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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: October 14, 1868

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Teachers' County Institute
(Column 07)
Summary: "Lichnus" writes the Repository to complain about the recent teachers' institute. He complains that most of the time was "spent in the reading of lengthy essays by teachers who had applied for Professional Certificates." He denounces the "prosy, stereotyped lectures," and objects to a spelling match that was held. "Lichnus" believes that the prize system in education should not be encouraged.

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How the Battle was Waged
(Column 01)
Summary: This article is a very general defence of the Republican party and attack on the Democrats. Republicans are portrayed as gallant soldiers with heroic intentions, while Democrats are all vile traitors who still work to destroy the Union through economics and legislation.
Full Text of Article:

The party of the Union has reason to congratulate itself upon its honest and manly conduct during the campaign just closed. Representing the patriotic masses, whose daring and sacrifices saved the nation, when in extremities such as no other nation ever survived, headed by leaders who guided it by wise counsels and surpassing generalship, and composed almost entirely of brave hearts who carried the bayonets and loaned the money, who nursed the wounded, and prayed for the dear old flag; it was consistent with its history when it dealt frankly with the people and rested its hopes of triumph upon their good sense and loyalty. It was guilty of no subterfuge, equivocations or evasions. It held up its open palm and swore fidelity to the cause of freedom, right and honesty, feeling justified by God and good men.

As it was frank in its avowal of policy, it was proudly fearless in its choice of standard bearers. No doubtful men were taken as its representatives, only such as were fully committed by repeated acts of public fame, only such as had rendered the country great service. Our State ticket was headed by gallant soldiers, who have proved their capacity for civil positions, by three years' honest and efficient official conduct. Our county ticket was composed of the best of our citizens, the majority of whom have done hard duty under the stars and stripes, before the murderous fire of Southern Democrats. The canvass was conducted in harmony with the high character of our principles and candidates. We met the issues fairly, and dealt with our opponents honorably. We held them to their record which gave them their platform, their candidates and their chief support. We merely repeated against them as a reproach in the North, the demerits which are held to be their great glory among their rebel masters South, and which in their secret hearts they feel to be their crowning excellence. The men who could accept their nominees and platform from villains who murdered and starved their loyal fellow-citizens, who stole their horses and burned their homes, - men who could walk side by side in procession through our streets with fellows boasting that they had visited us before as rebel raiders, and discoursed rebel airs from the very instruments enlivening rejoicing copperheads who groaned Grant as a butcher, joining hands of fellowship with parties that were not ashamed of having sojourned among us as spies, and furnished copies of the map of our county to rebel commanders: these men had no cause to complain when they were told that their sympathies were against the nation in the war, as their avowed principles show they are against the justice honesty and the peace of the country now.

On the other hand how shameless was the cause of our opponents. Low appeals to low prejudices - proud, wealthy, educated white gentlemen warring with the degraded black men, whom they falsely set up as a rival - orators in broadcloth and fine linen, whose dainty hands were never soiled by labor, and who never earned a penny by the sweat of their brow, groaning with hypocritical agony at the bloated bondholders, and high taxation (which, indeed, they alone feel, as it bears upon their luxuries, which only the government taxes, and they would have the poor share taxation equally with the rich;) and inwardly smiling at the blind faith of their trusting hearers - stay-at-home substitute speculators attempting to strip the laurels from Grant, Sherman, Sheridan and Thomas, to bind them upon the brows of Lee, Hampton and Forrest, and to make their 'white boys in blue' ashamed of the cause they supported and the gallant leaders who won it. Such were the dishes and cooks appearing at Democratic and rebel entertainments. They but yielded fruit after their kind. The Copperhead papers even outdid their orators. Brick Pomeroy, brutal and impious, is their pride and pattern. The wit, not the will, was wanting to make the Spirit quite as gross. With a bad taste we would not have expected from its editors, it indulged in coarse personalities harmless to all but the utterers, and enjoyed by none whose approval is of worth. How these orators and editors could have the impudence to ask their opponents to "give a lift" to the foot that was kicking them may be answered when we can explain how a kicked and scoffed Republican could lose the self-respect that an adherence to principle begets, and place his hands under the heels of these ambitious vaulters to help them into position and power. The author of "The History of an Atom" might inform us how!

