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Valley of the Shadow

Staunton Spectator: April 1, 1862

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-Page 01-

Battle Near Winchester
(Column 1)
Summary: Item reports a battle near Winchester that involved Augusta soldiers, some of whom were killed and wounded. Accompanying the article is a list of the wounded at the military hospital in Staunton. These are the 148 men listed above from S.T. Walton to Private Fletcher.
(Names in announcement: Capt. Waters, Thomas Bryan, James Bare, Capt. Newton, Lieut. Jonathan W. Wilson, Robert Grass, Samuel Hays, David Houser, Robert Anderson, William Apple, L.H. Plunkett, Capt. Doyle, James Harnsberger, Thomas ReevesJr., John Siltzer, Henry Randall, James Cook, Thomas Cook, William Beard, Captain S.T. Walton, Captain Robert E. Cowan, Lieutenant D.C. Crump, Lieutenant Charles Back, Lieutenant Thos. S. Ames, Lieutenant D.W. Garrett, Lieutenant Jno. W. Kritz, Lieutenant E.L. Hoffman, Lieutenant Weaver, Sergeant Major W.B. Kelly, Orderly Sergeant G.W. Sappington, Sergeant Andrew Kelley, Sergeant Abednego Hodges, Sergeant William McCauley, Sergeant James McCabe, Sergeant J.L. Paxton, Sergeant John M. Evans, Sergeant Tucker Randolph, Sergeant Wm. B. Colston, Corporal Samuel Ewart, Corporal M.M. Teal, Corporal William A. Aven, Corporal James Wright, Corporal Jno. A. Younger, Corporal Peter W. Dalton, Corporal John Hill, Private J.N. Nunnally, Private Isaac Thomasson, Private Robert S. Hutchins, Private Wm. R. Buchanan, Private George Kelly, Private John Glen, Private A.B. Edmondson, Private Thomas Bryan, Private Arthur Reid, Private L.C.F. Dickerson, Private David G. Snodgrass, Private R.D. Metts, Private Charles Short, Private Thomas Short, Private A. Malespeiner, Private Wm. S. Whitesell, Private John A. Foster, Private Samuel Buchanan, Private John J. Ditlow, Private George Sencindiver, Private Jacob Brumback, Private Jesse Cupp, Private Martin Miller, Private L.H. Plunkett, Private William Apple, Private James Hendricks, Private Wm. Laidy, Private Thos. Wilson, Private L.F. Dowdy, Private T.J. Whitton, Private Richard Flippen, Private Samuel Harlow, Private J.G. McWilliams, Private James Close, Private E.G. Rogers, Private Thomas Stuart, Private Robert S. Covington, Private C.W. Sullivan, Private Robert Gardner, Private E.O. Wells, Private Edward Clark, Private Jos. A. Greenwell, Private John Boyle, Private George H. Rennie, Private Robt. E. Larrimer, Private J.W. Foster, Private Jas. Brewer, Private Benj. P. Walker, Private Wm. H. Whitenack, Private Daniel B. Kurtz, Private Martin Spellmer, Private P.F. Frazier, Private Wm. Conley, Private J.A. Garner, Private Martin Sharp, Private Wm. M. Wolfe, Private John Purcell, Private J.H. Davidson, Private Simon D. Anderson, Private George W. Rensell, Private Samuel Anderson, Private C. Sullivan, Private E.M. Wicker, Private J.R. Quillan, Private H.D. Danforth, Private Wm. H. Light, Private James P. Jones, Private S.W. Clay, Private E.B. Taylor, Private Albert Durham, Private James Mully, Private J.J. Counts, Private John Carnahan, Private W.T. Rutherford, Private John Watkins, Private Joseph Colbert, Private Eli Weaver, Private Samuel Keller, Private Jacob Campbell, Private Wm. H. Jones, Private Robert Anderson, Private George W. Steele, Private S.B. Tapscott, Private Thomas Kratz, Private Jno. L. Drumheller, Private Isiah Haines, Private Abraham Cook, Private John W. Terry, Private T.L Stult, Private Hiram Rittenour, Private James Edmondson, Private John McEakin, Private Wm. A. Garrett, Private J.W. Airhart, Private J.P. Eddington, Private Gabriel Shrewsberry, Private Dabney Shrewsberry, Private David N. Wortz, Private John Sullivan, Private Joseph H. Harris, Private Henry Smith, Private T.A. Foster, Private J.C. Featherstone, Private Matthew Cahill, Private Rernard Cain, Private Thomas Deconrey, Private Benjamin D. Crouch, Private Wm. H. Hatcher, Private Alonzo East, Private Thos. A. Williams, Private James D. Bickett, Private D.J. Shepherd, Private Wm. Reid, Private G.H.C. Backhouse, Private John N. Dowdy, Private Jas. A. Robertson, Private Henry V. Pirot, Private Somerville Gray, Private C.E. Taylor, Private R.M. Tabb, Private Fletcher)
Support the Families of Poor Soldiers
(Column 2)
Summary: Article asserts that those who do not give aid to the poor families whose men are in battle are neither true Christians nor true patriots.
Reverses of the Revolution
(Column 3)
Summary: Compares the setbacks during the American Revolution with those of the Confederacy and asserts that these recent reverses will not last.
Origin of Article: Richmond Whig
Soldiers on Furlough
(Column 4)
Summary: The Spectator reprints the order revoking all furloughs and leaves of absence and encourages all soldiers to obey this order cheerfully.
Full Text of Article:

We adopt the appeal of the Richmond Dispatch in reference to the annexed order No. 16, of the Adjutant and Inspector General revoking all furloughs. It revokes, on the spot, all leaves of absence, from whatsoever quarter obtained; it orders all officers and men absent from duty except on surgeon's certificate of disability, to return at once to their respective commands.--The Department adopts this with reluctance; but we feel assured that it will be cheerfully obeyed. The enemy is pressing us on all sides. We want every man we can get. We cannot spare a man. Our soldiers, who have manifested so much devotion, so much self denial, so much patriotism, will bear this cross without a murmur. We appeal to them in the name of all that they hold sacred--country, home, wives, children, friends, altars, and firesides--hasten at once to the field. They will thereby add to the already large debt of gratitude due them from their country. They will be admitted and pointed at, as men who were, when the occasion called for it, ready to sacrifice all to their country. Posterity will hold them in veneration, and they will be regarded in history as worthy of all imitation.

