass?

It is not yet known whom the Democrats will nominate. They will doubtless present their best men, and do their best to win.

It is the belief of hundreds of Republicans in Franklin county that their nomination to Congress this fall is not only due to the Hon. John Cessna, of Bedford, but that whilst with another standard-bearer, success is possible, with Mr. Cessna, success is certain. FRANKLIN.

-Page 03-

Fine Paintings
(Column 01)
Summary: The paper gives a description of C. H. Wolf's private collection of oil paintings displayed in Mrs. Lindsay's residence on Queen Street. The editors declare it contains "some of the most rare works of art in this country." Wolf recently returned from Europe with new pieces for the collection. The highlights include works by Hoguet, Kraus, Hildebrant, Amberg, Seigert, Salentin, Bosch, Sohn, Achenbach, Daubigny, Diaz, Frayer Guilleman, Passini, Jaque, Hirean, De Nota, Brendell, Van Starkborgh, Kauffman, C. Beck, Steffeck, De Hass, De Loose, and Michal.
(Names in announcement: C. H. Wolf, Mrs. Lindsay)
Mercersburg College
(Column 01)
Summary: "Citizen" writes the Repository to describe the closing exercises at Mercersburg College. He reminds Franklin County residents that an excellent degree-granting school is so near. The college is now trying to raise $35,000 for new professorships. There is a Theological Seminary closely related to the college and an organized congregation of 50 or 60 members.
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: The Republicans of Greencastle organized a Tanner's Club on June 29th to promote the election of Grant.
(Names in announcement: Col. Joseph A. Davison, I. Ilgintritz, George L. Brenner, Frank Wunderlich)
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: Efforts are underway to hold a County Fair in Chambersburg.
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: The "loyal men of Fayetteville" have organized a Grant and Colfax Club to represent the Republican Party in that portion of the county.
(Names in announcement: John E. Crawford , Dr. Henry K. Byers, Harry C. Greenawalt, Adam B. Wingert)
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: The citizens of Chambersburg organized a Grant and Colfax Club for the campaign.
(Names in announcement: George Eyster, A. D. Caufman, W. H. Wanamaker, S. W. Hays, Jacob Henninger)
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: Falling Spring Division No. 122, Sons of Temperance, will install officers in ceremonies in their hall on the Diamond on Friday.
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: The Boys in Blue have established headquarters in the third story of Austin, Elder, and Fletcher's building on the Diamond. "They will be glad to see there at any time their fellow soldiers from Franklin County."
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: The employees of the Chambersburg Woolen Manufacturing Company are planning to have a picnic at Graeffenburg Springs.
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: A. E. Bradley, state lecturer, instituted a division of the Sons of Temperance in Mercersburg.
(Names in announcement: A. E. Bradley)
(Column 03)
Summary: S. S. Shyrock of Chambersburg and Miss Libbie Reynolds were married at the residence of the bride's father in Shippensburg on June 25th by the Rev. James Harper.
(Names in announcement: S. S. Shyrock, Libbie Reynolds, Rev. James Harper)
(Column 03)
Summary: Mrs. Susannah Brough, wife of Peter Brough, died on June 14th. She was 53 years old.
(Names in announcement: Susannah Brough, Peter Brough)

-Page 04-