The Republican party has nothing to be ashamed of, then, but the quality of its foe. With pride it looks back upon the manner in which the battle was fought; and taking inspiration from its illustrious leader, it resolves, "to fight it out on this line."

That $115,000
(Column 03)
Summary: A. K. M'Clure writes the Repository to refute charges printed in the National Intelligencer that he received $115,000 from New England to use in influencing Pennsylvania political races.

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Republican Meetings
(Column 01)
Summary: This report describes the Republican Mass Meeting in Chambersburg announced in the prior week's paper.
(Names in announcement: Gen. Hawley, Col. A. K. M'Clure, William Holtry, John M'Dowell, Lt. S. W. Hays, Capt. Norris, George Chambers, Maj. Calhoun, Jere Cook, I. H. M'Cauley, Col. M'Gowan, J. B. Cessna, Capt. Norris, James C. Patton, Samuel Shartle, J. W. Rankin, Capt. R. H. Boyd, Luther Benedict, R. S. Findlay, J. A. Hyssong, Maj. R. S. Brownson, J. O. Carson, Joseph Winger, Maj. John Rowe, J. S. Gsell, John S. Hassler, John H. Thomas, C. Metcalf, William Adams, James D. Scott, J. M. Philips, S. M. Bowels, Dr. T. G. Apple, Lt. S. W. Hays)
Full Text of Article:

There was a large meeting of Republicans in Chambersburg on Thursday evening, the 8th inst. Previous to the meeting, a torch light procession paraded our streets. Sergt. Seiders acted as Chief Marshal. There were over six hundred men in procession, who were greeted from the sidewalks and windows and cheers, waving of handkerchiefs, &c. Addresses were delivered by Genl. Hawley, of Connecticut, and Col. A. K. M'Clure.

The Republicans of Southampton township were addressed in Fairview, in front of the Hotel of William Holtry, by Mr. John M'Dowell and Lieut. S. W. Hays, on Tuesday evening of last week.

Capt. Norris and Geo. Chambers, Esqs., addressed the Republicans of Guilford township, on Wednesday evening, the 7th inst.

On the same evening Maj Calhoun, of Kentucky, Jere. Cook and I. H. M'Cauley, Esqs., spoke at Bussart's School House, in Hamilton township.

Col. M'Gowan, Jere. Cook and J. B. Cessna, Esqs., addressed a meeting of over three hundred, Republicans and Democrats at Upton, on Friday evening, the 9th inst.

Maj Calhoun, of Ky., and Capt. Norris, of Penna., addressed a Republican meeting in the Court House, in Chambersburg, on the same evening.

Saturday last was a proud day for the loyal people of Mercersburg. As one man they rallied for the interests of their country. Montgomery, Peters, Welsh Run, Greencastle and Waynesboro were present with large delegations. Capt. James C. Patton was Chief Marshal, and had as Assistants Samuel Shartle, of Welsh Run; J. W. Runkin, Corner; Capt. R. H. Boyd, of Upton; Luther Benedict, of Bridgeport, and R. S. Lindis and J. A. Hyssong, of Mercersburg. Major R. S. Brownson was chairman of committee of arrangements.

The procession formed about 11 A.M., and marched through the streets preceeded by the Chambersburg Silver Cornet Band. Old citizens said there never was so many people in their town before. The streets were crowded with enthusiastic spectators, who sent up cheer upon cheer as the brave Boys in Blue or Grant and Colfax clubs passed, bearing banners with mottoes that pleased them. Many of the houses were handsomely decorated with evergreens and flags. Houses were thrown open for the accommodation and entertainment of visitors, and those who had the good fortune to be present will not soon forget the kindness of their hospitable hosts and hostesses. Quiet and good order was preserved throughout the entire day, with one or two exceptions of drunken Copperheads, who yelled frantically for Seymour, Gen. Lee and Jeff. Davis.

