Search the
Browse Newspapers
by Date
Articles Indexed
by Topic
About the
Valley of the Shadow

Semi-Weekly Dispatch: August 27, 1861

Go To Page : 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |

-Page 01-

Description of Page: Advertisements, columns 1 and 2; article with news from Tennessee, column 4

From the City of Washington!
(Column 3)
Summary: Brief articles containing news from Washington, including the announcement that the government has begun to call all volunteers to Washington in order to organize them into companies and regiments regardless of the state from which they came. Also notes that the Lincoln administration has decided to issue a warning to seditious newspapers that persist in publishing journals that support the rebellion. If the warning is not heeded, these journals will be suppressed.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: War news items from Cincinnati, Frederick in Maryland, Danbury in Connecticut, Grafton in Virginia, column 4; advertisements, column 5

Union Ward Meeting
(Column 1)
Summary: Announces that a meeting will be held next Saturday evening to formulate a county ticket of those who support the Union regardless of party.
Daniel S. Dickinson on the War
(Column 1)
Summary: Excerpts a speech given by the Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson at a mass meeting in New York, where he is, according to the Dispatch, "one of the most ultra Democratic politicians." The Dispatch commends Dickinson for preferring "his country to his party" and expresses the wish that those Democrats in Franklin County who subscribe to the Day Book should follow Dickinson's example.
Bull Run--A Victory in Vain
(Column 1)
Summary: Asserts that the Confederates have won a hollow victory at Bull Run. Notes that their position is even more difficult than it had been before the battle.
Origin of Article: Philadelphia Inquirer
Full Text of Article:

Disguising their troubles as much as they do habitually, says the Phila. Inquirer, the Rebel journals have let us plainly see that the exultations over the battle of Bull Run have given place to a most uncomfortable feeling that they have won a victory at a very heavy sacrifice of life that could ill be spared, and yet have advanced themselves little or nothing. We see Washington more impregnable than ever; Northern troops hurrying in at a rate that far more than makes up for the expiration of the three month enlistments; and unconquerable General opposed to them; and they begin to ask themselves how many such fields must be fought and won before they establish their Secession. With ports blockaded, business stagnant, negroes preparing for insurrection, and paper trash circulating in place of specie, the prospect for them is indeed very dismal, and they begin to feel it so.

Political Issues
(Column 2)
Summary: The Dispatch defends itself against charges made by the Valley Spirit that the Dispatch prefers to dwell on party issues.
Full Text of Article:

"The Dispatch wants party issues and is berating the Democracy for not making them in its late County meeting."--Spirit.

In representing us as desiring "party issues" in the approaching canvass, the Spirit wilfully misrepresents us. As our neighbor knows exactly what we did say, we leave it to his sense of honor to state our position correctly. With the intelligent reader, truth has more force than falsehood or misrepresentation.

Our position is the very reverse of what our neighbor says it is. We are for laying aside all "party issues" until the Rebellion is crushed out. We want Republicans, Democrats, American and Whigs all to forget, for the time being, their various political tenets in the greater question of Union or No Union--Government or No Government that is upon us. This is no time for "party issues," such as have heretofore engaged the attention of the several parties. The House is on fire, and it is too late to inquire how it was fired. Our duty it [sic] to extinguish the flames, and inquire into the cause of the fire afterwards. When we have re-established the Union, and again set the wheels of Government going as formerly, it will be an easy matter for us to resume our position as Republicans, and for Democrats to go back to the household of their political faith. Then, and not before, will we countenance or discuss "party issues," such as have heretofore engaged the attention of politicians--and he who pursues a different course--who discountenances the combination of all parties in a common brotherhood the better to enable them to repell [sic] the destroyer of the Government--in our opinion, lacks that holy, burning zeal of patriotism that warms the heart of every true friend of the Union.

