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Valley of the Shadow

Staunton Vindicator: May 27, 1864

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: Also on this page are advertisements, a poem, an article entitled "Two Extracts From Revolutionary History," and other articles on the war.

For the Vindicator
(Column 2)
Summary: An unidentified writer relates war developments in western Virginia in recent days, specifically those involving the 19th Virginia Cavalry and the 46th and 47th Battalions. The letter is dated May 23, 1863, but should have been 1864.
Progress of "Negro" Equality
(Column 4)
Summary: Discusses changes in the ways white people and African Americans are relating to each other, particularly in Washington, D. C. The writer disparagingly and sarcastically notes the role of President Lincoln in pushing for better treatment of African Americans. A steamboat line running between Washington, Baltimore, and Fortress Monroe has had the rule that white and African-American passengers could not eat together at the same table but now has changed that rule, much to the writer's consternation.
Full Text of Article:

Progress of "Negro" Equality.

From a Washington Letter.

The progress of the social equality of niggers with white people is making fearful headway in this part of the world. The fiat has gone forth from the White House that all who expect to find favour in the eyes of his Majesty Abraham the First must be ready on all occasions to bow down and worship this idol of the Republican party. General Butler (who feels that his head is in some danger since the appointment of General Smith to command the troops in his department) has just taken a step in this direction that will no doubt restore him to full favour with ours would be monarchy. The daily line of steamboats which run between this city, Baltimore and Fortress Monroe, have always had among their rules, one which forbade the presence of coloured people at the same table with the passengers. This rule was enforced on a recent occasion. But, when the boat arrived at Fortress Monroe, the friends of the coloured person who had been refused a seat at the table complained to General Butler of the "indignity" thus offered to one of "our coloured fellow citizens." The Hero of Big Bethel at once issued an order directing that in future negroes should be allowed to sit and eat at the same table with the passengers on board of these boats, and that no distinction whatever should be made in the treatment of any person on account of his colour. Henceforth, therefore the ladies and gentlemen who travel on these steamboats will have the exquisite pleasure of sitting at the stable [sic] side by side with filthy, greasy niggers.

