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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: July 08, 1868

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-Page 01-

The Copperheads
(Column 06)
Summary: The paper prints a long poem blasting Copperheads. It outlines all the traitorous acts Copperheads did during and after the war, framing them in the worst possible light.
Full Text of Article:

Of all the factious men we've seen,
Existing now or long since dead,
No one was ever known so mean
As him we call a Copperhead;
A draft evading Copperhead;
A rebel aiding Copperhead;
A growling, slandering,
Scowling, pandering
Vicious States' rights Copperhead.

From him the decencies of life
And all its courtesies, have fled;
He lives in fretful, factious strife;
A testy, touchy Copperhead;
A negro fearing Copperhead;
A rebel cheering Copperhead;
An unlearned, unlicked,
Oft spurned, oft whipped,
Doughfaced, cringing Copperhead.

When "Save the Union," was the cry,
And thousands of the Union bled,
The Nation's right he did deny
To save itself--this Copperhead;
A Son of Liberty Copperhead;
A Golden Circle Copperhead;
A scheming, lying,
Screaming, flying,
Mean, Canadian Copperhead.

When Southern miscreants designed
Their helpless prisoners' blood to shed,
And Libby Prison undermined:
Who then approved? The Copperhead;
The soldier shooting Copperhead;
The patriot hooting Copperhead;
The war abusing,
Aid refusing,
Crime excusing Copperhead.

Who scoffed at Pillow's bloody fray,
And Andersonville's murdered dead;
Who victory's hour did long delay?
The traitorous, treacherous Copperhead;
The crime creating Copperhead;
Assassinating Copperhead;
The strife exciting,
Wrath inviting,
Death delighting Copperhead.

When widows mourned their lonely lot,
And orphan children wept their dead;
Who said their just deserts they got,
The Northern rebel Copperhead;
The widow libelling Copperhead;
The grief deriding Copperhead;
The false, conspiring,
City firing,
Booth admiring Copperhead.

Nor woman's grief, nor orphan's tears,
Nor even a Nation's honored dead,
Are sacred from the jibes and sneers
Of every brutal Copperhead;
Each church aspersing Copperhead;
Each preacher cursing Copperhead;
Each Union hating,
War creating,
Repudiating Copperhead.

Crawl to your dunghill, viper crawl;
For General Grant with conquering tread,
Marches to crush the thing men call
In politics, a Copperhead;
A modern Copperhead;
A vile fanatic Copperhead;
A murder jeering,
Widow sneering,
Assassin cheering Copperhead.

-Page 02-

Democratic Inconsistency
(Column 01)
Summary: The paper ridicules the Democrats for flip-flopping on Reconstruction policy. The editors point out how the Democrats worked so hard to defeat Reconstruction bills but then opposed the readmission of the southern states once the latter complied with the requirements set by Republicans. The article charges that the Democrats only wanted what was best for their party and not the nation.
Full Text of Article:

The Democratic party is invariably great in little things and small in great things. Like a tempest in a teapot, if you confine it it hisses and fumes, and sputters and blows tremendiously, but if you take off the lid and give it a chance to spread itself, it subsides at once. Democracy is worth nothing except when it believes itself injured, outraged, oppressed and abused. Then, like Mark Taply, it feels jolly and comes out strong. Democratic hygienne demands this condition to insure a reasonable degree of enjoyable health, and the party enjoys feeling miserable amazingly.

This peculiar feature has been well illustrated in the part taken by its members in Congress in the passage of the Arkansas Bill, and the Omnibus Bill admitting six other Southern States into the Union. With great pretence of patriotism, the Democratic party has during more than two years resisted all the reconstruction measures of the Republican Congress. At every step in their progress their vote was solid against the policy adopted by Congress, and always accompanied by a protest against what they were pleased to denominate the unjust and unconstitutional measures of a radical Congress, and a declaration that the rebellious states were entitled to an immediate and unconditional admission into the Union. In spite of this opposition, which was only strong enough to amount to an annoyance, Congress pushed on the work of reconstruction on a basis which would protect the Government against future rebellions and secure to all classes of citizens of the South equal rights and privileges.

