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Valley of the Shadow

Waynesboro Village Record: May 01, 1863

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Description of Page: A variety of miscellaneous articles, including yet another report on a regiment whose officers issued a decree in support of Lincoln and the war effort.

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Farewell Sermon
(Column 1)
Summary: Last Sunday, Rev. Beatty gave his farewell sermon to his flock at the Presbyterian Union Church. Beatty has taken a position at the First Presbyterian Church of New Brunswick, N. J.
(Names in announcement: Rev. Beatty)
Copperheads and Democrats
(Column 1)
Summary: The editors seek to clarify the misconception that they categorize all Democrats as "copperheads." They assert that the term is used exclusively to identify "TRAITORS," those men who "rejoice over the reverses in the Union army" and "cheer for Jeff Davis." In fact, they "make no distinction" "between a loyal democrat and a loyal man of any other party."
That Great "Outrage"
(Column 1)
Summary: It is reported that Solomon Helser and his son, both of Washington county, Md., were arrested for voicing anti-Union sentiments and sent to Fort Henry. From there, the pair were escorted "beyond the Federal lines into Dixie." The punishment was carried out on the order of Gen. Schneck.
Origin of Article: American
Monopolizing the Business
(Column 2)
Summary: The editorial condemns a measure recently passed by the state legislature mandating the publication of all legal notices in Franklin county's two largest newspapers. This law, says the piece, "does injustice not only to the other printers of the county, but to the people at large." Moreover, it "compels men to do that which is directly in opposition to their own interests."
The Income Tax
(Column 2)
Summary: A notice informing readers that assessors and their assistants will assess the income tax on May 1st "upon every person residing within the district liable thereto."
Full Text of Article:

The Income Tax.--The assessors and assistant assessors of each collection district will assess the income tax on the 1st of May next, upon every person residing within the district liable thereto. This portion of the taxable interest of the people, it is anticipated, will be among the most prolific sources of income yet resorted to by the Government, as the income for salaries in various public positions were never greater than now. The regulations of the law, among other things, provide that every farmer or planter will be required to make a return of the value of his produce, without deducting for the labor or services of himself or family or for any portion of such produce consumed by himself or family.

Sent South
(Column 3)
Summary: James Furley and Allen Harne, both of Smithsburg, were arrested "on the charge of hurrahing for Jeff Davis," and were subsequently sent to "rebeldom" as punishment for their offense, by order of Gen. Schneck.
(Names in announcement: James Furley, Allen Harne)
Army Correspondence
(Column 4)
Summary: Another installment in the series of letters written by W. T. B., a member of the 158th Pennsylvania Regiment. From New Bern, the correspondent relates the actions of the 18th Army as it sought to relieve Gen. Foster, who was besieged in Little Washington.
Origin of Article: New Bern
Full Text of Article:

New Berne, N. C.
April 8, 1863.

The 18th Army Corps in Motion--Flight on Bay river--The march

On the 8th, I despatched you a communication in which a description of our expedition to relieve Gen. Foster, and the issue thereof, was detailed. I had not finished writing it, before an order was proclaimed. I believe I stated that marching orders were issued before we got off the boat--that we were to be at Foster's landing by one o'clock A. M., and as the subscriber was still at work at 12 o'clock, he judged it wise not to go to bed at all, but to prepare rations for the journey. The reveille now sounded through the camps; the men were roused from their profound slumbers, for they had slept but little for a week previous, and were surprised at the suddenness of our starting; none but officers being informed. By the lambent light of a sweet round moon, beaming, oh, how beautiful! upon us, we crossed the R--R--Bridge, marched through New Berne, quiet in sleep, all unconscious of our movements,--arrived at the landing, immediately embarked upon old rafts, ferry-boats etc., and in tow of steamboats, crossed the Neuse, and encamped on the opposite bank, until the whole army corps, consisting of about 12,000 men, got over. You cannot conceive the labor, trouble and expense of moving 12,000 men, with the horses, the artillery and caisons, the ambulances, the quartermasters teams, surgeons carts, etc.; thirty six hours were consumed in the crossing. A second time we were moving to relieve Gen. Foster, still besieged by the Rebs in Little Washington. The enterprise was hazardous, as we were leaving New Berne, comparatively without defenders, and the Rebs threatening its capture. About two o'clock the column commenced to move, the N. Y. V. Regiments, as usual, firing the pine forests as they proceeded so that the left wing were compelled to march through a forest of fire; and when you consider that every pine tree is covered with a coat of pitch from one to three inches thick, you can conceive the fury of the conflagration, the hissing, cracking and sweeping of the flames, the turpentine poured out from the tall trunks in countless jets, looking like a shower of rain, and these igniting before they reached the ground, made one general ocean of flame as far as the eye could reach. The march through sweet water swamp reminded us of our journey through the Dismal Swamp last January, the road being often under water two feet deep; the chuck-holes being frequent, the artillery, wagons, and ambulances, frequently stuck, horses fell, precipitating their riders; then the shouts and oaths of riders and drivers, the splashing and floundering and tumbling about in the mud, produced a most ludicrous scene. It is wonderful how patient the horses have become under the hard usage and neglect to which they are subject. When mired or fallen they do not struggle and exert themselves, but lie quietly until everything is prepared for their extrication. The march was maintained until eleven o'clock P. M. when we encamped. Early in the morning we were again en route, expecting to join battle with the Rebs on the west bank of the Pamlico by noon; and we were not disappointed. The artillery being in the advance, about four o'clock and suddenly, its thunders broke the stillness and announced the commencement of the battle. The column halted, formed line of battle, and prepared to move to the left of the artillery. I expected to see uneasiness and trepidation depicted on many a face; but was surprised to find the men all--excitement, busy conjecturing, filling their canteens or eating their supper, Elden cross, because he was not to make fire and cook his coffee; Emory dodged down and went to sleep; jokes were plied. "Down on them! Pitch in lively! Let the dogs loose! Aye, aye, sir! Johnny, Hoover, Tallhem, Shatzer, roll in for supper! How are you Rebs!" and other such exclamations common among the boys, were heard along the line, as is usual in camp! The Rebs had been expecting us; had planted a battery in easy range of the road, and as soon as our advance came within it, they opened with shell. At their first fire, made before Capt. Belger, had his battery in position, two horses were killed and one man wounded! Captain Belger himself at the same instant was fired upon by a sharp-shooter, and wounded in the thigh. Now our artillery opened, and boom, boom, boom, away went the shells, exploding over the Rebs, and filling the forests with reverberating thunder. The 17th Massa. V. being in the front poured a volley across the slough, the bridge over which had been destroyed, with what effect I have not learned. The fight lasted an hour, when the Rebel battery was silenced. Our army immediately started to return! a move we cannot yet understand; but if reports are true, our gunboats, during the fight, stormed the batteries along the river, and gained Washington; thus accomplishing the desired end; our army immediately marched homeward in quick time, as our absence imperilled New Berne! On our arrival at New Berne, we saw the large transport steamer, Escort, receiving a regiment, doubtless for Washington. Thus we have tricked the Rebs. "Three days rations to be cooked immediately!" Mercy! Will we have no rest? Won't some one interested in the success of our arms, let the authorities know that this army corps, is cursed with boy aides, who are nuisances! that the 'cavenly face of the Paymaster has not as yet shone about us?

W. T. B.

Trailer: W. T. B.
The Tomb
(Column 6)
Summary: On April 21st, Sallie M. Snider died in Waynesboro. She was 2 years old.
(Names in announcement: Sallie M. Snider)

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Description of Page: This page contains advertisements.

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Description of Page: This page contains advertisements.