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Valley of the Shadow

Semi-Weekly Dispatch: June 14, 1861

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: List of federal, state, and local officeholders, column 1; advertisements, columns 1 and 2; poem, column 3; article about the Whiskey Insurrection of 1794, column 5

Colonel Kelly
(Column 3)
Summary: Describes the visit that General Morris's aides paid to Colonel Kelly, who was thought at the time to be mortally wounded. The aides brought with them dispatches from General McClellan and General Morris, reprinted here. The dispatches express appreciation to Colonel Kelly for his "gallant and soldierly conduct" in his service to his country.
Origin of Article: Wheeling Intelligencer
Editorial Comment: "The following, from the Wheeling Intelligencer, of Saturday, will be interesting to our readers, showing, as it does, the high estimation in which the Colonel is held by his superior officers:"
The Charleston Mercury Coming to Its Senses
(Column 4)
Summary: Reprints an article from the Charleston Mercury that warns of the "herculean efforts" the North has been making in preparation for war. Factories are in operation, Northern forces are obtaining arms from overseas and from the West, and troops are being readied to fight.
The "Wild Cat" Regiment
(Column 4)
Summary: Marvels at the skill with their rifles that members of the regiment of lumbermen camped at Harrisburg possess.
The Brave Old General Markle
(Column 5)
Summary: Recounts the story of how General Markle, reported to be past 85 years of age, rode to the head of his company as it traveled toward Morgantown, Virginia, to "drive away the rebels."
Beautiful Illustration
(Column 5)
Summary: Describes the "slowness and steadiness" of the soldiers in their movements. Likens them to the coming of a "tremendous storm in nature."
Origin of Article: Philadelphia Evening Bulletin
Editorial Comment: "Speaking of the grandeur and dignity characterizing the movements of the Grand Army of the country in our present struggle, an article in the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin of the 11th, contains the following beautiful illustration:"
How They Deceive the People
(Column 5)
Summary: Letter in which a minister recounts that those in his congregation have been led to believe that the North would allow them to "be given into the hands of the negroes, and that there would be a general slaughter."
Editorial Comment: "The following extract from a letter written by a minister in Western Virginia, dated June 8th, will serve to show the base methods taken by the rebels, to create a spirit of fear and hatred of the North."
Full Text of Article:

The following extract from a letter written by a minister in Western Virginia, dated June 8th, will serve to show the base methods taken by the rebels, to create a spirit of fear and hatred of the North. The letter says:

"The Church is injured very much by this war. People have been made to believe that they would be given into the hands of the negroes , and that there would be a general slaughter. This, numbers have told me, and I have tried to convince them that it was false, but I could not. Some threatened if I did not leave they would have me arrested.

These false impressions are made by false-hearted men. The manner in which the people are humbugged in this State is terrible."

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Articles concerning the "disaster at Bethel," column 3; report on the Virginia Union Convention, column 4; excerpt from a Boston Traveler article describing the operations of the South Boston Iron Foundry; advertisements, column 5

Summary of News
(Column 1)
Summary: Minor news items concerning the war. Reports that the Chambersburg Column, led by General Patterson, has been reinforced with several regiments. Two brigades have moved toward Harper's Ferry, while another is expected to move today, under the command of Colonel Miles of the United States army.
List of Troops
(Column 1)
Summary: Lists regiments that are encamped in and around Chambersburg.
Full Text of Article:

The following is a tabular list of the various regiments which have arrived in this place, and are encamped in the neighborhood:

7th Reg't Pa. Volunteers, Col. Irwin.
8th " " " " Emly.
10th " " " " Meredith.
2d " " " " Stumbaugh.
3d " " " " Minier.
6th " " " " Nagle.
23d " " " " Dare.
21st " " " " Ballier.
24th " " " " Owens.
20th (Scott Legion) " " Gray.
Independent Rangers, Capt. McMullin.
The City Troop Cavalry, " James.
14th Reg't Pa. Volunteers, Col. Johnson.
15th " " " " Oakford.
13th " " " " Rowley.
1st " " " " Yohe.
9th " " " " Longeneck'r.
16th " " " " Zeigle.
11th " " " " Jarrett.
1st Reg't Wisconsin Vol. Col. Starkweather,
1st " R. Island " " Burnside.
4th " Conn. " " Woodhouse.

