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Valley of the Shadow

Semi-Weekly Dispatch: May 24, 1861

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: List of federal, state, and local officeholders, column 1; Semi-weekly Dispatch prospectus, column 1; advertisements, columns 1 and 2; poem, column 3; short articles reporting that Tennesseeans will vote soon on secession and that George McClellan, just over thirty years old, will be commander in chief of the federal army if General Scott died, column 4

Soldiers' Health
(Column 3)
Summary: Continues advice to soldiers from Hall's journal of health on how to remain healthy. Includes instruction on the ideal length of the beard, ways to recognize and treat cholera, and the best manner in which to give aid and comfort to a severely wounded comrade.
Floral Treasures
(Column 4)
Summary: Waxes indignant at the behavior in Knoxville, Tennessee, of what the writer says Southern newspapers have referred to as the "Flower of the Alabama youth." A group of young Alabama soldiers, the Knoxville Whig reported, fired from a moving train at "innocent women and children" of Knoxville. Earlier, Alabama troops from the same regiment had attempted to pull down the Union flag from a pole at the house of one of the local women, but desisted after her brother threatened him with a gun.
How a Kuntuckian [sic] was Treated in Virginia
(Column 5)
Summary: Relates in the first person an incident in which George Gaither of Kentucky was detained in prison by authorities in Virginia for appearing to be "a suspicious person." The author comments that this type of "persecution" happens frequently and that it will win Virginia more enemies than allies.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Article urging businesses to continue advertising during slow economic times, column 1; excerpts from a speech by Sam Houston, column 2; article listing the number of men in the standing armies and navies of different nations, column 2; excerpts from a speech given at Fort Hamilton by Rev. Henry Ward Beecher that praises the soldiers who fought at Fort Sumter on the side of the government, column 3; article about government seizure of telegraph dispatches throughout the North that will provide evidence of Northerners aiding "Southern rebels," column 4; advice from "an old soldier" to volunteers, stating that they should avoid whiskey, column 4; advertisements, column 5

England and America
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that England is considering giving aid to the Confederacy and comments that if England did back the Southern states, a serious breach would form between the United States and Great Britain. In addition, the editor notes that if England were to interfere, the war would become a "war of revolution" in which Ireland, Scotland, and Australia would attempt to gain their own freedom from the "Despotism and Tyranny" of England.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Advertisements, column 2; prices current, column 3; advertisements, columns 4, 5

Removal of Quarters
(Column 1)
Summary: Relates that the quarters of the Tenth Regiment were moved after two of their number became ill and died recently. It was thought that the low, damp location of the quarters was unhealthy, so they were moved and given clean straw.
[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports the arrest of J. Thomas Mason, former collector at the port of Baltimore, at Chambersburg for being a Confederate spy. Comments that sympathizers with Mason dismiss the idea that he went to Chambersburg to purchase three African-American children, but the Times correspondent believes that "a more incorrigible rebel against the United States is not to be found in all Cottondom."
Origin of Article: New York Tribune
Editorial Comment: "The Baltimore correspondent of the New York Tribune, under date of May 20th, thus notices the arrest of Judge Mason, at this place:"
Full Text of Article:

The Baltimore correspondent of the New York Tribune, under date of May 20th, thus notices the arrest of Judge Mason, at this place:

"The arrest of J. Thomas Mason, late Collector of this port, at Chambersburg, on suspicion of being a spy, has sent a thrill of terror among his sympathising friends in this city. His release has not comforted them, for they see in this thing the display of the forces that may yet crush them. The idea that he went to that town in quest of a purchaser for three negro children, is rediculous [sic]. A more incorrigible rebel against the United States is not to be found in all Cottondom, and that he went to spy out the land, is just as evident as that Extra Billy Smith was permitted to visit Washington for the same mean and despicable purpose."

Important to Hucksters
(Column 1)
Summary: Announces a new state law that prohibits "hawkers" or "peddlers" from selling their produce in Berks or Franklin Counties without a license if the produce is intended then to be sold in a market outside of those counties.
Tribute of Respect
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that the Physician of Chambersburg met to express their sorrow at the death of Dr. Wm. D. Senseny, who had just completed his medical education. The meeting passed a resolution paying tribute to the memory of Dr. Senseny and offering condolences to his family.
(Names in announcement: Dr. Wm. D. Senseny, Dr. J. L. Duesserott, Dr. S. D. Culbertson, Dr. S. D. Lane)
[No Title]
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports that the Soldiers' Hospital was moved the previous day from the Mansion House to the town hall. The article comments that this move would provide patients with better ventilation and thus was a good move.
Full Text of Article:

The Soldiers' Hospital was removed yesterday from the Mansion House to the town Hall. This is a good move. The complete ventilation afforded will materially aid in the recovery of the patients.

Post Office Removal
(Column 2)
Summary: Announces that the post office was moved to the new room in the "Spirit" building. This move too, according to the paper, marked an improvement.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Deal)
Died in the Hospital
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports the death of two soldiers from the Tenth Regiment in the hospital over the course of the week. One named Winters came from Centre County, and the other ,Dean, came from Lancaster County. Points out that there are now twenty-five soldiers sick in the hospital at Chambersburg from the Seventh, Eighth, and Tenth regiments.
(Names in announcement: Winters, Dean)
(Column 4)
Summary: Thaddeus Boggs, a prominent citizen of Fayetteville and merchant who was well known throughout the county, died on April 26 at the age of 39 after a brief illness.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Thaddeus Boggs)

-Page 04-

Description of Page: Poem, column 1; article about the moral virtue of George and Martha Washington, column 1; advertisements, columns 2-5