Casualties in 62nd Va. Regt. at New Market, on the 16th inst.
(Column 6)
Summary: In the battle at New Market, Virginia, on May 16, 1864, none of the field officers of the 62nd Virginia Regiment were killed or wounded. Color Sergeant Hedrick and Corporal Nuttier were wounded, and Corporal Jones was wounded dangerously. From Company A, Captain H. M. Smith commanding: Wounded, Captain Smith; Sergeant Merrett; John Sharp; P. Sharp, shoulder and arm; T. D. Gilford, thigh; W. Moorman, thigh; E. Johnson, head; J. Shineburg, arm; J. Sims, leg. From Company B, Captain J. J. Chipley commanding: Killed, Corporal L. Bouldin. Wounded, Captain Chipley, head; Private Arch Gordon, dangerously; Private B. Orndoff, leg; Private H. Funk, arm; Private G. Mohen, hand; Private P. Y. Raden, leg. From Company C, Captain J. B. Moomau commanding: Killed, Private J. Bennett. Wounded, Corporal J. Arbogast; Private C. Halderman. From Company D, Captain S. Flesher commanding: Wounded, Sergeant C. Sibert; Sergeant J. H. Cummings; Corporal J. A. Wilson; Private W. Barton; Private W. D. Herner; Private J. T. Britt; Private J. Puffenbarger; Private J. Props; Private J. Shirley. From Company E, Captain Hill Commanding: Wounded, Captain Hill, arm; Sergeant G. S. Hines, leg; Private M. D. Larey, abdomen; Private J. E. Cross, head; Private J. A. Boner; Private S. Cross, hand; Private T. Nutter, face; Private J. W. Harris, arm; Private W. Dadisman, leg; Private J. B. Paley, thigh. From Company F, Lieutenant S. Cunningham commanding: Killed, Private George Hevener. Wounded, Sergeant J. C. Davis; Sergeant G. W. Payne; Private L. Simmons; Private James Priest. From Company G, Captain C. Currence commanding: Killed, Captain Currence; Private Eli Sanders; Private Andrew Heter. Wounded, Sergeant S. C. Hefner, hip; Sergeant J. C. Dennison, leg; Sergeant J. L. Berry, breast and leg; Private J. M. Skinner, knee; Private J. S. Hacker, leg; Private T. W. Holden, foot; Private S. B. Myers, head; Private S. Jones, shoulder. From Company H, Lieutenant D. Woodley commanding: Killed, Private W. J. Gum. Wounded, Lieutenant Woodley, seriously; Sergeant G. W. Gum; Private J. B. Cross; Private J. Nutter; Private R. T. Ellison. From Company I, Captain A. M. Bastable commanding: Killed, Private Goggin. Wounded, Sergeant Bowers; Corporal Blizzard, breast; Corporal Smith, head; Private Hizer, leg; Private Clayton, breast; Private Vint, head; Private P. Eye, hand; Private Hardie, leg. From Company K, Captain C. Holt commanding: Killed, Lieutenant P. Mallow; Private E. Willfong; Private R. Herner. Wounded, Captain C. Holt; Sergeant J. Dyer; Corporal W. Davis; Corporal J. A. Bodkin; Corporal H. Kiser, head; Private B. Bodkin, neck; Private W. J. Cowger, leg; Private J. S. Hoover, leg; Private W. Hoover; Private W. A. Hoover, head; Private W. L. Hiner, hand; Private J. D. Hammer, arm; Private H. Kiser, leg; Private J. W. Locke, thigh; Private H. A. Milway, arm; Private N. Moyers; Private J. J. Ross, leg; Private J. A. Ruffner, leg; Private A. Rexrode, arm. Casualties in Companies attached to the 62nd Regiment include, from Company L, Lieutenant Howard commanding: Killed, Private Kenedy, Company G, 23rd Virginia Cavalry; Private George Grey, Company G, 23rd Virginia Cavalry. Wounded, Sergeant Racher; Corporal Meade; Private Lauton; Private Utter; Private Hirst; Sergeant Christian, Company D, 23rd Virginia; Private Jones; Private Smith; Private Trimmer; Private Pleasants; Private Jackson; Sergeant James Vanlear, Company B, 23rd Virginia; Private Jennings: Private Williams; Private Wolfe; Private Willard; Private Wetsel, Company C, 231 Regiment; Private Wilson. Company M, Lieutenant Fisher, 23rd Virginia Regiment, many lost, not reported. Company N, Lieutenant Tompkins, 23rd Virginia Regiment: Killed, two names not known. Wounded, Corporal Beynard, Corporal Steptoe; Private T. G. Hoy; Private M. Geanges; Private Tankersley; Private Norton; Private Robertson; Private Stoneburger; Private Atkinson; Private Norman; Private Tising; Private Hyman; Sergeant Grigsby; Private Coverstine; Private Davis; Private Shifflett; Private Statton; Private Price. Missing, Thurston. From Company O, Captain C. H. Woodson commanding: Killed, Sergeant J. W. Jones; Sergeant W. M. Day; Private H. Cave; Private Morris. Wounded, Captain Woodson; Lieutenant Bradshaw; Sergeant Browning; Corporal Dwyer; Corporal Moore; Private Atchinson; Private Ballard; Private Batton; Private Bobbett; Private B. A. Bradshaw; Private Bear; Private Clomey; Private Allins; Private Cooper; Private Dry; Private Dunkin; Private Ellis; Private Gibbs; Private Hannah; Private Lewellin; Private J. W. Lewellin; Private