Regular Troops
Captain Doubleday's Fort Sumpter Men.
Lieutenant Hunter's U. S. Infantry.
Major Sheppard, 5 companies U. S. Inf.
Troop of 300 or 400 U. S. Cavalry.

Justice to Our Troops
(Column 2)
Summary: Blames an insufficiency of food given to the soldiers for a disturbance on the previous Tuesday in which the men of two companies broke through a guard to get something to eat. Reproaches officers for not taking proper care of their troops.
Correspondence of the Associated Press.
(Column 4)
Full Text of Article:

Washington, June 10th.--The non-payment of the troops, which is exciting some comment, is caused by the absence of the necessary pay-rolls. There is no lack of money or of a disposition on the part of the Government to pay them. So soon as the requisite forms can be complied with, this temporary inconvenience will be remedied.

A recent General Order of the War Department is as follows:--"Second Lieutenant W. McCreery, Fourth Artillery, having tendered his resignation when in the face of the rebels, his name will be struck from the rolls of the Army.

(Signed) L. Thomas, Adj. Gen."

Want to Change Their King
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports that South Carolina wants a member of "the Royal race of England" to rule them. The Dispatch facetiously expresses pity toward the South Carolinians for harboring this sentiment.
Pennsylvania Fifth
(Column 3)
Summary: Reports that the Fifth Pennsylvania Regiment, stationed at Alexandria, has begun a newspaper entitled the Pennsylvania Fifth. Part of the paper is printed in German.
[No Title]
(Column 4)
Summary: Announces that soldiers have not been paid because of "the absence of the necessary payrolls." Promises that the problem will be remedied shortly.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Prices current, column 4; advertisements, columns 4 and 5

McClure Rifles
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that the McClure Rifles, "in good health and fine spirits," left the previous morning for Harrisburg.
(Column 1)
Summary: Warns soldiers from Pennsylvania against taking food or drink from people they do not know well after they have left the state. The Dispatch cautions soldiers so that they may avoid poisoning.
Balloons for the Battleground
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that a number of large balloons have been prepared by the government so that the army might observe the position of the enemy.
How to Serve Them
(Column 1)
Summary: Announces that two of the three troops from Rhode Island were sent home for being "troublesome" to the regiment.
More Arrivals of Troops
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports the arrival of the First Regiment of Wisconsin Volunteers, the Fourth Regiment of Connecticut volunteers, and the Eleventh Regiment of Pennsylvania volunteers in Chambersburg the previous Wednesday and Thursday. The Eleventh Regiment, however, has already departed for Greencastle.
Election of Officers
(Column 1)
Summary: Recounts the election of officers at a meeting of the Friendship Fire Company the previous Monday evening. Richard H. Perry was elected assistant engineer; B. L. Maurer, president; Samuel Greenawalt, vice-president; Jacob Jarrett, secretary; Sol. Huber, treasurer; G. W. Height, S. Greenawalt, S. McGowan, Directors; Samuel Greenawalt, chief pipeman; J. W. Seibert, Geo. W. Height, assistant pipemen; C. Henneberger, Thos. B. Seibert, C. Smith, G. W. Height, Ben. Duke, Hose Attachers; Sam. Greenawalt, H. H. Hutz, William Clugston, auditors; Wm. Smith, Ab'm Metz, J. Barnits, Thos. Atherton, L. Yeager, Hose Guard; D. Hissong, Christ Kuntz, J. W. Height, Axe Men; J. L. Deehert, Wm. Clugston, Jno. F. Glosser, Jas. Reilly, Sam. Greenawalt, standing committee; Jacob Jarret, collector; Christian Henneberger, superintendent.
(Names in announcement: Richard H. Perry, B. L. Maurer, Samuel Greeawalt, Jacob Jarrett, Sol. Huber, G. W. Height, S. McGowan, J. W. Seibert, C. Henneberger, C. Smith, Ben. Duke, H. H. Hutz, William Clugston, Ab'm Metz, J. Barnits, Thos. Atherton, L. Yeager, D. Hissong, Christ Kuntz, J. W. Height, J. L. Deehert, Jno. F. Glosser, Jas. Reilly, Jacob Jarret)
[No Title]
(Column 2)
Summary: Estimates that 18,000 troops are stationed in and around Chambersburg and Greencastle.
The Coming Harvest
(Column 2)
Summary: Comments that the wheat in the countryside surrounding Chambersburg "looks as promising now, as we ever saw it in our lives" and that, in general, there is every indication of a plentiful harvest of grain, vegetables, and fruit.
Correspondence of the Bulletin
(Column 2)
Summary: Announces that William Chambers, the special correspondent of the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin promises to provide in the Bulletin every news item about the local troops as they pass through Virginia.
On a "Cut-Loose"
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports that on the previous Tuesday, several members of two companies of the Second regiment paid a visit to Chambersburg. They became drunk in the morning and then "succeeded in becoming remarkably conspicuous in various parts of the town." They fired their muskets in the street, rang the fire bells, and sang songs before they were apprehended and put into the court house cellar. There, one of the troops began to fight with a Polish volunteer. Finally, the soldiers were marched back to camp.
Advance of Gen. Patterson's Column
(Column 2)
Summary: Reprints orders issued by General Patterson restricting the allowance of transportation to troops on the march, the amount of baggage permitted of those troops, and the amount of supplies allowed medical officers.
Full Text of Article:

