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Valley of the Shadow

Waynesboro Village Record: May 29, 1863

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: The page includes a variety of sentimental articles concerning social relations and religion.

The Original Copperhead
(Column 5)
Summary: Utilizing an extract from an address given by Benedict Arnold to validate its claim, the piece casts copperheads as the heirs to his legacy of shame.

-Page 02-

The Hog Law
(Column 1)
Summary: The editors praise the decision made by Waynesboro's High Constable to enforce the hog law. Already, they declare, several arrests have been made.
Dinner for the Soldiers
(Column 1)
Summary: Informs readers that the dinner for the returning members of the Co. E. 126th Regiment P. V. will be held at the Grove on George Jacobs's farm.
(Names in announcement: George Jacobs)
Returned Soldiers
(Column 1)
Summary: Discharged members of Co. E. 126th arrived back in town on Saturday evening causing quite a stir. Led by Capt. William Askwith, a delegation from Waynesboro met the soldiers near Greencastle and escorted them the rest of the way. Addresses were given by Rev. Dr. Dorsey and Rev. Kester to mark the occasion.
(Names in announcement: Capt. William Askwith, Rev. Dr. Dorsey, Rev. Kester)
The Loyal Union Leagues
(Column 2)
Summary: The editorial seeks to increase the ranks of the Union League's membership by dispelling the rumors that the organization is a "Barn Association" or a "secret, oath-bound order."
The $300 Exemption Annulled
(Column 2)
Summary: It is reported that the Secretary of War has determined that the conscription act grants the War Department, and not the individual drafted, the right "to decide whether $300 shall excuse a man" from his military obligations.
Origin of Article: New York Tribune
Full Text of Article:

The $300 Exemption Annulled.--The Washington correspondent of the New York Tribune states that the Secretary of War has decided that a proper interpretation of the conscription act makes it the province of War Department and not of the individual drafted to decide whether $300 shall excuse a man or not; from serving under a draft; and that the Secretary will not be likely to excuse any man but for the most valid reasons. This is right. We never approved of this $800 exemption clause in the Conscription act, because we believe that in its operation it would favor the rich and discriminate against the poor.

The Case of Vallandigham
(Column 2)
Summary: Since last week's report that Vallandigham had been sentenced to confinement for the duration of the war, news has arrived that, on the order of President, the "Copperhead traitor" was instead sent to the enemy lines.
Another Horse Stolen
(Column 2)
Summary: Once again, says the article, John Funk had his horse stolen from the stable yard of Kurtz's Hotel. It is widely accepted that the thieves are men who live in-town or nearby.
The Issue
(Column 3)
Summary: Though slavery is clearly the primary issue in the conflict between the states, says the editorial, at a certain level, the strife is based upon a more fundamental divide. In essence, the war is a struggle "between an aristocratic and free form of government." Should the North fail to defeat its foe, the piece promises, this outcome "will inevitably lead to the establishment of a monarchy" in the South.
Origin of Article: Shippensburg News
Full Text of Article:

The Issue.--Whilst the direct and primary issue is between Freedom and Slavery, there are other questions of equal importance depending upon the result. No intelligent man can have failed to observe that the present war must either result in the complete and final overthrow of the slave power, or in its substantial triumph. In the former case the feasibility of free institutions will be firmly established, in the latter the last ray of hope will be gone forever. The success of our experiment as a free people depends upon the power of our government to maintain its supremacy over all the States of the American Union. So soon as we are compelled to humiliate ourselves, by yielding to a refractory power, a precedent will be established, which will open the way to speedy and final destruction of American Liberty.

The real issue, therefore, is not so much between freedom and African slavery, as between an aristocratic and free form of government. Slavery so far as it is involved in the great issue is only collateral and auxiliary to the accomplishment of the main object of the slaveholders of the South, namely the establishment of a government based upon the power of the few over the many which means not only the oppression of the black man, but of all poor men, of whatever race or color. Therefore the triumph of the slave power in the present issue, must result in the dismemberment of the American Union; it will inevitably lead to the establishment of a monarchy upon these Western shores. In an issue so momentous it behooves every good citizen and christian man to divest himself of all party prejudice and to stand up firmly for the government of our fathers.

Never was there an issue in which there were more important interests at stake, yet strange to say there are men to be found in every community who cannot see beyond party interests, who are blind to every principle of patriotism and who are doing everything in their power against the Administration in its efforts to maintain the integrity of the nation. Let these persons remember that whatever they may do by way of embarrassing the government, is doing so much to encourage the enemy, and prolong the war. Had it not been for the encouragement afforded by Northern sympathizers to the enemy, they would be already crushed and the supremacy of the government established. Every effort therefore in opposition to the government, is a blow at American Liberty. And every one of these sympathizes is a wretch unworthy of the protection of a good government, and a murderer of our brave soldiers, who are meeting the enemy in deadly conflict.--Shippensburg News.

A Call
(Column 2)
Summary: Presbyterians in Greencastle and Waynesboro unanimously decided in favor of hiring Rev. J. W. Whitman, of Pittsburg, to lead their churches.
Origin of Article: Pilot

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Description of Page: This page contains advertisements.

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Description of Page: This page contains advertisements.