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Valley of the Shadow

Semi-Weekly Dispatch: July 2, 1861

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: List of government officeholders, column 1; advertisements, columns 1-3; poem, column 4; items of news, column 4

New Orleans Despotism
(Column 5)
Summary: Reprints article from London Times reporting that British subjects in New Orleans have been impressed into "voluntary" service for the Confederacy.
Origin of Article: London Times
The French Ambulance System
(Column 5)
Summary: Reports that the ambulance system being used by France in Algeria and the Crimea is being considered by medical personnel in the United States. The French maintain that soldiers are more willing to take risks in battle when they know that there is effective medical treatment available for them if wounded.
Full Text of Article:

A number of medical gentlemen met lately in New York to discuss the medical equipment necessary for an army. Drawings were produced of an ambulance, made after the latest pattern used in the French army in Algeria and the Crimea. The ambulance is an omnibus-shaped vehicle, to be drawn by two or more horses, weighing some 1200 pounds, but constructed in such a manner that it may be easily detached, separated in several pieces in the interior, the most important portion can be easily carried by several men. The interior is, when fully standing, a row of beds, carrying six or eight men, with great ease, but when crowded, may be forced to transport three times that number. Each bed is a "field stretcher," or portable cot, which takes the wounded man from the field, and without any fatiguing change places him in this portable hospital. An India rubber bath is also attached.

The ambulance system is the result of Napoleon's great surgeon volunteered more freely, exposed their bodies with less thought, when they knew that there was an effective medical cops to attend in case of accident or injury. What if they received a ball or a bayonet thrust--pain to be sure, for which they cared little--but their surgeon could extract it, and in a few weeks or months they were well, and it was a distinction ever after. With an effective ambulance, they would undertake any march, knowing that, if over-fatigued, there they would be received, and not left on the road, to be killed by any thieving camp follower.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: News items from Baltimore, Cincinnati, and Washington, columns 3 and 4; advertisements, column 5

The Mutterings of Trouble
(Column 1)
Summary: Urges that the North must not compromise with perpetrators of "Treason and Rebellion," but must fight to the end so that justice is done and "Universal Freedom" is secured.
Full Text of Article:

Bane and Antidote.

Regarding a modification of the Tariff, at the approaching extra session of Congress, we presented our views in a former issue. There is another and mare [sic] serious danger menacing us; one, compared to which Tariff modifications, and all other questions of mere political economy, sink into utter insignificance. This deadly foe, like its most fitting prototype, appears in the garb of an Angle of Light, and assumes the beneficent name of Compromise--Compromise with Traitors. The leaders of Rebellion, amazed and confounded at the grand display of loyalty ready to meet and foil them in their ignominious attempt at the subversion of popular Liberty, are seeking, by means of Northern sympathisers, to bring about a compromise, by which their necks may be saved the painful application of the hempen cravat which begins so ominously to loom up before their affrighted vision. Sorrowful indeed are we, that devastating and merciless civil war should become a necessity to our future peace and national freedom. But so it is. The die has been cast, and cast by the very men who now would fain [sic] compromise, and for our nation now to accede to any propositions of peace short of an entire yielding on the part of the Rebels, and the prompt punishment of the leading spirits among them, would entail upon our country and the world a curse which for its baneful effects would far eclipse any war the world has ever known. The evils of war are but temporary, these would be lasting. And indeed the war will doubtless be followed with such results as will prove of momentous good instead of evil.

As the physical world requires the scathing lightning, the destructive tornado, and even the overwhelming volcano and devastating earthquake, to purify the miasmatic atmosphere and render earth the suitable abode of man, so it has come to pass in the political history of our nation. The atmosphere of Washington has long been surcharged with the accumulations of venality and corruption. Plotters have been for years busy in secret conclave, ready to seize a nation's liberties that they might fill the cup of their own ambition; within a few short months treason stalked abroad there and elsewhere, not caring for even the covering of night, and eschewing as useless its wonted costume of Hypocrisy. Sitting in the seat of Power, under the plea of Justice, it dealt the fiercest blows upon the upholders of constitutional liberty: under the guise of Patriotism, inflicted the severest penalties upon the upholders of true freedom: and, under the pretext of law and order, reduced violence to a system, and placed a premium upon crime. Thank God, their end has almost come. Palsied and powerless, their last despairing cry is heard--"Let us alone." But no! a free people, inspired of Heaven, demand the utter destruction of even the elements of Treason. Woe to the hypocritical mocker, that shall attempt to foist upon us such a barefaced imposture as a compromise with Treason and Rebellion. Incensed and outraged Liberty has roused herself from the temporary lethargy into which she had fallen. With one hand she bears aloft the Stars and Stripes, with the other she grapples the throat of Treason. Speedily will the unequal contest be decided. Her foe must die, and his abettors will be crushed in his downfall. With her foot upon her prostrate foe, she will gather her rejoicing children to her banquet, and the feast will be Universal Freedom.

