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Valley of the Shadow

Staunton Spectator: April 10, 1866

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-Page 01-

Churchville Meeting
(Column 06)
Summary: A copy of the proceedings of a farmers meeting in Churchville.
(Names in announcement: Jacob Baylor, Rev. Dr. Davis, E. Geeding, Dr. James Wilson, Walters, William Tate)

-Page 02-

New Duties of Southern Ladies
(Column 01)
Summary: Argues that women "should now be not only ornamental, but useful" and urges every daughter to learn "the arts of sewing, knitting, and cooking."
Full Text of Article:

The ladies of the South have been justly celebrated for their many excellent qualities -- their cultivation, manners, and virtue -- their devotion, patriotism and fortitude. The fiery ordeal though which they have passed, has but served to prove them pure gold. The men of the South are justly proud of them. In all the relations of mother, sister and wife, they have acquitted themselves not only handsomely, but nobly. In the past, they have proved themselves equal to every emergency. The change which has been wrought by the results of the war, (just now proclaimed by the Executive of the nation to be at an end,) imposes new duties upon the fair daughters of the South. They should now be not only ornamental, but useful. They should learn to perform many domestic duties from which they have heretofore been exempt. The arts of sewing, knitting and cooking should be learned by every daughter of Southern parents. The performance of these duties should not bring the blush of shame, but the flush of pride to their checks. The knowledge of these duties, and the willingness to perform them, when circumstances render it necessary, should be recognized as great and desirable accomplishment, more valuable than the knowledge of a little French, the latest Paris fashions, and the rudiments of the science of music. To a sensible man, these useful accomplishments would be the highest recommendation. There is not incompatibility between the useful and ornamental accomplishments -- the same lady might and should posses both. We would not have the ladies to become drudges -- it was not designed by nature that they should be, and none but savages and semi-civilized people would have them to be; but we would have them to be useful, and the helpmeets of their mothers, who were once as fair and lovely as themselves, and as much entitled to exemption from such domestic duties. The fact that Southern ladies, we mean single daughters, have not been expected or required to perform domestic duties, has diminished not only their value, but their attractiveness; as, for the want of proper exercise of both mind and body, their beauty and health have been impaired. The girl that performs these duties has both mid and body properly developed. She needs no rouge for her cheeks, no india-rubber bust, no false calves -- she spurns all devices of art, and moves with grace and pride the conscious possessor of the rich gift of nature.

Lo! The Poor Negro
(Column 01)
Summary: Argues that "emancipation, which we believe to be a curse rather than a blessing to them, was effected without any agency of theirs," and professes to "fear the emancipation of the negro heralds the doom of the race." The author recommends colonization to "some favorite clime where they can live to themselves and for themselves alone."
Full Text of Article:

What is to become of the negro? This is a question which now addresses itself to the minds of all reflecting men. Shall he remain here where he will be brought into ruinous competition with a superior race, or shall he seek a home elsewhere? If he remain here, poverty, wretchedness, and ultimate extinction will be his sad fate. If it were not that we have the kindest feelings for the negroes, we should like to see them move en masse into the Northern States, that they might test the professed friendship of the Northern people for them. We are satisfied that the best friends of the negroes are the people of the South, who, with few exceptions, have for them none other than kind feelings. The Southern people do not blame the negroes for anything which has occurred. Their emancipation, which we believe to be a curse instead of a blessing to them, was effected without any agency of theirs. They, as a mass, acted well and faithfully during the war, and have comported themselves remarkably well since the war. No blame attaches to them, and this the Southern people appreciate and acknowledge, and hence attach no culpability to the negro.

If the negroes are to be considered the wards of the Government, and this guardianship is to continue for an indefinite time, we think that they should be distributed among the several States of the Union, North and South, in proportion to the population of the several States. In this way, the blessing be equitably distributed, and none could complain that they were denied their just share of it.

But as we know, notwithstanding their loud professions of friendship, that the people of the Northern States do not desire, the negroes to become residents of their States, would treat them worse than the Southern people ever did, or ever will do, we must decide whether it is better for them to remain in the Southern States, in unequal and ruinous competition with the whites, or to seek a home in some favorite clime where they can live to themselves and for themselves alone. If the latter could be, it should be done. We confess that we fear the emancipation of the negro heralds the doom of his race. Are they willing to be colonized, and can colonization be rendered practicable? We will recur to this subject in future.

The Valley Railroad Convention
(Column 03)
Summary: Proceedings of the Valley Railroad Convention, held in Staunton on April 4 and dominated by delegates from Augusta county.
(Names in announcement: John Baldwin, T. J. Michie, George Baylor, Franklin McCue, J. Wayt Bell, A. Mohler, D. Kunkle, H. W. Sheffey, Bolivar Christian, W. Allan, M. G. Harman, A. H. H. Stuart, Dr. T. W. Shelton, A. McChesney, W. M. Tate, J. M. McCue, Dr. C. R. Harris, Thomas Gambill, W. Crawford, Thomas BurkeSr., Gen. John Echols, Maj. James Walker, Charles Grattan, D. S. Bell, Jacob Schreckhise, George Shuey, A. A. McPheeters, W. A. Bell, W. A. Abney, J. Bell, David Craig, Jed Hotchkiss, Col. A. W. Harman, Dr. John McChesney, A. M. GarberJr., A. G. Christian, Maj. John Harman, Dr. W. B. McChesney)
Meeting of Stockholders of Valley R. R.
(Column 04)
Summary: The stockholders' selection of directors for the Valley Railroad Company, including a number of residents of Augusta.
(Names in announcement: Gen. John Echols, Col. M. G. Harman, N. K. Trout, Bolivar Christian, William Allan, John Baldwin, Judge H. W. Sheffey, Col. A. W. Harman, Maj. J. A. Harman, Capt. Charles Grattan, Col. Gray, S. M. Yost)

