Franklin Repository: May 26, 1869Go To Page : 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
(Column 01)Summary: This sarcastic article "complains" that before long, Grant's administration will eliminate the national debt as a problem just like Republicans eliminated the slavery issue.
Full Text of Article:[No Title]
What will become of us all? Every thing is going to perdition as fast as it can. The Democrats are all screaming "look out," but nobody looks out worth a continental. Grant is a miserable failure; all the members of his Cabinet are miserable failures; his foreign Ministers are miserable failures; his home appointments are miserable failures, every one of them. Everything is out of sorts and out of joint, just as everything used to be when the rebels were badly whipped in a great battle.
Won't the dear good Democrats please stop the eternal rushing of the Administration to everlasting perdition? Just think! Last month it recklessly paid off six millions of principal of the national debt, and about as much of the interest, and not even Boutwell gave the alarm. Next month still greater extravagance is to be indulged than last. What will we do? What will we do? At this rate, if it be not checked, the time may soon come when we will have no public debt to talk about, just as it has happened with the "nigger." What a jolly time we once had taking care of the "nigger," Now the Radicals with their tinkering have set the "nigger" free, and made him an American citizen of the African persuasion, in whom the Democrats have not the slightest interest. They are trying to do the same thing with the national debt. Won't somebody just please give the alarm?
(Column 01)Summary: The article summarizes the recent speech of Gilbert Walker, the conservative nominee in the Virginia Republican gubernatorial primary. In it, Walker argues that the great question of the election was race relations and that rejecting the recent constitutional amendment is the solution.
Full Text of Article:The Border Damages
Gilbert C. Walker, the Conservative Republican, or Conservative candidate for Governor of Virginia, in opposition to H. H. Wells, the Radical nominee, opened the campaign at Norfolk, the other day, by a speech, among other things in which he said: The serious question to be considered was antagonism between the white and black, and the proscriptive measures of the constitution showed this fact. The way to remedy such antagonism was for the white man and black man to step together upon the true Republican platform of universal suffrage and universal amnesty, and vote down that clause which threatened the rights of both.
Governor Wells, of Virginia, lately invited Mr. Walker, the opposing candidate to meet him at several points where political gatherings had been called by Mr. Walker, for joint discussion. Mr. Walker declined on the ground that the proposition came too late, his own arrangements having been made.
(Column 02)Summary: This letter to the Repository's editors argues that the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania should pay reparations for damages incurred during raids across the southern border of the commonwealth during the war.
Full Text of Article:
To the Editors of the Franklin Repository.
As the tune appointed for the meeting of those claiming damages, in repayment of the losses suffered by them during the war, in this section of Pennsylvania, approaches, perhaps you may think proper to give space in your columns to a communication in reference to the validity of their pretensions.
It will not be denied, by those conversant with the foundation and theory of free government, that the protection of the individual in his rights is as justly due to him, from the State, as obedience to the edicts of the law-making power of the State is due from him. When, year by year, the people of the border counties of Pennsylvania were required, by authority of her laws, to pay their proportionate sums of money into the coffers of the State, the hard earned dollars were not withheld from the common treasury. It was right and proper that those taxes should be paid, and the people of the border counties have no right to claim any especial honor or privilege because they paid them. But throughout the dark days of the rebellion, they had a right to expect from the State government protection, as far as the power of the Commonwealth could afford protection to them, in the three rights of law abiding citizens: "the right of personal security, the right of personal liberty, and the right of private property." While the slaveholders' war was raging so near the edge of the old Keystone, the men at the head of affairs at Harrisburg knew that the border counties of the State were, for several years, almost constantly within a few hours ride of the rebel raiders' haunts, and that if no adequate military force were stationed in those counties, to oppose the Southern horseman, a cavalry dash across the line might be daily expected. They were aware also, that commands of loyal troops, in such limited numbers as Pennsylvania could well afford to organize and maintain, might be placed at different points near the Southern boundary of the State, in such a manner as to prevent any rebel foray over her soil. In willful supineness, the high State officials neglected to provide these forces, except when for a brief period a few militia were sent, to stand temporarily, in front of the foe. In consequence of that neglect of duty on the part of the Commonwealth to protect them, many citizens along her Southern line ask her to make good, as far as repayment in money can, the losses which by her failure to defend her territory, she permitted them to suffer at the hands of her enemies. They have a right to claim from her payment for property so lost by them, and to claim such payment not as an elemosynary donation but as a debt due, at least equitably, from her to them. When her tax-gatherer has come to demand of them the allotted per cent, he has not assumed the mien and garb of a mendicant; and when they call upon her, in return, to fulfill, as far as she now can, her undertaking in the implied contract between government and individual, they should not be met as beggars asking alms.