Associate Judge
(Column 2)
Summary: The Dispatch puts forward its recommendation of Mr. Thomas Carlisle for associate judge in the coming election.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Thomas Carlisle)
Vallandingham Repudiated
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports that sixty-four leading Democrats from Montgomery County, Ohio, have denounced Vallandingham, who represents that district, as following a "despotic and traitorous course." They argue that Democrats have a responsibility to uphold the Constitution and to defend the Union.
Who Composed the Fourth Regiment?
(Column 3)
Summary: Answers the charge made by Democratic papers that the Fourth Pennsylvania regiment consisted of only forty Republicans by pointing out that "we would endeavor to keep the matter as a profound secret from our children if we had been a member of the Fourth regiment." The regiment, it seems, did not stay the extra five days past their term of service to fight at Bull Run.
Full Text of Article:

The Democratic Press of Montgomery county, says the Harrisburg Telegraph, are boasting that the regiment which left that vicinity to serve for three months, did not contain more than forty Republicans. The Norristown Register is particularly jubilant over this fact, and becomes very sarcastic towards the Wide-Awakes who did not join that regiment composed entirely of Democrats. It is the best explanation we can possibly quote.--

"On the eve of the battle the fourth Pennsylvania regiment of volunteers and the battery of volunteer artillery of the New York Eighth militia, whose term of service expired, insisted on their discharge that night.--It was granted, and the next morning, when the army moved forward into battle, these troops moved to the rear to the sound of the enemy's cannon."

We do not now, nor did we ever indulge such a foolish idea that all the courage and bravery in the country was confined to the Republican party, as such. All Americans are brave, whether Democrats or Republicans, and are ready to offer up their lives for their country. But we have regarded it as in very bad taste for Democratic journals to be constantly impugnity [sic] the courage of Republicans, and asserting that in this war for the Republic the Democrats will wear "the knapsacks," while "the offices" will be bestowed upon the Republicans--or, in other words, that the Democrats will have to bear the brunt of this conflict. Whether this is so or not, one thing is certain, we would endeavor to keep the matter as a profound secret from our children if we had been a member of the Fourth regiment, which, according to the statement of Democratic journals, was so exclusively Democratic that not more than forth Republicans were attached to it, and which, in response to the urgent solicitations of the General and of the Secretary of War (according to the official statement,) who conjured it to co-operate with our brave little army, then in actual deadly conflict with the enemy, and in that trying hour this Democratic regiment peremtorily [sic] declined, and "marched to the rear, to the sound of the enemy's guns!"

We know these comparisons are detestible [sic], odious, but Democratic journals should not institute them. We dislike to refer to this matter, and do it only in self-defense.--But we must say, that if the permanency of the Union depends upon such Democratic Regiments as the Fourth Pennsylvania, the days of the Republic are numbered.

Johnson's Is the True Ground
(Column 3)
Summary: Quotes Andrew Johnson as saying that no compromise may be made with the South until they are willing to "obey the laws; acknowledge the supremacy of the Constitution," and put down their arms.
Origin of Article: New York Times

-Page 03-

Description of Page: advertisements, columns 3-5

(Column 1)
Summary: Reports the departure of "our young friend" Cadet J. William Reilly the previous afternoon for West Point. Wishes Reilly success.
(Names in announcement: Cadet J. William Reilly>)
The Police
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports the circulation of a petition in Chambersburg asking the Town Council to appoint a police force or night watch, on account of the recent burglaries that have occurred. The Dispatch counts itself among those who signed the petition, but voices its regret for doing so and its reasons for that regret.
Full Text of Article:

A Petition was circulated in our town on Friday last, for signatures, praying the Town Council of the Borough to appoint a Police force or Night Watch. This movement grew out of the mysterious affair of Thursday night last, at Shepler, Clark & Co.'s shop, an account of which we give in another place. The Petition was numerously signed.

In compliance with the prayer of the petitioners, the Council appointed some ten or eleven persons as a Police or Night Watch, at a compensation of $20 per month each.

We were among those who signed this petition, but regret now that we done so, and are sorry, for several reasons, that the Council granted the prayer:

I. The extra expense incurred by the Council in the employment of this Watch, will add much to the burden of the Tax-payers of the Borough, which is now no trifling matter, in view of the extreme stringency of the monetary affairs of the Country, and of the complete prostration of every business interest.

II. The number employed is not sufficient for the purpose designed, as the beat of each must necessarily be too extensive for any part of it to be efficiently protected.