The following orders have been issued by General Patterson:

Chambersburg, Pa., June 5, 1861.

General Orders, No. 25--Commanding officers of brigades, regiments, battalions and companies, will give their attention to the following requirements, and will be held responsible requirements, and will be held responsible to a strict compliance with them:

I. The allowance of transportation to troops on the march shall not exceed the following: and this, as soon as practicable, will be reduced under the direction of the Chief Quartermaster:--

A general officer and his staff, 1 wagon.

Field and staff and band of a regiment, 1 wagon.

Cavalry or horse artillery company, 1 1/2 wagon.

Infantry company, 1 wagon.

The baggage will be limited to musket cartridges, camp and garrison equipage and officers' baggage, (mess chest and personal effects included), not to exceed the regulation allowance, viz:--

For general officers, 125 pounds.

Field officers, 100 pounds.

Captains, 80 pounds.

Subalterns, 80 pounds.

II. The regimental and battalion Quartermasters will each be responsible for the baggage train of his command, and will fill all requisitions for transportation made upon him by the chief of the Quartermaster's department.

III. The commands to march from this point will take in their wagons four days' provision, and in their wagons four days' provision, and in their haversacks one ration. Troops will always have in their haversacks, and carry on the march, one ration, cooked.

The medical officers will take only those articles which the Medical Director shall designate.

IV. A depot or depots for supplies will be established on the line of operations at one or more convenient points, and different commands will be directed to send their requisitions, properly approved, to specified places, always sending in time to be supplied before their provisions are expended, and yet not have on hand enough to trammel a movement.

Extra supplies and surplus baggage will be sent with an invoice to the Quartermaster, to be forwarded from this point, on favorable opportunities, after the necessary provisions, medical stores, etc., are in position.

V. On the march and in camp, purchases of authorized supplies will be made by the proper Quartermasters and Commissaries only on the orders of their commander, and, if they have not funds, certificates of the purchases will be given, to be presented for payment to the chief of the proper department at these head-quarters.

VI. Nothing whatever is to be taken for public purposes without due compensation, and by authorized agents, and if depredations are committed upon persons or property, the offenders, if recognized, must be promptly punished, and when in the power of the United States, compensation rendered.

VII. Every opportunity to drill must be employed to instruct the men and discipline them. Officers must not act under the delusion that troops are perfect in their exercises, or that the time will ever come, while they remain in the field, when relaxation in duty or drill will not impair efficiency, and render them unworthy of the confidence of the Government and the country.

By order of Major-General Patterson,
F. J. Porter, Ass't Adjutant General.

-Page 04-

Description of Page: Article on the breech-loading gun, column 1; short article from the Louisville Journal about the Disunionists of Tennessee, column 1; brief article on Colonel Farnham, Colonel Ellsworth's replacement, column 1; advertisements, columns 1-5