The meeting in the afternoon was held in Ritchey's woods. On motion, Hon. J. O. Carson was elected as President, and the following gentlemen Vice Presidents; Joseph Winger, of Clay Lock Hall; Maj John Rowe, of Greencastle; J. S. Gsell, of St. Thomas; John S. Hassler of Loudon; John H. Thomas, of Warren; C Metcalf, of Montgomery. For Secretaries, Wm Adams, of Montgomery; John D. Scott, of Peters; J. M. Philips, of Warren, and S. M. Bowels, of Welsh Run. Dr. T. G. Apple opened the meeting with a prayer. Addresses were then delivered by Genl. Hawley and Col. A. K. M'Clure. Col. M'Clure's speech was able and eloquent. His reference to the dead heroes from that portion of our county, who had died for the old Flag, or been starved to death in rebel prisons, brought fears to many eyes. With three cheers for Col. M'Clure, the meeting adjourned. In the evening there was a torchlight procession and a general illumination of the town. Capt. R. H. Boys, of Upton, was Marshal Speeches were delivered in front of M'Afee's Hotel, by Col Black, Genl. Hawley, Col. McClure and Lieut. S. W. Hays. The large crowd dispersed about 10:30 P.M., determined to work earnestly for the election of his entire ticket.

We might add that the most attractive feature of the day was a large wagon, tastefully decorated, containing thirty seven handsome young ladies. The wagon was drawn by four fine looking horses, owned by Mr. Moses Gingerich, of Peters township.

Death of Col. Stitzell
(Column 02)
Summary: This obituary recounts the death and most important deeds of Colonel Stitzell.
Full Text of Article:

This gallant officer, late of the 11th Penna. Cavalry, died in Reading, Pa., on Saturday morning, the 31st ult. We learn from a Reading paper that he arrived in that city on Friday, the 25th ult., from New York and put up at the American House. He had been unwell for some time and expected to remain at the Hotel until Monday and then proceed to Lancaster. On Sunday he was not so well and on Monday morning he was not able to be out of his room, having become prostrated so much from coughing through the night. He was taken charge of by the Masonic Fraternity of the city and received every attention that could be given him. But he grew worse. Nature had exhausted itself, and he lingered until Saturday morning, 31st ult., when he ceased to exist. On Monday his remains were taken to Lancaster, accompanied by a committee of Masons from that city. At Lancaster his remains were taken charge of by the Masons of that city and interred in the cemetery at that place. During the Mexican war Col. Stitzell enlisted in Chambersburg in the regular army, under Gen. C. T. Campbell, and after serving ten years returned to this place. At the outbreak of the late rebellion, he again entered the army as 2d Lieutenant of company A, 2d Penna. (three month) volunteers, and at the expiration of his term of service, in connection with Gen. Samuel Spear, recruited company D, 11th Penna. Cavalry, of which he became Captain. Subsequently he arose to the command of the regiment, which position he filled with honor as a gallant and brave officer.

(Column 02)
Summary: This record contains the vote count for a new name for the "Zouave Company," seemingly a group of veterans.
Full Text of Article:

The Zouave Company lately raised in this place, under command of Capt. Geo. W. Skinner, attended the fair last week, and presented quite a fine appearance in their red caps, blue jackets and shirts and red pantaloons. A large majority of the members are veterans of the late war. They had a poll established on the fair grounds to ballot for a name for the organization, which resulted in a favor of C. M. Duncan, Esq. The following is the result of the balloting:

Capt. Samuel M. M'Dowell......20
C. M. Duncan, Esq............185
Col. James G. Elder...........54
T. B. Kennedy, Esq.............5
County of Franklin............67
Col. F. S. Stumbaugh..........16
Col. P. B. Housum............133
Col. B. F. Winger.............41
Capt. H. Easton...............41
Col. George B Weistling.......18
Col. A. K. M'Clure............16
Gen. C. T. Campbell..........154
Maj. John L. Ritchey...........3
Lieut. H Fortescue.............3
Capt. John E Walker............4
Col. W. D. Dixon..............21
Capt. John H. Walker...........4