-Page 03-

Local News--Corporation Election
(Column 01)
Summary: Results of elections for local offices.
(Names in announcement: N. K. Trout, Jacob Parent, John Evans, W. B. Kayser, B. F. Points, A. M. Bruce, J. M. Hardy, Jas. W. Crawford, W. H. Wilson, R. J. Hope, R. G. Bickle, W. L. Balthis, J. B. Scherer)
Local News--Churchville Oil Company
(Column 01)
Summary: The newly formed Churchville Oil Company elected officers last week.
(Names in announcement: Dr. Robert Hamilton, Chesley Kinney, Gen. John Echols, F. F. Sterrett, William Nelson, Henry Hoover)
Local News--Broom Factory
(Column 01)
Summary: Two men in Churchville are establishing a broom factory, a suggestion made by the editor of the Spectator a few weeks ago.
(Names in announcement: Hoover, Hanger)
Local News--The Soldiers' Cemetery Committee
(Column 02)
Summary: The ladies of Staunton have formed a committee to enclose and improve the soldiers' cemetery.
(Column 02)
Summary: Elizabeth Kunkle and John Hill were married on April 3 by Rev. Thomas Hildebrand.
(Names in announcement: John Hill, Elizabeth Kunkle, Rev. Thomas Hildebrand)
(Column 02)
Summary: Mary Rodgers and Thomas Devericks were married on March 29 by Rev. Thomas Hildebrand.
(Names in announcement: Thomas Devericks, Mary Rodgers, Rev. Thomas Hildebrand)
(Column 02)
Summary: Julia Collins and W. H. Gorman were married on April 4 by Rev. Father Bixio.
(Names in announcement: W. H. Gorman, Julia Collins, Rev. Father Bixio)
(Column 02)
Summary: Lizzie Ast and Charles Wood were married on April 5 by Rev. J. A. Latano.
(Names in announcement: Charles Wood, Lizzie Ast, John Ast, Rev. J. A. Latano)
(Column 02)
Summary: Jas. McCutchen and Sallie Crist were married on April 5 by Rev. C. S. M. See.
(Names in announcement: Jas. McCutchen, Sallie Crist, William Swink, Rev. C. S. M. See)
(Column 02)
Summary: William Byron Ast died on April 4. He was 7 years old.
(Names in announcement: William Byron Ast, William F. Ast, Rose Ast)
"Gallantry Extraordinary"
(Column 03)
Summary: John Scott replies to a piece in the Spectator which expressed surprise and derision at the sight of Scott "escorting a negro woman." Scott explains that while he is not in favor of "'Amalgamation,' or social oneness," he does believe that the "proper way to train them to civility, is to be civil in our dealings with them."
(Names in announcement: John Scott)
Full Text of Article:

Mr. Editor:--Under the above caption, appeared a short article in the "Spectator," of the 3rd inst.

No names were called, but the person who was said to be the gallant, was designated as "one of the teachers in the Freedmen's school," and was arraigned before the public for "escorting a negro woman!" This gallantry was attributed to the taste of the individual, as no comments of note, were made further; it would seem as if the Editor rather invited an explanation.

The facts are as follows: At the close of the Sunday school, which is held in the building used by the colored people as a church and school-house, one of our pupils came, and asked for a hymn-book, which we have for sale, and use in Sunday schools.

She was told that if there were any not yet sold they were at our house. Being determined to have one, she watched us start for home, and came down the walk at the same time, claiming not to know where we lived. Once or twice we thought of sending her back, or asking her to walk behind, lest unfavorable remarks might be made, and our intentions misunderstood, which seems to have been the case. But the fact that we were passing only directly from our place of business to our home, and with a pupil, would, we though, protect us from any false representation.

We are called upon at almost all times and everywhere by these poor dependents -- the Freedmen. Letters are to be written, contracts are to be made, books wanted, difficulties settled, suffering relieved, &c, and these people do not know but that we are walking Freedmen's Bureau, and everything else almost when they seem to want counsel. But aside from our business we have never walked with any man or woman, in this place or any other.

Had we been in the habit of promenading the streets with colored women, or had we come down the walk arm in arm with this girl, the case would have been different.

But we are free to admit that while we do not believe in the doctrine of "Amalgamation," or social oneness; yet, as the restraint of force, which controlled these people, while slaves, is somewhat abated; the proper ways to respect themselves as a means of culture, and to fit them for society in their new condition as freedmen.

We trust we shall be better appreciated when better understood.

As to the matter of "taste," we consider the insinuation an insult, to which we do not propose to reply at this time.



Staunton, April 4

Trailer: John Scott

-Page 04-

President's Proclamation
(Column 02)
Summary: Text of Andrew Johnson's proclamation declaring an end to the war and the political equality of the states.
Schools for Freedmen
(Column 03)
Summary: John Scott, the superintendent of the local Freedmen's School, answers some frequently asked questions about the nature of his school. He explains that his teachers do sometimes whip their students, and are endeavoring to teach them "the necessity of labor and respect to the white people at all times."
(Names in announcement: John Scott)
Trailer: John Scott