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Valley of the Shadow

Staunton Spectator: October 20, 1868

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-Page 01-

[No Title]
(Column 04)
Summary: The Augusta Central Bible Society sought to provide Bibles and Scripture to all who did not have access to one. This letter explains how this project was conducted, and provides a detailed account of the financial status of the organization.
(Names in announcement: William A. Pearson, F. Swope, Cowan, John A. English)
Full Text of Article:

STAUNTON, October 7th, 1868.

To the Augusta Central Bible Society:

Your Executive Committee, in compliance with the Constitution of our Society, beg leave to make the following brief report:

Immediately after their appointment at your meeting in March last, the Executive Committee had a meeting and took such initiatory steps as they deemed best calculated most speedily to accomplish the objects of your Society -- to wit: The supplying of every family within the bounds of the County, with the Word of God. At our first and subsequent meetings, as fast as we could procure their names, we appointed "District managers" for the different congregations in the county, and by written and printed circulars solicited their co-operation and assistance. We immediately advertised for two suitable persons to act as colporteurs. None such offered their services to your Committee until June last, when we employed Wm. A Pearson and F. Swope, two young brethren, who are studying for the ministry, and who had just returned home to spend their vacations. These young brethren entered upon their labors the first of July. -- They were supplied with Bibles, parts of the Bible and Testaments, and were given written instructions by your Committee for their guidance. They were instructed among other things to visit every family in their respective districts, and in addition to sending to any who might wish to buy, to supply by sale or gift every family who was without the Word of God, either a Bible, parts of the Bible or the New Testament as each in his discretion might think best, if any member in such a family could read, or manifested a wish to have the Scriptures that they might have them read for them. Each was directed, if possible, to complete the canvass of his district, and to make monthly and quarterly reports to your committee. We agreed to pay each thirty dollars per month, and his actual traveling expenses, and $5 per month for his means of travel. Mr. Swope was in our employ during June and August, but during part of his time he was sick and charged for only 37 days of labor, and canvassed perhaps about half of his district. Mr. Pearson's bond for us during July, August, and September -- charging for 79 days of labor, and reports about three-fourth of his district canvassed. These young men resigned their positions that they might return to their studies, and, hearing of no suitable person whose services could be secured at once, your Committee deemed it best to leave that to the Committee now to be appointed by your body.

The reports of these Colporteurs, herewith submitted, will give the details. It is deemed sufficient for present purposes to state, that they show that these Colporteurs

Received by contributions...........$13.95

Received for books sold.............120.62

Cash value of books granted..........12.08

No. of families visited................771

No. found destitute of the Bible.......192

No. of Bibles and Testaments

No. of Bibles, parts of Bibles and
Testaments sold..................220



Soon after your last meeting Mr. Cowan

as Depositor for the Va. Bible Society

turned over to us in books 84 volumes,


The Treasurer's report herewith submit-

ed, shows that we realized from cash

collections, and subscriptions obtained,

at your last meeting, and in a few days

thereafter, from the Staunton Congre-

gations, the sum of......................244.25

From Mr. Cown on account of sales by

Making cash in Treasurer's hands.............315.00

Treasurer paid out for books.................275.10

Balance in Treasurer's hands..................39.90

From the Secretary's report, it appears

that we have from time to time order-

ed from the Va. Bible Society books

to the value of............................305.30

So that we owe them a balance of ..............30.20

This is reduced by the books furnished

Augusta Church, for which they paid

Va. Bible Society...........................10.00

Leaving now due to the Va. Bible So-


Leaving a surplus in the Treasurer's hand

after paying this debt, the sum of..........19.70

Mr. Swope, one of the Colporteurs, was

paid, with the proceeds of his cash

sales and contributions, obtained by

him from individuals for our Society

amounting in the aggregate to................45.50

No Final settlement has yet been made

with Mr. Pearson, but he received

from these sources the sum of................89.07

Which it is believed will just about cover

his account, and hence no other no-

tice is taken of these items.

Our accounts with the American Bible

Society have been settled and paid off.

