Valley Spirit: July 19, 1865Go To Page : 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
Selling Paupers in New England
(Column 4)Summary: Castigates the practice of selling off poor whites to the lowest bidder, a yearly tradition in New England where paupers are forced to work for private individuals to receive support. The article alleges that New Englanders are hypocrites, or worse yet race traitors, for providing their unyielding support for abolition while, at the same time, they fail to afford poor whites the same concern.
Origin of Article: Patriot and Union; Journal of CommerceGen. Lee's Application for Pardon
(Column 5)Summary: The article venerates Gen. Lee for his decision to seek amnesty from Johnson and applauds his efforts to restore "peace and tranquility."
Origin of Article: Richmond TimesA Black Editor's Opinion
(Column 6)Summary: The Black Republican, a New Orleans' newspaper, declares that blacks and whites cannot live together in the United States. The editor, a clergyman, asserts that blacks, like Native Americans, will become "extinct in this country" unless they separate themselves.
Origin of Article: The Black RepublicanEditorial Comment: "A Black Editor's Opinion.--The Black Republican is a newspaper in New Orleans edited by a colored man (a clergyman) who it would seem, from the following, does not think that they regeneration of his brethren is to be accomplished by voting and tax-paying:"
(Column 1)Summary: Condemns the rising tide of lawlessness that appears to be sweeping across the North. The article lays part of the blame for the current state of affairs on the "Abolition press," which, it claims, has helped to foster the poisoned atmosphere through its attacks on Democrats and anyone else who failed to agree with its prognosis for ending the war.A Negro Army
(Column 3)Summary: Condemns the proposition floating around Washington that blacks will comprise a significant proportion, if not majority, of the regular army once excess troops have been mustered out. The article maintains the policy is fraught with danger because it will lower the army's standards since no white man will want to join the service once "black" and "soldier" become synonymous. The article also rails against the possibility of creating an integrated force .[No Title]
(Column 3)Summary: Pointing to the Civil War as proof, the Spirit voices the opinion that the Constitution should be modified since it is inadequate in emergencies. The article calls for the enactment of an additional amendment to provide a clear provision for the government to suspend parts of the Constitution in times of war.
Origin of Article: Louisville DemocratSoldiers Read
(Column 4)Summary: Details a Fourth of July celebration in Farmington, Mass., where Wendell Phillips declared that blacks bear "the palm in virtue, gallantry, and patriotism" in the Civil War. According to the Spirit, this statement, as well as one issued that same day by a black orator who avowed that black soldiers would rise up should they be denied the franchise, indicates the manner in which abolitionists are placing the achievements of blacks above those of whites.Soldiers! Heads Up! Eyes Front!
(Column 4)Summary: Calls upon returning white soldiers to demonstrate to Republicans how they feel about the prospect of black suffrage by voting against them in the upcoming election.
Origin of Article: Patriot and UnionNumbers, Not Intelligence
(Column 5)Summary: Recounts a speech given by H. Winter Davis at a Republican meeting in Chicago, where the politician declared his support for black suffrage. The rationale for his decision lay not with the fact that blacks deserved the vote because of their intelligence, or their gallantry during the war, but rested instead with the fact that blacks constitute a significant percentage of the southern populace and thus could be used to contain white resistance to Republican rule.
Origin of Article: Patriot and Union[No Title]
(Column 5)Summary: Blacks convening in Alexandria, Va., have issued a statement blasting Governor Pierpont and the state legislature. The group unanimously agreed to "secure the elective franchise" for blacks "as soon as it can be safely done" and to "establish a strong and loyal government, military or territorial."[No Title]
(Column 5)Summary: Over the past twelve months at Camp Nelson in Kentucky, 1,200 blacks have died. With such a horrific death rate, the Louisville Democrat sardonically asks how long it will be before Kentucky is made a free state.
Origin of Article: Louisville DemocratNegro Suffrage in the South
(Column 6)Summary: A letter to the editor that rails against radicals and the prospect of black suffrage which, the writer contends, is completely inappropriate since the freedmen are incapable of exercising the right properly. The democratic system, he avers, can only be preserved through restricting the franchise.
