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Valley of the Shadow

Staunton Spectator: May 28, 1861

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: Majority of page Confederate Constitution.

Sketch of Gen. Beauregard
(Column 2)
Summary: Brief biographical sketch of Gen. Beauregard.
Constitution of the Confederate States of America
(Column 3)
Summary: Article is a transcript of the new Confederate Constitution. It greatly resembles the Constitution of the United States.
Pay of the Volunteers
(Column 7)
Summary: Article reports the pay rate of volunteer soldiers.
Ex-President Pierce on the War
(Column 7)
Summary: Pierce expresses his wish that, if the Union must fall, it do so without bloodshed.
Origin of Article: Boston Post
A Device of the Enemy
(Column 7)
Summary: Alleges that Union troops are amassing near Harper's Ferry to distract from an actual assault on the coast.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Lower left illegible. Column 4 is telegraphic dispatches regarding military activity.

The Election
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that the state election went overwhelmingly in favor of secession.
Speech of Hon. A.H.H. Stuart
(Column 1)
Summary: Discusses a speech by A.H.H. Stuart at the Court House.
(Names in announcement: A.H.H. Stuart)
A Stitch in Time
(Column 1)
Summary: Ladies are requested to aid in providing bedding material for the soldiers as well as two pair of woolen socks.
Another Company Organized
(Column 1)
Summary: Announcement of another company organized in Augusta.
(Names in announcement: Capt. R.D. Lilley, Lieut. C.G. Merritt, Lieut. J.B. Smith, Lieut. G.G. Davis, Sgt. C.D. McCoy, Sgt. D.B. Wilson, Sgt. J.B. Hawpe, Sgt. Joseph Wright)
Official Vote of Augusta County for the Legislature
(Column 2)
Summary: Table showing the results of the Legislative election.
(Names in announcement: Bolivar Christian, H.W. Sheffey, Jason Walker, William Tate, J.A. Harman, J.M. McCue, N. Massie, D.S. Young)
Official Vote of Augusta Co. for Ordinance, Constitutional Amendment, and Board of Public Works
(Column 2)
Summary: Table showing results of referenda.
(Names in announcement: Thomas Broun, A.R. Holladay)
Fire in Staunton
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports a fire in Thomas Shumate's stable that spread to his neighbors.
(Names in announcement: Thomas Shumate, Alex Kinney, Sallie Waddell, Barkman, Jonathan Legge, John Crist, Stears)
Fire in Waynesboro
(Column 2)
Summary: Article reports a destructive fire in Waynesboro.
(Names in announcement: Richard Terrill, Henderson, Hugh Hall, Robert Terrill, Daniel Miller)
The Vote of the People
(Column 3)
Summary: Praises the vote in favor of secession, which Augusta and the surrounding counties favored overwhelmingly.
Lincoln's Troops in Alexandria!
(Column 3)
Summary: Reports that a portion of Lincoln's Army has taken Alexandria.
Augusta Companies
(Column 3)
Summary: Item lists the Augusta companies currently in service.
(Names in announcement: Capt. Waters, Capt. Doyle, Capt. Antrim, Capt. Williams, Capt. Newton, Capt. Patrick, Capt. Sterrett, Capt. Harman, Capt. Grinnan, Capt. Roberts, Capt. Crawford, Capt. Lilley)
Presentation of Flag
(Column 3)
Summary: Article reports the presentation of a flag from the ladies of Bath County by Mayor Trout to the Bath Cavalry.
(Names in announcement: Nicholas Trout)
An Accident at Harper's Ferry
(Column 3)
Summary: Robert Bell accidentally shot Daniel Fishburn's son through the jaw in Harper's Ferry.
(Names in announcement: Daniel Fishburn, Capt. Patrick, Robert Bell, David Bell)
Presentation of a Flag
(Column 6)
Summary: Includes a copy of the speech given by Mayor Trout upon presentation of the flag to the Bath Cavalry.
(Names in announcement: Nicholas Trout)
What will be Accomplished by a Conflict at Arms?
(Column 5)
Summary: The Courier recommends against prosecuting a war against the Southern states.
Origin of Article: Boston Courier
Extra Session of the Provisional Congress of the Federated States
(Column 6)
Summary: Provides the minutes of the Confederate Congressional Session in which Arkansas was admitted as a State.
The Union Party of Virginia
(Column 7)
Summary: Claims that the Union party is not dead, but has been forced to accept secession by a President insensitive to the needs of the South.
Full Text of Article:

The question is frequently asked: "What has become of the great Union party of Virginia?" In answer to this question, we say that the Union party still exists, in full force, with many valuable accessions from the ranks of those who spurned us as submissionists, tories and enemies to our Southern country.

We claim no union with that party that would break down one section to build up another; or with that Administration that would reject all honorable proposals to settle a difficulty between two sections of a Republic, and be willing to sacrifice a noble and happy country to a silly, sectional platform, erected by a few political demagogues and fanatical hypocrites, who, by unparalleled intrigue and ignoble wire-working, succeeded in elevating a miserable miscreant to the Presidency, who, after calling around him the vilest of the vile, ignores the sovereignty of States and denies the right of revolution for un-redressed wrongs.

But we claim to be a Union party under the powers that be; and we have patriotism enough to uphold and sustain that Government of which we claim to be a part, and in which we claim an equal interest with any and every other section, so long as she is worthy to hold an honorable station among the powers of the earth.--But when by intrigue, corruption and usurpation, she becomes polluted and unfit to hold a place among the civilized nations; when we find our rights invaded, our institutions in danger, our peace destroyed, and we can find no means of redress, we then claim the right of revolution; we step aside from the polluted fabric, and seek freedom, independence and peace elsewhere.

Our friends of the cotton States, whose interests are intimately connected with our own, on account of sectional wrongs and political grievances, fanatical meddling and unparalleled abuse, being thrust upon them and us for many years, and persevered in with a zeal and apparent hatred that was continually on the increase, was fit to sever the ties that bound them to the Federal Government, and seek freedom and independence within their own limits.

They invited us to join our interest with theirs in a struggle for freedom. We thought their action premature; we considered them rash; we thought proper to demand redress of our grievances at the hands of the Federal Government we used all means that wisdom could devise, or patriotic eloquence portray, to gain a listening ear and a favorable response, and while these efforts were pending we were called anything else but honest men.

While one last effort was being made by the friends of peace the response came. It was heard at Sumter! It was reiterated in the proclamation of Abraham Lincoln! It was seen in the preparations made by the Federal Government to coerce the Southern States! And that response severed the last link that bound the Union party of Virginia to the United States Government.

And now we are a Union party in the Southern Confederacy, and ever will be so long as our patriotism is appreciated, our rights respected, and the Southern Republic worthy the name she now assumes.

Where is the great Union party of Virginia? The quick response to the call to arms will answer. The appropriations of the County Courts will answer. The readiness of the people every where to give their means and best energies for the defence of the State will answer. Where are they? When the conflict comes--and come it must--the crack of the rifle and the booming cannon will answer, Here! Here!

The craven-hearted wretch who now with-holds his means and shrinks from the responsibility of sustaining Virginia in her present relations, may be worthy the name of submissionist, tory, or an enemy to our Southern country, but he is not worthy a place or a name in the great Union party of Virginia.

A Union Man.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Advertisements

Prompt Action of North Carolina
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports the passing of the Ordinance of Secession in North Carolina.
[No Title]
(Column 2)
Summary: Item reports that Governor Magoffin of Kentucky has proclaimed he will allow neither Union nor Confederate troops to march across Kentucky, thus assuming a stance of armed neutrality.
[No Title]
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports that Delaware Senator Bayard wishes to recognize the Confederacy and will resign if the Government is coercive.
Public Meeting
(Column 1)
Summary: Minutes of a public meeting in Pendelton County that supported secession and the Confederacy.

-Page 04-

Description of Page: Advertisements