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Valley of the Shadow

Staunton Vindicator: December 20, 1867

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-Page 01-

Making The Application
(Column 5)
Summary: The article relates the details of a "conversation" between a "Black Republican and a Democrat" on the topic of black suffrage. In the course of the discussion, the Democrat asserts that the inevitable consequences of political equality will be social equality and interracial marriages, "a point all men should thoughtfully think over before they vote."
Full Text of Article:

Several days ago a Black Republican and a Democrat got into conversation on the subject of making voters out of negroes.--The Black Republican contended that the negroes should be allowed to vote as a matter of right.

"But," replied the Democrat, "that will lead to social equality."

"Let it," rejoined the Republican, "the only difference between the negroes and the whites is in color of skin and in hair."

"Then you think," said the Democrat, "that the negroes should have the same social, as well as the same political privileges the whites enjoy."

"Certainly," replied the Republican.

"Now, suppose a negro and your daughter should conclude to contract marriage, what would you do in regard to that?" asked the democrat.

"Why I should let her, of course," responded the Republican.

"And you would enjoy daudling on your knee a mulatto grand-child, would you?" queried the Democrat.

"Oh no, I should not do that. If my daughter married a negro, I should discard [unclear] the Republican spirit.

"What," asked the Democrat, "discard your daughter for believing and practicing the doctrines you teach? Come neighbor, don't you think you are carrying this negro business too far? If there is no difference really between a negro and a white man, excepting the color of his skin and in the matter of hair, why would you discard your daughter for marrying a negro instead of a white man?"

The Republican hung his head thoughtfully. This is a point all men should thoughtfully think over before they vote on the subject of making negroes the political equals of the whites.

Denied Admittance
(Column 5)
Summary: After accepting an invitation to stay at the home of a white Radical legislator from Pennsylvania, Fred Douglass was asked to leave the premises by the man's wife. This incident, declares the article, underscores the fact that "however much some men may prate about 'equality of the races,' white women cannot and will not become advocates of the destitute doctrine."
Origin of Article: Carlisle Volunteer

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[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: The article reports that the "convention of the Conservative Press of Virginia" took place in Richmond last Thursday. The organization's mission is to derail the Radicals' program and to "stay the fanatical folly which would place the Old Dominion under the control of the ignorant and the vicious."
[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: States that the Tennessee Legislature has passed a bill prohibiting railroads from refusing service "on account of race, color, or previous condition"; similar measures have been introduced at state conventions in Alabama, Georgia, and Virginia.
[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: It is reported that the Kentucky Senate will seek indemnification from the federal government for "the slaves taken from her citizens, by the acts of Congress, Executive Proclamation and Constitutional Amendment."
The Great Conservative Convention
(Column 1)
Summary: The article provides a summary of the proceedings from the Conservative Convention held in Richmond last week. Several individuals from Augusta played prominent roles at the convention, including A. H. H. Stuart, who was elected President of the Convention and delivered a lengthy speech.
(Names in announcement: A. H. H. Stuart)
Full Text of Article:

On Wednesday and Thursday of last week the Great Virginia Conservative Convention was in session. The call, by the Executive Committee of Richmond, was responded to from every county in the State and Virginia had the proud satisfaction of seeing once again may of her ablest and most trusted citizens counseling together for the salvation of their beloved Old Dominion, if not of their entire country. It is said to have been th largest convention ever assembled in the State and was, without doubt, characterized by more unanimity of sentiment and purpose. As our space precludes our giving the action of the convention in detail, we confine ourselves to that portion which will most interest our readers.

Temporary Organization

At a quarter past 11 o'clock Wednesday the convention was called to order by the Hon. Willoughby Newton on whose motion the Hon. Thomas Jefferson Randolph was appointed temporary chairman.

On taking the chair, Mr. Randolph said that some forty or fifty years ago, he happened to be present at a caucus, when an old gentlemen was made temporary chairman, and it was said that if old gentlemen were not fit for anything else they were fit [LINE MISSING; MUST RE COPY EDITION] for temporary chairman, and he supposed he was entitled to the position assigned him.