Maupin; Private Morris; Private Nelson; Private Powell; Private Reardon; Private Smith; Private Smooney; Private S. Thomasson; Private Walters; Private Walker; Private Sheenal; Private R. S. Clarkson; Private L. J. Smithel. The regiment numbered 540 officers and men when it went into the fight and lost about 240 men killed, wounded, and missing. The attached companies were made up of parts of companies from other regiments. Correct lists could not be made out. Adjutant Chipley made the above list. Casualties in Captain Dangerfield's and Captain Ware's companies of Bath Cavalry, of the Army of Northern Virginia, in the late battles include: Killed, Lieutenant Scipio Beance; James Irvin; John Rosser; Benjamin Thompson; Arch Rivercomb; Hy Grose. Wounded, Lieutenant John A. Warwick. Camera Gatewood; Samuel Burger; Elishia Williams; George Mayso; Alexander H. Sittington; W. McClintick; Aaron Law; W. McClintic; And. S. Porter; George Rivercomb; Joseph Oliver; James Glendy; _____ Chandler.
(Names in announcement: Color Sergeant Hedrick, Corporal Nutter, Corporal Jones, Captain H. M. Smith, Captain Smith, Sergeant Merrett, John Sharp, P. Sharp, T. D. Gilford, W. Moorman, E. Johnson, J. Shineburg, J. Sims, Captain J. J. Chipley, Corporal L. Bouldin, Captain Chipley, Private Arch Gordon, Private B. Orndoff, Private H. Funk, Private G. Mohen, Private P. Y. Raden, Captain J. B. Moomau, Private J. Bennett, Corporal J. Arbogast, Private C. Halderman, Private P. Arbogast, Captain S. Flesher, Sergeant C. Sibert, Sergeant J. H. Cummings, Corporal J. A. Wilson, Private W. Barton, Private W. D. Herner, Private J. T. Britt, Private J. Puffenbarger, Private J. Props, Private J. Shirley, Captain Hill, Captain Hill, Sergeant G. S. Hines, Private M. D. Larey, Private J. E. Cross, Private J. A. Boner, Private S. Cross, Private T. Nutter, Private J. W. Harris, Private W. Dadisman, Private J. B. Paley, Lieutenant S. Cunningham, Private George Hevener, Sergeant J. C. Davis, Sergeant G. W. Payne, Private L. Simmons, Private James Priest, Captain C. Currence, Captain Currence, Private Eli Sanders, Private Andrew Heter, Sergeant S. C. Hefner, Sergeant J. C. Dennison, Sergeant J. L. Berry, Private J. M. Skinner, Private J. S. Hacker, Private T. W. Holden, Private S. B. Myres, Private S. Jones, Lieutenant D. Woodley, Private W. J. Gum, Private J. B. Cross, Private J. Nutter, Private R. T. Ellison, Captain A. M. Bastable, Private Goggin, Sergeant Bowers, Corporal Blizzard, Corporal Smith, Private Hizer, Private Clayton, Private Vint, Private P. Eye, Private Hardie, Captain C. Holt, Lieutenant P. Mallow, Private E. Willfong, Private R. Herner, Captain C. Holt, Sergeant J. Dyer, Corporal W. Davis, Corporal J. A. Bodkin, Corporal H. Kiser, Private B. Bodkin, Private W. J. Cowger, Private J. S. Hoover, Private W. Hoover, Private W. A. Hoover, Private W. L. Hiner, Private J. D. Hammer, Private H. Kiser, Private J. W. Locke, Private H. A. Milway, Private N. Moyers, Private J. J. Ross, Private J. A. Ruffner, Private A. Rexrode)
Casualties in the 52nd Regt Va Infantry in the fight of May 19th
(Column 7)
Summary: Casualties in the 52nd Regiment of Virginia Volunteers in the fight of May 19, 1864, include: Company A, none killed, wounded, or missing. Company B, none killed. Wounded, Sergeant John S. Lipscomb, side; Sergeant Joseph Patterson, hip, slightly; Private Ruben Hall, hand, slightly. Company C, none killed, wounded, or missing. Company D, Wounded, W. L. Curry, side, severely. Company E, Killed, Corporal John Black. Wounded, James S. Fisher, side, severely; Corporal W. L. Parsons, hip, severely; David Clarke, leg, slightly. Company F, none killed, wounded, or missing. Company G, Killed, James Heaton; James N. Piner. Wounded, Elias Stogdale, side, severely. Company H, none killed or wounded. Company I, Killed, David B. Thorton. Wounded, Sergeant W. J. Robinson, arm, severely; W. B. Reed, neck. Company K, Killed, none. Wounded Samuel Snead, thigh, severely; Andrew G. Jackson, hip, severely. Total Killed 5, Wounded 13. Killed Cupp, near Mt. Solon, on Wednesday, by an accidental shell in an artillery fight (Captain Artillery Company). Total losses in Ewell's corps, 500 in killed, wounded, and missing. Captain Trevy's company of the 5th Virginia Regiment on Friday morning had only seven men fit for duty.
(Names in announcement: Sergeant John S. Lipscomb, Sergeant Joseph Patterson, Private Ruben Hall, W. L. Curry, Corporal John Black, James S. Fisher, Corporal W. L. Parsons, David Clarke, James Heaton, James N. Piner, Elias Stogdale, David B. Thorton, Sergeant W. J. Robinson, W. B. Reed, Samuel Snead, Andrew G. Jackson, Cupp, Captain Trevy)