It is palpable sophistry to attempt to shift the responsibility of reimbursing the border losses from the Commonwealth, to the United States government. Men may argue that because it was the duty of the central superior government, to protect the citizens of Pennsylvania in life and property, therefore the State was relieved of the care of guarding the rights of her people. Such special pleaders need only be referred to the Constitution of the United States, to be reminded, that to each State was reserved, in that great charter, the right, to "engage in war" when "actually invaded or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay." The inference is clear that the framers of the constitution intended to leave remaining to each State the duty of protecting her inhabitants from invasion, concurrent with the same duty resting upon the general government. How far the United States authorities may have been culpable in leaving open to Southern raiders, the avenues to towns and fields of Pennsylvania, it is not now necessary to inquire. It has been stated in their vindication, that the great struggle between the federal armies and the hosts of treason, absorbing all the military power of the Union, rendered the central government unable to leave more troops along the line of the border States. We are told that because the general government failed to defend the inhabitants of the Southern part of our State, therefore those people should be paid from the vaults of the national treasury, for their property stolen and destroyed. Appeals to men who should know the opinions held in Congress on the subject, have been made, and the applicants have been led to believe that payment of the border losses of our State, by the national government at present, is out of the question. In justification of the refusal of the Washington authorities to pay them, it is said, that if the United States pay each claims to Pennsylvanians, they would be compelled to pay claims of a similar character, amounting to many millions of dollars from other parts of the Union; and that with the present heavy debt bearing upon the national resources, it is impossible for the government to reimburse, at this time at least, all the loyal citizens of the country, for losses of the same nature which they may have suffered. "Necessity knows no law."
Investigation of the merits of these or other pleas in vindication of the neglect of the United States Government to repay the border claimants of our State, is not material to the correct determination of the duty of the Commonwealth. Even assuming that the National Government has been guilty of injustice in its conduct toward these people, such fact could not be a reasonable excuse which Pennsylvania might offer to her citizens, for her neglect to fulfill her equitable obligations. Two wrongs never made a right.
It will not be gravely argued that our great Commonwealth is not able to pay these claims. The losses of the Counties of Adams, Franklin, Fulton, Bedford, Perry, York, and Cumberland as proved before the Commissioners, in addition to those occasioned by the burning of Chambersburg, amount to $1,693,351.52. Pennsylvania could well afford to pay ten times the sum, rather than place a dark blot upon her escutcheon, emblazoning to the world her injustice to her own people.
Were the wealth of the State a thousand fold greater than it is, she never could by paying her gold to the inhabitants of her border districts, who have been visited by the marauder, restore to them the property which was ruthlessly wrested from them. The portrait of the sainted mother, the only remaining picture of her loved face, which was stolen in wanton cruelty by the traitor robber, cannot be reproduced, by money. The parting gift of father, brother, sister or child committed to the living, as the dying one bade farewell; the sad but dearly prized memento, which the flames destroyed, when Chambersburg was burned, may not be brought forth from the State treasury to-day. Fate has decreed there should be losses suffered by the people of the Southern tier of counties along the Keystone line, while they stood between the more Northern portions of the State and the enemy, which are irreparable by human power. But there are many stout hearted, industrious men and women in those border districts, who have been laboring with unrelaxed energy and perseverance, during the last few years, to support with difficulty themselves and those dependent on them, and who have been long weighed down with debt, because Pennsylvania will not repay them, for the property of which rebel soldiers robbed them. There are widows and orphans, in straitened circumstances, who daily feel the harsh injustice of the rich Commonwealth, withholding from them the compensation which she owes to them, for the monetary loss resulting when their homes were destroyed, by the torch sent to strike terror throughout the whole State. May we hope there will be honor and honesty enough in our future legislators, to lead them to pay the people of these counties, the money due them from the State, and which many of those people so much need. JUSTIFICUS.
