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Valley of the Shadow

Semi-Weekly Dispatch: September 17, 1861

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: Advertisements, columns 1 and 2; war news from Washington, Louisville, Chicago, Fortress Monroe, St. Louis, Baltimore, and Sandy Hook, columns 4 and 5

Drunken Women
(Column 5)
Summary: Reprints part of a story from the New Orleans True Delta stating the opinion that there have been more drunken women in New Orleans at present "than we have ever known them to be before." The Dispatch argues that it is secession that causes women, and men, to "become morally rotten."
Full Text of Article:

The New Orleans True Delta of the 27th has these two paragraphs in its "Home Department:"

"We know not why it is so, but the fact cannot be disputed that drunken women are now more plentiful in this city than we ever knew them to be before. An evening or two since, we saw three fearful cases within the cases within the course of as many hours. The first one was taken to the Second District lock-up, and report said that, when sober, she bore the reputation of being a decent woman. She was so completely powerless that every muscle was ralaxed [sic] and her will had no more control over them than over inanimate matter. The sight was truly disgusting, and in her drunken idiocy an infant was not more helpless.

The second case was in the Third District, and the victim was a young and really beautiful woman. Her dress was neat and clean. When brought in she was placed on the floor of the lock-up, and so completely insensible was she that we felt her pulse in order to be assured that the object before us was still "breathing clay," and at the time a thought arose that she had been plied with some deadly drug in order to the accomplishment of some fearful wrong."

A correspondent of a Northern paper says:--I "know why it is." The simple truth might well be told. Secession debauches both males and females wherever its infection spreads. Women who can't respect their country can't respect themselves. Fair woman and tender babies, in the atmosphere of that loathsome treason which now pervades the South, unless fortified against it by the antidote of better teaching, become morally rotten. If the present state of things continue a year longer, women and children will be picking each other's pockets and cutting each other's throats in the once refined Crescent City. Secession change angelss [sic] into demons. It would make a man murder his mother.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Union ticket, column 1; advertisements, column 5

A Dilema [sic]
(Column 1)
Summary: Rebukes the Times for denouncing those Democrats who want peace, but then refusing to support the Union party and backing candidates who advocate compromise with the South.
Full Text of Article:

Our somewhat amiable friend of The Times, is in a dilema [sic]. He is just now engaged in the interesting effort of trying to "carry water on both shoulders," and like many others before him, who have tried to please every body by a similar course, in the end he will find that he has wet himself!

The editor of The Times makes great pretentions [sic] of devotion to the Union, and yet is found in communion with its enemies.--We judge him out of his own mouth. He attempts to rebuke us for denouncing a portion of the Democracy of the County as Day-Book Democrats--advocates of Compromise and Peace with the Rebels; and in the same issue he lampoons them quite as severely as we ever did. Listen to him:

"Of all the quacks and humbugs of the age, these Peace men take the lead. * * * This cry of 'Peace, Peace' then means the recognition of the Southern Confederacy.--The man who asks this Government to lay down its arms, * * * is either a very great traitor, or a very cowardly fool!"

In view of the terrible dangers that threaten the very existence [sic] of our Government, the Republicans of Franklin County--although in the majority--magnanimously came forward, as they did elsewhere, in States and Counties, and proposed to obliterate, for the time being, all party lines and distinctions, and unite with the Democracy in forming Tickets to be composed of men who have heretofore acted with the different parties. While we rejoice to say, that a large number of the truly loyal men of the Democratic party heartily embraced the proposition, and, with the Republicans, have formed such a ticket, the editor of The Times has given the lie to his professions of love for the Union and the maintenance of the Government, by refraining to co-operate with the movement the real object of which is, to heal divisions and unite the whole people in the support of the objects which he professes to cherish so dearly. He not only does not fraternize with the Union party of the County, but he is found to be supporting the regular Democratic Ticket, composed in part at least, of men whom he knows to be open, avowed and uncompromising enemies of the War--men who are crying "Peace, "Peace," and who, per consequence, according to this very editor of The Times, must be "very great traitors, or very cowardly fools!"

