Valley Spirit: May 1, 1861Go To Page : 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 |
The War: The Seventh Regiment in Washington. Arrangements for an Attack on the National Capital. Necessity for More Northern Troops. Interviews Between Marylanders and the President. Kentucky will Remain Neutral. News from Fort Pickens. Confederate Troops Marching North! Concentrating at the Mouth of Aquia Creek. Washington City to be Attacked! Harper's Ferry Occupied by Four Thousand Virginians! Battles Planted Upon the Surrounding Heights! From Baltimore. Families Flying North! Wholesale House Closed. Southern Money Depreciated.
(Column 01)Summary: Two Massachusetts men who had been living in North Carolina report on what they saw as they travelled North. In addition, the fear that Baltimore will be attacked is leading to a mass exodus from the city.Movements of Vice President Stephens of the Southern Confederacy
(Column 01)Summary: A Northern woman who had been living in Savannah, Georgia reports that she saw a great deal of preparation for war during her trip North. Southerners were sure that their army would be in control of Washington by May 1. Stephens was on her train and spoke at every station.
Origin of Article: New York, April 26, 1861Important from Washington
(Column 02)Summary: A correspondent writes from Havre De Grace that Washington is bracing for an attack from the Georgetown Heights. Many residents have fled and business has been suspended.Important from Baltimore
(Column 02)Summary: The election drew few voters and "There was no small opposition to the Southern Rights ticket."
Origin of Article: Baltimore SouthImportant from Louisiana
(Column 03)Summary: Governor Moore has called for 5,000 additional soldiers to protect the South from the Federal Government, which is attempting "to subvert your liberties, destroy your rights, and to shed your blood on your own soil." The people of New Orleans "are greatly excited" and the women are making arrangements to hold a fair to raise money to clothe the Louisiana volunteers.Affairs in Virginia: Threatened Attack on Fort Monroe
(Column 03)Summary: The Federal government has reinforced Fort Monroe. The Virginians talked of storming the Fort, but such an attack would be very costly.Division of Virginia
(Column 04)Summary: There is a movement to make the counties west of the Allegheny a separate state or part of another state if eastern Virginia moves against the federal government.
Origin of Article: Wheeling IntelligencerNegro Insurrection
(Column 04)Summary: A man who had arrived in Philadelphia from Annapolis reported that an African-American insurrection had occurred in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. General Butler of Massachusetts had offered the services of his regiment to put down the uprising.Fort McHenry Reinforced
(Column 04)Summary: Fort McHenry was reinforced with 600 men. Baltimore residents had planted two cannon at the fort, but these were removed.Additional Intelligence from the Seat of War
(Column 04)Summary: Baltimore troops were within 17 miles of Havre de Grace, but when they learned that 2,000 pro-Union troops were ready to meet them, they fled. "Factories and public works along the road were entirely deserted and the country is in a blaze of enthusiasm."
Origin of Article: Paterson (N.J.) GuardianImportant from Washington
(Column 05)Summary: Two regiments arrived in Washington, but city residents are still very worried about a Southern attack.Latest from Washington and Annapolis
(Column 05)Summary: Washington braced for an attack and feared that there would not be enough troops to protect the city. All the public buildings have been barricaded. Governor Hicks of Maryland asked Lincoln to countermand orders for the passage of troops through Maryland. Lincoln refused.
A Bloody Day in Baltimore; Eleven Marylanders Shot; Three of the Northerners Killed
(Column 01)Summary: When troops arrived in Baltimore from Massachusetts and Philadelphia, a crowd gathered at the railroad track to attempt to block the troops' passage. The mob ripped up some of the road to make it impassable. The crowd hissed at the troops and swore their allegiance to the Confederacy. Once the tracks were blocked, the troops disembarked and marched through the streets. The mob blocked their path and threw paving stones at them. The troops fired at the mob and a number were shot.
Origin of Article: Baltimore Daily ExchangeSpeech of Mr. Dixon of Kentucky at a Union Meeting Held at Louisville
(Column 04)Summary: Mr. Dixon asks why the South has left the Union when it has had so much input in creating the laws of the territories and when Lincoln has continued to uphold the laws of the land. He argues that demagogues in the North and the South have divided the country.Letter from Archbishop Hughes
(Column 05)Summary: Archbishop Hughes, the archbishop of New York, writes that he hopes for peace and remains a loyal American, even though he is a "foreigner by birth."