A Brief Historical Sketch of the Central Presbyterian Church of Chambersburg
(Column 01)Summary: The paper prints an account of the history of the new Central Presbyterian Church of Chambersburg. Members of the congregation of the Falling Spring Presbyterianc Church founded the new place of worship because of crowded conditions at Falling Spring.Decoration Day
(Names in announcement: James C. Austin , James A. Reside, Henry L. Reed, E. D. Reid, A. H. M'Culloh, Miss Alice E. M'Culloh, Miss Mary E. M'Culloh, W. Blair Gilmore, I. H. M'Cauley, Joseph M. M'Clure, John R. Orr, John L. Grier, Rev. Thomas Creigh, Rev. W. A. West, J. C. M'Lanahan, Preston R. Austin, Alma Cassel, Edith Boyle, Susan Elliott, Rev. I. N. Hays, Jacob Fetter, William Hopkins, William Clark, Henry H. Elliott, H. Auld, J. C. Austin, Rev. J. W. Wightman, O. N. Lull, J. A. Crawford, William T. Speer, John M. Gilmore, John L. Barr, S. D. Button, G. Robert Nixon, B. Frank Gilmore, Mrs. A. Lull, R. Austin, Julia Reed, Annie Reid, Minnie Fetter, Mary A. Schofield, Miss Beckie Austin, George W. Noftsker, R. I. Hays, C. V. Reside, Jennie Anderson, John Snider, B. Frank Evans, Eliza Durborow, Martha Durborow, Mary Cassel, Annie E. Cassel, Elizabeth A. Reid, Annie Reid, Hugh Auld, Mary M. Reside, Carrie V. Reside, Emma Elliott, Maria Fetter, Minnie R. Fetter, Elizabeth J. Clark, Charlotte Reed, Sarah Clark, Maggie Orr, Ellie Gilmore, Julia Reed, Isabella Fry, Annie Anderson, Abigail Lull, Alcesta C. Gilmore, Rebecca H. Hays, Rebecca J. Hays, William Gillan, Mary Gillan, Jane Barr, Ann Brown, Rebecca M'Kee, Cilinda Speer, Thomas A. Allen, Ada Over, Charlotte Schofield, Jennie M. Over, Jennie Anderson, Nancy Lightcap, Sarah J. Walker, John W. Smith, Charles M'Kee Orr, Thomas Kirby Gilmore, Minnie Boles Cassel, Sarah Wilson , W. S. Fletcher, T. B. Kennedy, T. H. Wood, James G. Elder, J. M'D Sharpe, James D. Scott, Thomas S. Grier, Elizabeth Purviance, Lyman S. Clarke, Guthrie Spear, W. S. Stenger, J. L. P. Detrich, J. H. Shumaker, A. J. White, J. Shaffer, Maggie A. Detrich, W. H. Sellers, James Watson, J. D. Jacobs, F. G. Dittman, G. R. Messersmith, I. H. M'Cauley, J. S. Brand, S. Allison, Enos B. Engle, A. Matthews, W. F. Eyster, J. W. Fletcher, J. Mull, C. H. Taylor, G. W. Brewer, Thomas J. Allen, D. D. Sollenberger, Daniel Trostle, Beams Stouffer, Nicholas Snider, George Sprecher, R. E. Sprecher, M. J. Sprecher, E. W. Sprecher, T. M'Fadden, C. Speer, J. S. Eby, A. Hollar, J. E. Matthews, M. P. Welsh, C. Wettman, W. W. Paxton, W. Furgeson, H. C. Koontz, P. Kreichbaum, George H. Storm, John Berger, A. L. Coyle, Greenawalt, Aug Duncan, Guthrie, Hamsher, Philip Householder, H. E. Spielman, C. Atherton, J. Tawney, Samuel Butler, Mrs. J. F. Fuller, S. J. Stetzell, Jonathan Hawk, William Forbes, Henry Strickler, W. C. Finney, Jere Cook, Mary Gillan, Jospeh Schofield, H. T. Snider, Daniel Harmony, Philip DeHaven, Joseph M'Clintock, Calvin Gilbert, George Cassel, John P. Keefer, Philip Carper, William M'Kee, Benjamin L. Ryder, William B. Reed, W. C. Eyster, Charles H. Smith, Edward Fetter, Joseph Speck, Philip Weitman, S. M. Walker, John Huber, Jacob Zent , Daniel Gelwicks, W. A. Hazelet, Joseph Anderson, Joseph Sierer, H. B. Hatnick, Franklin Finefrock, Henry Sierer, J. T. M'Lanahan, Calvin M. Duncan, J. M. Cooper, A. C. M'Grath, R. Austin, J. V. Gish, C. H. Bush, George Householder, Vincent M'Coy, Adam Aughinbaugh, Daniel Miller, Tench M'Dowell, J. M. Heart, Rev. J. F. Kennedy, Elizabeth Smith, John W. Smith, Elmira Smith, Christian Stouffer, Rev. J. Agnew Crawford, Miller, Hamilton, Huber, Lemaster, A. S. Hull, John Miller, Christian FullerSr., Robert Thompson, John Monks, Henry Clipper, Jesse D. Richter, Adam Bowers, Thompson Woods, Emanuel HaleJr., Julius T. Gibbs, C. W. Fuller, John SeibertSr., Jacob Lightner, C. W. Wright, John Broder, John F. Fuller, William Rhoads, James