At length seven of the Southern States having complied with all the requirements of Congress present their State constitutions and ask, what the Democratic party all along has been clamoring for, their restoration into the Union, and the reestablishment of the civil law among them. One would naturally suppose that a bill for the admission of the Representatives of these States into Congress would be heartily approved by the Democracy. But not so. When it is presented, they are as much opposed to it as they had formerly seemed in favor of it. Every Democratic member votes against it and suddenly becomes the violent opponent of the immediate return of the Southern States. But they not only vote. They protest. They who have during the last two years or more filed innumerable protests in favor of the admission of the South, now enter their solemn protest against it. They protest against what the South asks and the North desires to give. They protest against what the whole nation wants. They protest against a national necessity. They protest against the public good. They protest against their own protests, and declare they never felt so blissfully unhappy, so lugubriously jolly in all their lives.

These are the Democratic statesmen who stand boldly on the Constitution, and call themselves the champions of the South, the men of broad and expansive views, who stand between the defeated slaveholders and their oppressors. On the contrary, they are small demagogues and partisans, who knew no higher duty than to oppose everything that is done by the Republican party. They will prevent the performance of that which they want done, if it is to be done in any other way or by any other party than their way or their party. They will make high sounding speeches and enter melancholy protests against what they call the abuses of the Republican party, and when the opportunity offers will vote to perpetuate these abuses and belie their speeches and protests, and besmear themselves all over with infamy.

If there is no more statesmanship, no more honesty and integrity, no more patriotism in the Democratic party than its leaders in Congress exercise, the people will hesitate long before entrusting the government in their hands. They are miserable swindlers and humbugs, who have never learned that there has been a war, nor its lessons, and now are stupidly blind to the only conditions that will make a lasting and beneficent peace.

Andrew's Amnesty
(Column 02)
Summary: The paper argues that Andrew Johnson's declaration of amnesty for all ex-Confederates besides Jefferson Davis that coincided with the Democratic National Convention was simply a ploy aimed at securing the nomination. The editors doubt it will have the desired effect, since white southerners always considered the president a "low down white," and Democratic politicians have no further use for him. The paper also denounces the principle of amnesty that would take away "the last badge which the government has seen fit to attach to them as traitors."
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: The editor continues his attacks on the Democratic party. He links them with the Slave Power and jokingly asks how the Democrats can make a claim for power when so many of their own party members defected to the Republicans since the war. The paper urges voters to remember the traitorous deeds of the Democrats and to support the Republicans.
Full Text of Article:

We know not which should most excite our astonishment, the cool effrontery of the chameleon Democracy in asking Republicans, and especially the soldier-citizens, to assist in placing them again in power, or the disposition any Republican or soldier might have to give them aid and comfort in the mighty efforts they are now making to get control of the offices and emoluments of the government. Before the war, by their obsequious devotion to the Slave oligarchy of the South, they had driven from their ranks those Democrats who were honest in their purpose to preserve the party from the infamy which it was foreseen must overtake it in its attempt to subjugate the free labor system to the despotic sway of a slavocracy. How came the Democracy that carried James Buchanan so triumphantly into the Presidency in 1856, to fail in their efforts to retain the government in their own hands? Let the damning history of that party during the incipiency, the progress and consummation of the Kansas frauds be recalled to explain why good, honest and freedom loving Democrats left the sinking ship, and with others who would not bow the knee to the aristocracy of the South, formed and swelled into a host the Republican party of 1860. Why did the Charleston Convention split, and give a victory to the Republican party? We defy contradiction, when we say that the spirit of backbone animated the majority to that extent that they obeyed the behests of manhood, and refused to lower their necks to the yoke, which the lordly slaveholders of the South were prepared to lay upon them and fasten with permanent and unyielding boughs. Why when the chagrined and beaten cohorts of slavery rebelled against the lawfully constituted authorities, did another exodus from the already thinned ranks of the Democracy take place, so that there appeared to be "none so poor to do it reverence?" It is within the recollection of every voter, that the fragments of what had once carried terror to the ranks of their political antagonists, were now merely held together by the carping complaints against the government which was bending its energies to suppress a rebellion only less odious in their eyes than the government itself. That such a party reduced to a mere skeleton, should ever have recuperated, or upon the anti-Republican principles have acquired strength to stand up in a contest for the control of the government, should astonish every thinking man. Has the party reformed? No one can hear a modern Democrat talk ten minutes without betraying his veneration for the relics of the party's creed, when they shouted long live slavery, don't touch slavery, the "war is unconstitutional," the "cursed bloody war," in the language of a veteran in their ranks in this county; "no draft," "don't punish deserters from our army," "don't put the blacks into the army," "the war is a failure," "Lincoln's a tyrant--an ape--should be hung." The same animus that gave impulse to these symptoms of the disease they have labored under, still inspires the party. To-day they would re-inaugurate Slavery in the South, they would plead for a chance to make Kansas a Slave State, they would decry Douglas for ever giving to Kansas a chance to save itself from the curse of Slavery, and vote for Breckenridge none the less readily that he has since proven himself a traitor. The present Democracy show no symptoms of repentance for its sins of ignorance or its sins of high-handed defiance against our God-given freedom. To-day the Republican party has as its record the proud eminence which our nation occupies in the eyes of Europe, the only claims, that can be shown by a party, on the gratitude of a people saved from anarchy and a perpetual war. It holds that the people, through its representatives, have the right to make their own laws and to have those laws legally and honestly enforced.