Description of Page: Advertisements
(Column 01)Summary: The Spirit is extremely critical of the behavior of Maryland, which claims to be in the Union but attacks federal soldiers because they are supposedly invading the state.Too Much Patriotism
(Column 01)Summary: The Spirit believes that state authorities should not be criticized for providing insufficient accommodations for the state's volunteers because far more men signed up than the state expected.Southern Insults
(Column 02)Summary: The Spirit is insulted by a Southern article that claims that the North has asked Garibaldi to head the Northern army because no suitable Northern general exists. "We pity the blindness with which they are rushing to their own destruction and trust that it may be removed and that they may see the folly and danger of their position before it is too late."Pennsylvania Quota
(Column 02)Summary: The state reached its first quota of volunteer regiments and has now made a second request.The Provisions
(Column 02)Summary: Mr. J. Allison Eyster has received the contract for supplying provisions to the soldiers quartered in the area. Messrs. Ben and T & A Cook and John Ely will provide beef.
Full Text of Article:Maryland Right Side Up
The contract for supplying the soldiers quartered at this point, with provisions was awarded to Mr. J. ALLISON EYSTER. There is no man in our community better qualified, or possessing greater facilities for filling this important post than Mr. EYSTER. He is indefatigable in his exertions to procure the best produce our market affords suitable for soldiers fare, and in having it prepared in the most careful manner. We noticed wagon loads of bread constantly arriving at his warehouse that has the appearance of being prepared out of the first quality of flour and baked in the very best manner. There need be no apprehensions that the supply of substantial and wholesome provisions will fail while Mr. EYSTER holds the contract to supply this department.
The supply of beef, for the regiments encamped at this place, will be furnished by Messrs. BEN., and T. & A. COOK and JOHN ELY. These gentlemen have been killing some of the largest and finest cattle ever brought to this market to fulfill their contract. They slaughter from six to eight head a day and many of the cattle killed weight over a thousand pounds. They supply the soldiers with salt as well as fresh beef and are busily engaged pickling it in large quantities for future use.
(Column 02)Summary: "We are most happy to learn, just as our paper was going to press, that Maryland has made a noble effort to redeem herself from the disgrace of disunionism. The ordinance of secession was voted down in her House of Delegates, at Frederick, on Monday, by a handsome majority."Camp Scott
(Column 03)Summary: The 2nd Regiment of Pennsylvania, which includes the Chambers Artillery and the Greencastle company, is encamped at York. The officers and enlisted men are listed above.
(Names in announcement: Colonel F. Stumbaugh, Lt. Col. Irwin, Major James Givens, Adj't Lieut. Isaac Waterbury, Commissary George Smith, Sergent Major D. Watson Rowe, Quartermaster Serg't Isadore Stumbaugh, Acting Ass't Surgeon John King, Captain Peter Housum, 1st. Lieut. George Stitzel, 2nd. Lieut K. Shannon Taylor, 1st Serg't Thomas Cochran, 2nd Ser't Sam'l McDowell, 3rd. Serg't Adam Smith, 4th Serg't Bruce Lambert, 1st Coporal Allison McDowell, 2nd Corporal Thomas Myers, 3rd Corporal John Snider, 4th Corporal John Penringer, Justinia McGuigan, Josephus Senseny, John Guff, Henry Hannagan, Franklin Ditzler, William Over, David Hoke, Alexander Flack, John Metz, George Houser, George Flack, James Sample, R. Fisher, Jacob Miles, John Garverich, John Walker, John Johnston, Edward Fairweather, Thomas Merkelin, Robert McCurdy, Frederick Shinifield, Richard Hardin, John Jones, John Hollinger, Sylvester Idy, John King, George Ludwig, Jacob Lutz, George Eyster, Abraham Huber, David Newman, Alexander Stevens, Walter Crawford, Frederick Batner, John Peiffer, William Cobaugh, John Wagner, James Eckenrods, John Hullinger, Peter Danner, James Shuman, Lewis Monath, Francis Donovan, Ephraim Finafrock, George Goetmann, Jeremiah Burkholder, Peter Myers, Edmund Ferry, Thomas Durborow, William Harmony, Ernest Causler, John Neely, Jonas Huntsberger, Daniel Shatzler, David Wallace, Allison Whitstone, Edgar Washabaugh, James Cook, Franklin Yeager, John Seiders, Samuel Stouffer, James Aughinbaugh, Frank Fortescue, Harry Forescue, Lewis Fisher, Edward Kline, Capt. John Deobler, 1st. Lieut. George Milles, George Welsh, 1st. Sergt. Benjamin Rodes, 