H. Speer, J. P. Fleurig, P. Seiple, Emanuel Shade, James A. Smith, John L. Wolff, Levi Stepler, Theo First, Robert B. Smiley, Casper Wickey, William Seibert, John Shafer, Thomas Monks, George Dunsberger, William Michaels, George Parviu, Leonard Dunsberger, Thomas J. Grier, Jacob W. Shafer, Philip Seelig, Marion Elliott, John Heckman, Lewis Gregg, J. B. Freezs, Peter Lightner, Samuel Claudy, Robert P. Hazelet, D. Brainerd Kirby, D. Smith Fahnestock, John F. M'Cleary, Fleming A. Rankin, Orlando E. M'Fadden, Carey C. Weagley, John B. M'Fadden, John M. Cooper, William S. Stenger, Augustus Duncan, Daniel M. Sheller, Alfred N. M'Cleary, Napoleon B. Heefner, B. Frank Evans, John F. Worley, George M. Hoke)
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(Column 03)Summary: The Mercersburg Classis of the German Reformed Church began its annual session in Chambersburg on Thursday. The classis includes Franklin, Fulton, Bedord, Blair, and part of Cumberland County. It has 29 ministers and 6,086 church members. Benevolent contributions for the year amounted to $3,558. Much discussion centered on Mercersburg College.[No Title]
(Column 03)Summary: The paper complains about a law that requires police to obtain a warrant before arresting drunkards. The effects of the law were on display in Chambersburg when it took police quite some time to arrest a disruptive drunk.Franklin County Horticultural Society
(Column 03)Summary: The society met in the rooms of the Ryder Nursery Association. The members discussed summer maintenance of fruit trees.I.O.O.F.
(Column 03)Summary: The members of Columbus Lodge No. 75, I.O.O.F., will meet at their hall on May 29th to participate in the ceremonies for the decoration of the soldiers' graves.Border Counties' Convention
(Names in announcement: W. H. Boyle)
(Column 04)Summary: William C. M'Knight announces that the claimants for war damages from Adams, Bedford, Franklin, Fulton, Cumberland, Perry, and York Counties will meet in the Court House on June 1st.[No Title]
(Names in announcement: William C. M'Knight)
(Column 04)Summary: Frank Hamburg, a resident of Chambersburg sustained possibly fatal injuries from a fall from a hotel upon which he was working.[No Title]
(Names in announcement: Frank Hamburg)
(Column 04)Summary: Pastor D. Townsend announces that divine services will be held in the Baptist Church next Sunday.[No Title]
(Names in announcement: D. Townsend)
(Column 04)Summary: Rev. James F. Kennedy will preach in the Stone Church in Scotland on Sunday.Married
(Names in announcement: Rev. James F. Kennedy)
(Column 05)Summary: David Alter and Miss Ida Dutton, both of Chambersburg, were married at the Church of God on May 16th by Elder D. Townsend.Married
(Names in announcement: David Alter, Ida Dutton, Elder D. Townsend)
(Column 05)Summary: William Bluebaugh of Funkstown and Mrs. Sarah Knepper of Quincy were married in Chambersburg on May 20th by the Rev. John Fohl.Married
(Names in announcement: William Bluebaugh, Sarah Knepper, Rev. John Fohl)
(Column 05)Summary: Franklin Etter of Marion and Sarah Hollinger of Antrim were married on May 20th by the Rev. A. C. Felker.Married
(Names in announcement: Franklin Etter, Sarah Hollinger, Rev. A. C. Felker)
(Column 05)Summary: Isaac Burkholder of Southampton and Miss Sarah Ann Dyarman of Letterkenny were married on May 20th in at the residence of John Walker in Hamilton by the Rev. Schurtz.Died
(Names in announcement: Isaac Burkholder, Sarah Ann Dyarman, John Walker, Rev. Schurtz)
(Column 05)Summary: Thomas J. Earley died in Chambersburg on May 20th. He was 65 years old.Died
(Names in announcement: Thomas J. Earley)
(Column 05)Summary: William Shillito died in Chambersburg on March 22nd after suffering a lingering illness of more than seven weeks. He was 73 years old, and a fervent Christian for the past six months.
(Names in announcement: William Shillito)