All this has been done at a net cost to

the Society of..............................91.36


Mr. Cowan, who has very kindly assisted us,

and acted as our depositary, re-

ports to us now on hand, belonging to

our Society, in Bibles, parts of Bi-

ble and Testaments, volumes, 1,239


In his hands, cash on account of sales...........2.91

Which together with the balance of...............19.70

in the hands of the Treasurer after pay-

ing the Va. Bible Society the balance

due them, shows we now have in books

and cash....................................291.89

Due on unpaid subscriptions....................62.75

We take great pleasure in informing the

Society that the Virginia Bible Society

has kindly made us two donations of

Books, amounting in the aggregate to

425 volumes, worth.........................95.00

But we regret to have to state, that though we have, through our Secretary, (who has given much time and labor to this object) written to, and by the kind assistance of a member of our Committee, connected with the press of this city, sent printed circulars to the pastors of, and the district managers in the various county congregations, asking their co-operation and aid, very little has been obtained from them. The amount obtained, from churches and individuals outside the congregations of Staunton is $13.75.

In conclusion, Your committee think they have done (often at inconvenience and sacrifice to some of them) what they could, to create an interest in, and promote the objects of the Society, engaged, as it is, in so good and great a work. If your body in its wisdom, or our successors, by their zeal can devise some means by which they can enlist the active sympathy, and reach the pockets of the country Churches in our county, in a work so fraught with the greatest good to our fellow men and Society, the objects for which we organized can soon be accomplished.

All of which is respectfully submitted,

JNO. A. ENGLISH, Chairman,

of Executive Committee

[No Title]
(Column 05)
Summary: Letter praising the Picnic and Sabbath School exhibition at Round Hill Church, New Hope. The students performed hymns, dialogues, scripture readings, and poetry.
(Names in announcement: Rev. Engle, Rebecca Scott, Capt. Gideon Barnhart, Rev. Neal, Rev. Chambliss, Rev. Ross)
First Annual Exhibition of the Augusta County Fair, Staunton, Va.
(Column 06)
Summary: The executive committee of the Augusta County Fair issues the program for this year, and lays down rules for exhibitions and prizes.
(Names in announcement: John B. Baldwin, Jed. Hotchkiss, E. W. Bayly, W. A. Burke)

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Northern State Elections
(Column 01)
Summary: Reports the results of state elections in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Iowa, and Nebraska. In each state, the Republicans claimed a majority, though often by a narrow margin. The Spectator remains hopeful for the Presidential election.
Full Text of Article:

On Tuesday last, the 14th inst., State elections were held in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Iowa, and Nebraska. These elections did not result as we desired or expected. We desired that they would result in the success of the Democrats, and we expected that such would be the case in Indiana by a handsome majority, and in Pennsylvania and Nebraska by small majorities. We did not expect Ohio and Iowa to vote as we desired, though we supposed that there was a probability that the Radical majority in Ohio would be small. The first reports of the results of these elections greatly exaggerated the Radical majorities. The majority in Pennsylvania is about 10,000 instead of 18,000; in Ohio, about 15,000 instead of 25,000; in Indiana about 1,000 instead of 7,000, with similar reductions in Nebraska and Iowa. The official returns may reduce these majorities even more.

Whilst these results are unwelcome and are greatly to be deplored by those who are laboring to rescue the reins from the hands of the Radicals who are recklessly driving the chariot of State to inevitable destruction, yet they are not such as should induce despair, or cause the Democrats to relax for a moment their earnest efforts to effect the patriotic purpose they are laboring to accomplish. All is not lost which is in danger. The more imminent the danger, the more reason for increased efforts to effect a rescue. It is not the timid, but the bold hand which,

"From the nettle, danger,
Plucks the flower, safely."