No good Republican can fail to see that a triumph of the Democracy now, would be to turn back on the dial of progress the hand that marks our advance in the scale of civilization and enlightenment.--It would be true that the United States Government as well as Andrew Johnson has swung around the circle merely to be in the same condition she was when she started, a revolution truly--but of blood and carnage--and all for nothing. We would have the absurd spectacle of a host of Democrats deserting their party--helping build up the great Republican party to retrieve the errors from which they retired in disgust only to long for the leeks and onions of the past as the acme of their desires. For if any good has been achieved by the bloody experience of the four years of sanguinary conflict, that good has been achieved by the Republican party and not by the so-called Democracy, which now so clamorously demands to be re-instated in power, that power in the government from which they were driven but eight years ago by an insulted and indignant people.

[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: The paper reprints the Shippensburg News's endorsement of S. W. Hays, a Repository editor and Republican candidate for Franklin County Prosecuting Attorney. Hays, a Shippensburg native, "was one of our first citizens who enlisted for the suppression of treason, and who went forward to guard the life of the republic." After three month's service, he was promoted to lieutenant in the 178th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. Since the war, he has made a reputation as a skillful orator and Republican Party member.
(Names in announcement: S. W. Hays)
Congressional Nomination
(Column 04)
Summary: "Republican" writes to respond to "Franklin" who, in a previous letter, had dismissed Col. George B. Wiestling as a potential Republican nominee for congress from the county. "Republican" argues that Wiestling would make an excellent nominee, and cites his service to the party, his strong war record, and his support for the proposed railroad that would link Waynesboro to the Cumberland Valley line.
(Names in announcement: Col. George B. Wiestling)
Grant's Alleged Waste of Life
(Column 07)
Summary: The paper reprints an article that employs casualty figures to defend Grant from charges that he was a "butcher" who needlessly wasted lives. It includes a table of casualties from before and after he took command, showing fewer after his promotion.
Origin of Article: New York Sun

-Page 03-

Republican County Convention
(Column 01)
Summary: J. W. Fletcher and S. Miller Shillito announce that the Republican County Committee met at the office of Col. M'Gowan and decided upon August 5th as the date for the County Convention.
(Names in announcement: J. W. Fletcher, S. Miller Shillito, Col. M'Gowan)
[No Title]
(Column 01)
Summary: List of all the members of the Chambersburg chapter of the "Boys in Blue".
Full Text of Article:

The following is a list of the members of the organization of "Boys in Blue" of the Borough of Chambersburg:

President--Col James G Elder, 126th Penna Vols.

Vice Presidents--Thomas Grimsson, Battery B, 5th U S Art; Theophilus Stratton, D, 11th Penna Cav.

Recording Secretary--John A Seiders, 1st Sergeant, A, 126th Penna Vols.

Corresponding Secretary--Harry Strickler, Sergeant, K, 126th Penna Vols.

Marshal--F S Stumbaugh, Colonel, 77th Penna Vols.

