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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: July 13, 1870

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The Income Tax Again
(Column 03)
Summary: The paper reports that a modified version of the income tax has passed the Senate. Even though it affects only the very wealthy, the editors marvel at the widespread public opposition to the tax, and speculate on the reasons for it.
Full Text of Article:

We stated a short time ago that the Senate had struck the Income tax section of the Tax Bill now before Congress, and every person believed that it would stay struck out. Last week, however, the vote striking it out was reconsidered, and the result was to reinstate the tax in modified form. It now goes back to the House with the chances in favor of its being concurred in there. This will establish a tax, of two and a half per cent on incomes over $2000, until the end of the year 1872. Hitherto there was a tax of five per cent on incomes over $1000. After the last change made by the Senate an attempt was made to defeat it by a resolution to prevent its collection until ordered by Congress. This was defeated by a tie vote, Senator Cameron failing to vote.

So far as this Congressional district is concerned the modification made by the Senate is a practical abolition of the tax. A very limited number of persons will be liable to a tax laid on the excess of two thousand dollars on incomes, and the same thing is true everywhere, except in the principal cities. In its present shape the tax is not burdensome or onerous. Only such as are prosperous and wealthy will be liable, and yet it is the most odious tax imposed by Congress. All classes of people condemn it, even those who never have and never will pay it. A member of Congress, to satisfy his constituency, must oppose the tax, though only an insignificant portion of them are liable. What is the cause of this sentiment? People say because it offends by invading our private and personal affairs, and by encouraging perjury. We doubt whether that is the real or the whole reason. It is a tax upon the rich and influential. It discriminates against them, and their wealth and position enable them to educate public opinion in their cause. By retaining the Income tax, other taxes which oppress the laboring classes may be removed at once; by striking it off they are sure to be retained. Which ought to be done? Yet the people say the Income tax must cease, and Congress ought to hearken to the will of the people.