There is an inconsistency in the course pursued by the editor of the Times. If he is unconditionally for the Union, he must not support "Peace" candidates, whom he styles "very great traitors" or "very cowardly fools"--he must come out from among "the foul party." He cannot blow hot and cold with the same breath. From a pure spring does not issue forth both pure and salt water. He must cease his prating about the wickedness of the rebellion and the glories of the Union, or he must turn his battery against the common enemy, wherever found, in the vicinity of Washington or on the Democratic Ticket at the head of his paper. In characterizing these "Peace candidates" of The Times as "Day Book Democrats," the editor charges us with making "a wholesale onslaught" "upon the Democratic party of Franklin county." We deny the charge. We have heretofore asserted, as we now believe, that the Douglas wing of the Democratic party, not only in this, but in every other county, with but few exceptions, are quite as loyal in their devotion to the great cause as are the Republicans, and will continue to be if they are not misled by such timid, partizan sheets as The Times. It will not do for our neighbor to point to the course of "M'Clellan, Dix, Butler, and hundreds of other leading men," or endeavor to hide himself and his Compromising, Peace candidates under their mantle, until he and they give evidence of as pure a patriotism as they exhibit. These men have, unlike the editor of The Times, discarded party organizations, party lines and party candidates and for the purpose of harmonizing the people in a common effort to save the country, council a union of all parties in one, for the time being, or until the danger is passed. Only on Thursday last, Gen. Butler, one of the very men to whom The Times refers us, in a speech at Lowell, Mass., used the following language.

We have a country torn at the present hour by intestine war, and until the country is put in peace, in quiet, there must be NO PARTY and NO THOUGHT OF PARTY. No Compromise, no yielding, nothing but the strong arm, until the glorious flag of the Union floats over every inch of territory which belongs to the United States of America.

We agree with Gen. Butler. This is no time for "party." We should first know whether we have a Government, and when that it certain--when peace is restored and the Union saved--it will be time enough for us at least, to assume our party position, but not before; and we think no lover of his country would encourage party organizations an hour sooner.

We commend the sentiments of the following eloquent burst of true patriotic devotion which fell from the lips of another prominent Democrat, Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson of N. Y., which are the concluding remarks of a speech he delivered in Ithaca, N. Y., a few days ago.

"For myself, I am enlisted for this great war--rage how it may--terminate how it will. Give me poverty, stripes and chains, give me abject misery and distress, give me bereavement, let my heart be wrung by every emotion that can torture and agonize man, make me a wanderer in the earth, and give me an ignoble death rather than permit my country to perish. Sooner than that should be done, in the language of Emmet, I would raze every house, burn every blade of grass, and the last entrenchment of Liberty shall be my grave. No, my fellow-citizens, let our watchword be, our county, our beloved country!

If the heart and soul of the editor of The Times, and those with whom he now cooperates, were imbued with such feelings and sentiments, it would be an easy matter for him to discard, at this time, all party organizations and distinctions, and to unite heartily in the great Union movement that is now cementing all real loyal men in one solid phalanx.

But we are pained to say, that does not appear to be the case. His watchword is not that of the patriotic Dickinson--"our country, our beloved country"--but "our party, our beloved party." Until The Times forsake its evil company, it must partake of the odium which naturally attaches to that company. "Birds of a feather flock together."

