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Valley of the Shadow

Staunton Vindicator: May 25, 1860

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-Page 01-

Census of 1860
(Column 3)
Summary: Provides detailed instructions for how every Staunton resident should prepare for the census.
Full Text of Article:

Census of 1860.

Each head of a family will prepare and leave at his residence, a statement in conformity to the following enquiries, that the Marshal may not be detained when he calls for it, to wit: State the name and sex of each member of the family, commencing with the names of the parents, giving the respective ages of all, including the ages of the parents; the names of those that died, if any, within twelve months next before the 1st day of June, 1860; probable cause of such death and duration of illness; names of such as are idiotic and whether so from birth or casualty; and if from casualty, state its character; names of such as are deranged, and duration of such derangement; names of such as are deaf and dumb and blind, and whether so from birth or casualty; and if from casualty, state its character; be particular in answering to separate the white from the colored in each of every family; and state where colored, whether black or mulatto, and slaver or free; how many of each family of whites cannot read or write; state the number of acres contained in each; state the number of horses, oxen, cows, sheep, goats, hogs, &c./ raised within twelve months next before the 1st day of June, (1860); the number of pounds of hay or fodder, and value, and how much of each marketed; the number of pounds of wool, hemp, flax, &c./ and how much marketed, and how much manufactured, and whether for home use or for market, and the value marketed; the kind and value of each building on each farm or lot, and cash value; the number of pounds of butter and cheese, and how much and value of each, marketed; the rates of wages paid per day to day laborers, or by the week, month, or year, on farms; the rates of wages in each of other pursuits, and the value of materials used by all artists, including machines of every character whatsoever; the proceeds of all work disposed of; the value of all materials used in any of the professions, including extent and value of libraries; the number of volumes contained in each private library; the name of each school, number of pupils in each, rate of tuition fee, board, &c./ and amount of proceeds; the number of teachers in each, their names, ages, and the branches taught by each; whether a male or female school, academy, &c./ or both combined, and probable average number in each during the year since the 1st day of June last; the name of each store, grocery, or trading house, the name of the owner or owners, and whether as joint owners or co- partners, and number of clerks employed and salaries; the amount of capital employed, and probable amount of sales since the first day of June last, (1860); the name of furnaces, forges, &c./ and the names of owners, and whether owned individually or in co-partnership; amount of capital employed, value and kind of fuel and other materials used; number of hands, separating white from black, and slave from free negro, employed, and amount of wages paid each; the names of all minerals and metals found on each farm or landed estate, including mineral and medicinal waters; under what name known, used or worked; and probable number of visitors at each improved watering-place, hands employed, rate of wages, &c. number of paupers supported by the county, or by partial appropriation from county deposition, ages, sex and color; number of children educated at public expense, and amount expended in this way by each School Commissioner and number of his district; the name of each Sheriff and Deputy Sheriff, and Constable, Coroner and Overseer of the Poor, and the name and parish of each of the latter; indeed, without further detail, every branch and kind of industry, as well as every branch and kind of disease, and bodily and mental infirmity, forming the entire character and history of the county, including the number of miles of . . . [word missing] . . . roads, railroads, churches, names of each, as well as the names of sects worshipping in the churches, including all and every denomination whatsoever; &c./ &c./ &. ; name and number of papers, amount of circulation, value of all materials used, and whether whig, democratic, religious or agricultural, &., &;c.; quantity of sugar and molasses made, and probable value; how much for home consumption, and how much sold, and the price at which sold; and whether from the sugar maple, or cane, known as sorgum, &c./ c.; mills of every description, the amount of materials used, ground, &c./ in each; quantity of manufacture turned out thereby, and put in market, and proceeds of sale, &c./ &.c. Be pleased to prepare each statement on the first day of June next, (1860) as the census taker will have but a short time to obtain the statistics in. Be particular in stating the place of birth of each individual, country, State and county or parish; and the last birth-day of each; and value of all personal property, as well as value of real estate owned by each; the exact amount of tax paid by each the last year, ending 1st of June, 1860; the time of death of each person dying within the last year, ending the 1st of June, 1860, and cause and duration of sickness. Be particular in giving true statistics of every species of property, names of whites, names of free colored, and number and ages of all slaves; and age, and time of each death among slaves and free-persons of color, within said year; and where there are widows among whites so state; who their guardians, amount of their estates, and in what condition; amount of all monies of all persons invested in stocks, &c./ &c./ &c. Each citizen, as well property-holder as others, should take a deep interest in the expediting of the work.