When the so-called constitutional Convention assembled in the Capitol of Virginia, the fact was made known of the intended array or race against race, under the conduct of a few renegade white men; and the necessity of an organization to form a white man's party was the cause of the assembling of the body before him.

There had never been a period in the history of the country when the talents of silence was so necessary. When General Lee surrendered, the people submitted in good faith. Whatever opinion they may have entertained in regard to secession was abandoned as impracticable, and the people had from that time forward proved themselves law-abiding citizens. The idea was not to be entertained that perfect submission would secure to them their liberty,--a thing in the heart of every Virginian unimperishable.

The old grand-dames recounted with pride to the children at their knees the fame and achievements of their ancestors; the mother taught the love of liberty to her daughter; the father taught it to his son. They could all go home and tell parents to bring up their daughters as chaste as their mothers, their sons as brave and faithful as their fathers. Virginia valor had been evinced upon every battle-field of the war; it was proved unconquerable by the desolation of the country.--They must all look forward to a brighter, better day. He thanked the Convention for the honor they conferred upon him in making him their chairman, and took his seat.

Dr. Hoge, being requested to do so, came forward and made an eloquent and appropriate prayer.

On motion of Col. Christian, of Augusta, the Richmond Editors were appointed Secretaries of the Convention.

Mr. Turner, of Rappahanock, moved that a committee of thirteen be appointed to report permanent officers of the convention, which being adopted the chairman named the following gentlemen to constitute the committee, viz:

Zephaniah Turner, of Rappahannock; O. R. Funsten, of Clarke; Bolivar Christian, of Augusta; Waller R. Staples, of Montgomery; David R. Burk, of Bedford; Wm. Martin, of Henry; Asa D. Dickinson, of Prince Edward; Robert Whitehead, of Nelson; R. T. Daniel, of Richmond; R. H. Coleman, of Carolina; James M. Wilcox, of Charles City; John Goode, of Norfolk; and M. R. Garnett, of Essex.

The committee retired but a few minutes and on their return reported the following:

Permanent Officers of the Convention

President--Hon. A. H. H. Stuart.

Vice-Presidents--Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, Hon. Samuel McDowell Moor, Hon. Thos. S. Bocock, Hon. Robert S. Preston, Hon. Thomas S. Flournoy, General James L. Kemper, C. W. Newton, Esq., Hon. W. H. Macfarland, Colonel George W. Bolling, Wood Bouldin, Esq.

Secretaries--Henry K. Ellyson, Wm. R. Coleman, James McDonald and J. Bell Bigger.

Mr. Stuart, on being conducted to the chair by Messrs. Funsten and Turner said:

Gentlemen of the convention: I thank you for the honor you have done more calling me to preside over a convention which embodies so large a share of the virtue, intelligence, and patriotism of Virginia.

We have assembled, gentlemen, under circumstances of peculiar interest and solemnity. This is no convention to advance the interests of a mere party. Thank Heaven, if the late fearful conflict has done no other good, it has effected all old party animosities. We come together not as Whigs or Democrats, but as Virginians, earnestly devoted to the promotion of the interests and humor of our common mother.

Nor have we come together in any factious spirit or with any aggressive purpose.

Whatever opinions individual members of this Convention may have entertained in the past as to the right of a State to withdraw from the Union, I think I may safely affirm that they have been abandoned as impracticable. The question arising out of those opinions have been referred to the arbitrament of arms, and having been decided adversely, all now feel that they are bound in honor, as well as impelled by interest, to stand by the award.

The people of Virginia now desire repose, and they earnestly seek a restoration of their constitutional relations to the Union as to the best means of affording it. They feel, too, that the material interests of all parts of our widely extended country are impaired, and our liberties imperilled by the longer continuance of the present unhappy strifes, and we seek a restoration of the Union as the most efficient remedy for all the evils of which we complain.