2nd Sergt. Peter Ackerman, 3d Lieut. Joseph Thomas, 4th Lieut. George Cook, 1st Corporal Henry Melvin, 2d Corporal Alexander Landis, 3d Corporal Henry McCauley, 4th Corporal Porter Brown, Hamilton Spence, Samuel Hardy, William Pence, George Seabrooks, John Pence, Theoph Stratton, James Ridgely, Jeremiah Smith, Julius Ladd, Isaac Hardy, Harrison Seabrooks, Peter Dourty, John Elser, Samuel Salvely, Franklin Gipe, Michael Harmony, Edward Monath, William Fentiman, Emmanuel Forney, Samuel Uglow, James Borland, Isaac Noel, Charles Jones, I. Stumbaugh, John Hicks, John Frederick, Hugh Brotherton, Lawson Calomen, Jeremiah Perri, Dennis Riley, John Hershberger, John Swoninsji, Jacob Jones, William Hazelet, William Henneberger, Robert Smith, William Eaker, John King, Charles Shanebrook, Frank Kline, Ed McLaughlin, Alexander McCurdy, George Baker, John Bryson, Walker Shearer, Robert Moore, Jacob Smith, Alexander Prosser, Martin Lowman, George Daley, James McGeehan, John Fisher, PA Snider, Harrison Hutton, Adolphus McGuigan, John White, William Smith, David Hoffman, J Martin, Peter Snider, John Stoner, Samuel Shoemaker, Edgar Wolf, Peter Cordee, Captain J. Elder, 1st Lieut. J.B. Strickler, 2nd Lieut. Jacob West, Q.M. Sergeant T. Riley, 1st Serg't W. Shirk, 2nd Serg't G. Miller, 3rd Serg't Jacob Snyder, 4th Serg't G. Pool, 1st Corporal T. Koonse, 2nd Corporal Chris Burkholder, 3rd Corporal Thomas Hill, 4th Corporal David Staffer, Edwin Byers, Joel Haffley, Samuel Autrim, George Bence, Charles Byers, Cor Barnhisel, John Byers, Wm Byers, George Bush, George Butts, James Comins, Emmanuel Carpenter, Wm Casatt, Thomas Dayley, John Daubleman, Jacob Detreib, John Ferry, Jacob Funk, James Gaff, Grus Gossert, Henry Grabill, Wm Hosler, David Hays, David Hess, John Koonse, John King, George Little, John Logue, Christian Miller, Geo Missavey, James McElrea, John Mickle, John Marshal, David Morehead, Martin Morgan, Jeremiah Martin, Jesse Norris, Wm Pensinger, Samuel Prather, John Pool, Samuel Rennecker, John Rowe, Simon Rupert, John Shatze, Joseph Stoner, Abraham Shealey, George Sulavan, Alexander Spear, Emmanuel Sustzer, John Stickel, William Shorts, William Snow, David Tracey, George Vorler, Jacob Wasob, Joseph Wildern, William Weyant, William Wildern, John Unger, Henry Spidle, Leander Zook, William Little)
Local News--More Troops
(Column 1)Summary: "We understand that two additional regiments of volunteers from this State will be sent here this week and quartered at Camp Slifer. This will make five regiments encamped at this place, numbering in the aggregate about four thousand men."Names of Volunteers
(Column 01)Summary: The Spirit will publish the names of the officers and members of any companies encamped at Chambersburg if they are sent to the paper.Soldiers' Exemption
(Column 01)Summary: Soldiers' families and property are protected against having a process served on them while they are enrolled.
Full Text of Article:The Latest! Requisition Upon Gov. Curtin for More Troops
--Those who desire to serve their country will see that their families and property are fully protected by the annexed section of the Pennsylvania act of 1812:
"No execution or other process shall issue against any officer, non- commissioned officer or private of the militia, when called into actual service, under a requisition of the President of the United States, or in pursuance of the orders of the Governor of this Commonwealth; nor shall any such process issue against him until thirty days after he shall have returned from duty, to his usual place of residence, or until forty days after he shall have been discharged; and the court, alderman or justice of the peace from which or from whom any such process shall have issued, shall quash the same, as soon as the fact of any such person being ordered on public duty shall have been proven, and all the costs which shall have accrued in commencing or conducting such process shall be paid by the person or persons who shall have applied for the said execution or other process."
(Column 02)Summary: The government made a requisition upon Gov. Curtin to furnish twenty regiments of infantry and one of cavalry.Highly Important
(Column 02)Summary: The governor of Ohio moved troops to the Southern frontier of the state to offer protection to Union supporters in western Virginia.Important from the South--Capture of Gen. Harney--Destruction of Bridges--Rumored Armistice, &c.
(Column 02)Summary: The Bush River bridge was fired upon and totally destroyed. Gen. Harney was captured by Virginia troops in Harper's Ferry while he was travelling to Washington.