Should the Democrats waver, doubt, hesitate, despond, victory will certainly perch upon the standards of the Radicals in the November election, but if they will, --as they certainly should do -- gird up their loins for more vigorous efforts, take counsel from Hope, perfect the organization of their legions, march with regular confident tread, meet the foe with steady eye and unblenching cheek, pour in volleys of ballots from the rising of the sun till the going down thereof on the day of election, and victory may slight upon the Democratic standard. This course may lead to success--any other, we fear, to certain defeat. We are not of those who believe that the recent State elections presage inevitable defeat to the Democratic party. They only show that the chances are unfavorable, and that greater efforts are needed to ensure success.

The result of State elections do not indicate certainly the result in the Presidential election, for there are many questions of local character, and personal friendships, prejudices, &c. which influence many to vote with one party in the State elections who will vote with the other in the Presidential election. As the Charlestown Free Press very wisely suggests, "It must also be remembered that some of the States recently electing their officers have, but a short time since, repudiated the leading and darling measure of the Radical party -- negro suffrage -- a question which was studiously avoided throughout the ardent and exciting canvass closed on Tuesday last. The full onus and odium of that obnoxious project must, however, be borne in the Presidential election; and we will be much mistaken in the good sense and patriotism (if indeed there is such a thing left) of the people of the United States, if they can be induced to indorse a policy which must necessarily and inevitably consign one half, and that the fairest portion, of the country to the dominion of ignorant, uneducated, and misled race, in whose footsteps, all history has attested have followed sterility and barbarism.

When a question of such magnitude as is forced upon the decision of a nation, we cannot resign the hope that whatever may be the force of party ties or the despotism of party prejudices, they will turn from it in disgust and alarm and with Lear exclaim,

"O, that way madness lies; let me shun that."

In our opinion, the results of the late elections do not furnish so much reason for discouragement as the fact that such leading and influential journals as the National Intelligencer, New York World, and Balt. Gazette, recommend a change of the ticket at this late stage in the campaign, which is like changing commanders on the eve of a battle upon the result of which the destiny of a nation is suspended.

Good Roads Save Horse-flesh
(Column 01)
Summary: The paper prints an appeal for good county roads.
Norfolk Commercial Convention
(Column 02)
Summary: Proceedings of the Norfolk Commercial Convention attended by a delegation from Augusta.

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[No Title]
(Column 01)
Summary: The paper pleads for a secret night watch after burglars broke into the store of Taylor and Powell.
[No Title]
(Column 01)
Summary: The ladies of Staunton's Baptist congregation will hold oyster suppers each night of the fair in the store of P. B. Hoge. The proceeds will go to benefit the church.
(Names in announcement: P. B. Hoge)
[No Title]
(Column 01)
Summary: The ladies of Staunton's Episcopal Church will give a grand vocal and instrumental concert at the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind Institute. The proceeds will go toward purchasing an iron fence to surround the episcopal graveyard.
A Compliment to Our Valley Flour
(Column 01)
Summary: The military department at Norfolk has ordered that all flour bought for government use should carry the "Staunton" brand. The paper takes it as evidence of the quality of the product.
Staunton Lyceum
(Column 02)
Summary: The lyceum debated whether parents should amass large sums of money to pass on as inheritance to children. It was decided in the negative. Officers were selected, and debaters appointed for future meetings.
(Names in announcement: Rev. J. L. Clarke, George B. Taylor, Col. George Baylor, Pike Powers, Col. John B. Baldwin, Maj. Marshall Hanger, Robert M. Guy, Capt. James Bumgardner, Skinner, Hewitt, English, Harris)
The Augusta County Fair
(Column 02)
Summary: A gentleman with the Augusta County Agricultural Society reports that they have raised over $15,000 in subscriptions of $100 for life memberships. The banks have advanced money for the organization and the County has approved plans to put the road to the fair grounds in order.
[No Title]
(Column 02)
Summary: The Enquirer and Examiner claim that the Freedmen are beginning to recognize that the Republicans sought to use them for their votes, and asks Virginians to continue to make this clear to the Freedmen.
Full Text of Article:

The negro is beginning to find out that he is merely a political tool. All work and no pay is not exactly the programme he was led to expect when emancipated from old master. First he looked for "forty acres and a mule;" that delusion has passed away. His Radical friends persuaded him that they had something better, the ballot. Yes, the ballot; the all powerful ballot! With that he could protect, elevate, enrich himself; he would be on equality with old master, "as good as anybody." This, too, he begins to find, and is destined to discover more fully, to be a delusion. His white allies will reap the benefit, while he is to do the work at the polls, and bear the odium of opposition to the interests of his old and tried friends. Let the true men of Virginia do all in their power to enlighten the negroes, let them understand that their interest is identified with the interest of the conservative, respectable class of the community, and not long will they remain dupes of self-seeking adventurers and soulless demagogues. -- Enquirer and Examiner.

The Negroes and the Carpet-baggers
(Column 02)
Summary: The paper reports with glee on divisions within the Republican party between African-Americans and carpet-baggers.
Proclamation Appointing Thanksgiving Day
(Column 03)
Summary: Prints Andrew Johnson's proclamation designating Thursday, November 26th, as Thanksgiving Day.
[No Title]
(Column 03)
Summary: Col. Baldwin sends a letter to Cyrus McCormick, an Augusta native, thanking him for his donation of a McCormick Reaper for the Augusta county fair.
Full Text of Article:

Messrs. C. H. McCormick and Bro., Chicago, Illinois:

GENTLEMEN: -- I have the pleasure to acknowledge, on behalf of the "Augusta County Fair," the donation of your Reaper, known as "McCormick's Self-Raker for 1868."

It is no disparagement to the many liberal donations made to our Fair, to say that this gift from you affords us a higher gratification than any we have received.

We claim both the Reaper and its Inventor as natives of Augusta county. Our people have followed with kindly interest the progress of both to reputation and to fortune, and we felt a special county pride when at the French Exposition of 1867, they alone commanded the combined honors of the "Grand Prize," and the "Cross of the Legion of Honor."

It is a striking fact that the successful Inventor, after an absence of near thirty years, should send his perfected Invention as a token of remembrance of his early home and his early friends to grace the first Industrial Fair of Augusta County.

I am gentlemen with high respect,

Yours truly,


President Augusta County Fair.

(Column 04)
Summary: Thomas W. Eubank and Miss Annie E. Proffett, both of Augusta, were married near Churchville on October 8th by the Rev. A. A. P. Neel.
(Names in announcement: Thomas W. Eubank, Annie E. Proffett, Rev. A. A. P. Neel)
(Column 04)
Summary: William Tanner and Miss Mary Susan Cook, both of Augusta, were married near Staunton at the residence of Mr. E. W. Schott by the Rev. George M. Taylor on October 13th.
(Names in announcement: William Tanner, Mary Susan Cook, E. W. Schott, Rev. George M. Taylor)
(Column 04)
Summary: C. E. Hoge of Staunton and Miss A. B. French of Abingdon were married in Abingdon by the Rev. James McChain on October 15th.
(Names in announcement: C. E. Hoge, A. B. French, Rev. James McChain)
(Column 04)
Summary: John W. Hays and Miss Fannie V. Wright, both of Augusta, were married by the Rev. Francis McFarland at the residence of the bride's mother on October 1st.
(Names in announcement: John W. Hays, Fannie V. Wright, Rev. Francis McFarland)
(Column 04)
Summary: John R. Argenbright and Henrietta V. Zimmerman, both of Augusta, were married at the house of the bride by the Rev. J. I. Miller on October 15th.
(Names in announcement: John R. Argenbright, Henrietta V. Zimmerman, Rev. J. I. Miller)
(Column 04)
Summary: George H. Conklin died in Staunton on October 19th. He was 57 years old.
(Names in announcement: George H. Conklin)
(Column 04)
Summary: Braxton Davis died at his ressidence near Waynesboro on October 12th. He was 74 years old.
(Names in announcement: Braxton Davis)

-Page 04-

The Presidential Electors of the Unreconstructed States
(Column 02)
Summary: Orders from Army Headquarters allowing military commanders in the South to post troops at polling places to keep order, but threatening to remove from command any who use their forces to influence voting.