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Description of Page: Also on this page are additional advertisements and notices.

War News
(Column 1)
Summary: This article updates readers on war developments around Spotsylvania Court House, in southside Virginia, and in Georgia.
Shall Gen. Lee Expose Himself?
(Column 1)
Summary: The editor relates that on May 12 General Lee ordered two brigades to regain entrenchments captured by the enemy and then tried to lead the charge himself. The men declared they would not allow him to endanger his life in such a way and promised to be successful if only he would retire to the back lines, which he did. The editor notes the great sadness with which the people of the Valley met the death of General Stonewall Jackson and implores other Confederate Generals, and especially General Lee, not to put themselves in positions of danger, as their leadership is so greatly needed.
A Review
(Column 2)
Summary: The editor warns readers not to be dismayed and think the worst when news from the war front is delayed and warns readers not to have unrealistic expectations about what their generals can accomplish in a given campaign. The editor then reviews developments on all the fronts of the war and looks hopefully to the war's end and the enemy's defeat.
Full Text of Article:

A Review.

Why should we expect success in the present campaign? There are some who feel a painful fear of the defeat of our armies, unless they see at all times telegraphic dispatches or newspaper bulletins of our continued success. A week's delay in obtaining news from the front is all that is necessary to transform there from their tad pole condition to that of a small sized croaker. They expect a General to hurl an adversary from strong positions, defeat his army or put it to ignominious rout in less time than a squadron of cavalry would advance to a charge. There are no Generals extant who could equal the expectations of such persons. for all such we feel that it is a useless task to write. To those who have no depression because of the tapping of a railway by a raiding party nor are unduly elated by a minor success we would say, in answer to the question at the head of this article, that there is every reason to believe that we will win in the present campaign. The campaign is not immediately confined, as regards its commencement, to the Spring, at which time it opened here, but may be considered as begun in the series of movements made in Texas, Mississippi and Florida, all of which had more or less bearing on the impending struggle in Virginia, being the mere movement of pawns in the great game of chess to be played out on another part of the board between stronger pieces, to which these lesser ones but aided the initiation. Let us take a recursery [sic] view of these movements. The movement in Texas met with disaster and was forced to take a new direction into Louisiana and Arkansas, although we have it distinctly stated that the armies making the latter movement were positively ordered to reinforce the army of Tennessee. In Mississippi the forces under Sherman, with all their parade and bragging, failed to accomplish any thing further than the destruction of a few bridges and the tearing up of twenty-five or thirty miles of railroad track, and hastily retreated also to reinforce the army of Tennessee. The expedition into florida was speedily repelled by the gallant Finnegan, being driven under the protection of their gunboats and of which only a few are left in that State the remainder coming to the east to engage in the great game there. After thundering at the walls of the detested city, Charleston for such a length of time with but little effect, the men and armaments of that locality have also been withdrawn to participate in their expected success. Thus is it narrowed down to the two great fields of Georgia and Virginia, the former of which is now being used by the enemy as a distraction from their grand aim--which involves the destruction of the army of Northern Virginia, the seizure of the capital and ultimate overthrow of the Confederacy. In our immediate proximity we find that the contest is measurably narrowing down to the conflict between the armies of Gens. Lee and Grant. Averill and Crook essaying to make a movement on what might be termed Gen. Lee's extreme left flank have been signally chastised by the redoubtable Morgan, the gallant Jenkins, Jones, Jackson, French and McCausland, while, Siegel, who tried the route of Banks in the Valley, came as near being routed by the brave leaders off the Valley, Breckinridge and Imboden, as did commissary Banks at the hands of the lamented Stonewall Jackson. On the extreme right butler, reinforced by the forces from of Charleston harbor and Florida, would fain have reached the city of Richmond before his great superior Grant, but unaccountably and unfortunately found in his way the ever present and invincible Beauregard, and, report says, is endeavoring now to join his superior with the remnant of his demoralized crew. Thus we see that the armies of the North have rapidly converged to the grand centre under Grant, where they have already met a sufficiency of obstacles, as acknowledged by their own rulers, to have deterred any save Grant, whose stubbornness, for which he has been proverbial for years, seems to have been intensified by his desire to obtain power in the North, of which the failure to endeavor to proceed now would destroy the last shadow of a hope.

He asserts that he will fight it out in the line he has selected if it takes all summer, and we believe he will do so if he can muster the men sufficient.

Then to sum it up although, Averill and Sigel may either attempt to distract by movements, which will most surely be repelled, or, Butler may leave a small force to annoy by disturbing communications below Richmond, yet the contest if decided now must be done by the two great armies of Virginia. With a vast preponderance of numbers they have failed most signally thus far, having been defeated with immense loss (stated at 70,000 by Northern papers) in every attempt to overwhelm Gen. Lee, and having accomplished nothing save the cutting of railway and telegraph communication. Taking the losses of the enemy into consideration, even allowing largely for reinforcements to fill up their depleted ranks, they will, as the experience of the many days battles proves, find that all the troops they can map under Grant will be but adding numbers for destruction before the brave men with whom gen. Lee will continue to contest their way. Of their own choice they are contesting the matter just where we could most desire it. We have been gloriously successful thus far and will in the end most assuredly defeat the only army to whom the enemy look for success and put at rest forever, we hope, the desire of the North to subjugate the brave people of our glorious Confederacy.

