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Valley of the Shadow

Franklin Repository: August 17, 1870

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Life: The Ideal and the Actual
(Column 04)
Summary: The paper prints the annual address before the Literary Societies of Washington and Jefferson College, Washington, Pa., delivered by A. K. M'Clure. He spoke to the graduates about fulfilling professional goals for the future.

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The Platform of the Franklin County Democracy
(Column 01)
Summary: The Repository responds to the Democrats' "declaration of principles," denying various allegations and blaming their political opponents for hypocrisy and dishonesty.
Full Text of Article:

We cannot deny ourselves the satisfaction of presenting to the people of the county the Democratic declaration of principles reported by Wm. M'Lellan, Esq., to the convention assembled in the Court House, on the 4th inst. Perhaps the interest of those who peruse these resolutions may be enhanced if, when impressed by the extraordinary bigotry of some and the cowardice of others of them, they call to mind that their acknowledged and responsible author was, not many years ago, thought to be the frank, open and highly esteemed advocate of the cherished principles which he here condemns. If it be true, as pro slavery Democrats persist in asserting, that the rebellion was brought about by the assaults of the Abolitionists of the North upon the institution of Slavery, then the author of these resolutions against the adoption of the Fifteenth Amendment, and the right of Negro Suffrage is himself, to the extent of his influence and ability, responsible for what he condemns for the Fifteenth Amendment and the right of suffrage unavoidably and logically grew out of the abolition of slavery, of which Mr. M'Lellan was a part. We take it for granted that he does not object to have this responsibility pointed out, since he has seized this public method of repudiating the doctrines which, with his own peculiar fervor and unction, he used to impress upon the minds of his associates and friends. That what we assert is true we need not here undertake to prove, because the self knowledge of many of our readers is amply sufficient to verify it.

If these resolutions merely misrepresented the Republican party we think we would pass them by without comment. We certainly could expect no fair presentment against the party by one who turned his back upon it when it was wrestling with the powers of treason and joined the ranks of those who gave traitors every aid and encouragement which they needed save one, and were only restrained by cowardice from bestowing that but we had reason to expect that their author would have the courage to make them reflect the principles of the Democracy. Instead of this they are a fraud upon the mass of Democratic voters of the county who we believe are honest in their opinions, and are put forward by the convention to deceive, and to cover up the real issue of the party.

The first resolution we care nothing about. It is simply an appeal to Republicans to help with their votes into power and offices those who are not able to help themselves. To ask persons who do not call themselves Democrats to unite under the banner on which is inscribed "Opposition to Radicalism," may be fairly denomination a beautiful and "glittering generality," but has no point or merit.

The Democratic newspaper of the county a few months ago committed the Democracy to the policy of a "White Man's Party." It will be recollected this was done only a few month ago, and not until thorough investigation proved that it was impossible for them to secure any part of the colored vote. As a local question nothing could be gained this fall when it is desperately needed, by holding out inducements to the colored citizens, but there was at least a chance to win some conservative Republicans by judiciously tickling the prejudice which exists against the colored race, and by boldly misrepresenting the history of the Republican party on negro suffrage. The second resolution pretends to give a reason why the Democracy of the county should support a "White Man's Party." It would take too much space to prove its assersions false, and we are sure a council of lawyers or of doctors would quarrel over its meaning, if indeed they could agree that it meant anything at all. We deny that the Fifteenth Amendment was "fraudulently ratified," but we doubt if any sane man would expect as to deny that "the deliberate purpose of the radical leaders, in passing the Fifteenth Amendment was to put all the States of the Union under the domination of negroes, to Africanize a large portion of the country, and degrade the white race morally and socially as well as politically to the low level of the black man." We don't deny it, because common sense will teach any person that this tremendious allegation is merely an attempt to catch votes.

We object to the allegation though because in making it Mr. M'Lellan deliberately insulted the intelligence, the morality and the sociel standing of every Democratic voter. Until now no man has dared to assert the superiority of the negro race over the white race; yet Mr. M'Lellan deliberately declares this to be the sense of a convention of Franklin county Democrats and the convention endorses it. In more than one-half of the States the negro population is in the proportion of one to one hundred white population; in the remaining States it is not one-third, and yet with this wonderful desparity in numbers the convention assures us the negroes are so much the superiors of the whites that the moment they are placed on an equal footing with them the latter will fall under their domination, will be Africanized and be morally, socially and politically on a level with them. If it is necessary to insult the intelligence as well as honor of Democrats in this manner in order to get their votes they are the strangest people we ever heard of, and we don't desire to be one of them.

