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Valley of the Shadow

Staunton Vindicator: January 27, 1865

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: Also on this page are other articles on the war, including one on the gold market and the bright financial picture of the Confederacy, advertisements, and a poem.

Tests of Patriotism
(Column 4)
Summary: The writer recognizes that the state of Virginia has been a theater of war since the beginning and has been a model of patriotism and sacrifice for the cause of liberty. The writer holds up the example of Virginia for other Confederate states.
Origin of Article: Macon Telegraph

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Also on this page are other articles on the war, an article on a remedy for diphtheria, other advertisements, notices, and a calendar for 1865.

Cotton and Tobacco
(Column 1)
Summary: A resolution passed the Confederate House for the government to buy all the tobacco and cotton produced in the states. The resolution has met with approval from everyone except those who have made their fortunes on cotton and tobacco. The editor notes that the Confederacy should have bought all that had been produced since the beginning of the war and that a measure such as this that would do as much good for the nation should meet with universal approval. The editor quotes the Honorable J. B. Baldwin, representative from the district, in support of the resolution.
(Names in announcement: J. B. BaldwinHonorable)
Full Text of Article:

Cotton and Tobacco.

The resolution offered in Congress by Mr. Marshall to purchase for the Confederate States all the Tobacco and Cotton in the Confederacy, which has met with decided favor in the lower House, from all that we can learn, seems to meet with the approbation of nearly all save those who have made fortunes during the war and placed them for safe keeping in the hands of King Cotton and his consort Tobacco. These persons seem a little feverish when the seizure of Tobacco and Cotton is spoken of, and proceed without delay to vent their hitherto pent up feelings upon the devoted heads of Congress, and especially a few who favored the measure. We have often heard it stated that "capital was timid" but it has been reserved to us of this day to witness the truthfulness of this remark, handed down to us as the experience of past ages, by the tremulousness of men of means when the hazarding of their fortunes is even discovered in the dim distance. Had this matter been dealt with in the first year of the war, as it should have been, by the purchase then of all the Cotton and Tobacco in the Confederacy, we doubtless would now experience a better state of affairs. It is useless, however, to repine over the past. A measure calculated to promote the good of the Country as much as this is likely to do should meet with universal assent. When life and liberty are placed in the balance against wealth and property, we say unequivocally away with wealth and all its concomitant comforts. We at first felt indisposed to favor this measure, but upon a closer scrutiny and a better understanding of the desired result of the resolution we feel that it will be productive of great good to our Country and its cause.

Our Representative from this District, Hon. J.B. Baldwin, gives the measure his hearty support, and places Va in the proud position she has always desired to occupy. We append a short abstract of his remarks below.

Mr. Baldwin, of Va., earnestly advocated Mr. Marshall's resolution. He said that rumo[r]s had reached Congress that parties in certain states were willing to treat for peace independent of the common Government, and he therefore desired that it should go forth to the country and the world that the Confederacy now, as at the beginning of the struggle for independence is a unit. He could speak for Virginia, and could say that she was now willing to give her means as freely as she had given her sons. Mr. B, during his remarks, alluded to the fact that a member from one of the cotton States had threatened on yesterday to resign if the resolution under consideration prevailed, and that no gentle man from that section had yet endorsed it.

Decline in the Price of Gold
(Column 1)
Summary: The price of gold has fallen, and those who have hoarded it will lose out. Keeping money in circulation is beneficial to the country, while storing gold simply makes it a target for the enemy. Confederate money and the fortune of the Confederacy are linked and will rise together.
Origin of Article: Richmond Examiner
Editorial Comment: "Our readers will be pleased to learn that the price of Gold is declining. From various points of the Confederacy we hear the same report. We copy the following, in reference to it, from the Richmond Examiner of Tuesday last."
[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: General J. D. Imboden is in command of all the military prisons in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi.
(Names in announcement: General J. D. Imboden)
[No Title]
(Column 2)
Summary: James A. Seddon has resigned as secretary of war, and J. P. Benjamin is rumored to have resigned as secretary of state. Rumors have identified Honorable John Letcher, General Howell Cobb, and General John C. Breckenridge as replacements for James A. Seddon.
War News
(Column 2)
Summary: The editor cites information from the Lynchburg Republican regarding the aftermath of the battle at Winchester on September 19, 1864. A Confederate surgeon in charge of the Confederate wounded states that the army left about 400 wounded from the battle and another 260 previously sick and wounded in the hands of the enemy. From the battle on September 19 until the close of the campaign, the enemy captured 864 sick and wounded, far fewer than previous estimates. Yankee surgeons at Winchester stated that after the fight on September 19, they buried six Union soldiers for every one Confederate and that local hospitals were filled with six thousand wounded. These large losses indicate the skill with which the Confederates fought, in light of the overpowering odds against them.
Full Text of Article:

War News.

At the present writing all is quiet along the lines of the James and Appomattox.