Chang and Eng
(Column 02)
Summary: The "celebrated Siamese Twins" were on "exhibition" at the fair grounds last week. They married twin sisters from North Carolina, and are hoping to visit Paris soon.
The Female College
(Column 02)
Summary: Sarah Wilson of St. Thomas donated $10,000 toward the establishment of a women's college in Chambersburg. Greencastle is also vying to get the college, and backers in that town have raised $14,500.
(Names in announcement: Sarah Wilson)
(Column 03)
Summary: A. W. Hoover and Elizabeth A. Rohrer, both of Franklin, were married on October 6th by the Rev. Dr. Schneck.
(Names in announcement: A. W. Hoover, Elizabeth A. Rohrer, Rev. Dr. Schneck)
(Column 03)
Summary: John Sweigert of Antrim and Miss Rachel Bowers of St. Thomas were married in Chambersburg on October 5th by the Rev. P. S. Davis.
(Names in announcement: John Sweigert, Rachel Bowers, Rev. P. S. Davis)
(Column 03)
Summary: David Brookings and Miss Kate Reasner, both of Guilford, were married in Chambersburg on October 6th by Rev. P. S. Davis.
(Names in announcement: David Brookings, Kate Reasner, Rev. P. S. Davis)
(Column 03)
Summary: John H. Herr and Miss Matilda Lane, both of Greencastle, were married at Boyd's Hotel on October 8th by the Rev. P. S. Davis.
(Names in announcement: John H. Herr, Matilda Lane, Rev. P. S. Davis)
Latest News! Pennsylvania Republican by a Decided Majority. Franklin County Redeemed.
(Column 04)
Summary: A. K. M'Clure telegraphs the Repository with early news that state elections appear to have gone well for the Republicans.
The Vote of Franklin County
(Column 04)
Summary: This table contains the vote count for Franklin county including some basic analysis comparing these results to previous years.
Full Text of Article: Governor, '66 --- S Judge, '67 --- Aud. Gen, 68 --- Geary Clymer Williams Sharswood Hartranft Boyle Antrim........ 545 521 495 502 46 --- Chamb'g N W... 379 216 367 235 142 --- Chamb'g S W... 297 275 268 276 4 --- Concord....... 29 105 30 196 --- --- Dry Run....... 121 99 119 106 --- --- Fayetteville.. 284 224 250 202 17 --- Greenvillage.. 215 112 174 120 108 --- Guilford...... 207 224 188 193 12 --- Hamilton...... 128 173 106 184 --- 58 Letterkenny... 165 249 153 207 --- --- Lurgan........ 112 147 88 148 --- --- Loudon........ 93 113 80 107 --- 37 Metal......... 166 98 127 85 --- --- Montgomery.... 249 181 213 193 44 --- Orrstown...... 80 149 65 147 --- 62 Peters........ 175 52 134 56 84 --- Quincy........ 247 305 225 292 --- 54 Southampton... 69 82 45 67 --- 26 Sulphur Spring 34 41 33 39 --- --- St. Thomas.... 167 227 148 210 --- 60 Washington.... 351 259 316 302 75 --- Warren........ 61 56 51 50 --- --- Welsh Run..... 135 178 98 135 --- --- ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ 4299 4106 3773 3962

Judge Rowe's majority in Antrim is 105, and Col. Dixon gains 57 in St. Thomas.

We believe the whole of the county ticket is safe, except S. W. Hays, who is probably elected by a small majority.

Republican gains in the county, so far as heard from, in Chambersburg and 9 townships, 260.

Both Capt. Walker and Capt. Sheibly are doubtless elected by handsome majorities.

Hon. John Cessna, though badly cut in Chambersburg and Quincy by the Weistling faction, will be triumphantly elected.

If Mr. Hays, our candidate for District Attorney is defeated, as we fear he may be, the same patriotic faction has the doubtful honor of effecting it.

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