The third resolution is throughout a false statement of facts, and a statement or false opinions, which even the Democracy do not believe. For example, instead of the Reconstruction policy adopted by the Radical majority in Congress being "the fruitful source of woe to the country," does not the truth justify the assertion that the destruction policy of the Democratic party from 1861 to 1865 has been the fruitful source of woe to the country. Is it not cowardly, to say the least, for the party which plunged half of our country into the very depths of poverty and misery and social evils, and burdened all of it with grevious taxes and an enormous debt, to complain that the party which rescued it from these evils has not done it to their satisfaction? That is precisely the attitude taken by this convention. All the evils they complain of came from the Democracy. They impeach the Republican party because they have not extricated the country from them in a manner to suit them.

Georgia is unrepresented in Congress to-day. Why? Because the rebel element has refused to accept the salutary conditions which repentent rebels and loyal men regard as eminently fair and just. Can the auther of these resolutions show any other reason? They charge that "Northern adventurers" thus denounced went South in loyal armies and by their services to their country, if they had no other right, won their title to a residence among the rebels, as well as to any office of trust and profit in the gift of the loyal citizens among whom they settled. But admitting that for a northern man to do this he deserved the reproachful epithet of "Northern adventurer," is it true? Attorney General Akerman, himself a Southern man, and a conservative, says of the Georgia Convention, and this may be taken as a fair standard of all the Southern States:

The usual attendance was 151 members. Of these 75 were natives of Georgia, 46 were natives of other Southern States, making 121. Of the remaining, 34 were born in foreign countries, and 26 at the North. Of those 26, 14 were residents of Southern States prior to the war. Of these there were about a dozen of what are called "carpet baggers" in that body.

Can it be possible that out of 151 members a paltry dozen were from the North, and that this story of "Northern adventurers" is not even decent Democratic clap trap?

But say they, the Radicals have enabled negroes to be elected to Legislatures, and one even to "the high position of United States Senator." We believe they have. We feel inclined to admit that this is true, and while we have little knowledge as to their success as State Legislators, we must confess that the sole representative in the United States Senate has done himself more credit, and the country far more honor than the arch traitor Jeff Davis, who preceeded him and whose place he was taken in that body. They charge the disorderly and riotous conduct in North Carolina upon the Radicals. Do they not know that a large body of men have just been arrested in North Carolina, who belong to an infamous and lawless order called the kuk klux, who have confessed their crimes, and implicated hundreds of others in the disorderly deeds there perpetrated. They are all Southerners and ardent Democrats, every one of them.

We charged that in the second resolution the convention presumed upon the ignorance and insulted the intelligence of the Democratic masses. we charge further that in the fourth resolution it has been undemocratic and false to the traditions and teachings of the party in denying to the Chinese introduction into the country, and admission to our industrial pursuits. The Democracy have always boasted of their liberality on the question. They have sought to secure the favor and support of foreigners on the ground that they throw open our shores to the poor and oppressed of every land and give them equal rights with ourselves. But because they believe there is a prejudice against the Chinese among the laboring classes, and especially among the Germans and Irish, they deliberately deny their oldest and most sacred faith, unmindful that it does not stop here, but with the same blow they deal at foreign emigration they strike down their favorite dogma of free trade. If it be good policy, as the Democracy hold, to strike down all protection to home industry, that our people may enjoy the benefit of foreign cheap labor, is it not also good policy to introduce the cheap labor which brings about exactly the same result. If it is good policy in one case how can it be bad policy in the other? We are anxious to hear. And yet this body called itself a Democratic Convention.