Assistant Marshals--John Doebler, Captain, A, 126th Penna Vols. Luther B Kurtz, Major, 17th Penna Cav.

Chairman Executive Committee--Thad M Mahon, 1st Sergeant, E, 21st Penna Cav.


John Stewart, Adjutant, 126th Penna Vols.

Thomas Myers, Captain, K, 107th Penna Vols.

Samuel G Lane, Surgeon, 5th Penna Reserves.

J Amos Miller, D, 6th Penna Reserves.

David F Leisher, Sergeant, D, 6th Penna Reserves.

Samuel M Cowan, Sergeant, H, 16th Penna Cav.

Benj Rodes, Captain, K, 107th Penna Vols.

W W Crooks, Sergeant, B, 21st Penn Cav.

John Doebler, Captain, A, 126th Penna Vols.

D K Appenzeller, Corporal, E, 126th Penna Vols.

H Wallace, D, 22d Penna Cav.

John N Parren, Corporal, A, 126th Penna Vols.

John O Dutton, G, 1st Maryland Vols.

Joseph R Davison, 21st Penna Cav.

W S Cook, Quartermaster Segeant, 21st Penna Cav.

Geo W Harmony, Lieutenant, L, 21st Penna Cav.

E R R Davis, Lieutenant, Bat A, 9th U S Heavy Art

A A Hober, A, 126th Penna Vols.

James Augbinbaugh, Lieutenant, D, 11th Penna Cav.

Scott Flack, I, 21st Penna Cav.

Cornelius Hunting, C, 12th U. S. Infantry.

Daniel S Flack, I, 21st Penna Cav.

Henry Strickler, Sergeant, K, 126th Penna Vols.

Geo F Platt, Lieutenant, D, 126th Penna Vols.

J W Monasmith, G, 201st Penna Vols.

J. R. Frey, Captain, D, 77th Penna Vols.

Godfrey Greenawalt, D, 11th Penna Cav.

Jas T Long, Lieutenant, G, 21st Penna Cav.

Enos B Engle, E, 122d Penna Vols.

Thos J Grimason, O S Battery B, 5th U.S.

R A Sharp, 1st Lieutenant, G 205th Penna Vols.

Geo H Deems, D, 21st Penna Cav.

W. M. Bradley, B, 210th Penna Vols.

Wilson L Stuart, A, 53d Penna Vols.

I A Stumbaugh, D 21st Penna Cav.

J S Bittinger, D, 126th Penna Vols.

A Whetstone, A, 2d Penna.

C H Cressler, Lieutenant, A, 77th Penna Vols.

G H Cole, B, 145th Penna Vols.

Geo B Wampler, A, 126th Penna Vols.

G G Snyder, 2d Maryland.

Jas C Austin, Major, 126th Penna Vols.

W H Elliott, E, 4th Penna Cav.

William Herron, D, 210th Penna Vols.

Samuel Palmer, Battery I, 2d Penna Art.

A S Conrad, K, 21st Penna Cav.

J R Valentine, 21st Penna Cav.

Alex M Linn, Battery I, Ind Penna Art.

B A Fahuestock, A, 126th Penna Vols.

John C Anderson, E, 126th Penna Vols.

T Stratton, D, 11th Penna Cav.

W H Mong, K, 12th Penna Reserves.

George W Suders, A, 77th Penna Vols.

Samuel S Shryock, A, 126th Penna Vols.

J H Cook, D, 126th Penna Vols.

John S Hicks, Sergeant, D, 11th Penna Cav.

J Monroe Barnitz, K, 12th Penna Reserves.

Wm H Davis, E, 117th Penna Vols.

Peter Dorty, L, 22d Penna Cav.

S Barnes, Captain, H, 16th Penna Cav.

Benjamin Bradley, 21st Penna Cav.

E P Acker, A, 70th Penna Vols.

Henry Heagey, L 21st Penna Cav.

Edward Dunkinson, Battery B, 2d Penna Art.

Wm M Donald, B, 2d Penna Art.

Daniel Glass, B, 126th Penna Vols.

George Bessor, D, 6th Penna Vols.

Theodore Caufman, A, 209th Penna Vols.

A D Caufman, I, 195th Penna Vols.

John D Heart, D, 126th Penna Vols.