When the war ceased we were told that if we annulled our ordinances of secession, and repudiated the Confederate debt, and perfected the emancipation of our slaves by adopting the constitutional amendment, we would be restored to our constitutional rights. To these conditions we promptly acceded, because they involved no sacrifice of our self-respect and were attended by no national degradation. We have faithfully fulfilled all these conditions, and yet our rights are withheld. May we not, under these circumstances, appeal to the justice and good faith of the North for the redemption of the promises thus made to us?

Looking to events which have happened in other Southern States, the people of Virginia have been led to fear that a policy is to be inaugerated here which tends, if it be not designed to subvert our whole social fabric and to bring the land of Washington. Henry, Jefferson, Madison and Marshall under the dominion of an alien and inferior race. We should be false to all the instincts of humanity -- false to the blood which courses through our veins -- false to every obligation of duty to ourselves, our kindred, and our country, if we did not earnestly protest against and seek to arrest so fearful a calamity.

We hope our fears may be unfounded.--We hope we may be spared this attempted degradation. But it is the part of prudence to guard against all contingencies. It is for this purpose that we have met to take counsel together to-day. We wish with one united voice to appeal to the patriotic people of the North to come to our relief and stay the hands of those who would oppress and degrade us.

We desire further to perfect our organization, so that all who desire that this shall continue to be a white man's government may be able to act in concert, and by one vigorous and united effort save ourselves from ruin and disgrace. We prefer military rule to the despotism of an arrogant rabble. And we wish to declare, with earnestness and emphasis, that, come what may, we and those we represent can never agree that this shall be any other than a white man's government. Our rights may wrested from us by violence, but we will never agree that our proud old mother shall be presented in the attitude of consenting to her own degradation.

Mr. Daniel, of Richmond, moved that a committee of thirteen be appointed to prepare business for the Convention to which all resolutions and propositions should be referred. Several substitutes were offered and defeated and the motion of Mr. Daniel was then adopted, and the President named the following gentlemen to constitute the

Committee of Business

R. T. Daniel, R. M. T. Hunter, William Martin, Z. Turner, Waller R. Staples, John B. Baldwin, Thomas S. Boacock, Jas. M. Wilcox, Robert H. Whitehead, George W. Bolling, John Goode, Jr., John Randolph Tucker.

At the request of Mr. Whitehead, Mr. James Barbour was placed upon the committee in his stead.

On the motion the Convention adjourned until 7 o'clock P. M.

The Convention assembled at 7 o'clock. Mr. Daniel stated that the committee of 13 were not ready to report and asked for an enlargement of the committee and further time which was agreed to and the following gentlemen added to the Committee.

Governor Letcher, Hon Fayette McMullen, Dr. S. P. Kelso, W. W. Massie., O. B. Finney, Nathaniel Alexander, Moses Walton and W. W. Flemming.

On motion the Convention adjourned to meet at 11 A. M., on Thursday.

A number of distinguished gentlemen were called upon, none whom responded save Gov. Letcher, who came forward and said that he had learned, years ago, a maxim, which he deemed very appropriate to the occasion, which says.

"A still tongue makes a wise head" and thanking the assembled multitude, retired, whereupon the throng, satisfied with the Governor's wise silence, quietly withdrew.

At 12 P.M., Thursday, the Convention was called to order by the President, and was opened by prayer by the Rev. Dr. Peterkin.

The reading of the journal was dispensed with.

The business Committee, through their Chairman. Mr. Daniel made their report; as follows:

The Committee on Business beg leave to report:

That they have prepared a series of resolutions which they submit for the approval of the Convention.

They report a plan of general organization of the Conservative voters of the State, which they submit, in like manner, the details of which are numerous and need not be set forth.

They recommend to the convention that a committee of five be appointed by the President of the convention, whose duty it shall be to prepare and publish ast such times as the STae Executive Committee (if one be appointed) may deem advisable, an address on behalf of the people of Virginia to the people of the United States.

Several other important matters have been referred to the committee.

An address to the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States; another address to the Senate and House of Representatives in Congress assembled, from Col. Moore, of Rockbridge.

A series of resolution submitted by Mr. W. W. Hancock, of Chesterfield.