But let us ask just here why these resolutions, which travel all around Robin Hoods barn, forget to say anything about the doctrine of free trade. Is it not Democratic? We can tell why. In this county and Congressional district there are many Democrats wise enough to appreciate the the importance of protecting home industries and manufactures. There are many others not so wise who are free traders. The Convention was willing to be all things to all men, but it could not be both things at the same time; so unable ride both horses going in opposite directions at the same time, it concluded to ride neither, and therefore ignored the most important element in the campaign. We ask how can such fraud, such duplicity, such dishonesty commend themselves to the mass of Democratic voters? They are not blind that they cannot see. We hear them inquiring already whether such interlopers as the reputed author of these resolutions is to be allowed to render the Democratic party and principles a byword and a joke to be scorned at. It is for them to say.

There is still one more resolution condemning Hon. John Cessna, because he did not attempt to secure to the State reimbursement, or to our citizens payment for losses and damages during the rebellion. One would hardly be expected to answer this seriously, if there were space. As there is not, we will give it all the consideration it merits at another time.

What's the Matter?
(Column 02)
Summary: The paper reports that the Democrats of Franklin County have renominated Capt. G. W. Skinner for the assembly but wonder at the lack of fanfare surrounding the news.

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Court Proceedings
(Column 01)
Summary: This is a general summary of recent trials and verdicts.
(Names in announcement: Samuel Rohrer, Peter Lennart, Frederick Lennart, Mordecai M'Mahon, Daniel Palmer, Mary Ellen Swingler, John Swingler, Samuel Stokes, John Smith, Mary J. Latsbaugh, F. U. Keefer, Hugh Larman, Mary Dengler, John Kimple, Emanuel Hess, Michael Fallen, Joseph Knepper, Elizabeth Treher, Ellen Swingler, Harry Jones, William Davis, Mary Snider, George Coldsmith, William M'Neal, Dr. Forest, William Williams, Andrews, Bird, Samuel Stumbaugh, Henry Cordell, Abrm. Seidenstricker, Horace Little, Daniel Baker, George Gates, Eli Little, Samuel Winger, James Lafferty, Alex Lewis, Philip Florick, Jackson Wolfkill, Peter Dorty, Henry H. Miller, Emanuel Staver, Samuel R. Boyd, Jacob Spoonhour, Crawford Kaufman, Daniel Barnhart, Daniel Rowe, Samuel Brooks, Abraham Saylor, Henry Kaufman, George Book, M. G. Winters, Rebecca Lane, Michael Miller)
Full Text of Article:

The following cases were disposed of last week:

Com. vs. Samuel Rohrer - Assault and Battery, with intent to commit rape, on oath of Harriet Mackey. The defendent was found guilty by the jury and sentenced by the court to pay a fine of one dollar, costs of prosecution and to undergo an imprisonment of three years in the Eastern Penitentiary. As the REPOSITORY contained a full account of this crime at the time of its occurrence, it is unnecessary to refer to it again.

Com. vs. Peter Lennart - Assualt, on oath of Fred'k Lennart. Verdict guilt.

Com. vs. Mordecai M'Mahon - Horse Stealing, on oath of Daniel Palmer. Verdict not guilty. The facts in this case are about these: A son of Mr. Palmer rode into Chambersburg one Saturday evening, in July last, and hitched his horse in the yard of the Indian Queen Hotel. When he came to go home his horse was gone, and was next seen in the possession of the defendant in this case, near Gettysburg. It was not denied by the defendant's counsel that the horse was taken by the defendant, but they alleged his mind was in such a condition from the use of intoxicating liquors, that he was not responsible for the crime. It was shown that M'Mahon, who came here on a spree from his home in Altoona, was in a state of delirium tremens a week previous to the stealing of the horse, that he continued drinking during the week, that he was drunk when he stole the horse, and that Mr. Palmer placed him in jail in a drunken condition, which was followed by a severe attack of mania potu, which lasted four days. The verdict could not have been different under the circumstances of the case.

Com. vs. Mary Ellen Swingler - Adultery, on oath of John Swingler. The jury returned a verdict of guilty and defendant was sentenced to pay costs of presecution and undergo an imprisonment of nine months in the county jail.

Com. vs. Samuel Stokes - Larceny, on oath of John Smith. Verdict not guilty.

Com. vs. Mary J. Latsbaugh - Forgery and False Pretense, on oath of F U Keefer. Defendant plead guilty, and was sentenced to pay a fine of one cent, costs of prosecution and undergo an imprisonment in the county jail for three months.