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Laying the Corner Stone of the Protestant Episcopal Church and Other Ceremonies
(Column 01)
Summary: The South Central Convocation of the Protestant Episcopal Church of the Diocese of Pennsylvania met in Chambersburg on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday. Ministers from throughout the region attended. The corner stone of Trinity Episcopal Church, Chambersburg, was laid during the ceremonies.
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: A bridge collapsed upon James C. Atkinson, Solomon Sentman, and William Claudy while they were fishing in a creek near Roxbury. Claudy died in the accident. He was 25 years old and leaves a wife and infant child.
(Names in announcement: James C. Atkinson, Solomon Sentman, William Claudy)
Carlisle District Camp Meeting
(Column 02)
Summary: A religious camp meeting will be held at Red Barn Station on the Cumberland Valley Railroad between August 3rd and 12th. Large numbers of Chambersburg citizens are expected to attend. Interested parties can rent tents from John D. Speer, Chambersburg. Canvas and board tents with floors and roofing can be rented for $10. Those without their own provisions can purchase accomodation on site for $6 for the term, $1 per day, 50 cents for breakfast and tea, and 75 cents for dinner. Excursion tickets will be issued to all who attend.
Supreme Court Cases
(Column 03)
Summary: The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania heard the following cases: Bitner vs Bitner, Judge King, judgement affirmed; Fleming's Appeal, Judge King, judgement affirmed; Fahrney vs Holsinger, Judge King, judgement affirmed; Barncord vs Parker, Judge King, judgement affirmed; Thompson vs Kyner, Judge Rowe, judgement affirmed; Greenawalt vs M'Dowell, Judge Rowe, judgement affirmed; Eyster vs Sprecher, et. al., Judge Rowe, judgement affirmed; Sally Mahon vs George Johnson, Judge Rowe, judgement affirmed; Oliver vs Bonebrake, Judge Rowe, judgement affirmed; Gillan vs Dixon, Judge Rowe, judgement affirmed.
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: The Board of Wilson College is erecting a school building on the college grounds. Dr. Edwards is president of the institution. Rev. J. W. Whitman, J. F. Kennedy, and J. A. Crawford have been chosen professors. Rev. Dr. Creigh was appointed lecturer on Evidences of Christianity and Rev. I. N. Hays on Christian Culture. A lady of "eminent qualifications" has also been secured for one of the departments.
(Names in announcement: Dr. Edwards, Rev. J. W. Whitman, J. F. Kennedy, J. A. Crawford, Rev. Dr. Creigh, Rev. I. N. Hays)
Sudden Death
(Column 03)
Summary: Atchison Ritchey, "one of the oldest and most respected citizens of Mercersburg," died suddenly on Monday after suffering an illness of a few hours brough on by an attack of asthma. Ritchey was 70 years old and had been an "active, energetic man." "He was a man of strong convictions, and frank and open in the avowal of his opinions. He was a life long enemy of slavery, and when advocates of its abolition were few and feeble, he never concealed his detestation of the hated institution, nor hesitated to assist and befriend its victims when striving to escape. He lived long enough to see his principle triumph, to see slavery abolished in the land, and to see, also, those who had no words to say for abolitionism when it was odious, become its nosiest champions when it was popular to be so."
(Names in announcement: Atchison Ritchey)
Appointment of Viewers
(Column 03)
Summary: Judge Rowe and Judge Armstrong heard the claimants for damages against the Southern Pennsylvania Railroad. Kennedy, Stewart, and William M'Lellan apeared for the railroad, and Sharpe, M'Gowan, Clarke, and Stenger spoke for the petitioners. The court appointed the following committee to assess the damages: Benjamin Snively and A. B. Wingert of Antrim; William Bossert of Hamilton; W. S. Amberson of Waynesboro; J. C. Austin of Chambersburg; W. W. Britton and Joseph Gilmore of Letterkenny. The will begin by inspecting the property of David Teeter.
(Names in announcement: Judge Rowe, Judge Armstrong, Kennedy, Stewart, William M'Lellan, Sharpe, M'Gowan, Clarke, Stenger, Benjamin Snively, A. B. Wingert, William Bossert, W. S. Amberson, J. C. Austin, W. W. Britton, Joseph Gilmore, David Teeter)
New Presbytery
(Column 03)
Summary: The Synod of Harrisburg of the Presbyterian General Assembly met to set the bounds of the new presbyteries. Franklin County will be included in the Presbytery of Carlisle. The following officers were selected for it: Rev. Dr. Wing, moderator; A. J. Mitchell, stated clerk; Rev. J. A. Crawford, temporary clerk; J. Smith Gordon, treasurer.
(Names in announcement: Rev. Dr. Wing, A. J. Mitchell, Rev. J. A. Crawford, J. Smith Gordon)
(Column 03)
Summary: John Hassan struck Peter Cummins in the head with a brick during a fight begun while the two men were drinking with a man named Kane in the yard of the Indian Queen Hotel. Hassan was arrested and Cummins is not expected to recover. The paper blames the incident on "the madness occasioned by whiskey" since the two men were very good friends.
(Names in announcement: John Hassan, Peter Cummins, Kane)
Medical Society of Franklin County
(Column 04)
Summary: The Franklin County Medical Society met in Chambersburg. Dr. J. K. Davidson of Greencastle persided. As at every meeting, the participants read essays on cases, theories, and therapys. A large number of members attended.
(Names in announcement: Dr. J. K. Davidson)
[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: W. C. M'Dowell, son of John M'Dowell of Chambersburg, was admitted to the Naval Academy. "Master Craig M'Dowell is a bright and promising boy of excellent habits and we feel sure will strive to deserve the honor which he has received." His brother, Capt. Sam M'Dowell, "a gallant artillery officer" was killed during one of Sherman's campaigns.
(Names in announcement: W. C. M'Dowell, John M'Dowell, Capt. Sam M'Dowell)
Large Sale of Bank Stock
(Column 04)
Summary: The executors of the estate of the late Mrs. Pym of McConnellsburg sold 150 shares of the First National Bank of Chambersburg for $10,952.50 ($73.01 2/3 per share). The par value of the stock is $50.
(Names in announcement: Pym)
(Column 04)
Summary: Gen. Gregory, Marshal of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, appointed David A. Wertz of Chambersburg deputy marshal to assist in taking the social statistics of Adams, Franklin, York, Cumberland, Dauphin, Perry, and Lebanon counties.
(Names in announcement: David A. Wertz)
(Column 04)
Summary: J. G. Schaff announces that he will preach on Sunday at Marion station and on the Court House steps in Chambersburg.
(Names in announcement: J. G. Schaff)
[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: Mrs. Robert M. Bard and her two daughters are moving to California to join members of the family already there.
(Names in announcement: Mrs. Robert M. Bard)
[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: Rev. T. X. Orr preached in the Central Presbyterian Church on Sunday.
(Names in announcement: Rev. T. X. Orr)
(Column 04)
Summary: Minnie Hutton, daughter of William and Mary Hutton, died on July 11th. She was 4 years old.
(Names in announcement: Minnie Hutton, William Hutton, Mary Hutton)

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