A resolution proposing a committee to confer with General Scholfield, upon the propriety of disarming the negroes of the Commonwealth and suppressing military drills among them; and other matters connected with that subject.

A resolution to the effect that this is a White Man's government, and that it is the mission of the Conservative party, North and South, to preserve it as such.

A series of resolutions adopted by a public meeting in Hanover.

A resolution that it is expedient for the convention to memorialize Congress on the subject of our grievances, and also to address the people of the Northern, Western and Eastern States on the same subject.

A resolution by Mr. Turner, of Richmond that an address to the people of Virginia be prepared by the committee and reported to the convention, and also a plan of organization of the State at large.

All of which the committee have had under consideration; but from the extent and magnitude of the topics presented, and the shortness of time which could be employed in maturing such measures as they suggest, (farther than they are embraced in the former part of this report,) the committee recommended that these several matters be referred to the Central Executive Committee, should one be appointed, to be properly disposed of.

All of which the committee respectfully submit.

R. T. Daniel, Chairman.

Hon. John Randolph Tucker, then read the resolutions reported by the committee, of which it was understood he was the author, which we commend to the careful perusal of our readers, and which are as follows:

This Convention doth adopt the following Declaration of principles.

1. This Convention doth recognize that, by the result of the late war, slavery has been abolished, and doth declare that it is not the purpose or desire of the people of Virginia to reduce or subject again to slavery the people emancipated by the events of the war, and by the amendment to the Constitution of the United States.

2. This Convention doth declare that Virginia, of right should be restored to her federal relations with the Government of the United States; and that it is not in the contemplation of the people of Virginia to violate or impair her obligations to the Federal Union, but to perform then in good faith.

3. This Convention doth solemnly declare and assert that the people of Virginia are entitled to all the rights of freedom an all the guarantees therefor provided by the Constitution of the United States, and they insist on the same as unquestionable; and the said Constitution, which all are sworn to support, does not justify the governing of Virginia by any power not delegated by it, nor ought she, under it, to be controlled by the Federal Government, except in strict accordance with its terms and limitations.

4. This Convention doth declare, in the language of a resolution adopted by a public meeting held at the Cooper Institute, in the city of New York, that the policy which continues to subject the people of ten States of the Union to an irresponsible government carried on by military power, is inconsistent with the express provisions of the Constitution of the United States, and is subversive of the fundamental ideas of our Government and of civil liberty; and the object for which this great wrong has been persisted in, as now being disclosed to the people and to the world, to wit: To subject the white people of these States to the absolute supremacy in [maybe line missing] their local government and in their representation in the Senate and House of Representatives, of the black race, just emerged from personal servitude, abhorrent to the civilization of mankind, and involves us and the people of the Northern States in the consequences of surrendering one-third of the Senate and one-quarter of the House of Representatives, which are to legislate over us, to the dominion of an organized class of emancipated slaves, who are without any of the training, habits or traditions of self-government.

5. This Convention, for the people of Virginia, doth declare that they disclaim all hostility to the black population; that they sincerely desire to see them advance in intelligence and material prosperity, and are willing to extend to them a liberal and generous protection; but that while in the opinion of this Convention any Constitution of Virginia ought to make all men equal before the law, and should protect the liberty and property of all, yet this Convention doth distinctly declare that the Governments of the States and of the Union were formed by white men, to be subject to their control, and that suffrage should be still so regulated by the States as to continue the Federal and State systems under the control and direction of the white race.

6. That in the opinion of this Convention the people of Virginia will sincerely cooperate with all men throughout the Union, of whatever name or party, who will labor to restore the Constitutional Union of the States and to continue its Government and those of the States under the control of the white race.

John B. Baldwin, the author, then read the plan of organization adopted by the committee, which is substantially the plan adopted in our Augusta meeting, amplified, to meet the necessities of a State organization.

The report of the committee, the resolutions and the Plan of Organization were severally, almost unanimously adopted.

On motion of John T. Anderson, of Botetourt, it was resolved that the executive committee, when appointed by the Chair, take speedy means to test the validity of the reconstruction acts before the Supreme Court.

