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Valley of the Shadow

Waynesboro Village Record: February 27, 1863

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-Page 01-

It Surpasses Uncle Tom's Cabinet
(Column 1)
Summary: An extract from a speech delivered by Gen. Butler in which the commander recounts several anecdotes that reveal the depth of depravity occasioned by the institution slavery.
Full Text of Article:

In one of Gen. Butler's late speeches at the East, he said:

He had on reading Mrs. Stowe's book--"Uncle Tom's Cabin,"--believed it to be an overdrawn, highly-wrought picture of Southern life, but he had seen with his own eyes, and heard with his own ears many things which go beyond her book as much as her book does beyond an ordinary school-girl's novel. He related an instance of shocking demoralization of society at New Orleans. There came into his office a woman, 27 years of age, perfectly white, who asked him in proper language if he would put her in one of her father's houses. Her history was this: Her father had educated her in the city of New York, until she was between 17 and 18 years of age, and taken her to one of the metropolitan hotels, where he kept her as his mistress. Not relishing the connection, and desiring to get away from him, she went to New Orleans--he followed her, but she refused to live with him, at which he whipped her in the public street, and made her marry a slave. She afterwards resumed the unnatural relation, and went to Cincinnati, but was brought back by her husband, or father, with a child, belonging to somebody. Her father fled from the city at the time of its occupation by the United States forces, leaving her in a state of destitution. She wanted to live in one of her father's houses, but her story was not credible, and he determined to investigate it. To his surprise it was found to be well known, and testimony of its truth was obtained from A, B and C without difficulty.

Notwithstanding this fact, widely known as it was, this man could be elected in Louisiana, in the city of New Orleans, a Judge of one of the Courts. On one occasion, one of his aids brought before him a young woman almost white, who had been brutally whipped and turned out of the house of her father. For this outrage the man had been made to pay a fine of $1,000 and give the woman a deed for emancipation. [Applause.] These were the kind of charges which had been brought against him. [Cheers; and cries of [unclear].] Yes, no right minded man could be sent to New Orleans without returning an unconditional Anti Slavery man, even though the roofs of the houses were not taken off and the full extent of the corruption exposed. All the lower class of the people of New Orleans were loyal. During the first fourteen days after the Union forces entered the city, 14,600 took the oath of allegiance and, when he went on board the steamer, on his return to the North, at least one thousand laboring men came down upon the levee, and uttered no words except those of good will to him as the representative of the Government. General Butler continued by saying that the war could only be successfully prosecuted by the destruction of slavery, which was made the cornerstone of the Confederacy.

[No Title]
(Column 3)
Summary: The article contends that, despite their opposition to the war, common whites in the South are forced to support the Confederacy. "If the power of a wealthy and almost unanimous consolidated slaveholding minority were broken," it argues, "a large majority of the citizens of the south would to-day be for the Union." It is only out of the "fear of the dungeon, the halter, and the sword" that "the voice of southern loyalty" has been silenced.
Origin of Article: Nashville Union
Editorial Comment: "The Nashville Union thus forcible and truly discourses on the sham unanimity of the South infavor of the slaveholders' rebellion:"
Full Text of Article:

The Nashville Union thus forcible and truly discourses on the sham unanimity of the South in favor of the slaveholders rebellion:

"The Louisville Union says that the Southern people were not disunionists. We never said the contrary, and we go still further, and affirm our belief that the Southern people are not to-day disunionists. If the conscription law, enforced by Morgan, Forrest, Wade, and hundreds of other guerilla chiefs with armed bands of desperadoes, had not recruited the rebel armies; if a military tyranny, more terrible than Austrian despotism, did not stamp out the first symptoms of resistance; if it were not high treason to hinder the circulation of confederate notes; if the power of a wealthy and a most unanimous consolidated slaveholding minority were broken, a large majority of the citizens of the south would to-day be for the Union. The fear of the dungeon, the halter, and the sword, have silenced the voice of southern loyalty."