Charles Jones, Battery B, 1st Penna Vols.

Samuel Rosenberger, 112th Penna Vols.

James G Elder, Colonel, 126th Penna Vols.

Calvin Gilbert, Captain and Brevet Major, Penn Vols.

F S Stumbaugh, Colonel, 77th Penna Vols.

John A Seiders, Sergeant, A, 126th Penna Vols.

S W Hays, Lieutenant, C, 128th Penna Vols.

M W Houser, Captain, 57th Penna Vols.

George Watson, A, 126th Penna Vols.

W H Pfontz, Quartermaster Sergeant, 21st Penna Cav.

John Ferry, E, 12th Penna Cav.

C L Bard, Assistant Surgeon, 210th Penna Vols.

Theodore M'Gowan, Colonel and Asst Adj Gen.

W F Eyster, A, 126th Penna Vols.

A C M'Grath, D, 126th Penna Vols.

Michael Latus, F, 1st New York.

F A Miller, G, 126th Penna Vols.

B Frank Huber, D, 21st Penna Cav.

S A Huber, U S Signal Corps.

Wm M'Lenegan, Lieutenant, A, 126th Penna Vols.

Jere Cook, Lieutenant, D, 126th Penna Vols.

William Small, E, 21st Penna Cav.

Benjamin Wallace, Sergeant, D, 21st Penna Cav.

John H Rhodes, A, 126th Penna Vols.

David Chamberlain, Sergeant, D, 21st Penna Cav.

William Eaker, Lieutenant, A, 77th Penna Vols.

Jacob G Shirk, F, 207th Penna Vols.

David Shirk, B, 107th Penna Vols.

Charles A Pillsbury, 6th Maine Vols.

Frank Finfrock, Ind Penna Cav.

T J M'Lanahan, Surgeon, U S A.

J Warren Seibert, D, 126th Vols.

B Frank Deal, Lieutenant, 209th Penna Vols.

W N Pearce, Sergeant, B, 105th Penna Vols.

P A J Snider, B, 2d Penna Vols.

J W Fletcher, 2d Lieutenant, H, 126th Penna Vols.

Alexander Flack, F, 11th Penna Cav.

David Forbes, D, 21st Penna Cav.

N B Herron, Battery B, 2d Penna Art.

John Herron, Battery B, 2d Penna Art.

Samuel G Maxwell, A, 126th Penna Vols.

L B Kurtz, Major, 17th Penna Cav.

C W Fuller, A, 126th Penna Vols.

Norris Dutton, Lieutenant, 1st Maryland.

John H Leisher, D, 210th Penna Vols.

John Stoner, Musician, 77th Penna Vols.

John F Harmony, L, 21st Penna Cav.

Samuel S Gipe, L, 21st Penna Cav.

Robert H Allison, Battery B, 5th U S Art.

D J Lewis, D, 6th Penna Reserves.

A Bickley, L, 21st Penna Cav.

Lewis D Vanderaw, L, 21st Penna Cav.

Frank Vanderaw, L, 21st Penna Cav.

S J Patterson, C, 126th Penna Vols.

Robert B Smiley, L, 1st Penna Reserves.

John Ealey, Battery D, 1st Penna Art.

Daniel Rapp, E, 11th Penna Cav.

A M'Dowell, 15th Penna Cav.

Adam Bower, K, 107th Penna Vols.

James R M'Curdy, Sergeant, C, 210th Penna Vols.

Frank Snider, A, 2d Penna Vols.

Charles Spear, D, 21st Penna Cav.

Nicholas Snyder, 2d Maryland.

Thomas Durboraw, Sergeant, A, 126th Penna Vols.

H U Mason, L, 21st Penna Cav.

Benjamin Henry, D, 209th Pa Vols.

S J Banker, D, 21st Penna Cav.

Jacob Sheetz, Lieutenant, 2d Penna Art.

John Greenawatt, E, 21st Penna Cav.

W E Dunkason, Battery B, 2d Penna Art.

Adam Nicklas, Corporal, 210th Penna Vols.

David Frantz, D, 130th Penna Vols.

Joseph Brown, D, 210th Penna Vols.

John Mellinger, D, 210th Penna Vols.