Com. vs. Hugh Larmau - Assault and Battery, on oath of Mary Dengler. Defendant plead guilty and was sentenced to pay a fine of one dollar and costs of prosecution.

Com. vs. John Kimple - Procuring Goods on False Pretense, on oath of Mary J. Latsbaugh. Mary had in a previous case, plead guilty to the charge of obtaining goods from a number of merchants in Chambersburg on forged orders, which she said were written by the defendant in this case. She also stated that the goods procured in this way were to be used as her wedding outfit, when she and Kimple were married. The defense, however, proved so satisfactorily that the defendant was unable to write, and that the witness for the prosecution deliberately lied, that the District Attorney "threw up the sponge," when the jury, without leaving the box, rendered a verdict of not guilty.

Com. vs. Emanuel Hess - Assault and Battery, on oath of Michael Fallen. Defendant plead guilty, and was sentenced to pay a fine of $10 and costs of prosecution, which defendant said "was getting off as easy as could be expected under the circumstances."

Com. vs. Joseph Knepper - Fornication and Bastardy, on oath of Elizabeth Treber. Defendant submitted to court and received the usual sentence.

Com. vs. John Swingler - Assault and Battery, on oath of Ellen Swingler. Verdict guilty and sentenced to pay a fine of one cent and costs of prosecution.

Com. vs. Harry Jones - Fornication, on oath of John Swingler. Verdict guilty and sentenced to pay a fine of $10 and costs of prosecution.

Com. vs. Wm. Davis - Rape, on oath of Mary Snider. Verdict guilty, and defendant sentenced to pay a fine of one dollar, costs of prosecution, and undergo an imprisonment in the Eastern Penitentiary for twelve years. This crime was committed under the most revolting circumstances, in the southern portion of this county, almost five years since, but Davis has always managed to escape arrest. Miss Snider was between nine and ten years of age at the time this horrid offense was committed. The jury was satisfied from her testimony that this man Davis was a guilty villain. When asked by the court, previous to the passing of the sentence, if he had anything to say, he replied "nothing." Both the verdict and the sentence were received with much satisfaction by all who had been present during the trial.

Com. vs. Geo. Coldsmith - Cutting and Carrying Away Timber, on oath of Wm. M'Neal. Verdict not guilty, but defendant to pay costs.

Com. vs. John Smith - Larceny. Defendant plead guilty and was sentenced to undergo an imprisonment in the county jail for three months. Smith is the young thief who stole several articles from the house of Dr. Forest last week.

In case of Wm. Williams, et. al., reported last week, Williams was sentenced to pay a fine of $10 and undergo an imprisonment in the county jail of sixty days, and Andrews and Bird to pay a fine of one cent and costs of prosecution.


Com. vs. Samuel Stumbaugh. Oath of Henry Cordell. Case heard and defendant sentenced to pay costs of prosecution.

Com. vs. Abrm. Seidenstricker. Oath of Horace Little. Case heard and defendant sentenced to pay costs of prosecution.

Com. vs. Daniel Baker. Oath of Geo. Gates. Case heard and dismissed, prosecution to pay costs, except defendant's witnesses.

The District Attorney by leave of the court, entered a nolle prosequi in each of the following cases: Com. vs. Eli Little (two bills), Com. vs. Sam'l Winger, et. al, Com. vs. James Lafferty, Com. vs. Alex Lewis, Com. vs. Philip Florick, Com vs. Jackson Wolfkill, Com. vs. Peter Dorty, Com. vs. Henry H. Miller, Com. vs. Emanuel Staver.

The following bills were ignored by the Grand Jury: Com vs. Samuel R. Boyd and Jacob Spoonhour, Com. vs. Crawford Kaufman, Com. vs. Daniel Barnhart, Com. vs. Daniel Rowe, Com. vs. Samuel Brooks, Com. vs. Abraham Saylow, Com vs. Daniel Rowe, et al., Com vs. Henry Kaufman, Com vs. Geo. Book, Com vs. M. G. Winters, Com. vs. Rebecca Lane, et al.


Monday of this week was set apart for hearing motions that had not already been disposed of. The recognizance of several parties were forfeited.

Michael Miller, who plead guilty to the charge of selling liquor on Sunday, was sentenced to pay a fine of $10.00 and undergo an imprisonment in the County Jail for ten days.