On Sunday night last, an attack on our lines was expected and arrangements were promptly made to meet it. The night however passed off and the enemy came not. The roads and the weather, are obstacles of suffic[i]ent importance to prevent either of the armies from attempting an immediate advance.

From the Dispatch of Tuesday we learn that Maj. Gen. Gordon has been placed in command of the Second Corps lately commanded by Lieut. Gen. Early. He issued an address to the troops upon taking command.

From the Charleston Courier we learn that our forces had abandoned Pocotaligo on Saturday night, burning the Saltketcher bridge and falling back to this side of the Saltketcher river.

A force of the enemey [sic] estimated at 15000 men under the command of General Foster, were advancing on Pocotaligo. The enemy encountered our forces near the old battle ground at Old Pocotaligo. A fight ensued, and the enemy were held in check until dark, when our troops, in accordance with previous arrangements, were withdrawn to our lines behind the Saltkehatchle. All the commissary stores, &c., a Pocotaligo were brought off safely. No particulars were received.

The Lynchburg Republican gathers from one of our Surgeons who remained in Winchester in charge of our wounded during the whole of the campaign from the 19th of September, some interesting facts relative to our losses.

This gentleman states that we left in the hands of the enemy, in the fight of the 19th of September, about 400 wounded, and that there were in Winchester previous to the fight 260 and wounded. Our informant further states that the entire number of sick and wounded captured by the enemy, was 864. This includes all the fights in the Valley from the 19th of September to the close of the campaign. These losses are certainly very far under the estimate we had heretofore had, but that they are correct we have every confidence, as our informant's position gave him every facility for obtaining accurate information.

The gentleman tells us that the enemy claimed to have 45,000 infantry and 12,000 cavalry.

The Yankee surgeons at Winchester told our informant that they buried, after the fight at Winchester on the 19th of September, six of their own men to one of ours, and that the hospitals in the town contained six thousand of their wounded from that fight alone.

This exhibit of the losses of the two armies evidences the skill and gallantry with which our officers and men fought, and though they were unfortunate in not securing the fruits of their oft repeated victories, yet none will deny that they deserve well of their country, when they remember the overpowering odds against which they had to contend.

For the Vindicator
(Column 3)
Summary: J. L. Stirewalt, agent for the state of Virginia, has received contributions on behalf of the maimed soldiers, and asks auxiliary associations to continue raising money for the cause. From the Staunton Association, Honorable A. H. Stuart, President, Richard Mauzy, Secretary, Colonel George Baylor, Treasurer, $3025.16; from Bridgewater, Barbee, President, B. S. Brown, Secretary and Treasurer, $1248; from St. Paul's Church, Rockland Mills, George Carpenter, President, Homer Henkel, Secretary and Treasurer, $2024.75; from Mt. Crawford, J. P. Slusser, President, J. F. Funkhouser, Secretary and Treasurer, $733.33; from Koiner's Church, Reverend J. Killian, President, F. Barger, Secretary and Treasurer, $1700; from New Providence, Major H. R. Jones, President, J. W. Gilkeson, Secretary, Brooks, Treasurer, $100; from Port Republic, Dr. Kemper, President, Dr. J. P. Hyde, Secretary, Captain Hansberger, Treasurer, $1423; from Mt. Horeb, J. W. Crawford, President, J. D. Craig, Secretary, J. Patterson, Treasurer, $615; from Augusta Church, S. B. Finly, President, Reverend Bowman, Secretary and Treasurer, $1492; from New Hope, Thornton Berry, President, James Stout, Secretary, Dr. Waddle, Treasurer, $750; from Waynesboro, Reverend Richardson, President, J. S. Wallace, Secretary, G. A. Bruce, Treasurer, $575; from Bethlehem Church, Reverend J. Killian, President, J. F. Ellis, Secretary, Captain Miller, Treasurer, $531.
(Names in announcement: A. H. StuartHonorable, Richard Mauzy, Colonel George Baylor, Barbee, B. S. Brown, George Carpenter, Homer Henkel, J. P. Slusser, J. F. Funkhouser, J. Killian, F. Barger, H. R. Jones, J. W. Gilkeson, Brooks, Dr. Kemper, Dr. J. P. Hyde, Captain Hansberger, J. W. Crawford, J. D. Craig, J. Patterson, S. B. Finly, Reverend Bowman, Thornton Berry, James Stout, Dr. Waddle, Reverend Richardson, J. S. Wallace, G. A. Bruce, Reverend J. Killian, J. F. Ellis, Captain Miller)
Trailer: J. L. Stirewalt, Agent for the State of Va.
(Column 4)
Summary: Mary Ellen Fastwell and Andrew J. Southards, C. S. A., both of Staunton, married on January 12, 1865, with Rev. Mr. Dice officiating.
(Names in announcement: Rev. Mr. Dice, Andrew J. Southards, Miss Mary Ellen Fastwell)
(Column 4)
Summary: Edward Dabney Harman, infant child of M. G. and C. V. Harman, died January 15, 1865.
(Names in announcement: Edward Dabney Harman, M. G. Harman, C. V. Harman)