Hon. A. H. Stephens' Letter
(Column 4)
Summary: Stephens's letter detailing his positions on nonintervention, the Democratic platform, and other key issues.
Editorial Comment: "The following letter was written in response to a call from the citizens of Macon, Ga., for the views of Mr. Stephens in the present condition of our political affairs. Its calm, clear able vindication of the doctrine of non-intervention and consequent repudiation of the policy of changing the platform of the Democratic party are very appropriate at this time. Hence we offer no apology for giving the letter in full."

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[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: Messrs. Waddell have sold their interest in the Spectator to R. Mauzy, Esq. of Rockingham.
(Names in announcement: Messrs. Waddell, R. MauzyEsq.)
[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: The Richmond Examiner asked the Southern states whether they were ready to dissolve the Union. No dissolution has taken place because the people still support the Union.
Full Text of Article:

"[T]he people--the great substratum which underlies this government--will have nothing to do with any proposition for dissolution. From the Ontario to the Gulf, the people are for the Union, the Constitution, and the equality of the States."

Election Returns
(Column 2)
Summary: Election returns for the recent local elections. Gen. Harman was elected Commonwealth's Attorney; H.H. Peck, Sheriff; A.F. Kinney, Circuit Court; and Judge Thompson, Circuit Judge. Also includes results of races for district Magistrates and Constables.
(Names in announcement: Gen. W.H. Harman, R.L. Doyle, H.H. Peck, A.F. Kinney, L.P. Thompson, David FultzEsq., Jno. A. Harman, J. Wayt Bell, S.B. Brown, W.G. Sterrett, J.L. Peyton, J.D. Brown, R.G. Bickle, B.F. Points, W.A. Bell, Henry Eidson, M.D.W. Hogshead, D. Kunkle, J.R. Grove, B.F. Hailman, J. Baylor, E.M. Cushing, T. Marshall, A. Koiner, Mr. Ellis, Mr. Bruce, Jos. Morrison, John Newton, W.F. Smith, David Blackwood, A.W. Moore, Mr. Finley, Mr. Guy, Mr. Gentry, Dr. Kennedy, J.A. Patterson, W.D. Anderson, Cyrus Brown, A. Ross, W. Gamble, Charles K. Hyde, Stover, Donoho, Coalter, Mowry, Turk)
An Insolent Document
(Column 3)
Summary: The Vindicator lays before its readers the address of the delegates who withdrew from the Charleston Convention. The paper sees this address as "evidence of a design on the part of a Senate caucus to attempt to stifle the voice and suppress the thoughts of the people, by usurping the functions of the Democratic National Convention." The document is reprinted in column 7.
Chicago Convention
(Column 5)
Summary: The Republican Convention, held at Chicago, nominated Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin. Lincoln is a formidable candidate, according to the Vindicator. Only the nomination of Judge Douglas by the Democrats can prevent Lincoln's election.
Full Text of Article:

Chicago Convention.

The Chicago Convention brought its labors to a close on the 18th inst., by the nomination of Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois, as their candidate for the Presidency, and Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine, as the candidate for Vice President. The first ballot stood: Seward 178, Lincoln 102, Bates 51, Cameron 50, McLean 12, Wade S. Dayton 14. There being no choice, a second ballot was had, as follows: Steward 184 1/2; Lincoln 181 1/2 - scattering 38. Whole number of votes 404; necessary to a choice 203. The third ballot was then had, and a general stampede of all the forces opposed to Seward took place in favor of Lincoln. It resulted, Lincoln 228; Seward 181. Lincoln was therefore declared the nominee. The result is said to have been brought about by the Pennsylvania friends of Cameron. Seward's friends were much disappointed, and received the result with ill-concealed disgust. Those opposed to Seward manifested the wildest enthusiasm at the announcement, and Chicago, a few moments afterwards, was the scene of one continued outburst of gladness and delight. Cannons were fired, bonfires lighted up and every demonstration of excessive joy given.