Trailer: ReasonSenator Wilson on the Rampage
(Column 6)Summary: At a Forth of July picnic in Washington attended by blacks, Senator Wilson addressed the crowd and spelled out some of his views concerning the post-war racial order. The article quotes Wilson at length, highlighting what it deems as his "impudent" and "radical" threats to ensure that blacks have the right "to vote, hold office, and generally to control the country."[No Title]
(Column 7)Summary: Confiscation has begun in Richmond where the Tredegar Iron Works was seized. A large amount of other property is expected to be confiscated.
Local and Personal--William S. Stenger, Esq.
(Column 1)Summary: On July 25, William S. Stenger will deliver the oration before the literary societies of Franklin and Marshall College at the school's commencement exercises.Local and Personal--Consolidated
(Names in announcement: William S. StengerEsq.)
(Column 1)Summary: The 25th and 2nd Pennsylvania Cavalry have been consolidated and will now be known as the 1st Provisional Pennsylvania Cavalry, 2nd division, 22nd Corps, Dept. of Washington.Local and Personal--Destroyed by Fire
(Column 1)Summary: The paper mill owned by Messr. Given & Bros was completely destroyed in a fire that occurred on the morning of July 12th. The damage from the blaze is estimated to be between and $30,000 and $40,000.Local and Personal--Ulton P. Moore
(Column 1)Summary: Ulton F. Moore has died from the wounds he suffered at the hands of his brother-in-law, who shot him several weeks earlier. After the attack, Myers fled the scene, prompting the issuance of a reward of $100 for his capture. The offer proved unnecessary, however, as Myers turned himself in following his victim's death. He is being held in jail near Hagerstown.Local and Personal--No More Three and Five Cent Notes
(Names in announcement: Ulton F. Moore, Noah Myers)
(Column 1)Summary: The Secretary of the Treasury is moving to discontinue the issuance of fractional currency less than ten cents. The printing of three cent notes has stopped and it is expected that this will soon be true for the five cent notes as well. They are to be replaced with coins that are presently being minted, and hoarded as fast as they are issued.Local and Personal--Female Medical College
(Column 1)Summary: The Female Medical College, located in Philadelphia, announces the start of its upcoming session. The school has been in operation for 15 years, graduating 68 women over this period while nearly four times that number have matriculated and attended lectures. The brief piece commends the school for its achievements and encourages others to do the same.Local and Personal--New Engines
(Column 1)Summary: The Cumberland Valley Railroad Company is acquiring two new engines from the firm of Danforth, Cooke, and Co., of Patterson, New Jersey. The first engine, named Gen. Grant, has arrived while the second, Gen. Sherman, is expected later in the week.Local and Personal--Presented For Treason
(Column 1)Summary: Baltimore newspapers are reporting that Robert Swan, George Freaner, and L. Tierman Brien have been indicted in that city for treason. The trio has been charged for actively supporting the Confederacy during the war. Swan allegedly opened a recruiting office for the rebel army in Hagerstown in 1863; Brien is accused of leading a rebel assault on Union troops that took place on September 11, 1862. The exact charge against Freaner is unknown. Bail has been set at $2,000 and $3,000 for Swan and Brien, respectively. Freaner was non est.
(Names in announcement: Robert Swan, George Freaner, L. Tierman Brien)Origin of Article: Hagerstown MailLatest By Mails: Excitement at Charleston--Fight Between White and Colored Troops--One Man Killed and Three Wounded--The Colored Troops Dispersed by the Zouaves.
(Column 3)Summary: Mayhem erupted in Charleston's market after an altercation broke out between a group of black soldiers from the 54th Mass. Vol. (col.) and the Zouaves, who were patrolling the area. The melee resulted in the death of one black soldier while three others suffered injuries.
Origin of Article: Charleston CourierMarried
(Column 5)Summary: On July 9th, Charles Jackson, of Stockbridge, New York, and his bride, Kate Fennel were married by Rev. F. Dyson.Died
(Names in announcement: Rev. F. Dyson, Charles Jackson, Kate Fennel)
(Column 5)Summary: David Youst, member of Co. G, 206th Regiment P. V., died on July 15th from injuries he suffered after falling from his horse while riding through the streets of Greenvillage on the 26th of June.
(Names in announcement: David Youst, Adam Youst)
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