In the afternoon His Honor Judge Rowe ordered a special term of Court to commence on the 17th of October next, to continue one week.

His Honor Judge King then adjourned the Court until the 31st of October, the next regular term.

The County Fair
(Column 02)
Summary: The thrid annual exhibition of the Franklin County Agricultural Society will be held at the Fair Grounds near Chambersburg on October 5th-7th. The society has been hard at work improving the arrangements and a track has been installed. A list of prizes will be made public soon. The paper encourages participation by all citizens.
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: The Democratic County Convention, through these resolutions, condemns the ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment, opposes the reconstruction policies of "the radical majority," denounces the introduction of Chinese labor, criticizes the Republican incumbent, John Cessna, and declares opposition to "radicalism."
Full Text of Article:

RESOLUTIONS adopted by the Democratic County Convention of Franklin county. Mr. M'Lellan, as Chairman of the Committee on Resolutions, reported the following:

Resolved, That the Democracy of Franklin county in Convention assembled, appeal to their Conservative fellow citizens, whatever may have been their party affiliations heretofore, to unite with them at the approaching election and rally under the banner on which is inscribed - OPPOSITION TO RADICALISM.

Resolved, That the use of the power of the General Government, and the high-handed outrages of the Radical leaders, to force negro suffrage upon the States, against the will of the people, as shown in the means employed to procure the fraudulent ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment, have made manifest the deliberate purpose of the Radical leaders' to put all the State of the Union (all of them more or less, and some of them entirely under the domination of negroes, to Africanize a large portion of the country, and degrade the white race, morally and socially, as well as politically, to the low level of the black." To this scheme, so discreditable to white men and so dangerous to the republic, we are unalterably opposed and therefore, present to day for the suffrages of the people, a white man's ticket on a white man's platform.

Resolved, That the reconstruction policy adopted by the radical majority in Congress has been the faithful source of woe to the country. It has presented the amazing spectacle of States unrepresented in Congress five years after the termination of the war. It has afforded an apportunity for obscure Northern adventurers to settle in the South, and, by pandering to, and associating with negroes, to procure their votes to elevate them to offices of trust and honor. It was enabled negroes to be elected to seats in State Legislatures and has elevated one to the high position of United States Senator. Under its baneful influence, anarchy reigns in North Carolina and peaceable citizens have been arrested without warrant. Military officers defy the processes of the Courts, and the Radical Government of that Commonwealth approves of their conduct. president Grant gives his sanction to these outrageous proceedings. All this has been done to overawe the Conservative people and keep them from the polls, so as to insure a victory for the Radical ticket at the election being held this day. Such an infamous conduct deserves the severest condemnation of all who love liberty.

Resolved, That the true greatness and glory of this nation is promoted largely by the prosperity and progress of its laboring classes and therefore we must deprecate the introduction of the Chinaman as a competitor in our varied industrial pursuits, for the reason that he is never likely to become an American citizen, and for the additional and more important consideration that his cheap labor will tend to the degredation of our own laboring man and his prosperity.

Resolved, That we demand as a matter of right and justice, redress from the State for losses and damages sustained by the citizens of the border during the progress of the late rebellion. And we would urge our candidate this day selected for the Legislature, (if elected) to bend all his energies, as he has done heretofore to secure this result.

Resolved, That we condemn the course of the Hon. John Cessna, our present Representative in Congress for this reason - among many others - that he has done or attempted nothing during his Congressional career looking to the reimbursement of the State or payment of our citizens for losses and damages sustained during the late rebellion.

A Young Thief
(Column 03)
Summary: A fourteen-year-old boy named John Smith stole some artificial teeth from Cressler's Drug Store and attempted to sell them to Dr. Haycock, a local dentist. When Haycock refused, Smith went to the office of Dr. Forest. Finding nobody in the office, the boy stole a gold chain and locket. He was arrested, confessed to the crime, and gave up the items. He plead guilty before the court and was sentenced to pay a fine and costs.
(Names in announcement: John Smith, Dr. Haycock, Dr. Forest)
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: This article reports the results of Rev. F. Dyson's survey of Franklin County homes and notes the numbers of black and white families who are attached to religious institutions and own bibles.
Full Text of Article:

The result of the exploration of Chambersburg by Rev. F. Dyson, Agent of the Franklin County Bible Society, is as follows:

No. of families visited, white 1,131; colored 202 - total, 1,333.

