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Valley of the Shadow

Valley Spirit: April 17, 1861

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-Page 01-

(Column 1)
Summary: Many items of news reporting the commencement of hostilities at Fort Sumter after Anderson refused to evacuate the Fort. Also reported are Anderson's subsequent surrender and return to New York. News is reported in the form of chronological dispatches.
Important Speech of President Lincoln to the Virginia Commissioners
(Column 5)
Summary: The President informs the Virginia Commissioners that he intends to protect the property belonging to the United States and to follow the policy outlined in his inaugural address.
The President's Proclamation
(Column 5)
Summary: Transcript of Lincoln's Proclamation, a call for troops.
From Charleston
(Column 6)
Summary: Tells of Anderson's surrender.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Fiction and anecdotes

The End of the Republican Party
(Column 6)
Summary: Complains that the Republican party failed to uphold its principles and avert the disunion crisis.
Origin of Article: Plattsburg N.Y. Republican
$53,000,000 Idle!
(Column 6)
Summary: Bemoans the fact that $53,000,000 is sitting idle in banks instead of being used for investment, owing to the uncertain future of the country.
Origin of Article: N.Y. Express
Trailer: N.Y. Express

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Poetry and advertisements

-Page 04-

Duty of Democrats
(Column 1)
Summary: Asserts that it is the duty of Democrats to stand by their Government, to "give up the partisan and become the patriot that a speedy peace may be conquered." The article asserts that this does not imply that the Democratic party is giving up its political principles.
Legislative Outrage
(Column 2)
Summary: Criticizes the Apportionment Bill dividing the state into congressional districts as gerrymandering to benefit the Republican party.
The War Feeling
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports the Union sentiment evident in Chambersburg.
Stand by the Old Flag!
(Column 2)
Summary: Says that the duty of the Democratic Party at this time is to support the war effort now that it is in progress.
Origin of Article: Lancaster Intelligencer
Gov. Curtin's Standing Army
(Column 2)
Summary: The Governor has asked for an appropriation of $500,000 to raise an Army. The item jokes that the Treasury has been bankrupt since having had to pay the expenses of Lincoln's visit.
The Right Talk
(Column 3)
Summary: Criticizes Lincoln's policy and includes a transcript of a speech given by P. C. Shannon, which he delivered at the State Democratic Convention.
The Issue--What is it?
(Column 3)
Summary: Asserts that the only options left are the "preservation of the Union with compromise or the dissolution of the Union with or without war." The item asserts that the states will never be brought back in and maintained by force.
A Poor Drop of Comfort for the Country
(Column 4)
Summary: Asserts that the Republican journals have resorted to contrasting the present condition of the country under Republican rule to the financial horrors of 1837. The article asserts that under the Republicans, massive economic potential that was not available in 1837 has lain dormant.
Origin of Article: New York Herald
Trailer: New York Herald
Message from the Governor
(Column 5)
Summary: Message from the governor regarding the raising of militia to answer Lincoln's call.
Important Correspondence
(Column 5)
Summary: Correspondence between Lt. Beauregarde and the Confederate War department during the culmination of the Fort Sumter crisis.
State Apportionment
(Column 6)
Summary: A table showing the new state apportionment of congressional districts.

-Page 05-

Description of Page: Much of page fuzzy, particularly the bottom fourth.

Court Proceedings
(Column 1)
Summary: Results of cases tried in County Court. Commonwealth vs. Michael Christ-- Surety of the peace--dismissed; Commonwealth ex rel Catharine Christ--A writ of Habeas Corpus served upon def't to produce the two minor children of the plantiff; Commonwealth vs. Bernard Evans, William Evans, John West, and C. Snider--Assault and Battery. Verdict guilty; Commonwealth vs. James Johnston and Benj. Moore--Larceny. Defendants plead guilty; Commonwealth vs. Wm. Flory--Rape on Mrs. Bender. Verdict guilty; Commonwealth vs. Jacob Boar--Fornication & Bastardy; Commonwealth vs. Samuel Rosenberg--keeping a gambling house. Defendant plead guilty; Commonwealth vs. Resse Moore--Fornication & Bastardy. Defendant plead guilty; Commonwealth vs. Titus Adams--Stealing meat from P. Creighbaum. Defendant plead guilty; Commonwealth vs. John Markley--Forgery; Commonwealth vs. John W. Boltz--False pretenses; Commonwealth vs. Samuel Torrey--Larceny; Commonwealth vs. David Delrany--Fornication & Bastardy; Commonwealth vs. Branton Lindsay--Surety of the peace; Commonwealth vs. John Reilly--Assault; Commonwealth vs. Samuel Eikes--Assault and Battery; Commonwealth vs. John Burns, Jacob Stine and Jacob Stine Jr.--Riot
(Names in announcement: Michael Christ, Catharine Christ, Bernard Evans, William Evans, John West, C. Snider, James Johnston, Mr. Moore, William Flory, Mrs. Bender, Jacob Boar, Samuel Rosenberg, Reese Moore, Titus Adams, John Markley, John Boltze, Samuel Torrey, David Delraney, Branton Lindsay, Henry Meades, Michael Neff, D. Byers, John Reilly, Daniel Ward, Samuel Eikes, John Burns, Jacob Stine, Jacob StineJr., Addison Imbrie, P. Rice, Mrs. Rice, Philip Doyle, Mrs. B. Doyle, Magdelena Sevarts, Frederick Smith, Samuel McDonald, George Roemer, John McDonald, John Reilly)
Washington, April 14
(Column 3)
Summary: Announces the raising of troops to coerce the South and to protect Washington.
Fort Sumter
(Column 3)
Summary: A report, dated April 10, that states that the Government has resolved to reinforce Sumter.
Origin of Article: N.Y Tribune
From Pensacola
(Column 3)
Summary: Reports that a U.S. ship, the Brooklyn, arrived at Pensacola.
Census Returns
(Column 4)
Summary: Table gives census data for the States and Territories.
Origin of Article: Harrisburg Telegraph
Trailer: Harrisburg Telegraph
From Philadelphia
(Column 4)
Summary: Reports an alleged project by the Confederates to seize Fort Delaware, commanded by Capt. Porter. It is alleged that Porter intends to resign if Virginia secedes.
A Supply Train Missing
(Column 4)
Summary: Reports the disappearance of a Federal supply train that was bound for Fort Buchanan.

-Page 06-

Description of Page: Advertisements

-Page 07-

Description of Page: Advertisements

-Page 08-

Description of Page: Advertisements

The News from Charleston
(Column 1)
Summary: Belated items from Charleston reporting preparations for the bombardment of Sumter.
The Preparations for the Defense of the National Capital
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports the preparations for the defense of Washington.
A Lull Before the Storm
(Column 1)
Summary: More belated news from Charleston dating before the bombardment.
The Defense of Washington
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports the arrival of troops to defend Washington.
Refusal of Gen. Houston to Co-operate with the Administration
(Column 2)
Summary: Gen. Houston of Texas urged the Federal Government to abandon Sumter and Pickens and refrain from any attempt at coercion, including the withdrawal of regular troops from Texas.
War News at Chicago
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports that public opinion in Chicago is in favor of coercion.
The War News at Detroit
(Column 2)
Summary: Reports that public opinion in Detroit favors coercion.
Washington Rumors
(Column 3)
Summary: Reports progress of war preparations.
The Southern Commissioners
(Column 3)
Summary: Reports the termination of dialogue between Secretary of State Seward and the Southern Commissioners.