Mr. Aylett and the mover of the resolution advocated its passage.

On motion of Hon. John B. Baldwin, the chair was given time to appoint the committee of thirteen, as provided by the report of the committee above mentioned.

Hon. Samuel McDowell Moore stated that as the Convention had done all the good it could, and if it remained longer in session might do harm, he moved an adjournment sine die.

The motion was agreed to and, in the language of our contemporary of the Whig, "thus closed the ablest, wisest and most prudent convention we ever saw assembled in Virginia."

State Convention
(Column 4)
Summary: Contains a summary of the daily highlights from the State Convention.
Full Text of Article:

Monday 9th -- The pay of members of the convention was fixed at $8 per day and mileage as allowed members of the General Assembly; Secretary $8 per diem and $5 per diem for each assistant, not to exceed [line cut] same compensation for making arrests and keeping in custody as allowed by General Assembly and mileage for himself and messenger; and to each door-keeper $3 per day.

A resolution appointing a committee to inquire into injustice done by civil courts since June 1st 1865 and report best means of reducing the evils existing in the civil Government, was unanimously voted down.

Mr. Hunnicutt offered a resolution that the convention take steps to alleviate the condition of those laboring men who have been deprived of employment for voting the Republican ticket. Several amendments to this motion were offered, none of which proposed to make it a misdemeanor, punishable by law, to discharge employees for political opinions, all of which, together with the original resolution were tabled by a decisive vote.

Tuesday 10th -- The motion of Mr. White to refer the petition of Mr. Tukey on contested seat to committee on Privileges and Elections, caused a motion to refer all cases of contested seats to that committee which was adopted.

On motion of Mr. Woodson the Convention adjourned till Thursday at 12 M.

Thursday 12th -- The standing committees were announced by the President.

Mr. Hodges, (colored) from Princess Anne, offered the following resolution:

Whereas, There have been many loyal Union laboring men in this State who are not landholders who have been distressed and intimidated on account of their voting and supporting the Union Republican ticket at the late election by disloyal and disunion landholders, therefore

Resolved, That this Convention appoint a committee of vie to take the subject into consideration and report what necessary steps in their judgement should be taken to put a stop to late distressing and intimidating of loyal Union laboring men, by disloyal landholders in this State.

Mr. Hodges made a speech on the "revival" order in favor of his resolution. He said that these men were met after the close of the war by these disloyal men who told them that they owned the lands and they must leave it. These men had fought for this glorious flag, and he hoped they would sustain his resolution. Their constituents were looking to them for the support of them.--His grandfather fit [unclear] in the army of Gen. Washington, and helped to frame the Constitution of liberty.

Dr. Bayne (colored) made a speech in a similar train.

Mr. Williams of Amherst moved the following amendment which was accepted.

"Resolved. That the committee take also into consideration the case of men discharged from work on account of voting the Republican ticket, and be empowered and instructed to enquire at the same time into the case of those who have been intimidated by their brethren from voting with those whom they conscientiously believed their friends, of conservative political principles, that the remedy devised by the constitutional enactment may be comprehensive, and not discriminating in its provisions; so that voters of all opinions may be duly protected in the exercise of the elective franchise."

Mr. Hunnicutt delivered a partizan hargangue this subject which was replied to by Messrs. Marye and Gibson, of Giles, in which Mr. Hunnicutt was handled with gloves off, Mr. Gibson introducing some of Mr. Hunnicutt's editorial articles prior to the war which were particularly severe on colored people.

Friday, 13th -- Mr. Marye moved the Committee on printing be required to report any contract proposed to be made to the Convention for ratification; which was carried.

Mr. Norton (colored) presented [line missing] ... for the relief of homesteads which was simply to repudiate all private debts and begin afresh so far as money mattery were concerned, and which on account of its abusive tenor and scurrilous language, was refered to the Committee on the Judiciary, with the express understanding that it was not to be printed.