Men of the South, will you be found wanting on such an occasion? Your former history proves that you will not. Wherever your duty calls you, there will you be. It may be hard to relinquish the pleasures of home sooner than you expected, but your country calls you and you will not fail her. Her eyes are upon you, and great as will be your reward if you succeed, greater will be your misfortune if you fail. But why speak of failing? It is a word of which you know not the meaning, when it is applied to your charge of duty.

To your posts, men of the South, to your posts!

WAR DEPARTMENT, Adj't. and Inspector General's Office.
Richmond, March 21, 1862,

General Orders, No. 16.

All leaves of absence and furloughs, from whatever source obtained, are revoked; and officers and men absent from duty, except on surgeons' certificate of disability, will return at once to their respective commands. It was with extreme reluctance that the Department adopts a measure which deprives our patriotic soldiers of the relaxation they have so well earned; but the enemy presses on every side, and the necessities of the service demands new illustrations of that noble self denial which has been so many times evinced since the commencement of our struggle for independence. The furloughs of all who have engaged for the war, which are thus curtailed, will be extended hereafter, when circumstances permit. But, judging from the past, no fears are entertained of an unwilling response to this call. Those who have so many times proved their devotion to their country, cannot be indifferent or backward in this hour of her greatest need. By order of the President,

S. A. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector General.

Plant Corn
(Column 4)
Summary: Encourages farmers to plant corn to provide the grain necessary for the people and the army.
Address of a Soldier Condemned to be Shot
(Column 5)
Summary: Reprints the words of a Louisiana soldier who was condemned to death for insubordination. The soldier, Dennis Corcoran, repents his sins and hopes that his death will "prove a benefit to the souls of our companions, and a lesson to all to guard against the vice of drunkenness."
The Falling Back of the Army of the Potomac--The Enemy Foiled
(Column 5)
Summary: Reports that President Davis approved General Johnson's plan to fall back from the old line of defense at the Potomac. Johnson feared that the enemy was planning to move against his rear by placing 40,000 troops in the Valley. Johnson hoped that a strategic retreat would foil this plan.
Origin of Article: Examiner
Baltimore Methodist Episcopal Conference
(Column 6)
Summary: Report of Resolutions from the Baltimore Methodist Episcopal Conference.
(Column 6)
Summary: Married on March 26th near Staunton.
(Names in announcement: Rev. Wm. S. Baird, Alfred Shifflett, Anne E. Robertson)
(Column 7)
Summary: Maggie Covell, daughter of Maj. Covell, died on March 18 at 8 years of age.
(Names in announcement: Maj. J.C. Covell, Maggie Covell)
(Column 7)
Summary: James Luther Wilson died of scarlet fever on February 15 at age 5.
(Names in announcement: James Luther Wilson, Sam'l C. Wilson, Kate Wilson)
(Column 7)
Summary: Five of the six children of Henry T. and Mary Foutz died of scarlet fever in the last month. Sarah died on February 20 at age 7, Mary Jane on February 21 at age 3, James on February 25 at age 5, William on March 3 at age 9, and Henry Edward on March 21 at age 16 months.
(Names in announcement: Sarah Margaret Foutz, Mary Jane Foutz, James Samuel Foutz, William J. Foutz, Henry Edward Foutz, Henry T. Foutz, Mary Foutz Foutz)
Come to Life Again! Eagon's Southern Liver and Antibillious Pills
(Column 7)
Summary: Advertisement for Eagon's Southern Liver Pills, formerly known as Eagon's American Liver Pills.
Proposition to Raise Regiments of Free Fighters
(Column 7)
Summary: Reprints Kenton Harper's handbill proposing the raising of a temporary force to fight the invading Yankees in the Valley.
(Names in announcement: Kenton Harper)
Two Runaways!
(Column 7)
Summary: Advertisement for two runaway slaves named Thornton and David who ran away from Daniel Forrer at Mossy Creek Iron Works. Thornton was hired of Dr. Holloway of Caroline County and David was hired of a slaveowner in Richmond.
(Names in announcement: Daniel Forrer, Thornton , David )
Full Text of Article:

Ran away from the subscriber, at Mossy Creek Iron Works, on Sunday night, the 23rd of March, two NEGRO MEN, hired for the present year, named THORNTON and DAVID. Thornton is about 35 years old, about 5 feet 4 inches high, is a tolerably bright mullatto, and was hired of Dr. Holloway of Caroline County.

David is of rather dark color, his height and age not recollected. He was hired of J. M. Macon of Richmond.

Daniel Forrer.

April 1, 1862--tf

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Report of skirmishes near Nashville. Proclamations of the Governor involving the formation of the militia. Previously tagged notices. Remainder of page ads.

Good Officers Needed
(Column 1)
Summary: Article asserts the need for the soldiers to have good officers.
Origin of Article: Enquirer
What is Martial Law?
(Column 1)
Summary: Explains that martial law suspends civil liberties and warns that those who would resort to such measures risk losing their freedom.
Origin of Article: Memphis Appeal