[No Title]
(Column 3)
Summary: This series of general and special orders from various war departments appoints Brig. General James L. Kemper to command the Reserve Forces of the Valley and gives instructions to the troops regarding their duties and his command.
(Names in announcement: Brig. General J. D. Imboden, Brig. General James L. Kemper, Colonel E. G. Lee)
(Column 4)
Summary: Lucy M. Galt, formerly of Fluvanna County, married Captain William Holeman of Buckingham County on May 25, 1864, at the home of A. F. Kinney in Staunton, with Reverend James A. Latane officiating.
(Names in announcement: A. F. Kinney, Reverend James A. Latane, Miss Lucy M. Galt)
(Column 4)
Summary: Kate Scherer, daughter of John B. Scherer of Staunton, married John Hillbert, formerly of Baltimore, on May 19, 1864, with Reverend Joseph Bixie officiating.
(Names in announcement: Reverend Joseph Bixie, Mr. John Hillbert, Miss Kate Scherer, John B. Scherer)
(Column 4)
Summary: Kate Shafer married T. S. Thornburg in Staunton on May 19, 1864, with Reverend Mr. Dice officiating.
(Names in announcement: Reverend Mr. Dice, Mr. T. S. Thornburg, Miss Kate Shafer)
(Column 4)
Summary: Mary Caroline Crawley married Michael Malony at the home of her father at Bath Alum on May 12, 1864, with Reverend Joseph Bixie officiating.
(Names in announcement: Reverend Joseph Bixie, Mr. Michael Malony, Miss Mary Caroline Crawley)
(Column 4)
Summary: W. Edwin Crawford, 30, second son of the late William Crawford, died last Saturday morning near Mt. Solon on the Harrisonburg and Warm Spring Turnpike after a brief illness of typhoid fever. He is survived by a wife, a brother, and sisters.
(Names in announcement: Mr. W. Edwin Crawford, William Crawford)
(Column 4)
Summary: Jonathan B. Hague, 64, died May 17, 1864, at nine o'clock in the morning.
(Names in announcement: Jonathan B. Hague)
$1000 Reward
(Column 4)
Summary: William Jordan of Rockbridge Baths offers a reward of $1000 for the return of all four or $250 for the return of any one of his slaves who ran away the night of May 22. Peter is about 25, is black and "Pox marked," and came from Richmond. Asbury, about 20, is a light copper color, about five feet five or six inches tall, and "likely." He was wearing a Jane's coat and pants and a homemade hat. He was raised in Augusta County. Wesley, about 20, is five feet three or four inches tall and came from near Martinsburg. Malvin, about 21, is black and "likely." He was wearing a suit of janes clothes, walnut color.
(Names in announcement: William Jordan)
Full Text of Article:

$1000 Reward.

I will give one thousand dollars reward for the apprehension and delivery in Jail of the following negro men, or two hundred and fifty dollars for the apprehension of either of them, viz:


about 25 years old, black and Pox marked. He came from Richmond.


is about 20 years of age, light copper color, about 5 feet 5 or 6 inches high and likely, he had on when he left a Janes coat and pants, and a home made hat, and was raised in Augusta County.


is about 5 feet 3 or 4 inches high, black, and about 20 years old. He came from near Martinsburg.


is about 21 years old, black and likely. He had on when he left a suit of janes clothes, walnut color.

These negroes ran off on the night of the 22d of May 1864.

William Jordan,

Rockbridge Baths.

May 27--1t

(Column 4)
Summary: P. T. Burkholder of Fishersville, Augusta County, offers a liberal reward for the return of Moses, 40 years old, six feet tall, heavy set, with black whiskers tinged with gray. Moses ran away last Saturday night. He belongs to C. T. Butler of Shepherdstown, Jefferson County.
(Names in announcement: P. T. Burkholder)
Full Text of Article:


Ran away from the subscriber on Saturday night last, Moses 40 years old, six feet high, heavy set and black whiskers tinged with grey. He belongs to C.T. Butler, near Shepherdstown, Jefferson Co Va. A liberal reward will be paid for his apprehension, if lodged in jail or returned to me.

Address Fishersville. Augusta Co. Va.

P.T. Burkholder.

May 27-2t