Lewis Lindsay, negro, of Richmond, offered the following preamble and resolutions:

Whereas, This Convention now assembled under the acts of Congress of the U. S. of America, to frame a Constitution Loyal to the Government of U. S. and establish a Republican form of government. So as to Enable Virginia to Resume her former Relation in the United States to Be the only Lawful Legislative body to adopt the fundamental and lawful Powers Guaranties to all Persons equal Right -- therefore be it resolved that a committee be appointed to wait on Major General Scholfield Commanding this District to remove all the present State Officer which Compose the present civil Government of Va and If the Committee Should fail to get the desired Information the Committee be Empowered to proceed to Washington City in Regard to the Removal of the Present So-Called State Government -- And Report to this Convention at once in Regard to the Section 3rd of the Act March 2d 1867 to Remove or Cause to be Removed a Certain potion of the Clause Third of an act of Congress passed march 2d 1867 That the General Commanding the District have power to Allow certain Civil Tribunals to Try all Criminals in the said District -- s as to Grant Power to this Convention now in Session to Remove all the said officers.

He made the following speech in support of it:

Mr. President -- I desire to speak on de resolutions, not on de county of my influence, buy bekase I think Congress de only power to take away de clause of de act. I don't like to disencourage de gentlemen of de press, bekase dey sells more papers when I speaks I think it is right dat Congress kin deforce de jurydiction of de coat. I desire to obbreviate de diffikilties of de situation. I am glad dat de word, "white" is stricken out of de constitution in de destrick of Columbia. I want you all to vote for de resolution to obbreviate de diffikilties of de situation and de Convenshun can den perwide for resturashun on a proper basis. I wants to know suthin about dat resturashun. I wants to settle de questun of de diffikilties of pusons dat voted de Republican ticket, as dey had de right to do. I voted it myself, and I'm gwine to do it always. Dat vote wus fur resturashun, and I wants resturashun. Ef dis committee am apprinted, it can obbreviate de diffikilties od de Convenshun. I wants evry member in de house to vote for de resolushun, and jest arrive a proper basis fur de State. I hope with what I have spoke you'll see dat de resolushun am necessary.

Saturday, 14th -- Mr. Maury, of Culpeper offered a resolution that the committee of Bill of Rights &;c., be required to inquire into the expediency of adding a declaration that test oaths, political or religious, are diametrically opposed to the principles of Republican liberty. Referred to appropriate Committee.

Mr. Williams, of Amherst, offered a resolution in substance as follows:

That those formerly in rebellion now desire restorration to the Union, that they may enjoy the privileges and discharge their duties in their country and that the sentiment of the victorious North as expressed in the late elections is in favor of removing all disabilities arising from having participate in rebellion. Therefore be it

Resolved, That it be referred to the committee on the elective franchise to inquire into the expediency of reporting to this convention for adoption, a constitutional provision enfrancshising all those now disfranchised for participation in the war, whom this body has the power of thus reinstating. Referred.

Resolutions of the following effect were offered:

Allowing naturalized foreigners to be entitled to all rights of native born subjects of the State after one year's residence, except eligibility in the office of Governor, Lieut. Governor, Secretary or Treasurer of the Commonwealth or Senator or Delegate to General Assembly, until after three years residence.

Abolishing Corporal and Capital punishment for crime.

Enfranchising all persons from whom the Convention has the power of removing disabilities.

Declaring all debts contracted for the purchase of slaves since 1860 null. Referred.

That, on account of a deficiency in the Treasury to pay interest on the State debt due January 1st, the Auditor and Treasurer be requested to suspend the payment of the interests until the Convention is satisfied there is a sufficiency in the Treasury to pay the interest of January 1st.

Monday 16th. -- Mr. Williamson offered the following; "Whereas the principle of consent is vital to the constitution of a legitimate republican government as it is essential to holy wedlock; and whereas such consent can only be expressed through the ballot-box; therefore

"Resolved, The the right of suffrage shall be as universal as liberty itself."

Referred to the Committee on the Elective Franchise.