No. of families without a bible, white, 38; colored, 80 - total, 118.

No. of Church members, white, 2,203; colored, 234 - total, 2,437

No. of Sabbath School children and teachers, white 1,952; colored, 180 - total, 2,132.

No. of families, non of which are in any church, white, 175; colored, 59 - total, 234.

No. of Bibles donated as follows: Boyd's Hotel, 15; Keefer's Hotel, 12; Jail, 12; to destitute families, white, 35; colored, 64; sundry persons, 6.

Amount received on bibles sold, $3,50; as donations, $42,95.

[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: Col. Theodore M'Gowan, Chairman of the Republican Convention, appointed the following County Committee: Dr. J. L. Suesserott of Chambersburg, chairman; Alex H. Schafhirt, Antrim; S. F. Greenawalt, North Ward of Chambersburg; Will E. Tolbert, South Ward of Chambersburg; Sol Hockenberry, Concord; Ste. M. Skinner, Dry Run; J. E. Crawford, Fayetteville; Dr. C. T. Maclay, Greenvillage; Henry S. Miller, Guilford; John Walker, Hamilton; J. B. Kaufman, Letterkenny; John Saltzman, Lurgan; Capt. William Burgess, Loudon; George A. Miller, Metal; T. C. Grove, Montgomery; Samuel Knisely, Orrstown; Jacob Frick, Peters; E. B. Winger, Quincy; T. E. Fuller, Southampton; D. A. Fohl, St. Thomas; William Shields, Sulpher Spring; Jeptha M'Culloh, Warren; Voiney Rogers, Washington; Fred Foreman, Welsh Run.
(Names in announcement: Col. Theodore M'Gowan, Dr. J. L. Suesserott, Alex H. Schafhirt, S. F. Greenawalt, Will E. Tolbert, Sol. Hockenberry, Ste. M. Skinner, J. E. Crawford, Dr. C. T. Maclay, Henry S. Miller, John Walker, J. B. Kaufman, John Saltzman, Capt. William Burgess, George A. Miller, T. C. Grove, Samuel Knisely, Jacob Frick, E. B. Winger, T. E. Fuller, D. A. Fohl, William Shields, Jeptha M'Culloh, Volney Rogers, Fred Foreman)
(Column 03)
Summary: Franklin Kane of Franklin township was arrested in Gettysburg for cutting Adam Newman with a knife. Kane was released on bail after being charged with a similar assault in Chambersburg.
(Names in announcement: Franklin Kane, Adam Newman)
(Column 04)
Summary: Rev. J. P. Bishop and Rev. J. G. Schaff will preach in the grove of Samuel Snively near Greencastle on August 21st. They will speak on "The Judgement" and "Hell." The paper also prints a schedule for the Church of God Bethel.
(Names in announcement: Rev. J. P. Bishop, Rev. J. G. Schaff, Samuel Snively)
[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: A new lodge of the I.O.G.T. was instituted at Greenvillage called Tolbert Lodge. Their are now 9 I.O.G.T. lodges in the county with a total membership of 700.
Admitted to Practice
(Column 04)
Summary: Lewis W. Deatrich passed the bar exam and was admitted to practice law in Franklin County.
(Names in announcement: Lewis W. Deatrich)
Church Festival
(Column 04)
Summary: The Lutheran Church of Loudon will hold a festival on August 19th and 20th.
(Column 05)
Summary: Henry Small died in Funkstown on August 8th at the residence of his son, E. J. Small. He was 84 years old.
(Names in announcement: Henry Small, E. J. Small)
(Column 05)
Summary: George Logan, son of Thomas Logan, died in Chambersburg on August 9th. He was 7 years old.
(Names in announcement: George Logan, Thomas Logan)
(Column 05)
Summary: Mary Catharine Keefer, daughter of John P. and Mary Rebecca Keefer, died in Chambersburg on August 13th. She was 8 months old.
(Names in announcement: Mary Catharine Keefer, John P. Keefer, Mary Rebecca Keefer)

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