Michael Bender, H, 16th Penna Cav.

John L Wolff, D, 210th Penna Vols.

Robert Stonesifer, D, 11th Maryland Vols.

Samuel B Miller, E, 158th Penna Vols.

Daniel Decker, I, 87th Penna Vols.

Cyrus F Kelley, L, 21st Penna Cav.

Alex Shields, L, 21st Penna Cav.

Nicholas Uglow, 208th Penna Vols.

Samuel Uglow, 208th Penna Vols.

David A Lippy, F, 22nd Penna Cav.

D W Embich, G, 126th Penna Vols.

W H Embich, D, 21st Penna Cav.

Robert H Derringer, Ind Ohio Battery.

Geo Stumbaugh, A, 77th Penna Vols.

George Murray, D, 17th Penna Cav.

The European Circus
(Column 02)
Summary: The circus that "created a sensation" at the Paris Exposition and has played to rave reviews in New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore will perform in Chambersburg on July 14th. Lewis June is local agent. The performance includes knights and ladies on horseback, tableaux, and the Goddess of Liberty.
Something New
(Column 03)
Summary: The paper directs the attention of the public to the nursery of B. L. Ryder. He has made many innovations in plant cultivation, including the propagation of strawberry runners, grapes, and vegetables.
(Names in announcement: B. L. Ryder)
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: The paper reports that prospects are good for the construction of the railroad from Mont Alto to Chambersburg. More than $18,000 have been raised by the subscriptions committee that includes many prominent men. Many of the shareholders are laboring men and mechanics, making the endeavor "a road built by the people." "Every man who desires to see Chambersburg improved and placed on a sure road to prosperity will have the opportunity of giving his assistance."
(Names in announcement: Col. D. O. Gehr, Dr. Suesserott, E. J. Bonebrake, B. L. Maurer, Col. F. S. Stumbaugh, John Forbes, John Huber)
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: The paper reports that the 4th of July passed quietly in Chambersburg. "Endeared as it is in the hearts of our people by the many hallowed memories with which it is associated, it was not felt necessary to show our appreciation of the deeds of the father of our country as well as of the heroes of the late war, in our Eastern and Western armies, by any noisy demonstrations." The main events included a picnic at Graeffenburg hosted by the Chambersburg Woolen Manufacturing Company, a fire work display on the Diamond, and decoration of the Boys in Blue Headquarters with the stars and stripes.
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: The paper reports that Thomas Bard and Dr. Cephas L. Bard have left for California. Dr. Bard has practiced in Franklin County for quite some time and will be missed.
(Names in announcement: Thomas Bard, Dr. Cephas L. Bard)
Sudden Death
(Column 03)
Summary: Henry Smith, "a highly respected citizen" of Franklin, died suddenly from the effects of a broken leg.
(Names in announcement: Henry Smith)
Origin of Article: Record
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: Dr. T. J. McClanahan of Chambersburg will replace Dr. C. L. Bard as physician at the County Poor House. McClanahan has extensive experience as a surgeon and has practiced in Chambersburg for many years.
(Names in announcement: Dr. T. J. McClanahan, Dr. C. L. Bard)
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: The barn of John Hullinger near Greencastle was set on fire by fire-crackers thrown by several boys. The fire consumed twenty tons of Hay and badly burned Mr. Hullinger.
(Names in announcement: John Hullinger)
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: The Rev. A. L. Foster is ready to receive applications for his young ladies' seminary on Federal Hill.
(Names in announcement: Rev. A. L. Foster)
[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: Maj. Hershberger will exhibit in Repository Hall his panorama of the burning of Chambersburg. He has added 40 new scenes. The paper encourages citizens to turn out to see the work of this Chambersburg artist.
(Names in announcement: Maj. Hershberger)
(Column 04)
Summary: Robert Harman and Mollie V. Boyd, both of Chambersburg, were married on July 5th by the Rev. S. Barnes.
(Names in announcement: Robert Harman, Mollie V. Boyd, Rev. S. Barnes)
(Column 04)
Summary: Mrs. Catharine Umsted, wife of the late Samuel Umsted, died in Green on June 28th. She was 79 years old.
(Names in announcement: Catharine Umsted, Samuel Umsted)

-Page 04-