Teamoh (negro) offered the following:

"Resolved, That the Committee on Finance and Taxation be instructed to report on the practicability of increasing the taxation on all uncultivated and waste lands susceptible of cultivation to a higher rate than that placed on cultivated lands." Referred.

Bayne (negro) offered the following:

"Whereas many persons in this Commonwealth has been taxed in money and labor performed on the public reads who are not enfranchised nor considered citizens according to the laws thereof: therefore

"Resolved, 1st. All persons taxed in said Commonwealth who are not enfranchised by the laws thereof be exempt from all tax until said persons are enfranchised by the laws of the State.

2d. All moneys paid by said disfranchised persons for taxes and for labors performed on roads at the rate of $1.25 per day be refunded." Referred.

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Local Items
(Column 1)
Summary: Announces that pupils from Miss Baldwin's school will give a musical performance tonight at the Presbyterian Church.
(Names in announcement: Miss Baldwin)
Local Items
(Column 1)
Summary: Announces that Prof. A. J. Turner's class of blind students will give a concert at the Chapel of the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind Institute on December 23. The editors predict "a rich musical treat" for all who attend.
(Names in announcement: Prof. A. J. Turner)
Local Items
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that C. R. Mason has purchased the "Falls Plantation," located near Richmond, for $39,721. The farm has 340 acres.
(Names in announcement: C. R. Mason)
Local Items
(Column 1)
Summary: While en route to Richmond last Tuesday to attend the Conservative Convention, several men were pickpocketed by a group of "light-fingered gentry." Among those relieved of their possessions was Thomas J. Michie, who lost about $100.
(Names in announcement: Thomas J. Michie)
(Column 2)
Summary: On Dec. 12 George P. Baker and Mattie L. Cooke, daughter of William D. Cooke, were married by Rev. M. D. Hoge.
(Names in announcement: George P. Baker, Mattie L. Cooke, William D. Cooke, Rev. M. D. Hoge, James Gordon)
(Column 2)
Summary: On Dec. 12 Edward J. Evans, of Winchester, and Addie M. Lushbaugh, daughter of Adams Lushbaugh, were married by Rev. John E. Clarke.
(Names in announcement: Edward J. Evans, Addie M. Lushbaugh, Adams Lushbaugh, Rev. John E. Clarke)
(Column 2)
Summary: On Dec. 10 David F. Sibert, of Rockingham, and Kinnie B., daughter of L. Sibert, were married by Rev. G. Stevenson.
(Names in announcement: David F. Sibert, Kinnie B. Sibert, L. Sibert, Rev. G. Stevenson)
(Column 2)
Summary: On Dec. 7 Capt. Robert C. Davis and Elizabeth J. Scott were married by Rev. J. J. Engle.
(Names in announcement: Capt. Robert C. Davis, Elizabeth J. Scott, Rev. J. J. Engle)
(Column 2)
Summary: On Dec. 11 George W. Lackey and Willie M. Burruss were married by Rev. George R. Taylor.
(Names in announcement: George W. Lackey, Willie M. Burruss, Rev. George R. Taylor)
(Column 2)
Summary: On Dec. 11 William T. Crawford and Elizabeth J. Williams were married by Rev. George R. Taylor.
(Names in announcement: William T. Crawford, Elizabeth J. Williams, Rev. George R. Taylor)
(Column 2)
Summary: On Dec. 12 Isaac N. Vines and Narcissus V. Hite were married by Rev. W. A. McDonald.
(Names in announcement: Isaac N. Vines, Narcissus V. Hite, Rev. W. A. McDonald)
(Column 2)
Summary: On Dec. 10 James R. Yates and Nannie T. Steele were married by Rev. William Pinkerton.
(Names in announcement: James R. Yates, Nannie T. Steele, Rev. William Pinkerton)
(Column 2)
Summary: Contains a tribute of respect from the members of the Staunton Lodge, No. 13, of Free and Accepted Masons, to mark the death of Erasmus Stribling Trout.
(Names in announcement: Erasmus Stribling Trout, A. M. Fauntleroy, E. L. Edmondson, C. S. Arnall)

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