III. We know of no reason why a sufficient number of our citizens could not be brought together and properly organized, to patrol the town for its protection at night, without any cost to the Borough. Surely a body of men possessing public spirit enough for such a purpose, can be found in Chambersburg, sufficiently numerous to throw out twenty or thirty individuals one night in each week as a patrol. It would be no great sacrifice or self-denial for a man to loose [sic] one night's rest out of seven for the good of this community: and if 140 men will combine for the purpose, appoint their officers, and thus reduce the thing to a system, 20 of this number could be detailed for each successive night of the week, and thus secure double the protection we have now, without any cost to the Borough--or from a body of 210 men, a patrol of 30 men could be detailed for each night. We suggest this plan for the consideration of the community, and by way of showing that we do not ask others to do what we would not do ourselves, our services are hereby tendered to take our turn, weekly, as long as it would be deemed necessary to maintain such a vigilance.

We propose that a meeting of citizens be called to ascertain whether such a force cannot be organized. Property holders are especially interested in this matter, not only because their property may be in peril, but they are interested also from their having to bear the principal burden of Taxation. Property-holders, should compose this Watch, and if any disliked to perform the duties required, they could easily employ substitutes.

The Police force now on duty will cost the Borough $240 a month or $2,400 per annum; and owing to the troubles of the country, our proximity to the enemy's lines, and the numerous bad men that will be constantly prowling through our community, there is no telling how long it may be necessary to maintain this Police force. It will scarcely do to dispense with it short of a year anyhow, and it would be well, therefore, for our taxpayers to think of this matter before much expense has been incurred.

(Column 2)
Summary: Reports an incident that occurred at the Planing, Sawing and Woodworking Shop of Messrs. Shepler, Clarke, & Co. the previous Thursday night. Two men were reportedly seen breaking into the shop and lighting matches in it. Later, another man approached the shop and declared that he intended to burn it down. The man and Mr. Levi Lippy, who was standing guard, fought, but the man escaped.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Levi Lippy)
Full Text of Article:

About ten o'clock on Thursday night last, (as the story goes) a light was observed in the Planing, Sawing and Wood-Working Shop of Messrs. Shepler, Clarke, & Co., by Mr. Levi Lippy, who resides in the vicinity of the establishment. It was something altogether unusual, and Mr. L. proceeded immediately to investigate the cause. On arriving at the place, he discovered a man crawling into the window, while another was inside with a bunch of ignited matches in his hand. Mr. Lippy immediately accosted them as to their business, when they replied that they were hunting a place to sleep. After remonstrating with them, they left, when information of the occurrence was conveyed to one of the proprietors, who employed Lippy to watch the premises during the night.

About 1 o'clock of the same night as he was maintaining his vigils, he observed a man approaching. When the stranger had approached within a few steps of him, Lippy hailed him, and inquired his business there at such an hour. The stranger, undaunted, and still approaching nearer, replied, that he had "come to burn the establishment, and he was going to burn the whole town, as it was noting but a d-----d abolition hold anyhow." Lippy drew a pistol, but before he could discharge it, the ruffian knocked it out of his hand, seized him by the throat, drew a knife and made several thrust at him, which Lippy succeeded [sic] in avoiding, when he raised an alarm by crying "fire!" "murder," &c. As the ruffian released his hold, he dealt Lippy a blow in the face, and then run. Lippy states that he succeed [sic] in finding his pistol, fired after the man, but with what effect he could not say. Lippy's clothing is cut in several places, but he suffered no bodily injury.

The foregoing is the substance of Lippy's statement, made under oath before Justice Hammon on the morning after the occurrence.

What Government Pays for Railroad Transportation
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports the rates at which the government pays for railroad transportation for passengers, equipment, and horses.
(Column 3)
Summary: Mr. J. H. Crawford and Miss Sarah Jane Mentzer, both of whom reside near Fayetteville, were married at the home of the bride's parents on August 22.
(Names in announcement: Mr. J. H. Crawford, Miss Sarah Jane Mentzer)
(Column 3)
Summary: Mrs. Emeline Grice, aged 54 years, died in Chambersburg on August 22.
(Names in announcement: Mrs. Emeline Grice)

-Page 04-

Description of Page: Article concerning the loyalty of the editor of the Knoxville Whig, column 1; prices current, column 1; advertisements, columns 1-5