Hannibal Hamlin, now U. S. Senator from Maine, was then nominated for Vice President, on the second ballot, his principal competitor being Cassius M. Clay, of Ky.

Mr. Lincoln is a Kentuckian by birth. He formerly acted with the old Whig party, but upon its dissolution, became identified with the Black Republicans. In 1858 he was chosen by that party as the opponent of Judge Douglas for the Senate. After one of the most exciting and embittered contests ever waged in this country, the friends of Mr. Douglas succeeded in securing the election of a majority of the Legislature, and he was chosen U. S. Senator.

Mr. Hamlin up to 1854 acted with the Democratic party, but left that organization on the Kansas-Nebraska question--he opposing the repeal of the Missouri Compromise line. Since that time he has been fully associated with the Black Republican party.

Taking this ticket in all its bearings we conceive it to be not only plausible, but very formidable. Mr. Lincoln is a man of remarkable personal popularity, and could not have been defeated in 1858 in Illinois by any other man than Judge Douglas. His popularity extends throughout all the Northwestern States, and unless the Baltimore Convention nominates Judge Douglas, the sixty-six electoral votes of the Northwest will doubtless be cast for Mr. Lincoln. As the condition of parties now stands, there is no hope for the Democracy, save in the nomination of Judge Douglas. This we conceive to be an evident fact. There is no use in trying to conceal it. People may talk about one man saving the party, and hoot at the ideas as much as they please, but to our mind there is no man now living who can save the Democratic party at this time from defeat by the Black Republicans, but Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois. The plainer this matter is understood the better. We either have to nominate Douglas at Baltimore, or Abraham Lincoln will be the next President of the United States.

Insurance Company
(Column 5)
Summary: The Vindicator suggests that Staunton residents form an Insurance Company for life and property. It points out that "A large amount is paid out of this county annually to Northern Corporations for the insurance of life and property, which could just as well be retained among us."
Full Text of Article:

Insurance Company.

While the public spirit of our citizens is aroused, we think it opportune to suggest the expediency of forming an Insurance Company, both for life and property, in this county. A large amount is paid out of this county annually to Northern Corporations for the insurance of life and property, which could just as well be retained among us. We merely throw out the suggestion at this time for the consideration of our business men, with the promise, hereafter to notice the idea more fully. Cannot the people of Augusta organize an Insurance Company?

The Tenth Legion Speaks
(Column 6)
Summary: The Democrats of Rockingham passed a number of resolutions in support of the actions taken by their delegates to the Charleston Convention.
Commonwealth's Attorney
(Column 6)
Summary: The Vindicator argues that the election of Gen. Harman to the office of Commonwealth's Attorney indicates that Augusta voters "cannot be induced to make such offices turn upon party prejudices."
Ice Cream
(Column 6)
Summary: The Messrs. Cease have opened an Ice Cream Saloon.
Full Text of Article:

Ice Cream.

The Messrs. Cease have fixed up very handsomely an Ice Cream Saloon, immediately over their Confection Store. Ladies and Gentlemen will find their room an agreeable resort in the evenings and during the day to partake of Cream and Cake.

J. B. Antonio also has elegantly arranged his Saloon, and has also on hand the nicest article of Cream and Cake.

[No Title]
(Column 6)
Summary: Election day was marked by the usual number of fights and drunken men.
Full Text of Article:

"Election day was signalized . . ."

Election day was signalized by the usual number of fights, drunken men, committals to jail, &c. It was quite a busy day.

Two gentlemen took offense at each other, retired to a selected spot, pulled off their coats, one knocked the other down six times, and then they walked off and took a drink together. This was all done in a quiet way, there being but one person present, and not five words passed between them.

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