Origin of Article: Baltimore evening papersRailroad Track Torn Up
(Column 02)Summary: The track on the Perryville, Maryland side of Annapolis Junction was torn up by "secessionists of that vicinity." 5,000 federal troops were to be moved on the morning of April 27th toward Washington.Forts McHenry and Carroll Reinforced
(Column 02)Summary: Forts McHenry and Carroll were reinforced on April 26th and the receiving ship Allegheny was towed out of the harbor and placed under the guns of Fort McHenry.Union Demonstration in Maryland
(Column 02)Summary: The Union has solid support in numerous Maryland counties, including Hagerstown, Frederick, Cumberland and the Eastern Shore counties except for Worcester.From Baltimore
(Column 02)Summary: The U.S. flag was raised in various parts of the city, although it was done without the authority of the city authorities. This information may be wrong, but "the parties who brought the news say they witnessed it themselves."From Richmond
(Column 02)Summary: A person who had been in Harper's Ferry reported that there were only 2,400 Confederate troops there, and that 1,000 had marched for Alexandria. General Beauregard was presumed to be the commander of 7,000 troops in Richmond who were believed to be preparing for an attack on Washington.The Maryland Legislature
(Column 02)Summary: The governor of Maryland stated to the Legislature that he had hoped that the state could preserve a neutral position and act as a mediator between North and South.Important From Kentucky
(Column 03)Summary: General Leslie Combs of Kentucky wrote Lincoln to ask him "If the State of Kentucky assumes the position of a strict 'armed neutrality' remaining in the Union, not permitting troops from the Confederate States to pass over her soil, will it be necessary for the federal government to march its troops through that State when required to send them South to suppress the revolution in the cotton States?" He had not yet received a reply.News from Washington, Maryland, and Virginia
(Column 03)Summary: Washington is calmer now that it is so heavily reinforced. In Annapolis, the Naval Academy enclosure is filled with troops.From Baltimore and Annapolis
(Column 04)Summary: "Gen. Harper, the commander of the forces at Harper's Ferry, has given assurances that Virginia would allow no attack on the Capital from her soil. The authority for this assertion is confirmed by a gentleman from Richmond, as being the sentiments expressed by Governor Letcher."Important from the South--The Plans of Jefferson Davis
(Column 04)Summary: According to a "Southern gentleman" who arrived in New York City on April 25th, Virginia had decided on secession more than six weeks before, but delayed the movement as long as possible to allow Davis to organize the Southern military. They had planned on making simultaneous attacks on the North, but their plans were disrupted by the appearance of the Federal fleet at Charleston.Important from Arkansas
(Column 04)Summary: Fort Smith was captured by the Arkansas state troops.Pennsylvania Quota
(Column 04)Summary: Listing of how many officers and enlisted men Pennsylvania will be required to furnish.Married
(Column 05)Summary: Married on April 16.Married
(Names in announcement: Rev. S. McHenry, A. Fetterhoff, Ann Reed)
(Column 05)Summary: Married on April 25 at the Indian Queen Hotel.Died
(Names in announcement: Rev. S. McHenry, Josiah Geesaman, Ann Pentz)
(Column 05)Summary: Died on April 27 at age 80.Died
(Names in announcement: William Maxwell)
(Column 05)Summary: Died on April 28 at age 47.Died
(Names in announcement: Eve Miller)
(Column 05)Summary: Died on April 20 at age 77.Died
(Names in announcement: Esq. Peter Snider)
(Column 05)Summary: Died on April 17 at age 87.
(Names in announcement: Martha Sterling)
Description of Page: Advertisements
Description of Page: Advertisements
Description of Page: List of retailers, columns 4-5
Important from the South
(Column 01)Summary: In Montgomery, the news that Virginia had seceded was greeted by exultation that "was proportionably intense." Trade and business in the city have been on the decline. Jefferson Davis has left the city, presumably to go to Richmond to meet with the governor.News about Fort Pickens
(Column 01)Summary: No change has taken place in the military status quo of Pensacola. Fort Pickens has been reinforced and no attack is expected for the next ten days.
Origin of Article: New Orleans Picayune, April 17From New Orleans and Texas
(Column 01)Summary: Gen. Houston will announce his determination to oppose Lincoln's preparations for war.[No Title]
(Column 01)Summary: The federal government is apparently unaware of federal troop movements, and a state of "gross mismanagement" appears to exist.More Interviews of Marylanders with the President
(Column 02)Summary: A group from the Young Men's Christian Associations of Baltimore met with Lincoln to ask him not to march troops across Maryland and to recognize the independence of the Southern states. Lincoln refused.
Origin of Article: From the Baltimore Sun, April 22[No Title]
(Column 02)Summary: Anthony Kennedy and J. Morrison Harris met with Lincoln to urge him not to march more troops across Maryland. He answered that he had no choice: "we must have the troops here to relieve ourselves or we shall die like rats in a trap."
Origin of Article: Baltimore Exchange, April 22What is Martial Law
(Column 02)Summary: Defines martial law as the "suspension of all ordinary civil rights and process."