The Fight near Lewinsville, Virginia
(Column 3)
Summary: Reports that the government's reconnoitering force was fired upon, including the 79th Regiment, and that two men were killed.
The Impressment of Women in Memphis
(Column 3)
Summary: Relates that the Common Council of the city of Memphis considered impressing women into service in hospitals, because there exists a severe shortage of nurses to care for the soldiers there.
Origin of Article: Memphis Appeal
The Pecuniary Advantage of Enlisting
(Column 4)
Summary: Announces that Congress has raised the pay of volunteers to $13 per month, or $156 per year, plus a $42 allowance for clothing.
The National Finances
(Column 4)
Summary: Points out that from the figures listed in the North American, it is clear that the expenditures of the United States government will not exceed by much the ordinary peace-time expenses of some European governments.
(Column 4)
Summary: Reports from Baltimore the arrest of the mayor of the city, an editor of the Exchange newspaper, the editor of the South newspaper, a state senator, and eleven delegates from the legislature.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Advertisements, columns 2-4; war news from western Virginia, column 5

(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that of the 8,000 soldiers stationed at Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, "scarcely a single one" is undergoing medical treatment.
(Column 1)
Summary: Announces the promotion of Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell of the Pennsylvania Artillery Regiment to Colonel.
A Battle at Hand
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that a telegraph dispatch indicates that a "fearful and bloody" battle at Washington is expected any hour.
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports the arrival in Chambersburg the previous Friday of a company of soldiers from Fulton County. The soldiers marched to Camp Slifer. They will be connected with the regiment that is currently being formed by Colonel F. S. Stumbaugh.
(Names in announcement: F. S. Stumbaugh)
Property Sold
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports the sale of property from the estate of C. Shoup, deceased.
Goods for the Rebels
(Column 1)
Summary: Urges the citizens of Waynesborogh, Greencastle, and Mercersburg to look out for merchandise moving in wagons from Baltimore to Virginia. Suggests that committees be appointed at these locations to search all suspicious wagons.
Blankets and Stockings for the Volunteers
(Column 1)
Summary: Announces that by order of the Quartermaster General of Pennsylvania, blankets must be manufactured and stockings must be knitted for the soldiers for the coming winter.
Full Text of Article:

R. C. Hale, Quartermaster General of the State, issued an order at Harrisburg, under date of the 10th, inst., in which it is said that Blankets and Stockings for 30,000 soldiers are needed for the coming winter.

He requests that all Factories, capable of making even a single Blanket, should be put in operation, and to whom liberal contracts will be given.

Blankets should be wool, grey; 7 ft. long by 5 ft. 6 inches wide, and weight, full five pounds, with the letters V. P. in black, four inches long, in the centre of each blanket.

Here is a chance for the Factories of our County to obtain employment, for which they will be fairly compensated,

Stockings will also be needed the coming winter--half hose or socks, good size, one-fourth of a pound each. Let every wife, mother and sister knit one or more pairs.

The Quartermaster suggests that associations be formed in each county, with a treasurer at the county-seat, with whom the stockings can be deposited, and forwarded to the military store at Harrisburg. The United States contract price, twenty-five cts. per pair, will be paid to each county treasurer, and thus a fund can be raised to supply the wants of the volunteer families, to which every patriotic woman in the State can contribute her share.

This would be a praiseworthy and laudable undertaking, and we are pleased to hear that a number of ladies of Green township are engaged in it. We would suggest, however, that a meeting of the ladies of Chambersburg be held for the purpose of maturing plan, appointing officers, and thus secure organization and concert of action.--Ladies, take the matter in hand.

Honor Conferred
(Column 2)
Summary: Announces the conferment of an honorary degree from Washington College upon the Honorable George Chambers of Chambersburg.
(Names in announcement: Hon. George Chambers)
(Column 2)
Summary: Mr. Levi Shuman of Strasburg and Miss Elizabeth Shuman of Hamilton township were married on September 12.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Levi Shuman, Miss Elizabeth Shuman)
(Column 2)
Summary: Mr. George Hummelsheim of Chambersburg and Miss Caroline Manspeaker of Bedford County were married on September 12.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Geo. Hummelsheim)
(Column 2)
Summary: Mr. William Bell and Miss Ann C. Miller, both of Franklin County, were married on September 12.
(Names in announcement: Mr. Wm. Bell, Miss Ann C. Miller)

-Page 04-

Description of Page: Anecdotes, column 1; prices current, column 1; advertisements, columns 1-5