[No Title]
(Column 1)
Summary: Declares that rumors reporting that the South has offered the North proposals for a compromise are false and that, regardless, the North should never compromise with "the traitors." Instead, the Union should put down the rebellion, a feat they have the power and the will to accomplish.
Origin of Article: Forneys Press
Startling News from Virginia
(Column 2)
Summary: Extracts from the letter report that, if the Confederates do not raise one hundred thousand men in the coming six weeks, they will be ruined. In addition, the letter says that troops in Virginia are occupied with putting down rebellions by African Americans.
Origin of Article: New York Tribune
Editorial Comment: "The following extracts from a letter, purporting to have been written by Hon. John M. Botts, was published in the New York Tribune of last Friday. On Saturday, however, the Tribune stated its belief that the letter was a forgery. As a matter of news, we give the extracts, and await further development respecting its authorship and authenticity:"
Letter from the Army
(Column 4)
Summary: Letter from "a young townsman" of Company A, the Second Regiment of Pennsylvania volunteers, reports on the situation at Camp Spielman, fourteen miles south of Hagerstown. The soldier remarks that his company has received new pantaloons and is ready to exchange its blank cartridges for "solid lead."
Full Text of Article:

Correspondence of the Semi-Weekly Dispatch.

The following letter was sent us by a young townsman, of company A, 2d Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers:

Camp Spielman, June 26, 1861.

As nothing of note has occurred since we left Camp Chambers, I have not thought it worth while writing. We are encamped on a farm belonging to the Messrs. Speilman, fourteen miles south of Hagerstown, and directly along the Sharpsburg pike. All the boys are in good spirits, and are getting along a great deal better than they expected. Our regiment is not ashamed to cope with any volunteer regiment in the Union in drill and appearance. Now that we have received new pantaloons, of light blue, our appearance is greatly improved.

Last night the picket fired nine times, one shot killing a young man belonging to the neighborhood. He passed the picket, but would not halt, when the guard fired on him, ending fatally to the young farmer. The boys were up in a second when the picket fired, and were very anxious for a brush. Few men of course feel disposed to rush recklessly into the very jaws of death, but "conquer or die" is the universal motto among us. While I am writing, the booming of Capt. Doubleday's cannon is faintly heard. Something must be going on--"bully for that!"

Yesterday evening the regulars captured a spy dressed in female apparel, while we were marching from Funkstown. I saw the same individual riding through the woods, and remarked to one of the boys that the stranger might be a spy in disguise. My suspicions were well founded--he rode too unwomanly on a side-saddle.

We wish to spend the Fourth in Virginia, and I hope this wish will be gratified. Instead of firing blank cartridge, we are eager to throw in the solid lead!

Give my love to all, and write to mother for me. Write to me also, for news from home is cheering, as you would yourself know were you in my situation.

Yours affectionately,
T. W. M.

Trailer: T. W. M.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Announcement that the Dispatch will not publish a paper on July 5 so that the staff might enjoy the Fourth of July, column 1; list of members of the Thirty-seventh Congress, column 2; advertisements, columns 3-5

The Comet
(Column 1)
Summary: Announces that a "beautiful Comet" was seen the previous evening around two o'clock, almost directly north.
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that a newborn child was found dead in a bucket of water at Fisher's Hotel the previous Saturday morning. Esquire Hammond immediately summoned a Coroner's Jury who decided the child was born alive and died through violence. A warrant has been issued for the arrest of the mother, Mary E. Stareliper.
(Names in announcement: Esquire Hammond, Mary E. Stareliper)
More Deaths of Soldiers
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that two volunteers from Pittsburgh who had been staying at the houses of Mrs. Wolfkill and of Mr. Henry Embich, have died. The body of another soldier shot by a Union picket near Hagerstown passed through Chambersburg the previous day.
(Names in announcement: Mrs. Wolfkill, Mr. Henry Embich)
Mr. Alvey
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that Mr. Alvey, a "gentleman of secession proclivities," passed through Chambersburg the past Saturday morning on his way to Washington. Mr. Alvey was escorted by several guards headed by Captain Hays.
A Forward Movement of Troops
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that Major Mourer of the Fifteenth Pennsylvania regiment divulged to P. Hammon, Esq., that General Patterson's column would move on Sunday night, which they did. Their destination is unknown.
(Names in announcement: P. HammonEsq.)

-Page 04-

Description of Page: Current prices, column 2; advertisements, columns 2-5