-Page 02-

(Column 1)
Summary: It is reported that Capt. R. S. Brownson, of Co. C, 126th Regiment P. V., was made the Major of the regiment.
(Names in announcement: Capt. R. S. Brownson)
(Column 1)
Summary: John E. Walker, member of Co. A, 77th Regiment, P. V., has been promoted to captain.
(Names in announcement: Capt. John E. Walker)
Editor Arrived
(Column 1)
Summary: William Kennedy has returned home to Chambersburg after being honorably discharged from the army as a result of illness. It is expected that Kennedy will resume his work with the Spirit and Times. Kennedy served as a member of the 126th Regiment P. V.
(Names in announcement: William Kennedy)
Brought Home
(Column 1)
Summary: The remains of George F. Davis were returned to his home in Franklin county where they will be interred in the cemetery of the German Reformed Church. Davis died last September in Suffolk, Va., while fighting in Col. Harlan's cavalry, and was initially buried there.
(Names in announcement: George F. Davis, Col. Harlan)
A Good Act
(Column 1)
Summary: J. M. Easton, son of Capt. Easton, who was killed in the Battle of Gains Hill, was appointed to a position in the Naval Academy by Hon. E. McPherson.
(Names in announcement: J. M. Easton, Capt. Easton, Hon. E. McPherson)
Origin of Article: Pilot
Our Citizens in Richmond
(Column 2)
Summary: As indicated by a letter from Perry A. Rice, word has arrived that the Union soldiers from Franklin county, who were being held in Libby prison in Richmond, have been transferred to Castle Lightning. There is little chance that the men will be exchanged; in fact, rumor has it that the prisoners will be transferred further south "in order to keep them with greater safety and at less expense."
(Names in announcement: Perry A. Rice)
Origin of Article: Mercersburg Journal
Look Out for Them
(Column 2)
Summary: The piece cautions readers to be on the alert for high quality counterfeit five-dollar bills from the Bank of America, of New York City.
Origin of Article: Examiner Herald
Harrisburg Counterfeits
(Column 2)
Summary: Counterfeit five-dollar bills from Harrisburg have recently appeared in Philadelphia. Two men have been arrested in connection with the crime. The bills "are tolerably well executed and calculated to deceive."
Origin of Article: Spirit and Times
Officers Dismissed
(Column 2)
Summary: It is reported that Capt. G. W. Black, of the 107th Regiment, Lieut. Jeremiah Cook, of Chambersburg, and Lieut. Samuel Horsbaker, of Mercersburg, both of the 126th Regiment, have been dismissed from the service for being AWOL.
(Names in announcement: Capt. G. W. Black, Lieut. Jeremiah Cook, Lieut. Samuel Horsbaker)
Origin of Article: Republican
The Emancipation Bill
(Column 3)
Summary: The article relates that the Senate approved a bill, by a vote of 28 to 18, to aid Missouri in a program to emancipate the slaves within its borders. According to the piece, in addition to putting the country in "imminent peril," the continued existence of slavery in Missouri cost the government "at least One Hundred Millions" over the course of the last two years.
Origin of Article: New York Tribune
Full Text of Article:

The Emancipation Bill. The Senate on Thursday week passed the bill to aid Missouri to emancipate her slaves by 28 Yeas to 18 Nays. This is purely a measure of national defence against a great and imminent peril. Slavery in Missouri has already put the Nation to an expense of at least One Hundred Millions within the last two years and is certain to cost much more unless eradicated. If it was right to buy Louisiana in order to secure the West to the Union, it is clearly so to purchase the slaves of Missouri in order thereby to protect the National existence against an instant and deadly peril. In no possible contingency must Missouri be lost, and her loyalty in this crisis may save the Union. If this bill be passed, she is with us evermore.--New York Tribune.

Revivals of Religion
(Column 3)
Summary: It is reported that several revivals are now in progress throughout Pennsylvania. The revivals are being conducted chiefly by Lutheran and Methodist churches, and are having tremendous success at converting the masses.
Depreciation of Slave Property in Maryland
(Column 4)
Summary: In an appraisal of the estate belonging to Charles Carroll, one of the largest slave holders in Maryland, his 130 slaves were valued at an average of $5 each. The surprisingly low figure, remarks the article, "is considered a striking illustration of the depreciation of slave property by the rebellion, and will have a powerful influence" in Maryland.
Origin of Article: Baltimore
The Altar
(Column 5)
Summary: On Feb. 5th, Lewis Leckrone and Barbara C. Funk were married by Rev. John Rebaugh.
(Names in announcement: Lewis Leckrone, Barbara C. Funk, Rev. John Rebaugh)
The Altar
(Column 5)
Summary: On Feb. 24th, Benjamin F. Kittinger, of Adams county, and Christean B. Holsinger, daughter of Rev. Dan Holsinger, were married by Rev. D. F. Good.
(Names in announcement: Benjamin F. Kittinger, Christean B. Holsinger, Rev. D. F. Good, Rev. Dan Holsinger)
The Tomb
(Column 5)
Summary: On Feb. 15th, Charlotte, youngest daughter of John and Sarah Johnson, died near Waynesboro. She was 18 years old.
(Names in announcement: Charlotte Johnson, John Johnson, Sarah Johnson)

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